ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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accent action adjusted amplitude apparatus appears Arch articulation arytenoid cartilages associations auditory Aufl breath cartilage cavity tone cavity vibrations centroids character chest register closed closure connected consonant constant cord tone diphthong disc drum elements epiglottis experimental experiments explosion f. d. ges frequency fricative German glottis harmonic head register heard HELMHOLTZ Hermann increase indicate intensity interval language larynx Leipzig length lever lips membrane ment mental method motor mouth movement muscles muscular nasal occlusion occurs opening palate palatograms Paris Parole period pharynx phonautograph phonetic Phonetik phonograph Phys Physiol pitch Plate portion position pressure produced Psychol puffs records relations resonance tone rhythm rhythmic rise Rousselot shown in Fig shows sinusoid sonant speech curve speech sounds spoken Stud surd syllable tambour tion tongue tube Ueber uvula velum verse vibrations vocal bands vocal organs voice vowel word Wundt
الصفحة 575 - I," said the Sparrow, "With my bow and arrow, I killed Cock Robin." Who saw him die? "I," said the Fly, "With my little eye, I saw him die.
الصفحة 556 - ... Green pastures she views in the midst of the dale, Down which she so often has tripped with her pail, And a single small cottage, a nest like a dove's, The one only dwelling on earth that she loves. She looks, and her heart is in heaven : but they fade, The mist and the river, the hill and the shade : The stream will not flow, and the hill will not rise, And the colours have all passed away from her eyes.
الصفحة 248 - ... increase in length and diminish in width, the posterior portion of the glottic chink opens more and more, the capitula Santorini are tilted forward, and the epiglottis rises until, in the neighborhood of E, treble clef, fourth space, another change occurs. " The glottic chink is then reduced to a very narrow slit, in some subjects extending the whole length of the glottis, in others closing in front or behind or both. Not only is the cartilaginous glottis always closed, but the ligamentous glottis...
الصفحة 397 - ... writer on this subject, appears to lie in the tacit assumption, that every illustration [of vowel-sound] is to be sought for in the form and action of the organs of speech themselves, which, however paradoxical the assertion may appear, can never, I contend, lead to any accurate knowledge of the subject The vowels are mere affections of sound, which are not at all beyond the reach of human imitation in many ways, and not inseparably connected with the human organs, although they are most perfectly...
الصفحة 418 - ... example, the partial of the larynx note most reinforced is the second or the third, the analysis by Fourier's series is the proper treatment. But when the pitch of the mouth-tone is high, and each succession of vibrations occupies only a small fraction of the complete period, we may agree with Hermann that the resolution by Fourier's series is unnatural, and that we may do better to concentrate our attention upon the actual form of the curve by which the complete vibration is expressed.
الصفحة 397 - ... instruments, what forms of cavities or other conditions, are essential to the production of these sounds, after which, by comparing these with the various positions of the human organs, it might be possible, not only to deduce the explanation and reason of their various positions, but to separate those parts and motions which are destined for the performance of their other functions, from those which are immediately peculiar to speech (if such...
الصفحة 62 - Tables of Squares, Cubes, Square Roots, Cube Roots, Reciprocals of all Integer Numbers up to 10,000.
الصفحة 416 - ... an echo of the pulsation will be formed which will run back again, be reflected from the bottom of the tube, and again present itself at the mouth.
الصفحة 262 - Now the continuous movement is, we assert, the movement of conversational speech (\oyuerjv elvai), for when we converse, the voice moves through a space in such a manner as to seem to rest nowhere. In the other movement, which we call intervallar, the contrary process takes place. For the voice seems to rest [at various pitches], and all say of a man who seems to do this, that...