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fic course of those exercises," for committee will not be able to hang which the ancient Greeks were so much inore than three-fourths of celebrated. Being caused by the cel them. lular membrane, ihey are not to be .. ,Mr. R. B. Davis. has sent to the found in the dissected subject; or in approaching Exhibition at Somersetthe living figure which has not had House a picture painted by him, the exercise necessary for its deve called The Hawking Party; the sublopement. By this discovery it is ject is taken from Bracebridge Hall. evident that the Greeks studied Sir George Beaumont, who is now anatomy from the living figure, and on his travels in Italy, has purchased not, as some have supposed, from the beautiful group of Michael Anthe dissected subject, and there is gelo, representing Christ

, the Virgin, every reason to believe that Greece and St. John,-one of the finest proabounded with men whose forms ductions of that great artist. were equally fine with that of M. The celebrated Mr. Belzoni, has Clias, and from the study of whom presented to the Fitzwilliam Museum the Grecian artists obtained their the lid of a Sarcophagus, found by knowledge. The question, therefore, him in one of the tombs of the King's might have been considered as set at Thebes, in Upper Egypt. tled, but still further confirmation MR. HORNOR'S View of LONDON, has been afforded. Two French -We 'redeem in' this number the gentlemen, M. Roussel and M. Es- pledge given in our last, to present brayat, were introduced to Mr. Sass, the public with a sectional representhe former possessing all the cha tation of the Scaffolding, and the racter of the Farnese Hercules, a Observatory erected upon it over St. figure hitherto considered by many as Paul's Cross, executed in a more quiteimaginary; the latter exhibiting finished style. The new plate exthe grandeur of form usually given hibits in addition an enlarged view to the three brother gods, Jupiter, of the Observatory, wherein Mr. Pluto, and Nepture. These per Hornor fixed a graphic and telesons were also introduced to the scopic apparatus, invented by himmembers of the Royal Academy, at sell, for delineating, with mathemaMr. Sass's house, and the President tical truth, the scenery the most inand Council engaged M. Clias to tricate and extensive; and from teach the gymnastic exercises to the which in 1820, he recommenced his men who sit as models. They pre sketches on a grander and more exsented him a handsome donation, pansive scale, at an elevation of and likewise gave gold medals to 410 feet from the pavement of the Messrs. Roussel and Esbrayat. Mr. Cathedral, the first series being Bromhead, the model at Somerset- taken from the Bull's-eye Chamber. House, who originally possessed a The continual atmospherie changes, fine figure, has been so much im- causing an incessant alteration of proved by these scientific, exercises light and shade, gave rise to as to become superior in form, sudden transitions from one sketch strength, and action to the three to another, and consequently to exforeigners. To M. Esbrayat, who treme difficulty at the instant in sehas exhibited his various fine posi- lecting particular parts of the view, tions at Mr. Sass's Conversazione, and uniting separated portions.it is, we understand, the intention These obstacles to his progress Mr. of Mr. S. to present a handsome Horner at length overcame, by conmedal on his last publie evening, structing a comprehensive key sketch as a testimony of the admiration felt and by placing the whole of the før his talents boy himself, his friends, sketches in a rotatory frame within and his pupils. The medal is said the Observatory, our limited space tu be a beautiful specimen of art. compels us to reserve for our next

The annual Exhibition of the publication, a more descriptive acRoyal Academy at Somerset House count of the scaffolding as a curious will open on Monday, the 5th May, and ingenious structure ; of the inWe shall give a critical account of terior of the Observatory, as the seat this grand display of national talent of the artist's bold and long proin our next number. We are in tracted operations; and of various formed, that, 80 numerous are the particulars as explanatory of the works of art sent in this year, the work itself. Eur. Mag. April, 1823.




foreign and Domestic.



he was.


Lettres à M. Bailly sur l'Histoire pri. borrowed several ideas from Count: mitive de la Gréce.

de Gebelin, whose friend and pupil

He justly gives him great Letters to M. Bailly upon the earliest praise in a letter addressed to the

History of Greece. By Rabaut Parisian museum, which. is placed Saint Etienne.

at the beginning in this edition.

This work, one of the first that DUPUIS has endeavoured to ex issued from the pen of Rabaut, is plain the mysteries of the different very interesting, because the hypoancient mythologies, with the help theses it contains are not improbable, of astronomy and celestial revolu- and are often ingenious. As such, tions. His system, which' we can it was favorably received by the not wholly adopt, contains, never- French public, and by literary men.. theless, some very ingenious ideas, The author has gained a place in that throw a brilliant light upon the first rank of writers by the force the origin of different forms of wore of his thoughts, the 'vigor of his ship.

style, and the extent of his know. The unfortunate Rabaut Saint ledge. But what is still better, Etienne had, before Dupuis, tried to Rabant Saint Etienne was a vir. penetrate through the darkness of

tuous man, and a firm and sincere ages, to discover the sources of the friend to liberty, to which he died a superstitions which always appear martyr. He met with the fate of to have accompanied the state of most wise men, his life passed in

The system of Rabaut con the midst of storms and misfortunes; sists in supposing that there existed proscribed from his earliest youth, a primitive people who made use of because he was the son of a protespicturesque or figured writing. It tant minister, he was put out of the was applied to the expression of pale of society on the 31st of May, ideas, of knowledge, of sentiments, and died upon a scaffold in his fifof speech, and of all which is the tieth year. It was a pious underobject of reflexion.

taking to collect together the differThis people having dissappeared, ent works of Rabaut'; the editor the author thinks that men of ano- has porformed his task with zeal, ther age, confounding the traditions but it is to be regretted that he did they had received from their ances not choose a more advantageous size tors, personnified the mountains, for the book, a better paper, and rocks, rivers, cities, and countries. larger characters. They take these figured personages However, this edition will make for real beings, and as such they are its way into every library; it will handed down by history. This is, he composed of five volumes, three in few words, what Rabaut Saint of which have already appeared. Etienne founds his explanation of There are, besides the volame we the fables of antiquity upon. He now announce, the excellent Precis then examines what astronomy was de l'histoire de l'Assemblée constiamongst the ancients, and he thinks tuante, of which the anthor might as other learned men do, that it had say with Montaigne C'est ici un livre great influence over the different de bonne foi, tecteur, and, Le vieux religions. It may be seen that the Cevenot, a Romance like Voltaire's. author of Lettres sur la Gréce has The two volumes not yet published,

will contain the speeches of Rabaut to depend on the ultimate fate of Saint Etienne in the legislative as Walachia and Moldavia, we cannot semblies, of which he was a member. resist the desire tof being better It is much to be wished that the acquainted with the internal reeditor had added some of the ser sources of those provinces; and the mons which Rabaut preached as a work we now announce, could not catholic minister; they contain the have been published more à propos, purest morality and the best in to satisfy the curiosity and impastruction,

tience of its readers this work is adapted in every respect; as

will be seen in reading over the Bibliographie musicale de la France et de l'étranger.

summary of the subjects treated

upon.' Bibliography of Musick; or, a Syste The author begins by an intro

matical and General Collection of duction which throws a great light all the Treatises on Vocal and In- upon the different subjects of which strumental Musick, printed or the work is composed : viz. Historiengraved in Europe, with the names cal observations. Topographical desof the Places where they are printed, cription of Walachia and Moldavia: the Shops where they are sold, and Division of their two principalities. their Prices, 1 vol. 8vo,

Climate, air, water. Vegetable pro:

ductions :--vines, different grains, This work contains the titles of trees, herbs, fruits, Productions of the principal French, German, Ita.

the animal kindom: flocks and lian and English works į biogra- goats, bees, birds, locusts, fish. phies of celebrated artists, extracts from the best works on musick; dom. Present state of commerce in

Productions of the mineral king notices upon the compositions of the most celebrated virtuosos of made to Constantinople. "Exporta

the two principalities. Exportations ancient and modern times ; disser

tions to various parts of Christentations and anecdotes relative to

dom. Merchandise from foreign musick and musicians; information relative to all the pieces of musick Authority of the Divan, and the

countries. . System of government. which appeared at Paris, in the de

other tribunals, The authority and partments of France, and in foreign pomp of the Princes. Route of the countries ; details respecting musi: Pachas and the other Turks. Recal inventions and institutions, pro: ceipts and expenses of the two prinmotions, &e. a hymn to Harmony, cipalities. An account of the preand lastly, an Ode on Saint Cecilia's day, translated from the English.

șent state of Moldavia. Exposition

of what the country can furnish, Such a work as this was very Supplication to His Majesty on the much wanted, and the manner in Taxes. Population. "Posts and you which the author has executed it riers. Different troops. Form and leaves us nothing to desire. One book is the biography of the artists; pitals, education, customs, genius, of the most interesting

parts of the police of the towns and villages. book is the biography of the artists Religion, toleration, schools, hosto compile which the author has

manners. collected different materials, dispersed in works where we should not have looked for them. 4

Auswahl aus Klopstock's Nachlass. Voyage en Valachia et en Moldavia. Selection from the unpublished Works

of Klopstock. Leipsick. Travels in Walachia and Moldavia

rith Observations upon History, The interest attached to the pro-, ; Physics, and Politics, augmented ductions of a great poet is certain neith Notes and Additions for the to ensure a splendid reception, and a Elucidation of several essential profitable sale, to his letters and postPoints. Extracted from the Ita- humous works.' The collection we lian. By M. P. B. Lejeune.

now announce possesses in particular Ara period when the tranquil. the merit of explaining to ihe reader lity of Europe seems in some degree many passages in the works of

Klopstock, to which it may serve as a literature owes to this celebrated sort of commentary. The letters of man. It appears from this part of Richardson and Young, add still the work that the German public more to the magic name of Klop require to be reminded of their ilstock, in the opinion of the ama lustrious poet, Klopstock, for among tears of German literature. One them the greatest names are not thing particularly excites attention: always uninjured by time.

Тоо. the author of the Messiah limself ofter a rising reputation eclipses or published some pieces left by Mar- makes mankind forget for å time garet Klopstock"; the noble mind a name which might have appeared and talent of this extraordinary destined to immortality. woman had enchanted all readers; This continual changing of reputhe publication of additional let- tations must have happy effects on ters was announced. This pro- the sciences. He who advances onc mise to the public was not fulfilled 'step more annihilates the labour of till now. This collection contains bim who preceded him; such is the the letters of Margaret Klopstock, natural progress of the human mind. written not only to the illustrious Bat taste is governed by other laws. German poet, but also to several Genius will not descend from her other persons, and amongst others high elevation. Shakspeare of Engto Richardson.

land, and Racine of France, are After an introduction about Klop- always at the summit of Parnassus, stock, explaining the choice made as Homer and Virgil will always amongst his papers, and his reasons remain the princes of Greek and for publishing : part of them, the editor recapitulates all that German

Latin poets.


Anecdotes of the Spanish and Por- prejudiced investigation, and they

tuguese Revolutions, by Count bear the stamp of what may be Pecchio, with an Introduction called the sound good sense of life; and Notes, by Edward Blaquiere, we mean of that power of intellect Esq. 8vo. pp. 197. London, which detects sophistry, and, pene1823.

trating the false and faetitions asso

ciations of society, sees things in We derived so much amusement their real nature, and in their relaas well as information from Mr. tion to truth. Such qualities of Blaquiere's former work on the Spa- intellect redound much more to this nish Revolution, that we are glad gentleman's honour, when we conto meet him again in print, although, sider him as a member of a profesin the present instance, he has de- sion affording not much of excitescended from the elevation of an ment, and still less of opportunity, original writer, and appears before for the acquisition of literature; a us in the more humble character of profession which rears its members an Editor, supplying only an Intro in the trammels of prejudices that duction and a few notes to the work few have vigour of intellect suffhe edits. Mr. Blaquiere, in his pre- cient to dissipate. It is now about fatory observations to the Letters of a half century since the profound Count Pecchio, displays very en and eloquent Junius animadverted larged views, and a fiberality of upon the narrow prejudices, which sentiment which can be only found- usually distinguished those who ed upon 'extensive information, ac were brought up to the naval or quired and digested by a fine ca military service, observing that pacity for generalising his ideas. “there was something so mean in Mr. Blaquiere has considerable ori. the education of an officer," that ginality of thought, and his senti- liberal, principles were scarcely to ments and opinions appear to us to be expected from him. This obserbe invariably established upon un vation, is true in the time of Junius,

escape the

must be applied with much less lati- bayonets of Austria succeeded in tade in our own times; for the officer suppressing the rising spirit of the now considers it essential to superadd Piedmontese, and in establishing to his professional acquirements the the tyranny of the Court of Turin. knowledge of the scholar, and the Count Pecchio, with about 600 perliberal sentiments of a gentleman: sons comprising all that was wise he sees the necessity of keeping pace and virtuous in the country, was with the improved spirit of the age obliged to exile himself in order to and considers the principle of ine

te that attends the chanical obedience confined solely righteous, but unsuccessful cause. to his professional duty; that per: We caonot, in this crisis of Count formed, he merges into the citizen, Pecchio's fate, refrain from quoting and is animated by that love of li- the empassioned lines of one of the berty which has ever been the orna most eloquent of all poets, Mr. ment and glory of the English cha Moore. » racter. Science and literature are now happily diffused through the Rebellion, foul dishonouring word, camp of the soldier and the cabins Whose wrongful blight so oft. has

stained of the man of war; and we believe

The holiest cause which tongue or that the barrack-room and the cabin

sword are often scenes of deeper study than

Of patriot ever lost or gained; the academy. or the college. Count Pecchio is a Piedmontese

Full many a spirit, born to bliss,

Has sank beneath that withering nobleman, and one of those patriots

name, and philanthropists who witnessed Whom but a day'sman hour's success, with sorrow the state of degradation Had wafted to eternal fame. to which his country had been reduced by imperfect institutions, a Enemies as we are to revolution corrupt court, and an imbecile mo and even to innovations that are not narch. In a country justly boasting founded upon necessity, and that are its climate and soil, and its various not guided by moderation, we cannot capabilities for manufactures and but give our cordial approbation to commerce, he beheld man slothful men, who, like Count Pecchio, rise and vicious, arts degenerating to effe above the scenes of their education minacy, literature neglected, and and habits, and sacrifice the favours science unknown. Agriculture was of courts and the gifts of fortune in in its lowest condition, the rudeness noble efforts to rescue their country of the manufactures bespoke a state from the withering effects of despotof barbarism, commerce was restrict- ism and antiquated institutions. ed by - arbitrary impositions; and The Count effects his escape from whilst the privileged orders were Genoa with the design of seeking Jost in luxurious affluence, the poor an asylum in Switzerland, but cirwere sunk in idleness and squalid cumstances enable him to travel into misery. To add to this unfortunate Spain as a companion to the Spanish state of his country, religious bi- Ambassador, Bardaxi; and to this gotry, with all its hateful passions, accidental direction of the Count's was producing its mischievous ef- fight we are indebted for the vofects; and whilst the English, the lume of letters now before us, and French, and the American had, which contains much information within the last century, derived in relative to Spanish affairs. numerable advantages from their We are not able to give Count progress in civil, political and reli. Pecchio any very high degree of gious freedom, the unfortunate Ita- praise for extent of knowledge, før lians were at best but stationary, or profundity of thought, or for retrograde at least by comparison. city of remark; but he is an atten Count Pecchio joined those enlight- tive observer of the passing scene, ened patriots who wished to rege- and relates what he sees with much nerate his country, by one of those vivacity and good humour. His effectual but bloodless revolutions views are always accurate, his opiof which Spain and Portugal had nions are sound, and his sentiments afforded such happy examples. Un are decidedly such as every enlightfortunately for human happiness the ened person must find pleasure in


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