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GERMANY.

EGYPT

with Donald Bean-Lean in the cavern. dependent nations becomes now almost The imaginary castle of Fergus Mac a matter of certainty. Ivor would, by the Novel, be situated five miles to the north of that lake, The widow of J. G. Muller, the late The march of the Pretender, as well as professor at Schaffhausen, has presented that of Waverley, is marked by parti- that city with the library of her late cular lines, and each place of battle is husband, containing amongst other 'vaindicated by a flag or standard,

luable works the posthumous works INDIA,

of the celebrated historiographer, John Captain Bentham has brought from de Muller. This literary relic consists Madras to London a collection of curi, of 18,100 folio pages, upon general hisositjes, illustrative of the manners and history,' taken from 1800 different condition of society in the East. This authors. collection will be soon exhibited, to The Agricultural Society of Wur. gether with an Indian Cosmorama, con temburg, in the number of their journal sisting of 104 fine drawings.

for April last, call upon all the botaGeographical Intelligence. One of nists of the kingdom to transmit to the finest bridges in the world is that them a catalogue of the plants of their over the river Cavery, in the Island of neighbourhood, with an account of the Sevasamoodra, in the East Indies. This sites upon which they grow, and of bridge was begun in 1819, and finished their common names, with the period in 1822. It is a thousand feet long, of their budding: The Society is enthirteen feet broad, twenty-three high, gaged upon an Herbarium or Flora of and is supported on 400 stone pillars, Wurtemberg, and is already in possesforming 113 arches. The whole ex. sion of 1400 species. pense has beey defrayed by an in The Minister of Commerce has esta. dividual of the Mysore.

blished at Posen, in Bavaria, a school

of industry, which was opened on the M. Casati has recently brought to 5th of January last. There are 100 London from Egypt several ancient. pupils. Pens, paper, books, and instrucMSS., one of which is in Greek, and is tion, are' supplied at the expense of the sixty-six inches long, and seyeu inches, government: broad. It is supposed to be an agree The Emperor of Russia has conferred ment of a sale, made at Thebes, in the the Order of St. Wladimir (4th class) fourth year of the reign of Cleopatra, upon Mors. Alle, director of the losti113 years before Christ.

tute of the deaf and dumb, at Gurund.

In the kingdom of Wurtemberg, there A vast number of pamphlets and are more than one thousand deaf and other works in favour of the Greeks dumb; it is, therefore, highly desira have appeared in Switzerland during able, that the funds of this iostitution the last year, and the profits of which should be augmented. are to be given to that brave people to There have been discovered between aid them in their defence against their. Waiblingin and Endersbach, in Wur. oppressors.

temberg, nine Roman stoves, such as A young Greek, by the name of Zam- were used by potters. There were pelios, has written three tragedies in also found all sorts of vases made of the Romaick or modern Greek. They clay, and near the same spot, a few are entitled Timoleon, Skanderberg, years ago, there was dug a square and Constantine Palæologus, and the piece of stone, on the four sides of first of which has already appeared in which was represented, in bas-relief, print.

a mau carrying a heathen altar. The Greeks in Peleponesus are organizing a national academy, for the Curiosities in the Cities of Dantzig purpose of instructing those who are and Koningsburgh. Among the eighyet too young to take up arms in de teen churches of Dantzig several are fence of their country. The Prince deserving of the attention of the traMaurocordato continues to distinguish veller; that of St. Mays is the most rehimself by his ardent patriotism, his markable, both on account of its height resolution, and all the qualities which and for the boldness of its architecture, characterise the hero. The enthusiasm It contains several excellent paintings, of the Greekshas encreased particularly and particularly an altar-piece of the since their capture of Napoli de Ro Last Judgment, by Van Eicken å Flemmania, justly considered the Gibraltar ing. But the rich Monastery of Oliva, of Greece. The hope entertained by a mile from Dantzig, 'is by far more every liberal mind of seeing the Greeks majestic and grand than the church of oblain an honorable rank amongst in St. Mays. It contains twepty-five richly

GREECE

PRUSSIA.

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decorated altars of black and of white Population and Longevity.--1817, enarble, and of alabaster. Dantzig 'also Births, 786,860 boys;: 711,796 girls. possesses a gymnasium, a public library, Deaths, 423,092 males, and 405,469 and museum of natural history, an ob females, of which 208,954 have died servatory, and several societies of medi above the age of fifty. The increase of cine, and of natural philosophy. Ko population in 1817 was 670,145. The ningsburgh is two German miles in cir. number of persons who had attajned cumference. The University, which

the age of was founded in 1644, contains 600 60 years, was students. There are three public li 70

..38764 braries, of which that of the castle 80

16175 contains 17,000 volumes, with a collec

90

2108 tion of bibles and other books of devo 100

783 tion, presented by Count Albert, and 115

83 bound in massive silver. The library 120

57 of the University is less extensive but 125

21 more useful, and contains a collection 130

7 of Greek and Roman medals, with a 135

1' Gallery of Paintings by the old masters, 140 amongst, which are several portraits by Rembrandt. The third library is

Total ...126,717 but of litile value. The other objects worthy of the attention of the traveller are the monument erected to Kant, i M. Llorente.-This respectable litethe Collegium Fridericianum, the Gyms- rary character died at Madrid on the nasium, the new Hall of the Academy, 71h February. The Universal attributes the Botanical Garden, and the Clinical his death to the agitation and fatigue Institute.

which he suffered from the period of RUSSIA.

his so precipitately leaving Paris. Admiral Krusenstern is constantly There was certainly much of cruelty in engaged upon his Atlas of the South hurrying away, at only twenty-four Sea. This Atlas will contain thirty hours notice, a man of seventy years of .charts, and will be published at the age, and of 'extremely weak bealth, .expense of the Emperor. This work will and forcing him to take a journey of very soon jssue from the press.

more than 300 leagues, in the most inMilitary and Naval Academies.. clement season. There appears to have The imperial corps of cadets at Peters- existed no reason whatever for perseburgh is composed of two divisions, cuting this estimable character, unless and consists, of 1,000 pupils, with a it be bis profound and learned works, revenue of 150,000 roubles.

in which' he 'opposes, facts and arguTea public military schools, with ments' to the preteplions of the ultral 3,500 pupils, each school 'having an factions, and shews that the cruelties income of 25,000 roubles.

of the inquisition are contrary to the The Artillery and Engineer's School gospel. It may be recollected, that in of 750 pupils, and an income of 220,000 1792 and 1793, M. Llorente supported roubles.

at his own expense a number of the The School for Naval Cadets at Oraproscribed clergy of France, and that aienbaum, 680 scholars, and 272,000 he had peaceably resided in France roubades.

.for eight years, as a friendly country. School of Naval Architecture at St. The Revue Encyclopedique pays a just Petersburgh, income 121,700 roubtes tribute to the memory of this good man,

School of Navigation at Cronstadt, who was a contributer to that 'work 250 pupils, revenue 45,000 roubles. i from its first establishment. Sehools of Navigation and Naval Ar

ITALY. chitecture at Archangel, Odessa, and Piedmont -The frequent inundaNikolajew.

tions of the Isere having been of serious A Military Asylum for orphans at St. injury to the neighbouring country as Petersburgh.

well as to the health of the inhabitants, . The principal garrison towns have the government, by letters patent, dated each an establishment of education , the 7th Japuary last, has established at the cavalry regiments have a squadron Chambery a board of commissioners, of reserve for the same purpose. There 10 examine into the various plans that are also ten military hospitals for in have been proposed for embanking the valids, and twelve marine hopitals at river throughout all Savoy to the frouPetersburgh, at Cronstadt, at Semas. tiers of France. The commission is to topoet and Odessa.

report' to government upon the bent Eur. Mag. April, 1923.

means of accomplishing the object the best means of instructing youth' consistently with economy, and with and improving the education of the the grandeur of the work, and with a people. Men distinguished by their respect for the private properties in merit, and by their noble character, the neighbourhood.

have entreated me to publish the prinThe Psalterium Reginæ Angilber. ciples of my system of education, I am, ", (wife of the Emperor, Louis II.) therefore, resolved to publish a perio. which was written in 827, and upon red dical' work, in which I will endeavour vellum with golden letters, was sold to shew what elementary education by public auction in Paris in 1819, for ought to be, and what are the means 1,700 francs. . It has just been conveyed of gradually developing the human tó Placenza, where it had been for- faculties. I shall shew how much ele. merly deposited...

mentary education is calculated to give Spiridion Petrettini has publish- full effect to domestic instruction. I ed at Padua a, translation into the shall produce striking examples to modern Greek of Velleius Paterculus. prove how capable children, even of SWITZERLAND.

the most tender years, are of applying A steam-boat. is about to be esta to ubjects which interest their minds or blished in Lake Constance, similar to their feelings, in a manner which will the · packet-boat, which will ply du be in harmony with the natural progresring this spring upan Lake Lemanus, sive developement of our faculties. I between Geneva, Lausanne, and Veray. shall call the attention to the necessity There will soon be a similar boat on of uniting, for the objects ofeducation, -the lake of the four Cantons, of which severity and mildness, goodness of the navigation is difficult, and the beart, ardour and amenity, liberty and shores without any roads. The necessity obedience, and, consequently, the virof this will be evident now tbat the tués of domestic life, emanating even route by St. Gothard has been thrown from the Deity himself. I shall also open to wheeled carriages.

publish a French translation of my Berne,-A code of laws is about to works, by subscription. The first vobe adopted, which has been digested lume will relate to numbers, the second by Professor Schnell, a learned Juris to the elements of geometry; subse.consulte, of Switzerland, and who is quent writings, as well as treatines, upon well acquainted with French jurispru different points of elementary instruc. dence, of wbicb, in some respects, that tion, will be also published by subof Berne is an imitation. Two re scription. Subscribers in England are markable alterations will be made in requested to address their communicathe laws respecting marriage; one will tions to Mr. H. Pestalozzi at Yverdun, in submit to restrictions the marriages of Suistserland, under cover, to the Rev.C. those who are assisted by the benevo. Mayo, 25, New Ormond-street, Queeulept institutions, the other will admit square. An English translation of the the legal effects of promises of mar. works will be published immediately a riage. At present it is the custom of sufficient number of subscribers are Berne for parents, especially in the procured. More than 2,000 persons in country, to permit nocturoal visits be different parts of Europe have patro 4ween young persons long before they nised Mr. Pestalozzi's efforts, and their are married. Io no country, therefore, contributions have enabled him to es.js there more of infanticide. The al tablish an institute for the poor, wbich teration of the law will be more power is designed to furnish male aud female ful than the remonstrances of the Con teachers of his sytem for any parts of sistories, in reclaiming a vice pecu. Europe. The price of the quarterly liar 10 Beroe, and unworthy of any periodical work will be only eight civilized country.

francs for four pumbers, and Mr. PesMr. Joseph André, author of the talozzi concludes bis address by saying, Political Memoirs of the Canton of Lu “ I am convinced that a great number cerve, has just published at that place of the friends of education, will feel a new journal, which has been sap pleasure in remitting the trifling pressed on account of the author's in sum indispepsible for the admission tending to insert into it a history of and support of a poor child, enthe-Jesuits, during their residence of dowed with natural talents for receiv200 years at Lucerne.

ing instruction. I will add but one The celebrated Pestalozzi intends to word more. The success of this propublish a periodical work upon Educa posal will render the hour of my death tion, and upon Elementary Instruction, the most happy hour of my existence." In bis prospectus he says, “ I have de Mr. Kruisi, a pupil of Pestalozzi, voted my whole life to investigating and a founder and conductor of au

establishment for boys at Yverdun, has its last sitting, 2,000 francs for the been elected in the most honourable establishment of an architectural school magner to the management of the school at the principal place of the departof his native country, the Canton of Ap ment.' This school has been organised penzel. His establishment at Yverdun by the care of M. de Puymaigre, the is under two able directors, Mr. Nalf, prefect. Twenty-four pupils are alprincipal of the Institute of the deaf ready admitted, and they receive graand dumb, and Mr. Niederer, principal luitous lessons in drawing, and in the of an institute for young ladies. The application of drawing to their parti.. principles of Mr. Pestalozzi are strictly cular trades. followed in tbis establishment at Yver Milk of the Goats of Thibet.-M. dum, but not to the rejection of any Barruel, head of the chemical works improvements or suggestions calcu of the faculty of medicine, has made a lated to promote the objects of the careful analysis of this milk. It is to system.

be regretted that he bad not the means FRANCE.

of analysing the milk of these goats at Mons. Le Chevalier Rebsomen, a different periods of gestation, and at distinguished French officer, who had different ages. But the single analysis lost his left arm and right leg, has ic. that he has made is of great importance. vented a piece of mechanism by which The milk produces more butter, cheese, the inte may be played by one band as and sugar than that of the French well as it can by two. The mecha goats, the butter being one-third, the nism consists in two additional keys, so cheese one-tenth, and the sugar nearly that the fute bas eleven keys instead one-half more. The Thibet goats now of nine. It is of ihe ordinary size of a introduced into France, if properly aldute, and is fixed to a little contrivance tended to, may be of great advantage in the middle of a vice, or it can be to the country, and Europe may soon fixed to the waist, in the manner of a surpass Cashmere in her shawls as she bent iron rod. The sounds or tones are does China in 'her porcelain. The agreeable, and the intonations more Moniteur of the 26th of January, '1823, firm than in the common fute. Mons. gives the following results of an ana Rebsomen plays very well on his in- lysis of the milk of these goats :vention, and several amateurs who 1. The milk contains more saccha bave lost an arm, have testified their ripe matter than the milk of the indi. sense of obligation to Mons. Rebsomen genous goats. for his contrivance. The most distin 2. That the caseous matter is more guished musicians at Paris, consider delicate, and, consequently, easier of his invention as valuable, both as a digestion. musical instrument and an ingenius 3. That the butter is equally abusmechanical contrivance. The academy dant, and less sour, and therefore more of Fine Arts appreciate this invention agreeable. so highly, that they have recommended 4. That it is probable the milk may Mons. Rebsomen to the attention of be more efficacious in those disorders, the government.

for which the faculty are in the babit Colmar, Upper Rhine.—The general of recommending the milk of the comcouncil of the department bas voted, in mon goat.

GREAT BRITAIN.

The lovers of Italian literature can subject may, at the moment, be pronow enjoy a treat of no common occur. posed ; and he does not limit himself rence; we allude to a series of twelve to a few verses, but goes to the length weekly Lectures, which commenced of many stanzas of eight lines, not only on the 10th of April, by Mr, Foscolo. without a pause, but without a single The subjects embrace every topic of hesitation. value to the Italian scholar.

Mr. James Boaden is preparing for Signor Pistrucci, the Improvvisatore, publication a Life of the late . Joha or Impromptu Poet, whose talent bas Philip Kemble, Esq. including a His raised so much wonder in Paris, is be tory of the Stage from the Death of come a subject of conversation in the po Garrick to the present time. It will Jite circles of our metropolis. This most contain a faithful record of his per. ingenious Roman is a man of learning sonal bistory and of his professional and general knowledge, who composes career, illustrated with characteristic and recites verses in any rhyme Anecdotes, extracts from a carefully or stanza extempore, upon wbatever preserved Correspondence, and

'variety of informatiori derived from man of London, will soon be published, genuine and unexceptionable sources, including some account of w. and

Mr. Bicheno bas in the press, a Se- Benjamin Newling, who were executed cond Edition of * An Inquiry into the for the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion. Poor Laws, chiefly with a view to exa Published from the Original Manumine them as a System of National scripts, with Notes and Additions, by Benevolence, and to shew the Evils of William Orme, of Perth, author of the indiscrimnieate Relief; with some Re Life of Dr. Owen. marks upou the Schemes which have A Tribute of Affection to the Merecently been submitted to Parlia mory of a Beloved Wife, is in the ment.'

press, being a Sketch of the Life and The Second Edition of the Pictures Character of Mrs. Maria Cramp, with que Promenade round Dorking, in Extracts from her Correspondence, by Surrey; with numerous engravings, J. M: Cramp. will be pablished early in May.

The author of the Lollards, Cal• The Octavo Volume entitled Disser- thorpe, &c. has a new Romance ready tations Introductory to the Study and for publication in 3 volumes, entitled Right Understanding of the Language, Other Times; or, the Monks of LeaStructure, and Contents of the Apoca- denhall. Hypse, by Alex Tilloch, LL.D. will be The new Edition of the Saxon Chropublished early in May.

nicle, edited by the Rev. Mr. logram, The long.promised English Flora of may be expected to appear in a few Sir James Edward Smith, President of days. the Lippæan Society, is now prioting. A new Novel, by the author of the

A new Edition of the “ Memoirs of Cavalier, will be published in the The late Mrs. Cappe, written by Her course of April, entitled the “ King of self,” is preparing for the press. the Peak,” in 3 vols.

Greek Literainre. - Mr. John Mit The third volume of « Transactions chell, Purser, R.N. Teacher of Lap of the Literary Society of Bombay," guages, has ready for the press, a will appear during the eosuing month. Grammatical Parallel of the Classic and Richard Payne Knight, Esq. bas a Modern Greek Languages, evincing new Poem in the press, entitled " Altheir close afinity.

fred,” which will appear next month *. Part I. of Messrs. J. P. Neale, and in an octavo volume, J. Le Keux's Original Views of the The young officer, whose “ Sketches Collegiate and Parochíal. Churches of of India” were so favourably received England, will appear on the 1st of by the public, has nearly ready for November; it will contain five highly publication in an octavo volume, « Refioished engravings, with Descriptive collections of the Peninsula," containand Historical Accounts.

ing Remarks on the Manners and ChaThe Cambridge Tart is in the press, racter of the Spanish Nation. (intended as a Companion to the Ox Mr. Henry Phillips, H. $. author of ford Sausage,) consisting of Epigra the History of Fruits known in Great matic and Satiric Effusions, &c. &c. Britain, cultivated Vegetables, &c. &c. Dainty Morsels served up by Cantabs, in engaged upon Sylva Florifera the on various occasions, by Socius. Sbrubbery;" containing a Historical

Early in June, will be published, a and Botanical Account of the FlowerFuneral Oration on General Dumourier, ing Shrubs and Trees which now ornawith considerations on the Events of ment the shrubbery, the park, and his Life.

rural scenes in general. The author of " The Entail" has a The facetious Thomas Brown, the new Novel in the press, of which the younger, is employed on a new work, printing is nearly finished. It is, we entitled “ Fables for the Holy Alliunderstand, a narrative of a Cove anee," with other Poems, nanter's Sufferings, entitled " Ringan Gilbaize," supposed to be written by > : RECENT PUBLICATIONS, himself. Dr. Irving has in the press a new

ANTIQUITIES. and enlarged edition of his Observa Encyclopedia :) of Antiquities, and tions on the Study of the Civil Law. 1 Elements of Archæology, classical and

A second edition of Mr. Blaine's mediæval. Being the first work of the Canine Pathology is in the press, and kind ever edited in England. By the will appear with important Alterations Rev. T. D. Fasbroke, M.A, F.S.A.and Additions.

A number, bs, appears every month, Remarkable passages in the Life of and the whole will be comprised is William Kifin, Merchant and Alder, twenty numbers.

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