« السابقةمتابعة »
The garden blooms before me now,
Marg. To wander with you?
Marg. To death! I know it I preMarg. Oh, not so fast !
parem Time is with you so sweetly past.
I come; the grave is yawning there ! Faust. Haste, Margaret, haste ! The grave, no farther-'tis our journey's For, if thou lingerest here,
end. We both shall pay it dear.
You part. Oh! could I but your steps atMarg. What, thou canst kiss no more! tend. Away so short a time as this,
Faust. You can! But wish it, and the And hast so soon forgot to kiss !
deed is done. Why are my joys less ardent than they Marg. I may not with you ; hope for were ?
me is none ! Once in those folding arms I loved to How can I fly? They glare upon me still ! lie,
It is so sad to beg the wide world through, Clung to that breast, and deem'd my hea And with an evil conscience too! ven was there,
It is so sad to roam through stranger lands, Till, scarce alive, I almost long'd to And they will seize me with their iron die !
hands! Those lips are cold, and do not move, Faust. I will be with you. Alas! unkind, unkind !
Marg. Quick! fly! Hast thou left all thy love,
Save it, or the child will die ! Thy former love, behind ?
Through the wild wood, Faust. Follow me! follow, Margaret! To the pond ! be not slow :
It lifts its head ! With twice its former heat my love shall The bubbles rise ! glow.
It breathes !
One step, and thou art free!
Marg. Had we but pass'd the hillside Marg. Thou shalt burst my chain,
lone And lay me in thy folding arms again. My mother there sits on a stone. How comes it, tell me, thou canst bear my Long she has sat there; cold and dead, • sight?
Yet nodding with her weary head. Know'st thou to whom thou bring'st the Yet winks not, nor signs, other motion is means of fight?
o'er; Faust. Come, come !--I feel the morn She slept for so long, that she wakes no
ing breeze's breath. Marg. This hand was guilty of a mo Faust. Since words are vain to rouse thy ther's death!
sleeping sense, I drown'd my child! And thou canst tell, I venture, and with force I bear thee hence. If it was mine, 'twas thine as well.
Marg. Unhand me! leave me! I will I scarce believe, though so it seem
not consent ! Give me thy hand
_I do not dream Too much I yielded once ! too much reThat dear, dear hand. Alas, that spot! Wipe it away, the purple clot!
Faust. Day! Margaret, day! your hour What hast thou done? Put up thy sword ; will soon be past. It was thy Margaret's voice implored. Marg. True, 'tis the day; the lastFaust. Oh Margaret ! let the hour be the last! past;
My bridal day!—'twill soon appear. Forget it, or I breathe my last.
Tell it to none thou hast been here. Marg. No; you must live till I shall We shall see one another, and soon shall
trace For each their separate burial-place. But not at the dance will our meeting be. You must prepare betimes to-morrow We two shall meet Our home of sorrow.
In the crowded street: For my poor mother keep the best ; The citizens throng—the press is hot, My brother next to her shall rest.
They talk together-I hear them not : Me, Margaret, you must lay aside,
The bell has toll'd—the wand they breakSome space between, but not too wide. My arms they pinion till they ache ! On the right breast my boy shall be ; They force me down upon the chair ! Let no one else lie there but he.
The neck of each spectator there "Twere bliss with him in death to lie, Thrills, as though itself would feel Which, on this earth, my foes deny, The headsman's stroke—thesweeping steel! "Tis all in vain-you will not mind, And all are as dumb, with speechless pain, And yet you look so good, so kind. As if they never would speak again ! Faust. Then be persuaded—come with Faust. Oh, had I never lived !
Mephistopheles (appears in the doorway)
Off! or your life will be but short; that vulgar and petulant sneering, with
ance of a gentleman-still more of a 'Tis he the evil one of hell!
nobleman. But all this will be of no What would he where the holy dwell ?
avail. He has a right to be tried by 'Tis me he seeks ! Faust. To bid thee live.
his literary peers, and from their decis Marg. Justice of Heaven! to thee my
sion he has no reason to shrink. Mr soul I give!
Coleridge himself will not now dream Meph. (to Faust.)
of translating the Faust-another hand Come ! come ! or tarry else with her to die. has done almost all that could be done Marg. Heaven, I am thine! to thy em even by him; and the English public brace I fly!
may congratulate themselves upon the Hover around, ye angel bands !
possession of one more work worthy to Save me! defy him where he stands.
be associated with Coleridge's WalHenry, I shudder ! 'tis for thee.
lenstein-worthy of being placed above Meph. She is condemn'd!
even the best of Mr Gillies's translaVoices from above. Is pardon'd! Meph. (to Faust.) Hence, and flee !
tions from the German theatre and (Vanishes with Faust. worthy of being placed above them Marg. (From within.) Henry! Henry! for this one plain, simple reason—that
Goethe is what Müller, Grillparzer, We notice that Lord F. Gower has and Oehlenshlaeger aspire to be mand given but a very mutilated version of may perhaps be ere they die ; but certhe May-day night scene. This was tainly have not as yet shewn themwrong
in every point of view. It de- selves to be. We hope this splendid stroys the poem of Goethe; and, if his example will not be lost upon Mr Lordship thought, (which he probably Gillies. We earnestly hope he will did, and certainly might well do,) that turn seriously to the true masterpieces he could not outstep Shelley in this— of German genius, and not meddle why not adopt the fragment at once ? with the pupils, however meritorious, We trust this may yet be done. As it until their great, and we half fear, is, Lord Francis has produced a work inimitable masters have been exhaustwhich must at once give him a place, ed. Let him give us the BRIDE OF and no mean one, among the literary MESSINA-or the William TELLmen of his time. He must prepare or the EGMONT, and take his place himself for encountering something of where he is entitled to be.
Most of our readers must have seen enemies' troops, inspired the Emperor the print of Gérard's picture of the bat at the moment with the idea of the tle of Austerlitz-indeed it is on many picture, afterwards executed by Géa snuff-box. They may remember the rard.” cavalry officer, who, with his hat off, Rapp was a native of Alsace; he and sabre broken, is galloping up to early distinguished himself under DeNapoleon, who receives him, sur- saix, and was taken notice of by that rounded by his suite. This is no talented general. He soon rose to faother than the author of the autobio vour under Napoleon, whose esteem graphical volume now before us, the at times, and whose suspicion and disGeneral Rapp himself. He was re- pleasure, at others, he won by a militurning from the decisive charge which tary frankness and bluntness of speech. he had led in person, and which decided Whenever any of Rapp's friends fell the day. “My sabre half broken,' into disgrace with Napoleon, the blunt says he, “ my wound, the blood with Alsacian was sure to shew it by some which I was covered, the decisive ad- expression of spleen or ill-timed exvantage gained over the choice of the postulations. And he thus became
• Mémoires du Général Rapp, Aide-de-camp de Napoléon écrits par lui-même. Paris et Londres, 1823.
generally implicated in the misfor -- Yes, rejoined Napoleon, “ Madam
He mystified indiscretion, says Rapp, lanıry at Austerlitz and Essling, with but repulsed neither pleasantry por twenty and odd wounds, out-balanced
frankness. his want of flexibility with Napoleon.
After some chapters devoted to the Ney and Rapp were the only generals, character of Napoleon, and to anecsaid Napoleon, that preserved the dotes concerning him, the Memoirs hearts of stout soldiers in the retreat proceed with the “ Third War of from Moscow. Rapp certainly paid Austria,” when, all hopes of invading his court at the Tuilleries in 1814, our island being at an end, the French and in 1815 commanded the army of succeeded in shutting up Mack with the Rhine for his old master. We the remains of his army in Ulm. Seshail see, whether the curious inter- gur's account of the surrender is exview, in which Napoleon won him ceedingly interesting ; the getting posover, can excuse the desertion. He be- session of the bridge over the Datiube came afterwards chamberlain, or some at Vienna is one of the best morceaus such officer about Louis the Eigh- of Rapp's books, and shews bow efteenth's person, and was on duty at fectually Buonaparte was seconded by St Cloud the very day that the news
the dexterity and courage of his geof Napoleon's death arrived in Paris; nerals: the veteran, summoned suddenly before the King, made his appearance in the enemy's rear-guard. It would have
“We were marching on the traces of undissembled tears :-“ Go, Rapp,
been easy for us to have routed it, but we said the Monarch, “ I honour you for knew better. The object was to deceive this tribute to your old master.” them into an abatement of vigilance : we
These memoirs, seemingly excited never pushed them, but, on the contrary, by the ultra calumnies against the Ex. spread about reports of approaching peace. Emperor, which they commence with We permitted troops and baggage to esanswering, are sketched by the bold cape; a few men were of little importance and hurried hand of an old soldier. in comparison with the preservation of the He represents Napoleon as mild, ten. bridges. Once broken, we would have had der, and scarcely ever inexorable in
the whole cainpaign to fight over again. matters of life and death. He relates sia was throwing off the mask; and Russia
Austria was assembling fresh forces, Prusmany instances of suceessful interfe- presented herself prepared for action with rence in such cases, but allows that all the resources of these two powers. The, he was often driven into excesses by possession of the bridges was a victory, the servile adulations of the court. and one only to be obtained by surprise. He represents him as open to advice, We took our measures in consequence. even to remonstrance, though intole- The troops stationed on the route were forrant of the common-place arguinents,
bidden to give the least demonstration that which his relations especially some
might create alarm ; no one was permitted times pestered him with.
to enter Vienna. When everything had “ Fesch was about to remonstrate with
been seen, and examined, the Grand Duke him one day on the war in Spain. He had
took possession of that capital, charging not uttered two words, when Napoleon,
Lannes and Bertrand to make a strong
reconnoissance on the river. These two drawing towards the window, asked, “ Do you see that star ?'-It was broad day.
officers were followed by the Tenth Hus. No,' replied the archbishop.-- Well,
sars. They found at the gates of the Fauas long as I alone can perceive it, I follow bourg a post of Austrian cavalry. There my plan, and suffer no observations.'”
had been no fighting for three days ; there The following anecdote, though no
was a kind of suspension of arms on both
sides. Lannes and Bertrand address the thing in itself, may account for the
commandant, enter into conversation with contradictions and contrary reports him, attach themselves to his steps, vor about the Einperor's apathy of feel- leave him for a moment. Arrived at the ing, on which point the author of borders of the river, they determine to fol. Child Harold, and the Quarterly Re- low him farther : the Austrian grows anview, are at issue:
gry: they demand to speak with the officer “ On his return from the Russian cam commanding the troops on the left side of paign, he was deploring with deep emo the river. He suffers them to proceed, but tion, the death of so many gallant soldiers, without any of their hussars; the Tenth mowed down, not by the Cossacks, but by are obliged to take up a position. In the cold and hunger. A courtier seeking to meantime our troops arrived, conducted by put in his word, added, with a pitiful tone the Grand Duke (Murat) and Lannes. - We have indeed suffered a great loss.' The bridge was yet untouched, but the
trains were laid, the cannoneers held the and loses time in a vain discussion. Our
" Quatre mots constituaient, pour eux,
tout l'idiome Polonais: Kleba? Niema ; liard then advanced, walking with his hands
:--Bread? There's none. behind his back, accompanied by two of
Water? You shall have it. C'était là ficers of his staff. Lannes joined him with others ; they went, and came, talked, and
toute la Pologne.” even ventured into the middle of the Aus The dislike and horror of the French trians. The commander of the post at at passing the Vistula, amounted, infirst refused to receive them, but he yield- deed, almost to a presentiment, a proed at last, and conversation was establish- phetic feeling of their sufferings in ed between them. They repeated to him Russia. Meantime, peace was conwhat Bertrand had already said, that the cluded at Tilsit. Napoleon went to negotiations advanced, that the war was finished. • Why,' said the Marshal, Spain, but was soon compelled to rehold your cannons pointed against us ?
turn by the wavering faith of the
North. But the fame of Wellington's Haven't we had enough of blood, of combats? Do you wish to attack us, to pro
victories soon followed him the Inlong the evils of war, severer for you than
vincibles retreated--were mowed down for us. Come, no more provocation; turn by our forces and English example your pieces.' Half convinced, half over wrought as much against Napoleon in borne, the commandant obeyed, the artil. the North, as their arms in the South. lery was turned on the Austrians, and the
" The reports, the disasters of Baylen arms piled up
gave Napoleon fresh doubts on the conduct “ During these arguments, the small bo of Prussia. He charged me to redouble dy of the vanguard advanced slowly, mask my vigilance. "Spare nothing to the Prusing sappers and artillerymen, who threw sians,' he wrote me,' they must not raise the combustible matters into the stream, their heads more.' poured water on the powder, and cut the 66 The news of the ill success which we trains. The Austrian, too ignorant of our met with in the Peninsula, spread itself language to take much interest in the con immediately over Germany : they awakenversation, soon perceived that the troops
ed new hopes, every breast was in fermen. gained ground, and endeavoured to make tation. I forwarded accounts to Napoleon : us comprehend that this was wrong, that but he did not like to be reminded of unhe would not suffer it. Lannes and Bel
pleasant occurrences, much less when they liard tried to reassure him ; they told him, foretold a more disastrous future. · The it was but the cold that made the soldiers
Germans are not Spaniards,' replied he; mark step, in order to warm their feet. • the phlegmatic character of the German The column, however, still approached, it has nothing in common with that of the had passed three-fourths of the bridge—the ferocious Catalonians.' officer lost patience, and ordered his troops to fire. The troop ran to arms—the pieces his counsellors, military or civilian,
In opposition to the opinion of all were pointed—the position was terrible ; with a little less presence of mind, the
Buonaparte entered Russia. We all bridge was in the air, our soldiers in the
know the consequences. Rapp receiwaves, and the whole campaign compro
ved four wounds in the battle of the mised. But the Austrian had to do with Moskwa, and lay sick when the flames men not so easily disconcerted. Marshal of Moscow began; five or six times he Lannes took hold of him on one side, Ge- dislodged to escape the flames. He neral Belliard seized him on the other ; gives a lively picture of the scene.they shake him, menace, shout, prevented The noise, the hurry, the conflagrahis being heard. In the meantime Prince
tion, the sane even affrighted, and the d'Aversperg arrives, accompanied by Ge. litters of the wounded generals meetneral Bertrand. An officer runs to ac
ing here and there, as they were quaint Murat with the state of things, and to pass the order to the troops to hasten
dragged in search of a secure spot. their step. The Marshal advances to Aver,
Rapp, however, survived, and in the sperg, complains of the commander of the retreat was dispatched by Napoleon to post, demands that he be replaced, and sent
take the command of Dantzic. Here off from the rear-guard, where he might he supported a long siege, but at trouble the negotiations. Aversperg is de- length surrendered, and was carried ceived. He argues, approves, contradicts, prisoner into Russia. He returned to
the Tuilleries in 1814, and found, as Rapp. You say so; but your anti-chamhe says, that the enemy had invaded bers are full of those complaisants, who everything. He meets many of his have always flattered your inclination for subalterns in favour, who regard the veteran de haut en bas. Of one of these
Nap. Bah! Bah! experience will
but went you often to the Tuilleries ? gentry, he gives an anecdote, curious
Rapp. Sometimes, sire. ly descriptive of French life:
Nap. How did those folks treat you ? « J'en rencontrais un troisième, que ma
Rapp. I could not complain. presence ne mit pas à l'aise. Attaché
Nap. Did the king receive you well on autrefois à Joséphine, il avait fait preuve
your return from Russia ? d'une prévoyance véritablement exquise :
Rapp. Certainly, sire. afin d'être en mesure contre les cas ini
Nap. Doubtless. First cajoled, then prévus qui pouvaient survenir dans les pro
sent adrift. 'Twas what awaited you all ; menades et les voyages, il s'était muni d'un
for, in fine, you were not their men. vase de vermeil, qu'il portait constamment
Rapp. The King at least cleared France sur lui. Quand la circonstance l'exigeait,
of the Allies. il le tirait de sa poche, le présentait, le re Nap. At what price ? And his engageprenait, le vidait, l'essuyait, et le serrait
ments, has he kept them? Why did he avec soin. C'etait avoir l'instinct de la do
not hang Ferrand for his speech on namesticité.” “ But all these preux," says Rapp,“ so
tional properties ? It is that it is the in
solence of the priests and nobles that has eager for money, decoration, and com
made me leave Elba. I could have arrived mandments, soon gave sample of their with three millions of peasantry, who ran courage. Napoleon appeared, they were
to offer me their services. But I was sure eclipsed. They besieged Louis XVIII.,
of not finding resistance before Paris. The the dispenser of favours; they had not a
Bourbons are lucky that I have returned ; match to burn for Louis XVIII. unfor
without me affairs had finished by a terri. tunate.”
ble revolution. Have you seen the pamWe shall not trouble our readers phlet of Chateaubriand, which does not even with more of General Rapp, with the
grant me courage on the field of battle? exception of the following dialogue, Have you ever seen me amidst the fire ? which took place between him and Am I a coward ? Napoleon. When the latter returned Rapp. I have partaken of the same inin 1815, he sent for Rapp, who made dignation with all honourable men, at an his appearance.
accusation as unjust as it is base. “ Napoleon. There you are, General Nap. Saw you ever the Duke of Or
leans ? Rapp ; you have been wanting. Whence came you?
Rapp. But once. Rapp. From Ecouen, where I have left Nap. It is he that has tact and conduct. my troops at the disposition of the minister
The others are ill-surrounded, ill-coun.
selled. They hate me. They are about to Nap. Do you really intend fighting be more furious than ever. They have against me?
wherewith, I am arrived without striking Rapp. Yes, sire.
a blow. It is now they'll cry out upon my Nap. The devil! Dare you draw upon
ambition; it is the eternal reproach; they me ?
know nothing else to say. Rapp. Without doubt-My duty
Rapp. They are not alone in charging Nap. 'Tis too much. But your soldiers you with ambition. would not have obeyed you. I tell you,
Nap. How ? Am I ambitious, I ? Estthe peasants of your native Alsace would on gros comme moi quand on a de l'ambia have stoned you, were you guilty of such a
tion ? Are men fat, like me, when they treachery.
are ambitious ? (and he struck his two Rapp. Allow, sire, that the position is
hands with violence upon bis belly.") painful; you abdicate, you depart, you en
Beyond this argumentum ad stogage us to serve the King; you return All the force even of old remembrances
machum, we cannot quote another line.
It is too good, and so staggered poor cannot even deceive us
Nap. How? What would you say ? Rapp, that he took the command of Think you I return without alliance, with the army of the Rhine from Napoleon, out agreement ? And, besides, my system
and scarce had joined it, when the is changed no more of wars or conquests
news of Waterloo and its consequences -I wish to reign in peace, and bring hap- shattered his new hopes, and set his piness to my subjects.
army in mutiny against him.