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signed the towers of Moscow to the intellectual, moral, and religious light flames ? No-experience has made all -a people really worthy of being free men judges of what the eventual re -a people that, ere long, must be and sult of a conflict between a mercenary will be free-would he have dared to invading army, and a nation armed withdraw his standing army from his for liberty, must be. The French own country ?-that standing army people have abundant means for esti of three hundred thousand men, by mating what the burdens of a long means of which that small and poor and hazardous war are to themselves. country is kept for the present quiet, One battle
one long, bloody, serious just as a dog is kept quiet by chains battle, however the victory had gone,
and starvation ?-Would hé of Austria would have stopt the march of D'An have dared to march for Spain, leaving gouleme, and made King Louis “trem Italy behind him ? None of these ble in his Louvre.'
powers would have dared to stir, Eng If it had not done that directly, land being once the declared ally of a through its effect on the French them- people devoting themselves to the cause selves, it would have done so quite as of liberty. For well do they all know, effectually through its influence on the that, as Mr Canning said it, there is, people of England. Mr Canning's at this moment, a spirit struggling all speech was applicable only to a con over the mis-governed realmsof Europe templated, a meditated, or, at most, an against despotic sway—and well do incipient war in Spain. Bút-had the they all know, that the outbreakings Spaniards risen in a storm of patriotic of that spirit have been repressed by rage, had one army so risen, and so them and their enormous overgrown fought, a thrill of indignant enthusi- standing armies, simply because the asm would have been sent home to the uprisers have not mixed wisdom with core of every heart that is worthy of their cry for freedom-in other words, being called English. We must have because they have shewn themselves interfered we could not have helped to be the pupils, not of the rational it. The voice of this nation would England of 1688, but of the phrenhave been as loud and as united in the zied France of 1791-and have, therea fearless and uncalculating ory for in fore, wanted the support of the mighty terference, as it was in 1808. It is idle mind of England, and the confidence to talk of expediency, and mediation, of all those men among and around and Vattel, and Gentz, and Grotius themselves, who, preserving the use de Jure Belli-all these would have of their reason in the midst of their been forgotten at once, had the Eng. discontent, refuse to embark in a lish nation been once fairly convinced cause which they see wants the two that the French nation was arrayed in great characteristics of being upheld war against a Christian people willing according to the magnificent precedent to bleed for freedom. A fire would afforded by the history of England; have been kindled which nothing but and, by consequence, (for this is feh blood could have quenched-ay, and to be a consequence,) of being counWellington would have been the first tenanced by the energetic sympathy to unsheath the sword-that sword of the nation that has for so many that had already delivered Spain and ages stood alone in her liberty-that humbled France. All the despots in nation, whose voice, when once raised, the world might have banded them- sends the irresistible note of impulse selves together, and they would have or of terror into the ears and the hearts been powerless. Would Austria, would both of Nations and of Kings. Prussia, have dared to bring their ar What King Louis may do now, it mies into the field against Spain backed is impossible to guess. The French by England ?--No. The rulers of these government, the government of an encountries are well aware by how frail a lightened nation like France, must feel tenure their own despotism hangs—by shame, as well as ourselves, in the how slight a thread the sword of insult- contemplation of what the Spaniards ed intellect is suspended over their own of all parties have shewn themselves intellect-oppressing thrones. Would sunk to. They must be satisfied, now, he of Prussia, who has, like Ferdinand, that there is no party in Spain capable promised, and, likeFerdinand, forsworn of concentrating and uprearing the himself, and this to a people ages be scattered and shattered energies of that fore the Spaniards in every species of nation, under anything like a mode
rate system of government. The con to the continental nations of Europe. stitutionalists, and the royalists, have She has had the fairest opportunities shewn themselves equally destitute of that any nation could have desired to all real pride and manhood. And as for have, and she has lost them all. The the poor pitiable phantom that wears nation that really thirsts for freedom, the name of King, we are satisfied that must look to history. · No nation has there is not one man in Europe who ever derived liberty from the insurreca entertains a more profound feeling of tion of a mercenary army. No nation contempt for him, and all his proceed- has ever derived liberty from the interings, than Louis XVIII. himself. For ference of foreigners. No nation need Louis, though perhaps an indifferent come before the world, demanding liwriter of pamphlets, has shewn him- berly as her right, unless the nation self, by his own conduct ever since his be prepared for national, and the indirestoration, to be a man of great judg viduals of that nation, for individual ment, forbearance, and skill in govern, efforts and sufferings. Think of our ing, under circumstances of the most poor little country of Scotland—a counperplexing difficulty. Louis, therefore, try not stronger, nor nearly so strong, must be a man of sense and talent; as the riorth of Spain, -and containand as such, he must despise his bro- ing, even now, not a fifth part of ther Bourbon. We have little doubt the Spanish population. This poor that the French government alrearly little country, five hundred years ago, more than half repents that interfe was assaulted by a king infinitely rence, which, besides the perilous pre more powerful than Louis XVIII., at cedent it has established-a precedent the head of an army infinitely greater, that may be turned against France in proportion to the habits of the herself, as probably as against any time, than the Duke of Angouleme's, other country in Europe has termi- -(it, indeed, consisted of the very nated, to all intents and purposes, just same number ;) and did not we, did where it began. It has so terminated, not this poor little nation, scatter all because it leaves Spain in as disunited, this mighty army like chaff, in one and, of course, in as dangerous a state, summer's day's bloody work? And yet as it found her. If Spain was an ob it is to us, among others,—it is to the ject of alarm to France, under the Cor descendants of the men who acted in tes government, will it be less so, un this style, when their freedom was at der the government of such a creature stake, it is to us, that the deluded or as Ferdinand ;-a government which desperate Whigs were bawling for mowill, of course, go on doing what it ney, for pounds, shillings, and pence, can to keep up the discontent of, at to keep the great country of Spainleast, one great party of this sorely di country to which we are but as a very vided people ;-a government which, small province,-to enable that great tuntil the leopard changes his spots, country, which contains five times more will never act anything but folly, im population and wealth than ours does becility, and cruelty, under the guid- now, and fifty times more than it did ance of obstinacy, ignorance, and bin in the days of Bannockburn, to repel
from her soil a French army, which, The base tergiversations of such ge had it landed on our soil, would have nerals and armies as the Spaniards been exterminated in three weeks have had,the meannesses of which Kirkaldy subscribing for Castille !their chief men, both of peace and But really the subject is too melancho. war, have been guilty- the profligacy ly to be jested with. Nugent, Wilson, and cowardice of individuals,--have Light, and a young Glasgow spark, been on a par with the general con who thought a steam - boat dinner duct of the nation, as a nation, and of something quite superb, and a few its parties, as parties.- In & word, more similar noodles, going out to asSpain seems to be a state broken up, sist the country of Pelayo, and The entirely destitute of any rallying points Great Captain, to shake off the Duke of principle that command a national of Angouleme! What will these wisea influence, and incapable of either do acres say for themselves, when Parliaing or suffering anything as becomes ment meets ? Do they expect to be rea nation worthy of demanding the sym- ceived with anything but a universal pathy of the free.
shout of derision? Her fate holds out one more lesson When General Pepe came to Enga
land, from the heroic display of Nea- not to hold by the contracts entered politan Carbonarism, he was feté by into by the late government with the the Whigs; and now, when Riego, a English stock-jobbers. This is cer, poor miserable creature, who never did tainly idiotcy itself embodied. If fo. anything memorable in all his life, reign merchants are not to be safe in except one feat of military mutineering their dealings with the ostensible goand who conducted himself through vernments of countries, what becomes jut this last affair with just as much of their assistance in all cases of fubrigand cruelty, and just as little sense ture need and emergency? The Spaand spirit, as any other Spaniard of niards are unable, confessedly so, to 1823, when this man is put to death, raise the immediate funds necessary what a cry they make! a monument, for the ordinary purposes of adminiforsooth, for Don Rafael del Riego! stration within their own country ; Absurdly, no doubt, uselessly, and they will, assuredly, get no more from perhaps, all things considered, wrong without-and who cannot see the confully too, has Ferdinand acted to this sequence ? Money might have lent man : but, were we not prepared for some energy even to the government a civil war ? and did we dream that no of a Ferdinand—but, at all events, blood was to be shed at all, either on without it he is weak as a weanling. the field or the scaffold? The affair is And then, think of the abject soul ca too contemptible to receive a moment's pable of declaring himself to have been notice from any man of sense ; but, a quiet slave so long, in a country certainly, it is very consistent in those where he tells us he has been all along who presented Sir Robert with a sword, « seated in the hearts" of the vast to give Don Rafael a cenotaph. majority of the people! And, to con
That despotism is destined to be clude, look at the absurdity, and worse extinguished in Europe at no distant than absurdity, of which he convicts date, no man can doubt. But this himself; for, that two and two make sad business of Spain, with all its cir- four, is a proposition not one whit cumstances of folly, meanness, rash more indisputable, than that, if the ness, and imbecility, furnishes the government de facto, (he himself bebest of all possible evidence, by what ing the nominal head of it too,) had sorts of men, and principles, and mea no right to borrow money, it had no surez, its “ fatal day" is most likely to right to perform any other function be procrastinated.
of government. It follows, that every - We have disdained to go into mi man who has been executed for murnute criticism of the details, that have der in Spain, during the last two or as yet reached us of Ferdinand's pro- three years, has been murdered. There ceedings under the circumstances of his was only this one thing wanting to present proud and happy restoration complete the picture of the degradaOne thing, however, we may just no- tion of Spain, and “Yo El Rex ABtice, because its effects are not confined SOLUTO. to Spain; we mean his determination
LETTERS OF TIMOTHY TICKLER, ESQ., TO EMINENT LITERARY CHARACTERS.
To Christopher North, Esg.
ON THE LAST NUMBER OF THE EDINBURGH REVIEW.
milliners or tailors, commendable to : Why, yes--I think pretty much as the usual fraction. you do. It is not worth a cutting up. I On the contrary, a man in sound am sorry for it, for I never was in such health, well fed on five meals a-day, good humour in my life; and I always supplied with wholesome nutriment, obserre, that, when I am perfectly kept in proper exercise of mind or pleased with myself, and quite over body, or both, able to take his quantum flowing as it were with the milk, of of fluid from his morning gun of mounkindness, I am in the best order pos tain dew, down to his concluding libasible for tearing an unfortunate rascal tion of cold punch, or hot toddy, or the of a scribbler all to rags. Nothing blood of Bourdeaux-[on state days, can be a more mistaken idea than that and holidays, of course, for economy is a thorough-going, cut-and-thrust sort the order of the day, and there is no of a critic is ex officio an ill-natured sense in sporting claret on plebeians, man. The poor devils who try to be who would not know it from catsup] severe, and who grin as hideously as a man who despises not Orinoco, nor if under the impression of a half pound scruples to dissipate a cigar into thin of Glauber's salts, or other diabolical air---such a man, I say, is quite hapcompost, while exercising the act of py, benignant, and milky-minded, severity, are, no doubt, suffering from while dissecting a jackass. He thinks unpleasant feelings. They think, while no more of it than he does of taking sticking in their lancet, generally as off the thigh df a woodcock after a blunt as the razor of a barber's appren- hearty dinner of five courses. In the tice after the forty-fifth patient has world of everyday life, who is jollier passed under his hands on a Sunday than a fox-hunter, more cheery-spimorn, that they are committing mur rited than a fowler, more sweetder, and rejoice in the circumstance, souled than an angler ? Nobody at all. like the Turpin-like lads who sent the The true bloody-minded, blood-snuffworthy Weare on a visit to an eminent ing cannibals, are your fellows who character in the other world. There whine about the destruction of animal are such bilious, yellow-visaged, un life, and long for the perfectibility of der-sized, gall-bladders of devils ex man by the massacre of some millions tant, beyond doubt--mostly Whigs, of his species. Such was Oswald of course. Just read some of the at such was Robespierre-such is tacks in the Liberal, and other venom We wage war on yermin--they are our ous, spider-like little books on us, Kit, natural prey-and we carry on the and you will see what I mean. The massacre-chase with as much jocutea has soured on the stomachs of the larity and free-heartedness as ever Cewheezing animals shortly after break cil Forrester-I beg pardon-my Lord fast; and, as they have had no din- Forrester, felt, when giving a cheery ner, the seventh cup of Bohea at the tallyho at the tail of the best pack of evening potation has exasperated them hounds in Leicestershire. into an acidity quite irrepressible. God Therefore, feeling, as I do, such an help them ! I am not at all angry with elation of spirits, I am sorry that Blue the poor vagabonds, but sincerely pray and Yellow is such dull carrion this that they may give up the simple quarter. There are scarcely three ar-trade of botched calumny, and take to ticles in it worth abusing. It is poor some lawful calling, in which they work to be running a drag after a dead might cut a figure as exemplary men cat. You may take in the beagles by
* Thank you, Tim, I have no fancy to be brought up before the Chief Justice in Banco Regis, on an information. I shall pocket the name, if you please. --C. N.
it, but you can never impose it on stated by the Honourable Member for
at liberty to print them, or keep dirty-faced papers refer their readers
Whig journals throughout the pro-
how we are ruined in consequence of