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as his life was so replete with great science and literature in France." events that it was impossible to For our parts, we are not aware of compress his biography within a any such opinion being at all prenarrower compass; but we have valent amongst our countrymen. concluded our memoir at the period. We recollect such doctrines having of his gaining the imperial throne, appeared in the pages of a quarterly as his feats and his policy since that publication of great merit (the Edinera are too well known to need a burgh Review), but we believe they regular or lengthened detail; but made little or no impression' upon it is our intention, by way of a con. persons at all competent to form any clusion to our memoir, to give to judgment on the subject. On the our readers, in our next number, a contrary, the general opinion of this selection from the works of Las country is, that the French are preCases of the most interesting anec eminent in science, although we imdotes concerning Napoleon, of such pugn their taste in some of the anecdotes as will form a commentary branches of the arts,and claim for our of his life, and prove an elucidation selves a decided preference in literaof many of those great events by ture. Indeed it is known that the which Napoleon so long held the French, since the commencement of greater part of Europe under his the revolution, have neglected liteabsolute and unlimited control. rature for the sake of science; and

although Mr. Gibbon' and a few Poems on various Subjects, with In others entered warm and able

troductory Remarks on the present tests against such preference, there state of Science and Literature in are many persons of eminence in France. By Helen Maria Wil. this

country, as well as in other parts liams 8vo. pp. 298. London, of Europe, that justify the choice, 1823.

We must confess, that hitherto an

attention almost exclusive has been It is pleasurable to see the name given to literature in many schools of of this lady again in print, as it re Europe, but we do not see why the recalls to our imagination the older action should be an exclusive des times, when her talents were a pass. votion to science. It is true that port for her into the society of John- philosophy and the sciences and arts son, Goldsmith, and the literary host may be more conducive to human of that memorable period ; who does happiness than literature, but a pernot recollect Boswell's anecdote of the fect state of society requires the acDoctor's complimentary reception of quisition and reunion of all; and we this lady after the appearance of her believe that they will flourish best Ode to Liberty? Her merit won the where they mutually support each esteem even of that prejudiced critic, other. In France, the abstract maalthough her fine principles of li- thematics, astronomy, geography, berty were, of all others, calculated comparative anatomy, natural his to inflame his passions and excite tory, and botany, have made surhis animosity.

prising progress within the last fifty The volume, now before us, con years, whilst the English are imtains thirty introductory pages, ele- measurably superior in chemistry, gant, and glowing with all the and greatly excel in literature, in warmth of poetry. If there be any metaphysics, and in many branches difference of opinion as to the merít of the mixed mathematics. The fair of the poems, nobody can hesitate author pays a just tribute to the to acknowledge that beauty which noble conduct of Condorcet and Ra. this lady's compositions in prose baut St. Etienne, during the revoluderive from the dignity and consis tion. Her epithets applied to the tency of her sentiments, and from the different Sayans of France are foranimation and vivacity of her man cible and well chosen, and she gives ner. In the introduction to the several ingenious reflections on the present volume, Miss Williams en three leading French poets, and ters a warm protest against what traces the effects of liberty on the she calls “ the opinions which have poetic temperament in general, and gone forth in England, respecting, upon the genius of these three the present degenerate state of individuals in particular. Missi

Williams's sentiments upon public vian Tales, occupying about sixty
liberty have been justly praised by pages. These contain passages of
most eminent writers, but in her fire and of pathos, apd may be read
enmity to Napoleon, for sacrificing with pleasure and improvement,
the cause of freedom to his military We think the volume a very accepta-
mania and personal ambition, she ble offering to the public; and it
appears to us to do too little homage will be valued by many as a remini-
to the surprising talents of that stu. scence of a lady whose name was once
pendous character, nor does she so familiar to our studies, but whose
give a just consideration of the ex, pen has latterly kept no pace with
traordinary circumstances in which the promise of her earlier produc.
he was placed, Miss Williams gives tions.
a few tokens of her poetic taste,
having been a little affected by her The Lucubrations of Humphrey Ra-
long residence in France. In one of velin, Esq. 8vo. pp. 414. London,
her quotations of a French quatrain 1823.
from Loyson, the second line is “De
Ducis de Dellile, il entend le silence.' The reader will perceive by this
To hear silence, is an expression Sobriquet of Ravelin, that the au-
which no English reader could tole thor of the volume we are about to
rate, much less quote.

review is a military gentleman; and There is a note in the same page

the volume itself will further conwhich reflects great dishonour on vice him of the fact, for it abounds the French painters, for we trust the in sketches of the military service, fact it records is no trait in the hu. of the military character, habits, and mạn character in general. During dispositions, and it contains a few the ascendency of Napoleon, Miss amusing chapters of but slight conWilliams relates, that the exhibitions nection with the military profession at the Louvre were full to overflow. of the author. Major Humphrey ing with battle scenes, in which Ravelin and his yalet, Havresack, Napoleon was always conspicuously are of the family of my uncle Toby placed on the canvas, but since the and the corporal, and although not restoration of the Bourbons not a exactly equal to the great." Stock painting of a battle has been ex and honour of their race," they bear bibited; but the walls are crowded evident marks of the family resemwith Madonas, processions, and with blance, and display a naivete, a endless representations of Henry IV. readiness, and a good nature, which Would not a few facts of this de will make the reader happy to purscription justify Napoleon's bad sue with them their lucubrations. opinion of human nature ? On the The volume is written in a gentlewhole, we have seldom read thirty manly style, and several of the chap. more amusing pages than the intro, ters are of considerable interest; duction to this yolume.

whilst others, without containing The poems are very numerous, much of positive information, impart and the greater part of a lighter de the same sort of satisfaction that we scription. Many of them have before receive from a porusal of a chapter of appeared in print, and we have no the Sketch-Book, or from one of doubt that several of them will be those minor but elegant papers of recognised by her readers. The Ode the Spectator, in wbich every reader to Peace is remarkably fine, and re will perceive the Materiem supera: plete with the rapture and nobleness bat opus” The chapter upon the of thought, which characterise. this West India services, and that upon species of poem,. Some of the son the East Indians, at Cheltenham, nets are ingenious and elegant, that contaip many sound reflections, and to Hope is new in its ideas. The much of fact which will suggest resonnet to Burns' Mountain Daisy is, flections to those who have any local forcible, whilst those to Twilight and or personal knowledge upon the to the Moon are elegant and tinged subject. One of the most interesting with a shade of melancholy, to ex parts of the volume is that relating press which the sonnet is peculiarly to the Indian Tribes in America, adapted. The highest species of com and to Tecumthe and his brave war, position in the volume are the Peru. riors allied to the British armies.

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The work has afforded us several lated to injure in a ratio to its extent pleasurable hours in our study, and of circulation. we recommend it as a source of elegant recreation to our readers.

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A concise. System of Mensuration,

adapted to the use of Schools, ConLetters to Sir Walter Scott, Bart. taining Algebra, with Fluxions;

on the Moral and Political Cha Practical Geometry, Trigonometry, racter and Effects of the Visit to Mensuration, Superficies and SoScotland of King George IV. 8vo. lids, Land Surveying, Guaging. pp. 170. Edinburgh, 1822. &c. By Alexander Ingram, 12mo.

Edinburgh, 1822, pp. 323. We are likely to have our judgment conciliated by any work ema Mr. Ingram is known; we believe, nating from a desire to diffuse loyal as the editor of one or two useful sentiments, and to create a respect books of mathematics, and particufor the throne, but we much fear larly of an edition of Euclid, in that the author now before us is not which he has added precision and possessed of talents sufficient to give accuracy to many minor parts, where dignity, or even plausibility to the Dr. Simpson had expressed himself loyal views and sentiments which he with circumlocution, and a want of has embodied in this work; and we method and clearness. We believe must hint to him, that the cause of true few things would be more perplexand rational loyalty is more likely ing to a teacher, or to a man of to be injured than benefited by a higher scientific attainments, than work of extravagant ultraism, espe- to determine the relative pretensions cially if it be destitute both of sound of the numerous, we had almost reflections and of literary elegance. said, innumerable works upon every Por our parts, we cannot trace any branch of elementary instruction; of the great moral and political each has some points of superiority, effects, which the author would at and others of inferiority to its rivals, tribute to our Monarch's visit to the and all have parts so nearly similar, North, nor can we follow our au that to balance the aggregate merits thor in tracing any analogy between of such rival publications, would be the King's visit to Scotland, and a most perplexing office. In the Lord Rodney's defeat of the French work before us 84 pages are devotfeet; nor agree with him, that in a ed to algebra, although we thought serious work, relating to royalty, Bonnycastle's treatise or introducthe heads of chapters should bear tion had superceded the necessity of such sentences as “ The King on the any elementary work on this sciHalf-moon Battery of the Castle,” ence. Thirty pages follow of geohis health drunk, and reply made metry, logarithms, and trigonomeamidst the report of cannon, “Man try; all of which appear to us a King,making animal,” &c. &c. neither better nor 'worse than what The indiscretion of such a work is we may find in Bonnycastle, in palpable, and its tendency is to make Robertson, and in other eminent royalty the object of jest and ridi- preceding writers on such subjects. cule.' Zeal without knowledge is The character of the whole work is dangerous to any cause. As the that of clearness, and as it contains work before us-is extravagant in its a compilation of the elements of so sentiments, and destitute of informa- many useful and connected sciences, tion and of any new or useful re- it is better as a school book than so flections, the utmost that we can do, many separate introductions upon consistently with the purity of our each science, provided at least that critical functions, is to acknowledge the scholar is intended for a prothe author's laudable object of in fession which requires geometry, creasing the attachment to the Sove- trigonometry, algebra and logareign, and to praise him for his "rithms, to be followed by mensuragood intentions towards a tion, surveying, guaging and mea. which his work is, however, calcu. suring the works of artificers.

cause

A Concise History of Ancient Insti- without fatiguing the reader, and

tutions, Inventions and Discoveries, the subjects both in their relation to abridged and translated from the the ancients and moderns are stated German of Professor Beckmann, with great perspicuity, and are often with various important additions. accompanied by useful and moral 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 805. London, observations. Much error now pre1823.

valent in the world upon common

points will be cleared up by some of We believe there are few persons ihe chapters in this volume ; for inof observation who have not had stance, with respect to the Tulipoccasion to remark, or who have mania in Holland, there are many, not heard others remark, the very we believe, who fancy that the exlittle information possessed even traordinary sums, stated to have by people of intelligence upon the been paid for individual plants of origin and progress of some of the the several species of this flower, most useful, and even common in were actually given in barter, that ventions and discoveries. · So little the flower was transferred upon the attention has been paid to such sub- payment of the money, and that the jects in this country, that we believe enormous price arose from an admi. we have fewer books of the nature ration of the tulip. In the chapter of those now before us than perhaps upon this subject these tales are of any other description whatever; explained to have been fictitious, this is the more remarkable, as the and adopted as a mode of a species origin and state of institutions, of of gambling similar to what we now inventions and discoveries, eluci- call stock-jobbing. The author, date the page of history, are expla- however, might have entered into natory of the manners and habits of the consideration of how the tulip a people at any particular era, and became selected as the medium of independant of this, are in them- such gambling speculations, and selves objects of the most pleasing the extent to which the admiration study. The work before us is there of that flower among the Dutch had fore of a nature so decidedly accep- really carried the price of an inditable, that it remains for us to speak vidual root, in bona fide transaconly of its execution; of part of it tions. Some of his observations we have scarcely any occasion to are occasionally careless; for inspeak, for being a translation of stance, in the chapter we are now the celebrated work of Professor speaking of, he observes in the tulipBeckmann, the public approbation mania, that at first nearly all who may be considered as already passed gambled were gainers, and that at upon it, and we have therefore only the conclusion very few escaped to judge of the fidelity of that without loss. We believe it may translation, of the merit of the new be stated, as an abstract principle, matter which has been added to the that in all stages of gambling trans original, and whether the whole besactions, precisely as much must compiled with judgment and accu be gained as lost; and it is a truth racy.

equally clear that upon the aggreThe original German work was gate, the transfer of money in game exceedingly voluminous, and with ing is from the pockets of gentleout order or arrangement; the mat men into those of sharpers or proter of the present volumes is alpha- fessional players.

However we betically arranged, and the materials refer the reader to the work itself, are condensed to a compass which as a source of much amusement as contains the necessary information well as of useful knowledge.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE,

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC.

AFRICA.

speaks of the river Mango, which falls Captain Laing, of the Royal African into the ocean, uniting its mouth with light infantry regiment, returned on that of the Scarcies. But the Mungo is the 29th of October last from his thelarger river taking its rise pear Beila, journey into the interior. He had been a city of the Foulahs, two days journey commissioned by the governor, Sir from Timbo, the capital of the Foulahs. Charles Macarthy, to repair to the King la the country called Limba, the of Soulimapa. He set out on his journey Mungo receives the Kabba, which is on the 6th April, 1822, with a caravan about 100 yards broad, and which rises fitted out by English merchants, for twenty miles south of Timbo. Captain the purpose of opening commercial re

Laing places that city in latitude 100 lations with the countries through 52 S. and in longitude 100 34' W. Such which he night pass. Having suc are the particulars already known of ceeded in his mission, he left Talaba, this gentleman's expedition, an account the capital of Soulimana, on the 17th of which, perhaps, the public will have September, and returned by the banks from his own pen. It is probable that of the Rockelle by a commodious route, Captain Laing will be engaged to trace which would afford a safe and lucrative the source of the Niger, and to ascer channel for English trade. In passing tain its course from its origin or spring through the southern Kourankos, Cap to the spot to which it is now known. taip Laing was presented to Ballansama

AMERICA and obtained from bim permission for Dr. Phebus, of New York, has in. the people of Sangara to travel through vented a horizontal wheel, to be put in his territories, for the purposes of com motion by the wind. The priociple of merce. Having been prevented ap- it is very simple. There are eight horiproaching the sea, they had hitherto zontal spokes attached to a perpendibeen obliged to trade with the Euro

cular nave, each of the spokes has a peans in the kingdoms of Soulimana small sail, which may be furled or and Foulah. The king sent one of his spread with the same facility as the sons and his only brother, to assure sail of a boat. Each sail, running from Sir Charles Macarthy of the desire, right to left, is hooked to that which which the prince and all the people of immediately' follows it, and they are Kourankos had to establish" friendly all of a size, sufficient to receive the relations between themselves and the

necessary impulse from the wind. This English. A son of the King of Souli- invention is inore difficult to describe mana, and several inbabitants likewise, thap to conceive, but it is thought that accompanied the caravan on its return, it may be applied with great advanin order to express a similar desire.

tage in many manufactories. The whole course of the principal The printers and booksellers of Phi. branch of the Rockelle is now ac. ladelphia have held a meeting for the curatelyknown. Captain Laing placesits

purpose of nominating a deputation to source in latitude 90 45' S. and longitude assist at the fourth centuripal anniver100 5' W. This river would be naviga sary of the invention of the art of prinble to within thirty miles of its source ting. This anniversary will also be but for the obstruction of a vast num held during the present year, at Haerber of rocks. Captain Laing made many len, in Holland. observations upon the source of the An artist at New York, named James Niger,which, in these regions, is called Finlayson, has published a prospectus the Tremble. Mount Loma, from which of a map of Scotland, designed as an its waters fow, forms the commence illustration of the works of Sir Walter ment of a chain of mountains, and is Scott and of Burns. The chart will be situated in latitude 90 15' S. and longi coloured and adapted to fold in a book, tade 90 36 W. The river divides San the price being one dollar. Every gara from Soulimana, having the first place really existing, which is menon its right bank, and the second on tioned in these works, will be marked its left. The river Camaraaca has its down, so that their relation to those source two days march to the east of which are only imaginary may be the Niger, and, after approaching within easily conceived. For instance, for two or three miles of the Rockelle, it Waverley there will be marked Ben dows to the west through the country Lawers, and a lake to the east, which of the Kourankos. Captain Laing also will recal the meeting of Waverley

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