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Irish History. It is an insane diatribe hand and foot. The Roman Catholic against England, hatred against which ecclesiastics regarded it as a licence for country he carries so far as to murder a saturnalia of insolent slander on the its language, and mangle its ortho- church. The bawling of the demagraphy with merciless perseverance. gogue barristers, pleading for the cause It, however, is really a pretty fair pic- of Erin, through patriotic pun, and

a ture of Roman Catholic feeling. What, desire to get puffed into business, bethen, does this gentleman say of the came ten times more rabid and acrienactors of the penal code?“ Had monious. If the Protestants gave any Austria,” quoth the historian, “ symptoms of life, an outcry was raised Spain, interfered for the Catholics, the that they were acting in opposition to friends of religious liberty, [observe the wishes of " our beloved King,” the sneer,] the friends of religious li- by men who had illuminated their berty in England, the Whigs of Eng- houses in triumph for the escape of land, would have been slow in giving the unhappy Queen, and whose whole to the British Monarch the necessary lives had been occupied with venting supplies to support him in his favour. merciless slanders against his father ite object. They [the Whigs] re- and himself. If they remained quiesquired, as the condition of their zeal in cent, a jubilant shout was raised that his support, full and uncontrolled per- they, thank Heaven ! were at last mission to TORTURE The Irish Ca- cowed into submission, never to arise Tholics."-Lawless's Ireland, p. 484. again. Then the proceedings against There, Mr Brougham, there is your the people concerned in the dirty playfriend' Lawless's recorded opinion of house-riot-the blowing up a gallerythe services conferred on the Roman row into a capital crime-the vindicCatholics by the Whigs; and I can tive thirsting after the blood of the assure you that such is the feeling of rioters the venomous speeches

the the whole body. If the penal code, insult to juries the whole ex officio then, has done mischief, we know whó business, to which there has been no is to blame. We are endeavouring to approximation since the days of Jefremedy that mischief as well as we can, feries, and which have transferred his but we are not quite certain that we mantle over the shoulders of Plunkett would be warranted in putting the -were construed into a following up weapons of civilization into the hands of a system of warfare against the of people, who would, in all human Protestants, and the theory was comprobability, use them for the purpose pleted, which held that Catholicity of fighting the battles of barbarism. was to enjoy a speedy and a bloody Convince us that there is no danger of triumph in Ireland. that, and our opposition is over in a But how is all this to end? Is there moment.

never to be peace in that unhappy is. Lawless talked nonsense about the land ? I must decline hazarding any King's visit to Ireland, in the usual answer to that question just now. The style of the orators of his party. These skein of Irish politics is too ravelled to precious fellows have taken it into be untwisted by me in a hasty review their head, that, because the King ree of the shallow prate of a shallow spoucommended harmony in the country, ter over his second bottle. Besides, I there was to be an end of all Protes- think you told me that you had a setant feeling-that the factious press ries of papers either in esse or posse, was to be let loose in full tilt againston Irish affairs exclusively, written all the institutions of the land that by one of the cleverest men in that corporations were to be abolished country-and to him I leave it. Certhat the Protestant clergy should not tain I am, that, as long as the mass of preach Protestantism--that no tythe the population continues in its prewas to be paid that churches were to sent state of degrading ignorance, no be defiled, and churchyards intruded granting of Emancipation will be folon, with complete impunity. The con- lowed by quiet. How this ignorance ciliation recommended was, with true is to be conquered, is a question of imIrish perspicuity, discovered to be a portance. It is very easy to say,

reciprocity all on one side.” The “Educate-Educate," —very easy inWhiteboys considered it as a token, deed to say it ; but when we have the that the gentry were to be delivered veto of the priests against it, it is not over to their tender mercies, bound quite so easy to put your proposal into effect. He will honestly tell you me the most minute details;" and with that he fears proselytism would be the their consent, he adds, he entered into consequence, and throws coolly into some negotiation with the Lord Lieuthe fire any book denounced in his tenant. On certain conditions pardon Index Expurgaterius. I beg leave to was offered to the murderous miscre. ask Mr Lawless, is this fact cr fica ants; and will it be believed—“ the tion? What must be thought of this conditions put it out of my power to state of society? What would be said act without betraying the confidence in England, if any Rector, Vicar, or reposed in me !!” There is a state of Prebend of the pack, were to walk society! What would have been said into the house of a parishioner, and here to any clergyman of any sect, lay violent hands on any tract or any who could venture on such a course of book obnoxious to his ideas of ortho- proceeding? doxy? I rather think his reverence These, however, are facts kept out would be saluted by the roughest but of sight by the Whig reasoners, on most convincing of arguments, that this side of the water, through ignohe had made a mistake. It is an every rance chiefly; by those from Ireland, day occurrence in Ireland. But, in- out of dishonesty. But I have wasted deed, to compare Great Britain and too much time on such a man as LawIreland in this respect, is truly absurd. less. I shall proceed after observing, I beg leave to ask Mr Lawless, who that in these remarks on the unhapspouts in favour of civil liberty, and py system of things in Ireland, I mean total abhorrence of oppression of all no personal offence to any man. I am kinds, whether, if it so pleased a priest ready to acknowledge that men of tato exercise his horse-whip on the lent, of virtue, of learning, of the shoulders of his congregation, male kindest hearts and the clearest heads, and female, one of them would dare are to be found among the Irish Cato resist? Does he not know, that de- tholics, lay and ecclesiastic; but the nouncing from altars, and threaten- argument as to the millions, as long ing ecclesiastical pains, is a very usual as the millions remain as they are, I mode of keeping the refractory in scout. Of one thing I am certain, that order? Does he not know, that the the Protestants of Ireland have a priesthood claims the privilege of re- strong claim to our support. It is fusing to give testimony even in cases laughable to hear such men as this of the most wanton murders, of which poor tavern spouter accusing them of they may happen to be eye-witnesses disloyalty--them who have stuck by -Mr L. will know the peculiar case I the cause of England and of Europe, allude to—for fear of lessening their through good report and evil. But influence over the murderers ? By there is an immensity of mushroom mere accident, while writing this, a file loyalty in Ireland, as far as the mouth of American newspapers came into my is concerned. There are men there, hands, in one of which I perceive a who, as Mr J. North said, in his admin letter from a Romish Bishop in Ame- rable speech on the trial of the bottlerica—an Irishman-who is endea- and-rattle conspirators, who “ imavouring to palliate the enormities of gine they can compensate for the turhis countrymen. In this letter the bulence of one day by the crawling writer asserts, that, from having been sycophancy of the next;" a crawling chaplain to a jail

, he had excellent sycophancy, displayed in pretending to opportunities of knowing the designs honour the King, and covering with of the insurgents. “I enjoyed their abuse those to whom we must look, as confidence,” he says ; “ from them I we have looked, for the continuation of received all the information which the connection of the countries under could be given meI was enabled by his sceptre. their instructions to see and converse Transeant Hiberni. Let me get out with their leaders--these leaders gave of the bogs.

MR BLAQUIBBE's REPORT ON GREECE, &c. &c. The“Greek Committee” have just the propriety of sending “ Congreve done us the honour to send us this rockets," "spherical case-shot,”“ skillittle pamphlet, which, we are con- ful partizans," and other “ acceptable strained to say, furnishes as little in offerings to the struggling Greeks.” formation as any work of the same di- We have this Committee sending out mensions we have happened to meet Mr Blaquiere as a sort of ambassador with. We have not time at present of theirs to Greece; and we have this to enter fully into the most important Committee sending forth pamphlet on subject to which, such as it is, it re-. pamphlet to convince “ the clergy, lates ; but shall throw out a few hints is the matrons and young ladies," and notwithstanding.

“ all the friends of liberty and ChrisAnd, first of all, we are sorry to see tianity," that it is their most imperathe cause of Greece in these hands. tive duty to give money to the Greek This Mr Blaquiere may be a most re- Committee, in order that the Greek spectable and well-intentioned gentle- Committee may give it to the“ Greek man; but he must know that his name . Government” to pay their troops, conhas been connected with other revo- duct their campaigns, and beat the lutionary matters, in a way that can- Turks. not fail to throw some suspicion on What is this but a carrying on of any proceedings of which he is the war against an ally of England, by great advocate and instrument. His these subjects of the English crown? name was considerably mixed up with - What right have these individuals the absurdities of the Neapolitan af- so to do? If the Irish Liberals were to fair, for example ; and, in one word, rebel to-morrow, murder Archbishop without wishing to insinuate anything Magee and sack Dublin, there can be like a charge of serious mischief, he is no doubt that many “ Irish Commituniversally considered as a partisan of tees” might be very willing to hold Liberalism. His pamphlet is very their convocations in the Palais Royal poorly, and, indeed, very incorrectly and subscribe money for sending over written ; and there is a sort of boyish- rockets and spherical case-shot to the ness about the whole strain of it, that Provisional Government of Iremust prevent sensible people from gi- land.” But if they did so, what would ving much weight to the appeal of be the consequence? Would our Gosuch a mouth-piece.

vernment approve of King Louis's GoThe second remark we have to make vernment for allowing them ?-In a is, that we really are very far from ben word, the question just comes to be ing satisfied, that individual subjects this: is it not still the prerogative of of this kingdom have any right what- GOVERNMENTS to form treaties of ever to take so much upon them as peace, and to declare and carry on war? seems of late to have become the fa- Or is it really so, that all these “ old shion. The Government of England things have passed away,”-that the recognizes the Ottoman Porte as an departments of governments and subally: These two Governments, no jects have been changed in the Euromatter how widely differing in cha- pean world, and that “ Mr Edward racter and views, have old treaties ac- Blaquiere and the Greek Committee” tually in force between them. Our have as much right to take part in this Government have refused to take any War, as if he were bona fide a crownpart whatever in the struggle that has ed Edward, and his Committee the rebeen going on between the Porte and cognized Senate of a recognized state? the Greek insurgents. If this be In plaiu truth, this sort of stuff has wrong, let the Opposition blame the gone a great deal too far already: Sir Ministry in Parliament, let the sense Robert Wilson's behaviour in Spain of Parliament be taken, and let the has operated as a complete reductio ad line of policy be altered, if the Great absurdum ; and “the Greek CommitCouncil of the Nation be of opinion tee” may be convened in the tavern, that alteration is proper. But what and the Greek Committee's ambassahave we here?-We have a set of pri- dors may go to Tripolizza, just as often vate individuals, mostly very humble as the fancy takes them-The lanones too, assembling periodically in a guage of every rational man and loyal London tavern, and gravely discussing subject will be, " This is the affair of VOL. XIV.

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the state, not of the pot-house.” The proper opportunity for assisting the Turks may be the worst people in the Greeks by their interference and meworld, and the Greeks the best-but diation. But we are satisfied that no are we to be the judges ?--ay, are we interference even of that kind will be to be the executioners? Who has call- of any use, unless the measure be a ed us to this office ? - Where is our general one. And we are most sincereright?-Are we, private men, we hum- ly of opinion, that the greatest disble individuals, sitting each man with service any one individual can at this his legs under his own inahogany here moment do to the Greeks, is to assist in England, are we invested with any in any way whatever in increasing the title to meddle between the Grand importance of these officious AssociaSeignior and the Prince Maurocordato? tions, the weddling of which, it is but Are we all so many Sovereign Powers too manifest, can have no substantial here over our port ? - If so, what is the effect whatever, except that of creating use of all this hambug of a King, and much unhappy suspicion and distrust à Parliament, and a Secretary for Fo- in those high and responsible quarters reign Affairs, and all the rest of it? from which alone the Greeks have any What is the use of such idle names as right to expect or to receive assist

International Law,' and so forth? “-Am not I a National, myself, I, Mr Blaquiere's pamphlet contains with this five-pound note in my no information at all worthy of the breeches pocket? I can buy five name—and the few facts he does propounds worth of spherical case shot, duce have any tendency rather than to and send them out to Greece-I there- confirm the conclusions he appears so fore can go to war with this Turk- eager to draw from them. The Greek and why not?”

Congress of this year, he says, met in This nonsense must be put a stop

an orange grove and deliberated on to. If these people send over any sup- three great subjectsfirst, “ the best plies that can do the least good to the 'modle of introducing trial by jury, and Greeks, they must send a great deal, a regular system of education, on the for, according to their own pamphlet, principles of Bell and Lancaster;" sethe Greek government has never yet condly, "on the state of their finances, been able to pay their soldiers at all, public accounts, and national resouror to clothe above one-third of them ces;" and thirdly and LASTLY,“ on the at a time. If “the Greek Committee" extent of the naval and military forces, supply all these deficiencies—if they and the most effectual plan for repelequipand pay the Greek army, pray who ling every future attempt of the eneare the real belligerents ?- The Greek my.”--Now, if this be not putting the Committee, on the one side, evidente cart before the horse, we should be ly, and the Grand Seignor on the other. glad to hear what it is. Tretty legis Can this be, without creating a war be- lators indeed! Bell and Lancaster's tween England and the Porte? Most education taking place there and then certainly not. In short, it is only the of the inquiry into their military reutter imbecility of these well-meaning sources, and the means of repelling thre people that protects them for a mo- enemy ! ment. If they could do anything worth Once more—we devoutly hope the thinking of, we should soon hear more termination of this struggle will be the of it. They have done, and they can establishment of an independent Greek do nothing; and therefore they are Government in Greece. The course allowed to make just what speeches, of events, so far as we can understand and publish just what pamphlets, they matters, seems to render this consumplease.

mation every day more probable ; but We have not been talking of the it certainly will not be hastened by the Greek cause, be it observed, but of Greck Committee, although we think the Greek Committee. To see a libe- it very probable it may be deferred. ral enlightened Christian government These agitators, when they simply, established in Greece, would be to us, avowedly, and distinctly, in their priand to all the European world, thé vate capacities, meddle with such matmost delightful of spectacles. We hope ters, do what we humbly conceive they such a government may be established have no right to do-usurp the privithere—and most happy should we be lege of the government under whose to hear that the Christian governments protection they exist; and eventually, of Europe had been able to find any if their exertions are of any consequence whatever, injure instead of be- LES8! and toast “ Kinloch of Kinnefiting the causes they are pleased 'loch,” and “the memory of Emmett.” to adopt. But when they assume, as It is not our fault, if the cloven hoof of late they appear to have no scruples will not be at the trouble to keep itin doing, something like that public self decently concealed. and authoritative character to which We must disclaim, however, any they have no claim more than the cats intention of saying anything against tle in the fields—when they hint that Mr Blaquiere. On the contrary, his their voice is the voice of their coun- painphlet leads us to believe that he is try, that their interference is the inter- an amiably disposeil young man-very ference of England, that they are any much so. We have no doubt he has thing more than they really are-their the best possible intentions, and we conduct both assumes a character of honour hiin for them. But we really more intolerable arrogance and pre- do not believe that there was any ab. sumption, and seems well calculated solute necessity for his interfering beto produce consequences of the most tween the Turks and the Greeks. We tragic nature.

consider it as quite possible that these Sir Robert Wilson negotiates in parties may in the end settle their Spain ; and Mr Blaquiere talks of its matters without thinking of “ the "occurring” to him that the presence Greek Committee ;” and hope, in the of an agent of some kind would be fu- meantime, that Mr Blaquiere's book,

* vourably interpreted by the Provisional which is to come out at the beginning Government and people of Greece !!” of the next publishing season, may be A notion in which he says a “most better got up than his pamphlet, which flattering reception afterwards convin- appeared at the fag-end of the last. ced him he was not mistaken !" Good, What is become of General Pepe ? very good ! are we really come to this, Where is Count Pecchio ? Are Sir that any foreign peoples or govern- Robert Wilson's " Commentaries on ments are to put favourable interpre- the Peninsular War” to be in 8vo or tations upon matters of this mighty 4to? Is there to be no subscription importance! Tlie arrival of Mr Bla- for a monument to Dr Watson, juquiere! “ the presence of an agent of nior? Is it true that Lieut.-General some kind !” An agent indeed ! the Earl of Rosslyn is about to give up “ With surety stronger than Achilles' arm his office in the Chancery of Scotland? *Fore all the Greekish heads, which with Is it true that all the lawyers have adone voice

vised the dishing of the sury Court in Call Agamemnon General!"

Scotland? Isit true that dr Brougham SHAKESPEARE. is resolved to have another run at the Lord Byron has gone to Greece: Chancellor? Is it true that Mr John this is, to be sure, rather a different M‘Farlane, advocate, approves of the matter from Mr Blaquiere's embassy: plan? Is it true that Mr Shireff of St But we must have rather more facts Ninians has really quitted the Kirk of than Mr Blaquiere's pamphlet fur. Scotland ? Is it true that he declined nishes, before we commit ourselves by being the new Pope? Is it true that saying anything as to his Lordship's the Princess Olive has fallen in love prospects in this picturesque, and, we with Mr Owen ? Is it true that every doubt not, generous adventure. body is eloping? Is it true that Nir

It is not our fault, if these people Waithman is Lord Mayor of London? manage matters so as to make all ra- Is it true that Mr Hone is turned Metionalmen regard them with jealousy. thodist? Is it true that Mr Irving It is not our fault, that the Edinburgh has come to the end of his tether? Is Review, and its worthy colleague, the it true that Alaric Watts blew up Morning Chronicle, attack everything' Fonthill? Is it true that there were that the Christians of this country sixteen Guidos ? Is it true that Mr have been taught to hold dear, in the Beckford thinks Mr Fox was no better one page, and sound a trumpet about than he should have been? Is it true the necessity of humbling "the Infi- that Cooper and Russell are to fight dels” (whatásweet phrase from them !) next spring on the Steyne? Is it true in the next. It is not our fault, if thé 'that MĪr Leslie has brought home the same loyaland enlightened Whigs, who Belvidere Apollo? Is it true that the give a dinner to Messrs BROUGUAM Morning Chronicle has becn talking and Denman, aud toast “ Reform,' of 66 the two celebrated Generals, the one day, are pleased to give a sup- Odysseus and Ulysses ?” per on the following night to Mr Law- We pause for a reply.

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