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ralissimo of the forces. The Arch- eighteen sail of the line and fours duke Charles saw that it was in vain teen frigates ; Fránce fifty-five sait to oppose the French, and he signed of the line and forty-three frigates, an armistice yielding all the Tyrol and she had at her disposal the mato his enemy. General Brun had rine of Holland and of Spain. · The succeeded over Bellegarde and had Emperor Paul had agreed to invade forced him to sign an armistice, India with an army of 70,000 French giving up Mantua and every place and Russians, and the troops were of importance in the North of Italy; to rendezvous at Asterabad on the and Macdonald had surprised the Caspian sea ; but on March 24, 1801, enemy at Tarentum, so that in the the Emperor Paul was murdered in depth of winter, in two months after his palace in a manner shocking to the opening of the campaign, Aus- humanity. Six days after this hortria had lost two large armies, had rible event the English fleet entered yielded up her strong, places, and the Baltic, from which Europe inhad submitted to the dictation of a ferred that the assassination of the conqueror at the gates of her capi- Emperor had been designed with tal. Such was the result of Napo the connivance of Great Britain) leon's plan of the winter campaign Preparations were made for the ina of 1800. On February 9, 1801, the vasion of England from Boulogne, treaty of Luneville secured to France and Admiral Gautheame sailed from the entire left bank of the Rhine, Brest with 5000 men for the relief and confined the Austrians to the of Egypt, but was obliged to take line of the Adige, who also acknow. shelter in Toulon. A second atledged the Cisalpine, the Batavian tempt to relieve Egypt under Adand Helvetic republics, and ceded to miral Linois was equally unsuccess France the whole of Tuscany. The ful; and 20,000 men, the remains of news of the treaty arrived in Paris' the army which Napoleon had on Feb. 12, amidst the celebration twenty, months before transported of the carnival, and perhaps never to the banks of the Nile, now surwas capital so thoroughly electrified rendered to the English, and were with joy, even the most firm royal- conveyed to their native country ists and republicans were enthusias. according to the condition of tic in their praises of the First their surrender. Napoleon signed Consul.

a Concordat with the Pope, conNapoleon bestowed Tuscany on cluded a peace with Bavaria, and the King of Spain in reward for the finally succeeded in his grand effort fidelity of his attachment to France. of obtaining a peace with Great BriMurat liberated the Papal territo tain ; the treaty of Amiens was ries from the occupation of the signed on March 25, 1801, and in Neopolitans, and continued the October following he signed treaties King of Naples on his throne solely of peace with Russia and the Porte. at the entreaty of the Emperor of Napoleon on the 21st January Russia. Portugal, the faithful ally 1802, constituted himself President of England, was invaded by Godoyof the Italian Republic. On 28th at the head of a Spanish army, and April he re-established the catholic the peace he compelled the Portu- worship throughout France. On guese to sign at Badajos procured 6th May a Senatus Consultum behim his celebrated title of Prince of stowed the first Consulate upon Peace. England now was the only Napoleon for ten additional years. enemy unsubdued by the French, He established the Legion of Honor and all the ports of the Continent in reward for military or civil serwere shut against ber. Napoleon vices rendered to the country. At now formed a coalition against length a question was suddenly proGreat Britain, of Russia, Prussia, posed to the nation=“ Shall

NapoSweden and Denmark, but which leon Buonaparte be first Consul was as rapidly dissolved by Lord for life?" and of 3,577,885 votes, Nelson at the battle of Copenhagen. 3,368,259 were in the affirmative. He however still planned a' naval The constitution was in other res. war against this country. Russia pects materially altered. Elba and possessed eighty-seven sail of the Piedmont were incorporated with line and forty frigates ; Sweden France, Parma was seized upon

con

by the French troops. Switzerland strongest of all human ties—the was next invaded. Louisiana was ties of interest. Thus circumsold by France to the United States stanced, it was with little difficulty of America, for fifteen millions of that Napoleon effected his great dollars. At length England, roused object of destroying even the semby such rapid strides of power, re

blance of a Republican government, newed the war. A conspiracy was and of consolidating his already formed in Paris to destroy the first absolute power, by assuming the Consul, and Moreau, Pichegru, and title and insignia of Royalty. We Georges Cadoudal, were the chief have thus traced this extraordinary accomplices. Georges was character through a series of splendemned and executed. Pichegru did achievements, which raised him was condemned to death, but was from the station of a subaltern offifound in jail strangled with his cer to the throne of the greatest neck-cloth. Moreau was person- empire that ever existed, excepting ally admired and esteemed by the that of the Romans; and it-must French ; he defended himself with be apparent to every observer that confidence, and was only banished. as an Emperor he accomplished Napoleon had succeeded in gaining that, the very attempt at which the attachment of the royalist-party would have stamped the proudest in France, by the detection of the monarch of France with the stigma? last conspiracy; the public solici- of insanity, rather than with the tude for his prosperity was greatly character of ambition. The empire increased, the army was devoted to of the Romans was more extensive bis interest, and the whole nation than that of Napoleon, but the was intoxicated by his brilliant suc Roman empire was the work of cesses, whilst the security be had ages, and of a long series of illusgiven to property, by rescuing the trious characters--whilst the empire country from anarchy and establish- of Napoleon was a structure raised ing a code of laws, had attached by his own hands, and created in the upper classes to him by the the

space

of a few years.

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The PINE ARTS.

SIR 'JOHN LEICESTER'S GALLERY,

The annual exhibitions, which name of that individual is Sir John have for some years past_taken FLEMING Leicester. He alone place in the Gallery of the British has proved his entire freedom from Institution, of the works of the old “ that perverseness of taste, which masters afford somę, although a refuses to be pleased with the efforts very inadequate notion of the trea: of genius, while the pleasure can be sures of ancient art, which from reciprocal; which affects apathy and time to time have found their way indifference to all living, merit, aną into this Kingdom; 'and are scat disdains to bestow either praise or tered in the palaces and mansions profit, till the one can be no.longer of their royal, noble and opulent heard, and the other no longer user possessors. There can be little doubt ful.” - Let us, not be mistaken that if by any possibility they could We are far from being so unjust as be congregated, they would form a to say that British art has not had mass of testimony to the glories of many partial admirers and partial long-departed genius, which, bold supporters; but we repeat that Sit as the assertion may seem, it would John Leicester is the only indivibe difficult, since the pillage of the dual of his station in society, who Continent which was accumulated has made so spirited, so extensive, at the Louvre has been dispersed by and so well-sustained an exertion in restoration to its respective pro its favour. prietors, for any single country in About five years, we believe, have Europe to excel, either in extent or now elapsed since Sir John Leicesi in quality

ter's Gallery, at his residence in It might naturally have been exs Hill-street, Berkeley-square, was pected, that the sensibility to the completed; and since, with a libe beauties of art, of which this fact rality honourable to himself, gratiappears to manifest the presence, fying to his friends and the public; would, when combined with just and and advantageous to the artists of patriotic feeling, prompt the dispo, whose chef d'oeuvres he had become sition to cherish by an honourable the possessor, he adopted the pracpatronage the energies of our native tice of issuing a certain number of and living artists. It might natu. tiekets of admission for a few sucrally have been expected that our cessive Mondays in the spring. We men of rank and fortune would not have had the good fortune to be content themselves with being the present on several of those occalaudatores temporis actis and that sionis; among them, on one of the they would cheerfully perform one Mondays of the last month, and of the most sacred of their duties, we must say that we never spent a that of seeking out contemporary morning more delightfully. talents, and affording them the warm While the shaft and capital of this and liberal oncouragement, without pillar of British virtû consist of the which it is in vain to hope that the works of living artists, its pedestal delicate qualities of taste and genius is very justly constituted of the procan ever be brought to a happy ma ductions of their illustrious predeturity. And yet it is a strange and cessors'; by whom the foundations melancholy truth, that, in the whole of the British school have been so of this wealthy and populous em broadly and firmly laid. Among tire, there is but one individual to these are Sir Joshua Reynolds, Wil. whom it has occurred to build a prison, Gainsborough, Roinney, West, vate gallery for the reception

of Opie, Loutherbourg, Hoppner, MorBritish pictures exclusively. The land, Harlowe, Devis, &c. Of the

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living artists, whose performances son. Every thing contributes to decorate this interesting gallery, the impressive relation of one awful the principal are Sir Thomas Law- tale of terror. rence, Sir William Beechey, Turner, Avalanche. LOUTHERBOURG. Thomson, Calcott, Howard, Hilton, The rich variety of Loutherbourg's Owen, Shee, Collins, Fuseli, Ward, palette, and the bravura of his penNorthcote, Barker, Atkinson, Les- cil, are here admirably exemplilie, * Williamson, Vincent, Bone, fied. &c.

Sleeping Nymph. HOPPNER.Under the circumstances of the This always appeared to us to be case, any thing like minute criticism Mr. Hoppner's master-piece. We would be unpardonable; even were can scarcely persuade ourselves that most of these beautiful pictures not breath does not actually issue from already sufficiently known to the between those deliciously parted public.lf, however, without enter lips. taining the slightest invidious in The Consolation. HARLOWE. tention, we were to venture to select The melancholy and premature a few of those which appear to us to death of this young and promising be the most fascinating, we think artist at the very moment when his we should be induced to name the powers, matured by travel and obfollowing:

servation, were beginning to unBoy and Grapes. Sur JOSHUA fold themselves, no doubt deprived REYNOLDS.-Admirable in charac his country of a rieh harvest of picter, chiaro-scuro and colouring. torial fame; of which this graceful

View on the Arno. Wilson. composition scemed to be a pleasing There is perhaps no painter to whom earnest. 80 much rubbish has been falsely Lady Leicester. Sie Tuomas Lawattributed by picture-dealers as to RENCE. –One of the 'accomplished Wilson. This is a genuine and president's most elegant whole length magnificent work, and is one of portraits. It is not surprising inthose which justly raised him to deed that he should exert himself so high a rank among landscape on such an occasion. painters.

Dutch Coast with Fishermen. TURGottage Children. GAINSBO NER.-Of its class we will venture ROUGH.--A most interesting rustic to pronounce that there is nothing group.

finer in existence, either of ancient Titania, the Changeling and Puek. or of modern art. It is in Mr. Romney.--An unfinished, but ex Turner's very best manner. With quisite specimen of the peculiar rather more of finish than is usual qualities of Mr. Romney as an artist. to his pencil, there is all the breadth, The expressive witchery of Titania's grandeur and attention to the tout glance is in his happiest manner; ensemble by which this extraordiand the whole canvas glows with nary artist is distinguished. rich and splendid, but harmonious The Pleiades Disappearing. Howcolour.

ARD.—Mr. Howard's poetical imaMusidora. Opie.-The style of gination and classical taste hape this, like that of most of Mr. Opie's here produced one of the most works, is in strict analogy to the charming works of the British sterling English character; simple, school. Well do we recollect the firm, forcible, with an utter scorn delight with which we first viewed of all trifling graces and intrinsic it at one of the exhibitions at embellishment.

Somerset House; and well do we The Flight of Lot and his Daugh- recollect the indignation and disters. West.--It is rarely that we gust with which we understood that meet with so--successful a combina- it remained, not a day, not a month, tion of figures and landscape. All but whole years, undisposed of! the parts of the picture are in uni- It is in good hands however at last.

* We mast be allowed to claim Mr. Leslie as a British artist. Although America had the bonour of his birth, the developement of his genius is the result of his education and studies, which have been English.

ex

Europa. HILTON,— Mr. Hilton View of London. Vincent. — has imparted a new interest to a Grandly composed, and powerfully frequently repeated subject by his painted. mode of treating it. All the figures But we must check ourselves, or are replete with character and we shall run through the whole pression; and the sailing movement gallery. Here then we take our of the whole group is distinctly and leave; again expressing our unfinely indicated. Nor is this beauti- feigned admiration of the combined fal picture deficient in the less impor: feelings of patriotism and love of tant considerations of light and art in which this noble project orishade and colouring. The effect is ginated. How different has Sir simple and good; and the tones of John Leicester's conduct been from the flesh, the drapery, and the back- that of the, we fear not altogether ground are qnite Venetian. imaginary, character of Timander;

Girl crossing the Brook. Thom- of whom one of the ablest artists SON.—This we believe was one of and writers of the present day has the earliest pictures the exhibition expressed his honest scorn in the of which, at the Royal Academy, following nervous lines! brought Mr. Thomson's fine ta

“ Hear him, ye powers of ridicule! lents into notice ; nor, admirable as

deplore many of his subsequent works have

The arts extinguish'd, and the muse® been, has he yet been able to surpass it in grace and simplicity. With shrug superior now, in feeling The Fortune-Teller. Owen.--A

phrase, forcible and expressive little com Commiserate the darkness of our days; position. Who can look at the rus Now, loud against all living merit rage, tic visionary's face and not distinctly And, in one sweeping censure, dama perceive that she is building many a superb castle in the air out of the Look round his walls ;-no modern materials with which the crone at

masters there her elbow is abundantly snpplying Display the patriot's zeal, or patron's her?

care;

His Romish taste a century requires Little Hampton Pier. Calcott. --The unaffected truth and force of

To sanctify the merit he admires;

His heart no love of living talent Mr. Calcott's pencil are here charm

warms; ingly exhibited.

Painting must wear her antiquated Sunrise on the Coast. COLLINS.

charms In subjects of this description, Mr. In clouds of dust, and varnish veil her Collins is wholly unrivalled. The face, fidelity of his half-tints is such, that And plead her age as passport to his they seem those of Nature herself.

Do more.

the age.

grace !"*

The compo

Exhibition of four Pictures of Fruit and Flowers, painted by G. I. I. VAN Os, jun. and of a Picture in enamel, by GEORGET, after GERARD Dow.

This is a very pleasing little ex tions of nature, in the gardens of hibition, and few as the works are France, while their archetypes were of which it is composed, nobody who

in all their freshness and pride," are visits it, unless, indeed, he be one extremely beautiful. of those prudent and sagacious per- sitions, both of form and of colour, sons who consider quantity to be are magnificent and gorgeous. The of much more importance than qua- boldness of the handling, (which is lity, will complain that he has almost excessive) is a quality rarely wasted either his time or his money. to be met with in modern works in

The pictures of fruit and flowers, this class of art. The general ma"painted from the choicest produc- nagement of the light and shade is.

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