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Evening. From an unfinished Poem,
127 violent nervous attacks, which had privately to England, where they produced for short periods the ap- remained ten years. On their return pearance of death, Aattered himself to Paris the wife had the misfortune with the hope of regaining the che to be seen by her husband, who, alrished object of his passion alive,even though scarcely, crediting the eviin the grave. Romantic as the idea dence of his own eyes, followed her would seem to any but a lover, the home, and became informed of what sequel will shew that it was not an had occurred. The husband comunhappy one. He instantly pro- menced an action against the lover; ceeded to the house of the sexton, and the faithful pair, finding that and by means of a bribe sncceeded there was no chance of evading his in obtaining the body of the lady, claim in a court of law, fled to which he caused to be conveyed to another country where they ended his own house ; where, after having their days happily." for a long time endeavoured to It would require extensive limits restore her to life without any ap were we to give a twentieth part of pearance of success, some slight the cases which are in record of a signs of animation were perceived. similar nature to those which have In the course of a few hours he had been noticed. They are known to the felicity of hearing her speak the world, and they are convincing: and receiving her embrace. Under With such facts before us we should such circumstances, was it to be won be wretches, indeed, if: we did not dered at that she considered her obli- acknowledge with delight the virtue gations to her husband as less im- of every attempt to rouse the attenperious than the claims of her lover, tion of the French and other governwho might be said to be the real ments, which sanction premature possessor of her existence. They interment, to a subject of such imexchanged vows ofeternal constancy; portance as the condemnation of and to prevent the discovery of her innocent persons to untimely dearestoration to life they proceeded truction.
PROM AN UNFINISHED POEM.
It is the stilly hour of eve,
And every sound,
At eve like this,
Breathes balmy bliss,
AN EVENING AT PERE LA CHAISE.
« O'er the twilight groves and dusky caves,
POPE's “ Eloisa to Abelard."
I think that I never passed a few light. In the opposite quarter of hours more delightfully than in the the heavens appeared the full moon, 'cemetery of Père la Chaise. It was of unusual size, slowly rising in at the close of a beautiful day in the silvery whiteness through the cloudmonth of August. The evening less skies, and shedding an ancer: was calm and serene ; the air mild tain lustre on the dark groves and and balmy; gently sighing at in- wandering paths of the cemetery. tervals through the gloomy foliage Around me were innumerable mo of the waving cypresses which sur numents of different shapes and dirounded me. Every thing was calm mensious, assuming the varied forms culated to detach my mind from of temples, obelisks, pyramids, and worldly thoughts, and to inspire me columns. They were mostly shad. with feelings of seriousness and de- ed with willows and cypresses flouvotion. Nothing was seen to move rishing over them in mournful lux-a dead silence reigned around uriance, or embosomed in the ob the whole scene resembled a bright scure recesses of the many clustres and tranquil painting. The elevated of trees which extended on every spot upon which I stood command- side. The white marble, contraseed a noble view of the heights of ing with the deep dense shades of Belleville and Montmartre, the cas the sombre foliage, gave an air of tle of Vincennes, the palace of Meu- the most impressive and melancholy don, the banks of the Marne, and of grandeur. To add to the solemParis and its environs, for many nity of the scene, a funeral promiles. Its innumerable white build. cession was observed slowly windings stood out with a startling ing amidst the twilight walks and distinctness : there was not a sin avenues below, and advancing to gle wreath of smoke to dim the the place of interment on the sumclearness of the prospect. The high mit of the hill. After the coffin towers of the ancient cathedral of had been removed from the car, it Notre Dame, of St. Sulpice and St, was borne to the grave, followed, not Eustache, the majestic domes of the by the relatives and friends of the Pantheon, the Hotel des Invalides, deceased, but by a crowd of spectaand the Abbaye du val de Grace, tors; who, out of respect, and from and the spires of the distant a regard to the sanctity of the churches, rose in dark relief against place, remained uncovered during the unclouded sky. The city was
the ceremony; but the want of the illumined by the glories of the set- funeral service greatly diminished ting sun, and the heavens resembled the impressive effect of this awful a sea of flame. Whilst I stood con
spectacle. No holy minister of templating this magnificent specta- religion, arrayed" in sacred vestcle, its splendour visibly diminished, ments" was present to perform the and gradually faded from the view. last solemn offices of humanity, and The dazzling streaks of light which' to consign the mouldering remains overspread the horizon became by to their kindred dust.
No holy degrees fainter and fainter,, until minister was there to meet the apthey were at length entirely en.' proaching bier, and to precede it to veloped in the dusky veil of twi. the tomb, repeating in mournful
and measured cadences, those beau. and unfeeling. In the marble sides tiful sentences which are contained of some of the monuments, are inin our own affecting service for the serted the miniatures of those whose “ Burial of the Dead." But on its remains lie interred beneath, and arrival at the grave the pall was - who have been untimely cut off in removed, exhibiting to the view a the flower of youth and beauty ; few rough unpolished boards, un thus rendering doubly impressive the skillfully joined together; and the fearful contrast between the blooming unfastened lid, accidently slipping countenance above and the fleshless aside, displayed a part of the wind- skeleton below. There are also ing-sheet, under which fancy de- many spacious family vaults excapicted the pale and ghastly counte- vated in the side of the hill after nance of the deceased. The coffin the manner of the ancients, with nubeing lowered into the earth and a merous recesses for coffins; the handful of dust, which fell with a whole enclosed by bronze doors of fearful and hollow sound, scattered exquisite taste and workmanship; upon it, the grave was hastily filled through which may be seen at the up, and in less than five minutes no extremity windows of beautifully trace was left, except the compara- stained glass, and chairs placed for tive freshness of the soil, to mark the use of those who wish to shut the place of interment. The spec- themselves up and meditate in the tators, still uncovered, remained sepulchre which they themselves during a short interval in solemn must ultimately occupy; while the şi ence, and at length slowly retired yellow wreath upon the ground, or in different directions. When the coffio, points out the latest occupant last of them had disappeared through of the chamber of death. Other mothe dusky, groves, I'myself prepar- numents stand within railed ened to quit this interesting, scene; closures profusely planted with and the evening bell having an shrubs and flowers, and covered nounced the bour of departure, ! with various emblamatical devices. bent my course to the great gates Indeed I could not but generally of the cemetery, and retraced my admire the correctness and simplisteps to Paris.
city of taste shewn in their construcThis celebrated burying ground tion and arrangement, and the geis the favourite resort of the Pari- nuine feeling and affection displaysians, who go in great numbers to ed in the pathetic inscriptions envisit the tombs of their departed graven on them. On almost every friends, and to adorn them with me tomb I read the names of celebrated #morials of their fond remembrance characters of modern times ; - of and regret. On the second of No. men who have excited the admiravember in every year is held the tion of the world by the splendour “ Fête des Morts," or Pestival in of their actions, who have instructed honour of the dead; on which oc- it by their wisdom, delighted it by casion there is a kind of melan- their writings, animated it by their choly sentimental pilgrimage of the gaiety, or embellished it by their kost solema and impressive descrip- genius and extraordinary talents. tion. The ornaments, with which Near the entrance of the cemetery the monuments are decorated, con is the beautiful Gothic monument sist generally of garlands, crosses, erected by the Abbess de la Rochewreaths of flowers, bands of crape, foucauld, in honour of Abelard and of cypress, of myrtle, or of ivy; and Eloisa. This monument, which was are either thrown upon the grave, transported from the Abbey of the or suspended on the outside, or Paraclete to the museum of French entwined among the shrubs which monuments at Paris, and is now reovershadow the sepulchres: and moved hither, actually contains the sach is the respect paid to the sa ashes of these celebrated and unforcred relicts of pious affection and tunate lovers. The figures of the amiable sensibility, that no appre romantic pair sculptured in livhension is ever entertained of their ing stone," and reposing side by side being molested by the profane and in their monastic habiliments, with anhallowed touch of the thoughtless hands devoutly lifted up to heaven, Bur. Mag. Feb, 1823.
in the attitude of prayer, are finely the celebrated authoress, Haủy, the
Beaumarchais, Adanson, and Clary. In this cemetry, likewise, rest the In the centre of the cemetery ashes of Marshal Lefebvre, Duke stands a large and handsome chaof Dantziek ; Marshal Kellermann, pel lately erected, and not yet comDuke of Valmy; and Junot, Duke pletely finished. It is romantically of Abrantes ; of Marshals Davoust, situated on the slope of the hill in Serrurier, Pérignon, and Beurnon- the midst of monuments and cy. ville; of Davella, Prince Pamphili, presses, and commands a noble view the Marquis de Coigny, the Cheva- of Paris and the adjacent country. lier de Boufflers, Madamé Cottin,
Thy foreheade white; thy lovlie eies ;
ON THE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF AUSTRIA.
ANALYSIS OF THE WORK OF M. Marcel de Serre,
6 vols. 8vo.
It is surprising that np to the mountains of Styria, Carinthia, and present time, there should scarcely Croatia, render the communication have been any statistical account of between the provinces of the east, an empire situated in the heart of the centre, and the north, with that Europe, which has always acted a of the coast, very difficult. During distinguished part in this quarter of the occupation of the Illyrian prothe world; and scarcely any descrip- vinces by the French, roads were made tion of the manners and customs of in order to remove these obstacles in its inhabitants. Some years ago part, though in a great measure M. Marcel de Serre published an they were insurmountable; so that, account, almost entirely statistical, for a long time Austria must be of this country, under the title of inferior to France in commerce, in “ Travels in Austria.” The well- spite of the acquisition of the State deserved success of that work vouches of Venice, which brought with it, for the merit of the one now under the considerable port of that name; our consideration.
previously it had only Trieste and The first two volumes contain an Fiurme, which, besides the possesabridgement of the history of the sion of that celebrated city, brought House of Austria, from its com with them the dependant provinmencement to the present period: ces in Terra.Firma: These
proand it is sufficient to say, that this vinces, re-united to the Milanese, abridgement is executed with that Mantua, &c. form the kingdom of ability, which might have been ex- Venetian Lombardy, one of the pected from the talents of the author. brightest gems in the Austrian As the history of the House of Aus- crown. Upper and Lower Austria, tria by the celebrated Coxe is known Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, part to most of our readers, and accessi- of Silesia, Moravia, and the kingble to all, we shall confine ourselves dom of Bohemia, are what is called to an analysis of those parts of the the German States of this empire, to volumes before us that treat more, which may be added Eastern Galliparticularly of the manners, usages, cia and the District of Bukorino. and customs of that extensive em- The Hungarian dominions are Hun. pire.
gary, properly so ealled, Sclavonia, In this work may be found very Croatia, Dalmatia, Transylvania,and accurate calculations relative to the a great part of Tyrol. extent of the Austrian territory, • The most accurate geographers and general observations on the have supposed that the extent of provinces. These possess great in Austria is from 11,999 to 11,989 terest.
square miles. They have all equally If the empire of Austria, though admitted that this extent includes the largest of the German states a population of about 26 millions of and one of the most considerable inhabitants, distributed among 877 etopires in Europe, is far from cities, 2096 towns, and 74,740 vil. being able to rival Russia in extent lages. Those, who have extended of territory; it has many advantages their researches still farther, enu. over that country, in the mildness of merate. besides the villages 16,101 its climate, the fertility of its soil, small hamlets.. and the industry of its inbabitants. After treating of these matters, In industry and civilization Austria the author describes the varieties of is inferior to France, only because costume in the empire of Austria. it possesses a less favourable situa- These changes correspond with the tion, and a smaller number of sea inequality of the soil and climate. ports and other outlets for its ma- Our author begins with a descripnufactures. The coast of the Adria- ion of the picturesque dress of sonic tie is its only communication with of the inhabitants of Transylvania. the Mediterranean ; and the high -After having observed that this