« السابقةمتابعة »
closely copied the situation and for Tota fremit: vocesque' refert: iterat. mation of the edifice,
que quod audit. It is thus that a happy thought
Nulla quies intus, nullâque silentia or striking description is
Nec tamen est clamor, sed parvæ mursively transferred from one writer
mura vocis : to another; each endeavouring to enlarge and amplify the original Qualia de pelagi, si quis procul audiat,
undis idea. Poets, indeed, seem to consi
Esse solent: qualemrc sonum, cum Juder themselves privileged in thus
piter atras borrowing from the works of their Increpicet nubes, extrema tonitrua predecessors; a practice which must reddunt. be allowed to be rather too bold an
Atria turba tenent; veniunt leve vulextension of their poetical licence. gus, euptque: We may, in particular, trace the Mistaque cum veris passim commenta groundwork of many of Virgil's vagantur most celebrated passages in the Millia rumorem; confusaque verba vo
lutant." pages of Homer..
Famæ Domus, 1–17. “ Before my view appear'd a structure fair,
These lines have been thus har. Its site uncertain, if in earth or air; moniously translated by Dryden, of With rapid motion turp'd the mansion whose version Pope no doubt availed
himself in drawing his picture of the With ceaseless noise the ringing walls Temple of Rumour.
resound; Not less in number were the spacious
« 'Tis built of brass, the better to dif. doors
fuse Than leaves on trees, or sands upon the
The spreading sounds, and inultiply shores; Which still unfolded stood, by night, Where echos in repeated echos play, by day,
A mart for ever full, and open night Pervious to winds, and open ev'ry way,
and day. Hither, as to their proper place, arise
Nor silence is within, nor voice exAll various sounds from earth, and seas,
press, and skies,
But a deaf noise of sounds that never Or spoke aloud, or whisper'd in the cease,
Confus'd and chiding, like the bollow Nor ever silence, rest, or peace is here.” Temple of Fame, 420-435. Of tides, receding from th' insulted
shore : “ Orbe locus medio est inter terrasque
Or like the broken thunder, heard from fretumque,
When Jove to distance drives the rollCælestesque plagas, triplicis copfinia mundi;
ing war." Unde, quod est usquam, quamvis regio
In this passage of Dryden there nibus absit,
are many beautiful instances of alliInspicitur; penetratque cavas vox om
teration—a species of poetical emnis ad aures.
bellishment with which he was parFama tenet, summâque domum sibi le
ticularly fond of adorning his poems; git in arce: Innumerosque aditus, ac milte fora- especially in that excellent rersion mina tectis
of the Tales of Chaucer and BocAddidit; et nullis inclusit limina por.
cace, so much adinired as one of his tis.
latest performances, and so well Nocte dieque patent. Tota est ex aure known by the title of his “ Fables." sonanti:
W. * This simile Pope has imitated in describing the distant view of the Temple of Fame.
“ Sudden I heard a wild promiscuous sound
29-24. Of these two passages Dryden's is the more poetically expressed, and indeed is superior to its original. The image here used is also to be found in Milton.
“ Their rising all at once was as the sound
Paradise Lost, II. 476, 477.
SKETCHES OF FRANCE.
did the company generally seem to I have already noticed the dif
Ať about half-past ferent modes of receiving company nine o'clock two servants entered in France and England, but the with silver trays covered with bonsubject merits more attention than bons, (sweetmeats of sugar) which I at first imagined, as we may
were handed round to the combuild apon the facts which it em pany ; among the bon-bons were a braces very fair opinions of the na great many crackers, which the tional character. "In England peo- young ladies and their beaux amused ple ruin themselves by the dinners ibemselves with by snapping; some and suppers which they give to their raised a laugh by reading the printed friends ; persons in high life hesi- questions and answers found in the tate not to provide the delicacies of papers which enveloped the bonthe season coute qui coute; and un bons; others admired their flavour, less they give green peas at five and one gentleman gravely asked guineas per quart, and pine-apples me if the sugar refiners in England at two or three guineas each, they furnished sugar sufficiently fine for are set down as stingy creatures. I bon-bons. T'he gossip occasioned know many good natured fools of by the service of the sweetmeats took good income so straightened by this up an hour, during which I freridiculous fashion, as to be com quently watched the door in expecpelled to emigrate to France where tation of some more solid refreshhappily it is not in existence. The ment, for I had taken a very early tradesman in England is, in his way, dinner, and was really hungry. No. still more silly than the peer. He thing however entered; at eleven would dread the reproaches of his o'clock soine negus and a few sponge friends if he spared his port wine, or cakes were handed round, and at dismissed them without a substan twelve o'clock the society separated. tial supper. We all know what jeers I had no high opinion of course of and ridicule the tea and turn-out the hospitality of the French from system had to bear with when it this soirée, but I have since been to was first attempted. There cannot several others, which have made me be two opinions amongst sensible consider my first inviter comparamen as to the folly of the English tively hospitable. in this respect, but it would be unjust In many of the soirées which I not to give them the credit of erring have since attended, nothing in the on the side of hospitality; they con way of refreshment was offered to the sider that they cannot do better company, and I understand that it when they invite friends than to is by no means unusual for eighteen give them good fare. The French or twenty persons to be invited and provide ainusements and conversa to separate without eating or drinktion, which cost them nothing, for ing any thing. It is impossible to their acquaintances, and pay no at admire such a mode of associating tention to the stomach; the extreme as this, but there are a great numis a bad one, and it is much to be ber of English in Paris who copy desired that the people of both coun the French in their mode of con. tries would borrow a little from ducting their soireés. each other. I was invited to a soirée, as it is called, by a Frenchman of rank, and had the pleasure of meeting at his house about thirty This
is a subject of some interest persons, among whom were some
to the Engli at home and abroad, of very pleasing and instructive con and it is one upon which a great versation. The company met toge deal has been said falsely; those ther at about six o'clock in the even who have treated it having given iog; the hour being so early 1 natu way too much to their prejudices. rally expected that tea would be serv Some persons return from Paris ed up; nine o'clock however came after a visit of two or three days and no refreshment was offered, nor only, and declare that every thing is
THE EXPENSES OF LIVING IN
dirt cheap in France, others declare health, and therefore there are no that provisions are much dearer grates in their houses. Some Engthan in England. It is not by re lish persons, who are fixed here for siding in Paris two or three months some time, have had grates fixed up, that a person can feel himself equal and by burning coals have an ecoto a statement of pure fact; the nomy of one half. The following is Englishman who has lived extra list of the prices of provisions in vagantly at home is surprised at the Paris, at this time. apparently low prices which he hears asked in Paris ; and, on the other Bread called Pain de Menage, hand, he who has already economised
which is brown and sour, at home,and comes to Paris for further
and which is therefore diseconomy, finds every article much agreeable to English taste, beyond what he had expected; a per pound...
0 2 whole volume might be written on
White bread, similar to our this subject, and still something
0 3 would be omitted. I must content
Best beef, but still very inmyself with a mere sketch which,
ferior to the English, per froin the length of time that I have
0 14 resided in Paris, I can assure the
Fillet from which the best reader will be a correct one. First,
steaks are cut ...
1 10 as to lodgings; apartments, gene
0 8 rally speaking, are expensive; a
Veal per pound, best quality O 18 good bed-room and sitting-room, Pork, first quality, but which furnished, on the first floor of a is scarcely fit to be eaten.. ( 16 house well situated is charged 130 Mutton, first quality ..... 0 14 to 150 francs a month ; on the se The lamb in Paris is sold cheap cond floor the charge is about 15 per when in season, but it is very tough cent. lower, and on the third floor and inferior; in purchasing butabout 25 per cent. lower than on the cher's meat, a quantity of rejouisfirst. Many very respectable per. sance must be taken, or an extra sons live on the second and third price paid. This rejouissance is floors in Paris, and there are some bone, and is called the enjoyment of men of title, and even of fortune, who the butcher, who of course throw's live on the fourth or fifth floors ; as inuch into the scale as he can; unfurnished apartments are propor constant disputes are therefore the tionably less expensive. In the very natural consequence—the addition best situations they are, however, of bone to the meat purchased, behigh ; a suite of rooms in a good yond the bone in the piece of meat house of the Chaussée d'Autin, on the chosen,may be fairly estimated to add first floor, sufficient to accommodate two sous per pound to the price. a family of ten or twelve persons,
fr.sous. costs 3 to 4000 franrs per year. In A good turkey.
8 0 some houses 5 and 6000 must be A good goose
4 10 paid. In situations less fashionable, A fat capon, large size 6 0 but equally respectable, a similar A pair of chickens
3 10 apartment may be had for 2000; Large sized fowl
2 10 and in the Faubourg St. Germain A brace of partridges
2 0 a very good suite of rooms may be A brace of woodcocks... 2 0 had, unfurnished, for about 1000 or A rabbit
1 10 1200 francs a year. In addition to
Fish is so very dear that I hardly the rent a sou per franc is charged know how to quote a regular marfor the porter, as a compensation for ket price; soles and turbot are the his trouble in answering enquiries, cheapest.' It will be fair to quote &c. After the lodgings, the most the average price of fish in Paris as expensive article in a domestic esta
nearly double what it is in Lonblishment is fuel; the wood for one
don. fire will cost at least two francs a day, if the fire be at all a good one. Fresh butter per pound, of There are good coals in Paris which the first quality, but which come from Mons, in the Nether is very inferior to the fresh lands, but the French have an idea butter sold in the London that a coal fire is very destructive to market ..
curing it direct. After the vin ordiSalt butter, called Beurre de
naire, nothing fit to drink can be Bretagne, which is really
had under four francs per bottle, good
and good hermitage and Champagne Eggs per quarter of a hun
are always charged in the retail dred
trade at seven francs per bottle. Cheese various prices, but as
fr.sous. none of the cheese sold in
Sherry, in bottles containing Paris is equal to English
about two-thirds of the cheese, the quoting the price
quantity in an English would be almost useless ;
wine bottle, is
6 0 the only cheese which can
Madeira of good quality, do. 6 0 be eaten by an English Port wine, if genuine, which man is the Neufchatel, and
happens very rarely, and the Fromage de Gruyere ;
in the same kind of bottle 7 0 the Neufchatel is sold at
The Cape wine which in England three and four sous each ;
is to be had for 18. 6d. and 28. per the Gruyere cheese is sold per pound....
bottle, is charged in Paris at 6, 7,
8, and 9 francs. Good Dutch cheese per lb. 10 Candles per pound, (moulds)
It may be safely asserted that very inferior to the English o 13 good full-bodied wine is cheaper in Lump sugar of the same qua
England than in France; no wines lity as that sold in London
are cheap in France except those of at one shilling per pound,
native growth, and what wine have twenty-eight sous to
the French for tonic and exhilarat
1 10 Moist sugar per pound, good
ing properties that can be compared quality
with the Sherry, Madeira, Port, and Good green tea per pound 12 0
even Cape, which we get from a reGood black do.....
§ spectable wine merchant in London? Rice, first quality, per pound 0 16
and Hollands, although
dearer in Paris than in any part of Vermicelli....
0 8 Raisins, such as we use in
France, are still cheap; the former England for puddings, per
of good quality is retailed at fortypound
0 18 eight sous per litre, or eight shillings Currants
ị English per gallon. The wholesale Coffee of very good quality,
price of good brandy at Cognac is and which is generally bet.
only 4f. 108. per velte of two Engter flavoured than that sold
lish gallons. The beer in Paris is in England on account of
very bad, and very dear, when comits being fresh roasted, but
pared with that of England; a beer which if purchased in
equal in strength, but not in flavour, Pardu is generally mixed
to the two-penny ale in London, is
sold at five sous per bottle. The with powder of chicorée,
French beer is put into bottles and a root cultivated for the
the fixed air secured; it is therefore purpose and roasted, and which is frequently used as
in summer rather an agreeable beindigenous coffee, per lb.. 30
verage. There are two English
breweries in Paris, but at neither of The wine in France is of course
we get any thing like cheap, but unless the better sorts
English beer; persons who underare nised, by no means equal to that stand the matter attribute the failure which is drank in England. The to the quality of the water. The Seine vin ordinaire sold in Paris is always water which is used, that from the adulterated, and agrees with few wells being totally unfit, is strongly persons; this wine is sold at sixteen impregnated with gypsum, which sous per litre, (an English quart). no filtration will remove. One of the The genuine vin ordinaire when ob- English brewers is a Mr. Douglas, tained direct from the places of its a native of Scotland, who amassed growth will, if of good quality, cost a fortune as a manufacturer ; the about sixteen sous per bottle in other is a ci-devant butler of Lord Paris ; but the genuineness of the Courtney. Both establishments are article can only be insured by pro- in the Champs Elysées.
The expense of household furni A coat...... from 80 to 100 francs. ture is as great or even greater in Pantaloons.... 35 to 45 francs. France than in England. There is a Waistcoats
10 to 20 francs. few articles, indeed, of an ornamental description cheaperin France, All which prices are, I think, at but the solid and indispensable ar least 10 per cent. higher than in ticles of furniture are dear. Indeed, London for the same description of a stranger may collect this fact from articles. the scanty mode in which the lodg Hats are much lower priced in ing-houses of Paris are furnished; Paris than in London; a best hat in except in very good houses there is the Rue de Richelieu, or the Rue St. scarcely sufficient for use. The fur Honoré, is twenty-four francs, but it niture of three rooms, for which I is not saying a word more than the pay 120 francs per month upon the truth to declare that an English hat third floor, (and I believe my apart is worth two French hats in the wear, ment is a pretty fair sample of others and fifty in the beauty. The French at the same rent) is as follows. In are behind the English in nothing the sittivg-room a secretaire, a few more than in this article, and year common chairs, an old table, and a after year passes on without improvefew chimney ornaments; in the bed ment. Boots and shoes are cheaper room, a bedstead and curtains, three in France, and it is only justice to mattresses, and other necessary bed state that very good may be had. ding, a chest of drawers, a small Some years ago the English leather table, and two chairs ; in the anti was very superior to the French, room, nothing; in the kitchen, a few but since the plan of forcing leather utensils not worth five shillings. To
by chemical means in England has furnish an apartment or house well been adopted, I prefer the French. in Paris the expense is, at least, 10 A very good pair of Wellington per cent. greater than it would be in boots may be had in Paris for twentyLondon. House-rent in Paris, ex
four francs ; the shop price is genecept in the unfashionable quarters, rally from eighteen to twenty, but is as high or even higher than in when I speak of twenty-four francs London; and although I hear a great I mean a good article. Shoes are deal constantly about the low taxa- eight and ten francs per pair, for tion in France, I have only to apply good quality, and at this price they to the proprietor of the house in wear well. Linen and other articles which I now am for information, of dress are at about the same price and he convinces me
that the in both countries. Cotton stockings, taxation is not 15 per cent. lower however, are dearer, and silk a little than in England.
cheaper. I do not know much about I shall next consider the expense
ladies' dresses, but my wife tells me of clothing in the various modes.
that she can clothe herself much First, as to fashionable tailors, I
better for twenty-five pounds a year cannot do better here than copy a
in London than for thirty-five pounds bill delivered to a friend of mine by in Paris. This I can readily undera fashionable tailor, who was re
stand, when I find that the only commended to him at Meurice's. article of a lady's dress which is
cheaper here is silk,which, however, Francs
is much dearer than it used to be. A plain blue coat with gilt buttons
I shall conclude this account by a 140
few observations on the mode of A quiroga cloak A pair of pantaloons
Jiving in Paris wbich is usually A waistcoat...
adopted by single men, who are, 26
indeed, the only persons who disI question whether Stultz could cover the great economy of living make out a more trimming bill to in France. The young men who any of his customers in London. I come here are for the most part of nowy come to the economical mode a class accustomed to luxuries at the advertising tailor, taking it for home, and as luxuries and amusegranted that the articles are good, ments are certainly to be had at a though not, perhaps, in the extreme lower rate in Paris than in London, of fashion.
they are never tired of passing