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-Toad, that under the cold stone “ Days and nights has thirty-one “ Swelter'd venom sleeping yot, * Boil thou first i? th' charmed pot.
* Al. Double, double, toil and trouble, “ Fire burn and cauldron bubble !
* 2d Witch. Fillet of a fenny snake * In the cauldron boil and bake;
Eye of newt and toe of frog, * Wool of bat and tongue of dog, " Adder's fork and blind-worm's sting, " Lizard's leg and owlet's wing, “For a charm of powerful trouble, " Like a hell-broth, boil and bubble !
“ All. Double, double, toil and trouble, * Fire burn and cauldron bubble !
“ 3d Witch. Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf, Witch's mummy,
maw and gulf “ Of the ravening falt-sea shark, “ Root of hemlock, digg'd i'th dark; « Liver of blafpheming Jew, “ Gall of goat, and flips of yew 66 Sliver'd in the moon's eclipse, " Nofo of Turk and Tartar's lips, “Finger of birth strangled babe, s6 Ditch-deliver'd of a drab, " Make the gruel thick and slab; " Add thereto a tyger's chawdron “ For th' ingredients of our cauldron.
“ AUDouble, double, toil and trouble, • Fire burn and cauldron bubble !
" If Witch. Cool it with a baboon's blood “ Then the aharm is firm and good."
6 The owl is abroad, the bat and the toad,
“ And so is the cat-a-mountain, 56 The ant and the mole fit both in a hole,
“ And frog peeps out of the fountain. “ The dogs they do bay and the timbrels play,
" The spindle is now a-turning, 56 The moon it is red and the stars are fed,
“ And all the sky is a burning,
“Deep, oh deep, we lay thee to fleep, • We leave thee drink by, if thou chance to be dry, « Both milk and blood, the dew and the flood. “ We breathe in thy bed, at the foot and the head; 66 We cover thee warm, that thou take no harm, “And when thou dost wake, dame earth shall
" quake, &c.
" A cloud of pitch, a spur and a switch, " To haste him away, and a whirlwind play “ Before and after, with thunder for laughter, “ And storms of joy, of the roaring boy, " His head of a drake, his tail of a snake.
66 About, about about!
“ The images neither be seen nor felt,
I should observe that these quotations from Jonson are selected partially and not given in continuation, as they are to be found in the Masque, which is much too long to be given entire: They are accompanied with a commentary by the author, full of dæmonological learning, which was a very courtly study in the time of James the first, who was an author in that branch of superstitious pedantry.
I am aware there is little to gratify the reader's curiosity in these extracts, and still less to distract his judgment in deciding between then : They are so far curious however as they shew how strongly the cha
racters of the poets are distinguished even in these fantastic specimens ; Jonson dwells upon authorities without fancy, Shakespear employs fancy and creates authorities.
Ufus vetusto genere, fed rebus novis.
PROLOG. PHÆD. FAB. lib. v.
comedy of The Fox says that he wrote it in the short space of five weeks, his words
To these there needs no lie but this his creature,
This he delivers in his usual vaunting stile, spurning at the critics and detractors of his day, who thought to convict him of dulness by testifying in fact to his diligence. The .
. magic movements of Shakespear's muse had been so noted and applauded for their surprising rapidity, that the public had con
tracted a very ridiculous respect for hasty
And when his plays come out, think they can flout 'em
But at the same time that he shews this contempt very justly, he certainly betrays a degree of weakness in boasting of his poetical dispatch, and seems to forget that he had noted Shakespear with something less than friendly censure, for the very quality he is vaunting himself upon.
Several comic poets since his age have seemed to pride themselves on the little time they expended on their productions ; fome have had the artifice to hook it in as an excuse for their errors, but it is no less evident what share vanity has in all such apo. logies : Wycherley is an instance amongst these, and Congreve tells of his expedition in writing the Old Bachelor, yet the fame