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entertainment of this nature; previous lic-house (the Cock and Pye, fronting
to which the Prince of Orange refided Craven-buildings, Drury. lane), fill in
here until his marriage with the Prin. existence, which was in those times a
cess Royal, daughter of George the place where cakes, ale, and other re-
Second; as did latterly the Hereditary freshments, were sold. Near this place
Prince of Brunswick, till the day of stood the manfion of the Earl of Cra-
bis nuptials with the equally beautiful ven, upon the site of the garden of
as benignant Princess Augufta, lifter which Craven-buildings were erected ;
to our beloved Sovereign.

and also that of the Queen of Bohemia,“.
the unfortunate daughter of James the

Firft : of this house I think some ver.'
THE MAY-POLE.

tiges still remain ; it was formerly “ Amidst the area wide they took their occupied by a copper.plate printer stand,

and a publican. In digging the stable" Where the tall May-pole once o'er. yard in its vicinity, a subterranean Jook'd the Strand :

paffage was discovered, which was faid « But now, fo Ann and piety ordain,

to have been a communication betwixt “ A church collects the Saints of Dru. this and Craven Houte. The Mayry-lane."

pole, which introduced these observa

tions, was, when taken down about the This object, which, had it not been year 1717, found to measure a hundred immortalised by Pope, would probably feet. It was obtained by Sir Isaac have been forgotten, stood nearly in Newton, and borne on a carriage for the front of Somerset House, and was, timber to Wanstead, in Essex, the seat as I have been informed, much re. of the Earl of Tilney; where, under forted to, not only on May Morning, the direction of the Rev. Mr. Pound but at other times of festivity, by the Breton, it was placed in the Park, for youths and maidens of the two cities of the erection of a telescope, the largest London and Westminster. The only then in the world, presented by a honses upon the spot were a pile oppo. French Gentleman to the Royal So' fite, which is still standing, and a pub. ciety.

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Multa petentibus
Desunt multa. Bene elt, cui Deus obtulit
Parcâ quod fatis eft manu.

Hor. Lib. III. Od. xvi.
“ Murch will always nothing be
“ To him who much defires. Thrice happy he,
« To whom the wise indulgency of Heaven

“ With 1paring hand but just enough has given." Cowley.
is the
more effentially to the happiness of receives every blesling with fastidious
the life of man than Contentment. It indifference : every luxury becomes
recommends to us every pleasure, and tasteless, every dignity fulsome, and
corrects the bitterness of every mif. every pleasure thallow.
fortune. Its falutary effects are known When we look around us in the
pot only to those who are buried in the world, we are apt to form abfurd no.
lowly vale of obcurity, but to those also tions of the happiness of others. We
who are placed on the eminence of behold their aftuence and their promo.
prosperity. It sweetens the scanty tion with envy; and the forced smiles
morfel which has been hardly earned of diffembling urbanity we construe as
by industry; it blunts the keen edge the involuntary irradiations of perfect
of every calamity, and lightens the op- bliss. Bụt we forget the secret anxiety
pressive burden of every want. With. which preys upon their minds, the

Semur til Rúmiíes
Faretend to

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cares of watchful avacice, and the vexa- thority of empire, ftill felt an aching tion of disappointed ambition. At the void, and lamented, that there were no fame time, we exaggerate the misfor- more worlds left for bim to fubdue. Thus tunes, and undervalue the comforts, the degres of the heart succeed each which fall to our own lot. We distress ather as regularly as the returning ourselves by invidiously comparing our seasons ; and thus, if they are in own fituation with that of our lupe- dulged, they will embitter every itage riors, and by numbering over advan- of our lives by discontent and dirtages which we migbe have possessed, appointment ; for they will only end rather than cherith in our breasts those with our existence. The unadvised generous sentiments which gratitude' caprice of youth will be ripened into would dictate, were we to reflect upon the projects of maturity ; and these the condition of others, who behold will be afterwards succeeded by the our enjoyments with wistful amaze. pursuits and prejudices of age. ment. We are too frequently dir. It is itrange, that, when we are sportsatisfied that we have not been ex. ing in the sunshine of happiness, when empted from calamities which are in. we are not harafled by the tortures of cident to humanity, and that we have pain, not pinched by the cravings of not received benefits which nothing want, not tried by the difficulties of but our own selfithness gave us any distress, not alarmed by the menaces of reason to expect. We set our affe&tions danger, we cannot “ improve negative on objects which cannot be obtained, into positive happiness." When no and pine over events which we could real evil distresses us, the vacant mind not prevent, and which we cannot aggravates the Nightest pique or the redress. But we should reflect, whilft most trifling miscarriage of our exwe are studying to increase competence pectations into a serious calamity. It into affluence, and affluence into super- is as though we resolved to thut our abundance, and whilst the gratification eyes obftinately against the blessings of every with is in our power, how which the munificent hand of Provi. many want the common necessaries of dence has bestowed upon us, and to life. Whillt we are ascending the sum. harass ourselves perpetually by the mit of ambition, how many are toiling creation of imaginary evils, rather up the craggy freep of adversity! than suffer our minds to be at reft.

The buinan heart knows no bounds It is a lamentable truth, that we felto its desires. We oftentimes persuade dom appreciate with fidelity the adourselves, that were certain desires in vantages which we enjoy, until the dulged, we should then be contented, loss of them acquaints us with their without pursuing our withes any fur value. We then learn what comforts ther. But the accomplishment of our we have enjoyed, and what forrows we wilhes, instead of completing our hap- have been strangers to, and become piness, for the most part only serves iu sensible of the happiness which was push forward our ambition with re. within our reach.

We then regret newed force. Transported by our

that we did not check the impetuous success in one attempt, we creduloully torrent of our delires, and lament, lilten to the voice of hope, which holds when it is too late, that such precious forth to us another prize itill more opportunities have been suffered to tempting than the former. The pea. pass by unimproved. fant only desires a competency; he He who'resolves to give a loose rein who potesses a competency longs to be to his desires, in fact resolves to be independent of the world, and after- miserable ; for when they are encouwards, when he has proceeded thus rageri, so restless is their pungency far, is imperceptibly betrayed into an that they can never be hulhed, and so admiration of wealth. The opulent unlimited their multiplicity that they man hankers after the titles and the can never be satisfied. influence of the courtier ; and the In

many

lituations of life scarcely any courtier, in his turn, pants for the thing cite is necefiary to our happincis unrivalled dominion of the throne. brit a rejolution to be happy. There is We read, that Alexander, when he no condition which so prudent a deterhad vanquished every enemy. and over minarion will not tend to meliorate ; run every te: ritory within his reach, nor is there any, with which a fretful after all the triumphs of victory, the disposition will not find occasion to be spoils of rapine, and the absolute au. difpleased. The favours of Providence

are

are thrown away upon those who want from the wretchedness of poverty and a heart to enjoy them, and who will the pride of wealth. In early life, they desiderate what is wanting rather than inftilled into his mind principles which enjoy what is present. Every mis. Itill shine conspicuously in his characfortune is doubly afflictive to the man ter. When he entered into business, who, pondering on it with moroseness, his industry ensured him success. industriously connects with it adsciti. Though he abhorred the looseness of tious circumstances of aggravation. prodigality, ftill he defpised the mifery

To be contented, then, is not only of avarice ; and, though he never the duty, but the interest of every one. associated with the riotous votaries of If the dispensations of Providence are vice and folly, still his purse was ever favourable, they should excite our gra- open to the necessities of poverty and titude and animate our virtue. If we the claims of friendship. He was conare visited by the rude hand of calamity, vinced that it was not the possession, we should submit with resignation and but the discreet use of riches, which endure with fortitude. The foldier could either bestow pleasure or comwho in the warfare of life lolls at his mand esteem. He reflected, that the ease in the tent can at best but escape head which ambition adorns with the censure ; but he who bravely steps for wreaths of laurel is loaded with many ward, and encounters every danger, cares, and surrounded by many danwill receive a distinguished reward. gers; and that the heart which is locked Instead of surrendering ourselves to up in the fame coffer as the miser's womanith 'irresolution, and tamely treasures, must necessarily be estranged pining over every stroke of ill-fortune, to every real enjoyment. Having therelet us rather man every faculty of our fore acquired, by attention and ecofouls to repel the disgraceful inroads nomy, what he deemed sufficient to of grief, and puissantly redouble our render him independent, he retired exertions to retrieve the loss. In efti- from the noise of the town and the mating the advantages which we enjoy, hurry of business, and fought the ftill. and the disadvantages linder which we ness and the leisure of a rural retreat. labour, let us remember, that it is the Here be pafles his time in attending to part of wisdom to lean to the favour. the facred offices of religion, in renderable fide, and to adopt every meafure ing himself serviceable to his fellowwhich will contribute to our tatil creatures, and in studying to express faction ; let us compare our condition his contentment and his gratitude in to those who are galied by the ruthless his life. Every morning he offers up rod of affliction, rather than those who the facrifice of devout thanksgiving to are reclined on the soft couch of ease ; the bounteous Source from which every and let us recollect, that if an humble blesling is derived ; and every evening situation want the luxuries of affluence he commits himself with confidence to and the insolence of power, it is, how the protection of that Being whose ever, not tied to so many duties, or power created, whose goodness (uftains, exposed to fo many temptations, as a and whole faithfulness will eternally more exalted sphere.

reward him. Eugenius was born of parents whose

AURELIUS. circumstances were nearly equidistant July 17, 1802.

RULES TENDING TO PROMOTE LONG LIFE.

BY SIR JOHN SINCLAIR.

We all now proceed to state fuch tion of others; but I question much

rules as have been followed by whether many would wish to lead the those who have attained great age, as

fame life for the lake of mere existence. they may furnish some hints that may Life is no longer desirable than whilft be serviceable to others.

it can be enjoyed with some degree of The plan laid dowr by the celebrated fatisfaction, and it is of little confe. Cornaro is well known, and the abste- quence, if a person merely vegetates, mious manner in which he lived has whether he lives or not. often been recommended to the imita Without entering, therefore, into

various

various particulars, fitter for the dif- fome of whom, it is to be hoped, an 'cussions of experimental philosophy hospital for the aged and the conthan for real life (as weighing the food fumptive will be erected, and the extaken, &c. &c.), 'we hall proceed to priment fairly tried, both for their own mention the rules which have been lakes, and for that of human nature in found the most effectual, and which general. are the most likely to be carried into 4. Exercise and Labour. That either practice. They may be clailed under exercite or moderate labour is necefthe following heads :-1. Fooit. sary even to aged persons, for the pur. Clothing. 3. Habitation. 4. Labour pole of preserving the human frame in or Exercise. 5. Habits or Customs. order, can Irardly be questioned, pro

. Medicine ; and, 7. Dispolition of vided any great exertion is avoided, Mind.

than which nothing is more likely to 1. Diet. The importance of whole- destroy the springs of life, particufome food, for the prelervation of larly when there become feeble. Trahealth and long life, and the avoiding velling in moderation also, from the of excess, whether in eating or drinka change of air and scene, has been found ing, need not be dwelt upon. Some of great use. initances, indeed, are mentioned of s. Habits and Custorns. In the next persons who have continued to commit place, good health, and consequently excelles, and have lived long; but longevity, depends much on personal these are to be considered in no other cleanliness, and a variety of habits and light than as exceptions from a general customs, or minute attentions, which rule ; and it may reasonably be con- it is impossible here to discuss. It tended, that if such persons lived to a were much to be wilhed, that some great age, notwithstanding their intem. author would undertake the trouble perance, they would have lived much of collecting the result of general ex: jonger had they followed a different perience upon that subject, and would course.

point out those habits which, taken 2. Clothing. It is equally unnecessary. lingly, appear very, trifling, yet when to detail at any length the neceflity of combined, there is every reason to warm clothing, more especially in ad. believe, that much additional health vanced life, and during the cold sea, and comfort would arise from their sons, as the best mode of preventing a obrervance. number of diseases to which old men 6. Medicine. It is a common saying, are particularly exposed, and which by that every man, after the age of forty, no other means can be avoided. Mould be his own physician. This

3. Habitation. The health of every seems, however, to be a dangerous individual must greatly depend on the maxiin. The greatef physicians, when place where he refides, and the nature they are fick, feldom venture to pre. of the house which he inhabits į and scribe for themselves, but generally as it has frequently been reinarked, rely on the advice of their medical that the greatest number of old people friends. Persons who pretend to be die in winter, and that many indivi. their own physicians are generally duals, in a weak and consumptive itate, much addicted to quackery, than are obliged to Ay to warmer climates which nothing can be more injurious as the only means of safety, it has to the constitution. It is eflential to thence occurred to Dr. Pearson, that it health. that medicines thould never would be of service, both to the aged be taken but when necessary, and and to the consumptive, to have houles never without the best advice in rea erected, of such a peculiar construc- gard to the commencement, which tion that the air could always be pre. ought not to be too long delayed, served, not only pure, but nearly of otherwise much benefit cannot be exthe same, and of rather an elevated pected from them; and also with re. temperature, so that the invalids who Ipeat co nature or fort, quantity and resided in them should never he affected continuance. by the viciffitudes of the seasons. Such At present, the powers of physic, it an idea, it must be admitted, cinnot be is generally acknowledged, are exa general remedy or resource, but it is tremely bounded. The me tical art, well'entitled to the attention of those however, is probably fill in its inwho are in affluent circumscances, by fancy, and it is imposible yet to say

VOL. XLII, Aug. 1802.

to what perfection it may reach, not 7. Disposition of Mind. In the last only in consequence of the new im- place, nothing is more conducive to provements which chemistry daily fur- longevity than to preserve equanimity nishes, but also of those which may be and good spirits, and not to link under made, by the discovery of new and the disappointments of life, to which valuable plants, in countries either all, but particularly the old, are necesalready known or hitherto unexplored, farily subjected. Indeed, this is a point and indeed the new uses to which old which cannot be too much inculcated; medicinal plants may be applied. Per- for experience sufficiently demonstrates, haps such discoveries will be much that many perith from despondency, accelerated, when, instead, of being who, if they had preserved their spirit left to the zeal and industry of indi- and vigour of mind, might have surviduals, they fhall meet with that public vived many years longer, encouragement and protection to which they are so peculiarly well entitled.

ACCOUNT OF SOLOMON GESSNER. x SOLOMON Gessner, the

German to Gleim and Hagedorn, from whoth Theocritus, was born in the year he had received civility and kindness 1730, and was the son of a respectable in the course of his tour. To Daphnis printer and bookseller, froin whom he he prefixed a letter to himself from received a liberal, and even a learned Mademoiselle - with his reply, education, whose profession he adopted, both written in a playful and animated and whoni in due time he succeeded. style, from which we are led to believe, Fortunately the house of Orel, Gessner, that the heroine of this pastoral was a and Company, into which he was re real personage. "Yes," says Gessner, ceived, had been long established, and in the language of gallantry, and per was known over Europe by the extent haps of truth, « while I described of its correspondence, and by the choice Phillis I thought of you, and the happy and elegance of the works which it idea of writing a romance supplied me gave to the world. Gesner was not, with a continual dream of you, which therefore, involved in the cares of a rendered our reparation less intolernew establishment, nor was it necessary able." In these early productions, with for him to engage in the details and somewhat of the irregularity and the fatigues of business, and the bent of extravagance of youth, we find that his genius being obvious, his partners, luxuriance of imagery, and that soft by whom he was beloved and esteemed, amenity of sentiment and of exprellion freely indulged him in his favourite by which almost all his other writings ftudies and pursuits.

are characterised. At this period of In the twenty-second year of his age his life, Dvid seems to have been a he made a tour through Germany, in favourite with Geffner. In his Night, part for the purpose of extending the we have a fable on the origin of the connexions of his house, but chiefly glow-worm ; and in his Daphnis, an with a view to his own improvement. episode on the amours of a water-god In the course of this journey, he be and a nymph, entirely in the manner of came acquainted with the greater part of that poet. the German men of letters of that day, The success of these publications enand his talents were doubtless stimu- couraged Gessner to indulge his taste Jated by the sympathy and the emula. in rural poetry, and to give to the tion which such intercourse is so parti. world his Idyls, in which, as he himself cularly calculated to excite. On his informs us, he took Theocritus for his return to Zurich in 1753, he gave his model. The Idyls procured their aufirst publication to the world, a small thor a high reputation throughout poem in measured prose, entitled, Switzerland and Germany. They were Night, and this meeting a fi..ourable the principal and favourite objects of reception, he foon afterwards publihed his attention, on which he exerted his pastoral romance of Dapbris, in three great taste and ikill. They are de

In the first of these poems he icribed by himself as the fruits of some contrived to introduce a compliment of his happiest hours ; of those hours,

when

cantos.

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