« السابقةمتابعة »
some; that is to say, of that noble country, there are not so many con: and manly beauty which is seen in' veniencies for travelling as in Engthe inhabitants of the south of Eu- land, or even in France. TheGermans, rope, and which served as models who do every thing negligently, are for the fine statues of the ancients. never quick enough for travellers; beThe modern Germans are what Ta- sides the roads are not well kept in reoitus describes their ancestors to pair, nor are the post-horses good have been : they are almost all pale enough for expedition. The proper and insipid, and their mind has not time for travelling is when the snow the energy to be expected from their is on the ground, and the sledges can strength and tall stature. In con- be used; then all obstacles disapsequence of the progress of civi- pear, and the severity of the cold lization and concentration of power, obliges the guide to second the imthey will certainly acquire, says M. patience of the traveller. It is not Marcel, more vivacity of mind, and uncommon to go a league in twenty more vigour of character.-Amongst or twenty-five minutes, and somethe projects conceived by Joseph times in less ; in these sledge-jourII. that of ameliorating the treat- neys it is very essential not to give ment of the insane is worthy of way to sleep, which softly steals distinction: he gave considerable through the veins. If the traveller sums for the establishment of an sleeps the cold overpowers him, and hospital, where the insane might re- he perishes a victim to the severity ceive all necessary assistance; and of the climate. this hospital is supposed to be better In this analysis we have only men. regulated than any in Europe, tioned the principal objects ; the
Though the Germans travel a work itself offers many other very good deal in the interior of their interesting details.
SKETCHÉS OF POPULAR PREACHERS.
(Continued from page 34.)
THE REY. JAMES RUDGE, D, D.
Dr. Rudge is the minister of Rudge; industry itself cannot acSt Anne's, Limehouse, and evening complish impossibilities. His reading lectures of St. Sepulchre's. His de- frequently degenerates into a drawl; fects as a reader are numerous, some in the pulpit, however, he is tolerably of them are physical, and, therefore, exempt from this defect. There is irremediable, while others are mere- great room for improvement in his !y the consequence of bad taste and pronunciation, which I am convinced inattention. His voice is sufficient is partly the result of carelessness, to fill the church of which he is the as lie often pronounces the same evening lecturer, and I am inclined words correctly and incorrectly on to believe that there are but few larg the same evening. The aspirate he er in London; while the obstacles, sometimes places where it bad no which the dense mass of human be previous existence. Another of his ings, with which it is always crowd bad habits is the use of action in ed when he preaches, presents to reading, which, to say the least of it, the conveyance of sound, must con- is unnecessary. Besides, Dr. Rudge siderably increase the difficulties of suits the action to the word, both in the clergyman's duties. Dr. Rudge's the desk and in the pulpit, for invoice, if every other quality was stanee, if he is speaking of heaven, equal to its power, might satisfy the he will point upward, and, if he is most fastidious, but it is monotonous describing the emotions of the heart, and harsh; yet for these imperfec- he will place his hand upon his tions no blame is attributable to Dr. breast. These errors may be consi
dered by many persons as trivial, but tions. He rarely interests the feel. as a breath will sully the lustre of a ings, or displays what may properly gem, so inconsiderable faults will be termed eloquence. In passing sametimes impede the development over such a mind as Dr. Rudge's, of real talent. Of levity or inattention the critic must only lament its near it is impossible to accuse him, he is approach to sterility, for, where the solemn and devout while reading, principal weeds are carefully eradiEarnest and impressive while preach-cated and the soil refuses to proing: some may even be of opinion duce or nourish many flowers, the that he is unnecessarily so, but this sunshine and the storm are equally extreme is infinitely preferable to unnecessary.-He evidently does not the other, as it usually owes its origin restrict himself to the study of theoto the excess of religious feeling; logy only, the good effects of this
His sermons are not distinguished are visible in his sermons, which either for their beauties or defects; present a variety entirely unattainthey are usually practical, and con- able by those who pursue an oppotain earnest exhortations to the site course. discharge of the different moral and The highest praise to which Dr. religious duties, scriptural exposi. Rudge can aspire is that of a plain, tions of the doctrines of christianity, sensible preacher ; he selects those and vivid representations of the per- subjects for discussion which have picious results of a deviation from the most general application, and rectitude. He never dazzles by the explains them in a manner perspibrilliancy of his style, or the splen- cuous to the meanest comprehension; dour of his ideas. As a theologian he is, therefore, to the poor and unhe is not remarkable either for the educated classes of society a valuadepth of his researches, or the no- ble and instructive teacher. velty and ingenuity of his illustra
THE REV. JAMES MOORE, L. L. D.
Ds. Moore is the vicar of St. Pan- to moral actions, display the line of cras, London. His sermons are conduct he is advocating in the point particularly remarkable for their in- of view most favourable to the de. equality in merit. Some are origi- velopment of its advantages. But nal in their conception, beautiful in there is no subject upon which Dr. their execution, vivid in their deline Moore has delivered better sermons, ations, forcible in their arguments, than upon the sorrows incidental and ingenious in their solutions. to mortality, those darker threads in Others, again, mock the efforts of in- the many-coloured web of human dustry to extract any thing from destiny: His descriptions of the them to admire or to praise : exempt woes, which renderexistence a desert, from such gross errors as would ex. are replete with reality, interest and pose them to a rigorous castigation, pathos. They are adapted to all the they supply criticism with no mate- Protean forms of misfortune, and rials whatever. Those among his each individual may recognize the discourses, which are composed by calamity, which has preyed upon, the irradiating hand of genius, are perhaps destroyed his peace. not confined to any particular sub- His eloquence is still more conject. He vindicates the truths of spicuous in his consolatary addresses revelation by irrefragable reasonings to the afflicted; deriving his argufrom the calumnies and misrepresen- ments for resignation, from Him tations of infidelity; a selection of who bore our griefs, and carried our those arguments best adapted to sorrows,' and borrowing for their asstrengthen his cause, and a felicitous sistance every charm of diction, arrangement of them, are the chief every grace of language, he appears excellencies of this class of Dr. the delegated conservator of the Moore's discourses.
heart from the inroads of despair, Those, which are intended to im- In describing the characteristics press on his hearers the obligations of this gentleman's preaching, I should be guilty of an omission if from the extreme gracefulness of his I neglected to mention the powerful delivery. His voice, though monomanner in which he sometimes ex- tonous and sepalchral, is full and cites and interests the feelings: this powerful, and is so admirably momay partly be attributed to his im- dulated, that every sentence he speaks pressive mode of delivery.
appears harmoniously constructed, He is likewise pre-eminently dis- and unincumbered with a single sutinguished for undaunted courage in perfluous word. His action is elegant, the service of the cause he is engaged his deportment solemn and dignified, in. Though placed for years in the his manner of speaking animated situation perhaps most dangerous to and energetic. He appears perfectly the independence of the preacher, conscious of the high importance of (1 allude to his employments at the the mission he is entrusted to execute, Proprietary Chapels) he never for and deeply imbued with a sense of the an instant sacrificed the freedom of dignity and authority of his office. his spirit, or yielded to the selfish Instead of limiting his exertions to admonitions of interest. Though he merely reading his discourses, he
, preached at one of the most fashion. commits a considerable portion of able chapels in the Metropolis, he them to memory, and consequently was the untiring, unrelenting casti- approximates to that freedom from gator of fashionable vices and fol. restraint, which constitutes so great a fies in all their ramifications. He charm in extemporaneous speaking. never wasted his eloquence in expa- With a full-toned and well-modulattiating upon the enormity of those ed voice, a distinct enunciation, and crimes, which the majority of his correct emphasis, his reading must -hearers had no temptation to per- be good; but, in consequence of the petrate, but fearlessly attacked those increased latitude allowed by the delinquencies, which it was probable pulpit to animation of manner, he many of them were in the frequent is there heard to much greater adhabit of committing. For this trait vantage; in addition to this he Dr. Moore is entitled to the appro- reads too rapidly. Upon the whole bation of every one,
who values in. Dr. Moore, as a preacher, is inferior dependence or loves truth. To pass to few
to any of his contempoat once from the matter to the raries, and is very superior to many manner of his preaching. His ser- of them. mons derive additional attractions
ODE FROM HORACE.
DARE not, Leuconóé, to enquire,
Rather with patience let us bear
- MEMOIR OF NAPOLEON BUONAPARTE,
LATE EMPEROR OP FRANCE.
That state of society and of litera- The Buonapartes were orginally ture, in which indiscriminate and ex- from St. Miniato in Tuscany, and cessive praise of Kings and Conquer. Letitia Ranmolino, the mother of ors gave history the complexion of Napoleon, was likewise nobly born; fable, has long past away; neither she was distinguished for beauty, for impunity wbilst living, nor subse- dignity of demeanour, and for great quent apotheosis, is the necessary powers of intellect; she gave birth to portion of the hero ; nor can his eight children, of whom Napoleon fame be permanently tarnished by was the second, the spirit of party, nor by popular. It may be said that the infancy ingratitude; the rulers of the earth of Napoleon passed without sports are now weighed in the balance of and his youth without pleasure, intellect and virtue, and their fame although not without attachments. is commensurate with the greatness His nature seemed to press forof their exploits, and with the wis- ward to the goal of manhood, and dom of their administration. The the precoce maturity of his mind, and divine right of kings is now con- the seriousness of his habits and of his șidered as the jargon of a bar- application to studies, were remarkbarous era_Sovereigns and Con- ably in contrast with the usual disquerors are now but men and ma- positions of boyhood. He was sent gistrates of the Commonwealth, each to the military academy at Brienne action is investigated at the bar of by the Count de Marbeuf, governor public opinion, and if the passions of Corsica, where he continued to of the age soften offence or depreciate evince his disposition to study and greatness, the page of history is the deep reflection. Plutarch was to him mirror which restores every thing a recreation after the military and to its natural proportions. The histo- mathematical exercises of the day rian, therefore, contemplates even a were over; but in after life his demiglity character like Napoleon light was in works of the imagibut as a fellow-man, immeasurably nation, and Plutarch yielded to the elevated in point of intellect, but poetry of Ossian. It was at the subject to the same specific standard military academies of Paris and Briof contemplation-a being of snpe- enne that Napoleon evinced the germ rior mind, but of his own passions of that profundity of genius, and of wants, and frailties, and whose bio- that stupendous elevation of chagraphy is, therefore, of the utmostracter, which are alınost exclusively utility to mankind.
his in the page of history. The In writing the following memoir early complexion of his mind apit is our desire to be scrupulously pears to have been most extraordiimpartial and accurate, remembering nary. He seems to have prescribed that what is an error or a mistate- to himself some imaginary standard ment with contemporaries becomes of heroism as the object of exa falsehood to futurity, and is a istence to himself, and to have abmoral turpitude in the historian or stracted himself from dissipation, biographer.
and even from the amusements of Napoleon Buonaparte was horn at youth, in the ambitious contemplaAjaccio, in Corsica, on the 15th tion of greatness and fame; even August, 1769. The noble origin of literature and the fine arts were disthe family of Bonaparte or Buona- carded, and apparently wrapped up parte is well attested by the records in the profundity of thought; even of the fourteenth century; and its as a boy he was contemplated with more modern dignity might be esti- admiration as one distinct and sumated by the fact, that in 1776 perior to his fellow-students. But Charles 'Buonaparte, the father of these singular traits of character Napoleon, was chosen as the repre
were unaccompanied hy nioroseness sentative of the nobility of Corsica or malevolence, or by that arrogance in the deputation ivhich that islaud and display of superiority whichexthen sent to the Court of France. cite jealousy and engeniler hatred. Eur. Mag. Feb. 1823.
Professor Leguile said, in the re- party which had long resisted the port which he had to make of his domination of the Genoese, andwhich pupils, entitled “ The Academy of equally opposed the re-union of Brienne, statement of the King's Corsica to France. Ajaccio was the Scholars elegible by their age to focus of these partisans; and it fell the public service, or to proceed to to the lot of Napoleon, at the head the Academy of Paris." “M. de of his battallion, to subdue by force Buonaparte, (Napoleon) born 15th the municipal troops of his native August, 1769; height four feet ten city: The tumult had taken place inches, ten lines (or twelfths of an on Holy Thursday, 1792. Peraldi, inch); has finished his fourteenth one of the principal partisans, was year, of good constitution, excellent an ancient enemy of the Bonapartes; health, obedient, well-behaved and and in Corsica hatred is heredigrateful, regular in his conduct, and tary and interminable to a proverb. has always distinguished himself by Peraldi accused Buonaparte to the his application to mathematics. He is government, of having himself in, moderately acquainted with history stigated the tumult, which he had and geography, rather deficient in suppressed by military force. Buonaaccomplishments and in Latin, in parte was summoned to Paris, and which he has finished only the fourth triumphantly refuted the accusation. form; he will make an excellent He was a witness of the horrors of Naval Officer, and deserves to be ad- August 10th in the French capital, mitted into the school at Paris." and he returned to Corsica in the This document is now in the posses- following month, impressed with sion of Marshal de Segur. The pro- the justice of the popular resistance fessor had added in a note“ A Corsi. against the persevering corruption canl by birth, and a Corsican in dis- and crimes of the government; and position he will be eminent if cir- adopting, as a principle of duty, a cumstances prove favourable." devotion to the then incipient cause
The military career of Buonaparte of freedom. began in 1785, when his examinan Paoli was at this time severed by his
His friendship, with tion for the artillery was so honour finding to his surprise, that that able to his talents, that be was ap. general was the secret source of these pointed a sub-lieutenant in the re- then considered treasonable plots giment de la Frere. It is related, to render Corsica independent on as characteristic of Napoleon, that a France. A design springing from lady, about this time, reproaching unworthy motives in Paoli
, although the memory of Turenne for his de- in itself patriotic and just, but too struction by fire of the Palatinate, noble and virtuous to be practicable Buonaparte replied, “We!), madam, in the then, or even in the present what did it signify, if the conflagra- imperfect state of human sentiments, tion was necessary to his plans." A squadron under vice-admiral Tru
Baonaparte was only 20 when guel, being an expedition against the commencement of the revolution Sardinia, at this time arrived at opened for him a field adapted to his Ajaccio. Bonaparte was ordered great genius. At this period his
cor- to join this expedition, and was sperespondence with Paoli, then in Eng- cially directed, with his batallion, to land, breathed an ardent spirit of subdue the small islands situated liberty,soaring almost to enthusiasm; between Corsica and Sardinia ; but but, unhappily for mankind, this the expedition was unsuccessful. spirit of freedom faded before the Bonaparte returned to Ajaccio. Paoli less hallowed flame of ambition and and twenty other generals had been of personal glory. In 1792, Paoli was proclaimed traitors by the French, created a lieutenant-general iu the and a price had been set upon their French service, and appointed to the heads. With a view, therefore, to command of the twenty-third mili- his personal safety, as well as to tary divison. In the same year we effect his favourite object of liberafind Napoleon, a lieutenant of artil- ting his country, he raised the standlery, appointed acting-commander ard of resistance to France in May, of one of the battallions of National 1793. He was elected by his partiGuards, raised in Corsica. That sans Generalissimo, and President Island was then agitated by the of a Council which assembled at