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telligence and freedom of communi- nions with a union of wisdom and ties. He conceived it possible that virtue that would have realized the Europe very soon might be over-run golden age. Even with all the preby Russia, or entirely subject to judices of Englishmen about us, Republican Governments. He at- there is something so beautiful in tributed his ruin greatly to his mar- the picture which Napoleon has riage with Maria Louisa. As to the drawn of his ultimate intentions of charge made against him that in government, that we can scarcely Egypt he had conformed to the Ma- abstain from exclaiming, “ Oh! its hometan religion or customs, he de- a consummation devoutly to be nied it positively, but jocosely ob
wished.” served, that “the dominion of the As we have referred to or quoted East, and the subjugation of all Asia so much relative to the Emperor's would have been well worth a tur- opinions of individuals, and of ban and a pair of trowsers." He books and principles, we shall now considered suicide as no fault against terminate this article by a few of his morals, but, in his individual case, opinions and views of several of he viewed it as derogatory from his those great events which so recently glory. He read the Bible solely as shook the civilized world to its a book of history, observing at the centre. names he came to of places, “ I en- Speaking of Waterloo, he excamped there,” “I carried that place claims in a tone of sorrow,“ Incomby assault,”. “I gave battle bere," prehensible day! Concurrence of &c. Had he reached America it unheard of fatalities! Grouchy, was his design to have assembled a Ney, Derlon-was there treachery sort of French colony around him, or only misfortune ? Alas! poor and he observed that the state of France. And yet all that human Europe would have induced 60,000 skill could do was accomplished. persons to repair to his settlement, All was not lost until the moment
a sort of second France." He when all had succeeded.” As to his thought he might have reached continuing the struggle for power America, but he would not conde. after the loss of the battle, he obscend to use any disguise or resort serves, “ It would have been necesto flight. A great maxim of his po- sary to arraign great criminals, and licy was that agriculture should be to decree great punishments. Blood more attended to than manufactures, must have been shed and then who and manufactures than trade; but can tell where we should have his attention to manufactures was stopped. What scenes of horror such, that he offered 1,000,000 of must not have been renewed. By francs as a reward, merely for the pursuing this line of conduct invention of any means of spinning should I not have drowned my meflax like cotton. He refused taking mory in the deluge of blood, crimes the sacrament, declaring that he had and abominations of every kind, no faith in it, but would not profane with which libelists (libellers) have it by hypocricy. He thought highly already overwhelmed me? Posterity of Mr. Fox, saying, that "half a and history would have viewed me dozen men such as Fox and Corn- as a second Nero or Tiberius if, wallis would be sufficient to esta after all, I could have saved France blish the moral character of a na- at such a price. I had energy suftion."
ficient to carry me through any It is necessarily beyond the limits difficulty." And he continues in of any magazine to quote or ever to a strain which evinces that his enter into the nunerous and impor- own name in history and the haptant passages respecting the policy piness of France were paramount to of the different potentates and ca- any considerations of his continuing binets of Europe, or respecting the to reign. great political system which Napo- “ Marengo," said the Emperor, leon had adopted, and which, had “ was the battle in which the Aushe been successful, was to have ter- trians fought best; but that was the minated in his being the arbiter of grave of their valour. The batthe fates of nations and of kings, ile of Austerlitz, which was so comand in his governing his vast domi- pletely won, would have been lost if I had attacked six hours sooner. Valencey, without being physically The Russians shewed themselves on aware of their chains. They exthat occasion such excellent troops perienced courtesy and respect at as they have never appeared since. all hands; old King Charles IV. The Prussians at Jena did not removed from Compiegne to Marmake such a resistance as was ex- seilles and from Marseilles to Rome, pected from their reputation. As whenever he wished, and yet how to the multitudes of 1814 and 1815, different are those places from this they were mere rabble compared to (St. Helena)." Speaking of the the real soldiers of Marengo, Aus- weakness and the wickedness of terlitz and Jena." But battles, after Ferdinand, and of the revolution of all, are not such sanguinary affairs his subjects to emancipate themas we tinid civilians and stay at selves from his tyranny, Napoleon, home gentlemen are wont to ima- in February 1816, foretold the regine. The Emperor says, that at volutions that have since taken Wagram he had' 160,000 men, and place in Spain, and added “ Ferdithe killed
were only 3000. At nand in his madness may grasp his Esling he had 40,000 and lost only sceptre as firmly as he will, but 4000 men, although this was one of one day or other it will slip through the most severe battles. The esti- his fingers like an eel.” In Vol. I. mates of other battles are incom- Part IV. page 189, the whole of parably lower.
Napoleon's policy as to Spain, and It was a subject of regret with Na- the data on which he proceeded, are poleon that, after his victory at Wa- laid open with the Emperor's usual gram, he had not reduced the House brief and business-like manner; and of Austria to a lower condition, and his plans appear at least more jusseparated the crowns of Austria, tifiable than they had hitherto been Hungary and Bohemia. He tells represented to the world. The Emus that even one of the Emperor of peror shews in what points his poAustria's family had proposed to licy towards Spain was bad, and him to dethrone the Emperor, and declares that his right course would to raise the proposer to the throne have been to have given Spain a free in his stead. In short, it is evident constitution, and to have left the that the Courts of Europe, and even execution of it to Ferdinand. Howthe different royal families, are re- ever, the knot was to have been cut, plete with crime and meanness. The and all errors repaired by the realternations of crouching servility, storation of Ferdinand on his marryof professions of friendship and of ing the daughter of Joseph Buolove, and finally of treachery and of naparte, a scheme which' failed persecution, evinced by the Emperors solely on account of Napoleon's Francis and Alexander and by the downfall in 1814. But on the reKing of Prussia towards Napoleon, ports of the Emperor's having inindeed, justify all that satirists have veigled away King Charles and his said against kings and palaces. son Ferdinand, he declares,
“ HisOf Ferdinand of Spain, for whom tory will do me justice; the world thousands are now to bleed, and for will one day be convinced that in whom some of the finest regions of the principal transactions relative the earth are to be desolated, these to Spain I was completely a stranger volumes afford a lamentable portrait. to all the domestic intrigues of its So eager was this proud Bourbon to court; that I broke no promise, made he allied to the “ Corsican Upstart," either to Charles IV.or to Ferdinand that he solicited his permission to VII.; that I violated no engagement marry Mademoiselle de Tascher, with the father or the son; that I cousin-german of Josephine; and, on made use of no falsehoods to entice being refused, he then solicited the them to Bayonne, but that they hand of Marshal Lannes's widow, both strove which should be the " or of any other French lady whom first to shew themselves there. the Emperor might think proper to When I saw them at my fcet and adopt.” Napoleon treated this sorry was enabled to form a correct opicreature and his family with great nion of their total incapacity, I beliberality at Valencey: he says, “ the held with compassion the fate of a princes hunted and gave balls at great people; 1 eagerly seized the singular opportunity held out to us elaborate and careful touches, but by fortune for regenerating Spain, all the prominent points are seized rescuing her from the yoke of Eng- upon and given with the utmost land, and intimately uniting her possible vigour. If we may be alwith our system.” But if the Spa- lowed the sic parvis componere magnish revolution proved the ultimate na solebam we should say that the ruin of Napoleon, even its com- very opposite to this is the style in mencement was yo bed of roses. The which the Count Las Cases has comEmperor declares, “ that unlucky posed his journal. The Count is war ruined me; it divided my forces, not to Napoleon what Sully was to obliged me to multiply my efforts Henry IV. but rather what Boswell and caused my principles to be as- was to Dr. Johnson. However, these sailed: and yet it was impossible to four volumes of the journal (two leave the Peninsula a prey to the more volumes are expected from the machinations of the English. The press) contain much amusement, intrigues, the hopes, and the pre- with an inexhaustible fund of data tensions of the Bourbons." The for the politician, and of subjects of most splendid and successful Mo- reflection for the moralist. They narch of history was Napoleon, and will be volumes of research and of yet these volumes bear ample testi, authority with the historian, who
uneasy lies the head may write the eventful period of that wears a crown.
Napoleon's career; and even the We have been induced to go into superficial reader will find few works this voluminous journal at such a capable of affording more amuselength, on account of the great va- ment. We must conclude, with exriety and still greater importance of pressing a hope that Count Las its contents. Napoleon's style of Cases, in his future volumes, will conversation is remarkable : it is confine himself to simple narration, brief, sententious, full of fire, and and not intrude upon the reader any always leading to some great result of his own observations, or continue by the shortest road. His conversa- to expatiate upon what may fall tion is to style, what Rembrandt's from the Emperor. style is to painting. There are no
mony, that "
TRANSLATION OF THE FRENCH LINES
Under the recently published Print of Mary, Queen of Scots, and her Secretary
A Queen is mistress of my heart,
Those eyes as bright
As solar light
Then might she
THE FINE ARTS.
EXHIBITION OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY AT SOMERSET HOUSE.
Trutu compels us, however re- picture ; equally admirable in comlactantly, to commence our remarks position, effect, and colouring. It en the exhibition of the present strikes the spectator forcibly on the year, by a confession that it is, in first view ; and the impression then our opinion, inferior to several made is increased by contemplation. which have preceded it. Far are Purity, that true charm of the ve from denying that it contains a female character, was never more number of individual productions successfully depicted than in the of considerable, and a few of super- “ Lady ;' unmoved as she is by lative merit; but, as a whole, we the allurements of the wine-flushed own that we do not think it conveys Comus, and by every other incitean adequate notion of the degreement to a participation in the Bacof talent which we know exists in chanalian revelry of the scene. The the country. Why is this? We fear attitude of Comus is remarkably that the reply would deeply impli- fine, and reminds us of some of the cate the national taste and feeling most beautiful relics of Grecian for the fine arts. The fact really sculpture. Indeed, the whole group is, that although one here and there of figures, which is numerous, meets with a man of rank or for. evinces the benefit Mr. Flilton now tune, who is properly impressed derives from the laborious study of with the intrinsic value of the pro- the antique to which his early days ductions of genius, and with their
were devoted. importance in every respect to a No. 21. The Solar System. H. great empire, the higher classes of Howard, R.A.-A suitable comsociety in England are, generally panion to the “ Pleiades,” which speaking, extremely ignorant of we noticed in our last number as the subject; and, of course, very now adorning Sir John Leicester's insensible with regard to it. We Gallery. Apollo, with his lyre, sits have long been convinced that the in the centre, while the planets, only remedy for this evil (which is most happily personified, move a much more serious one than an round the God of light, with astroordinary observer is aware of), nomical precision, and poetical would be the adoption of the judi- beauty. We did not before know cious plan suggested some years that we were so worldly in our ago by Mr. Prince Hoare; namely, inclinations; but really; of all the appointment of Professors of “the starry, host,” we were most the Fine Arts in our Universities; charmed with the figures of our own so that a knowledge of their prin- “ green earth," and her fair lunar eiples might come to be considered attendant. The composition is emian indispensable part of a liberal nently graceful and picturesque, education. The rest would follow. and the whole affords another
The present Exhibition consists proof of the elegance of Mr. Howof 1131 works of various kinds. ard's conceptions, and the refineWe shall confine our observations ment of his taste. to some of those which would do No. 197. The Child exposed by honour to any collection, age, or Antigonus on the sea-shore found country; and which do not require by the Shepherd. H. Thomson, the relief which they nevertheless R.A.-Mr. 'Thomson's pencil is full receive from the mass of mediocrity of amenity. The subjects which surrounding them.
he chooses are invariably pleasing.
Without advancing any high preHistoRICAL AND Poetical. tensions, the character of the pre
No. 196. Comus, with the Lady sent picture is very agreeable. in the Enchanted Chair. W. Hic- The surprise of the Old Shepherd TON, R.A. – This is a delightful and his son at the discovery of the Eur. Mag. May, 1823.
infant Perdita, in its royal swaddling No. 427. The Paphian Bower. clothes, is very naturally pourtray. J. Martin. Highly characteristic ed. The child itself is beautiful, of the boundless exuberance of Mr. both in form and in colour. Nor Martin's imagination. In such a must we forget the faithful dog, scene too, the extraordinary vividwho forms an important part of the ness of his colouring is quite appropyramidal composition, and who priate. is looking on with the interest No. 381. The Lily and the Rose. which all animals of his species R. Westall, R.A. - A beautiful take in every thing that concerns little speciinen of this veteran artheir masters.
tist's peculiar qualities. No. 77. The Bay of Baiæ, with Apollo and the Sybil. J. M. W.
FAMILIAR SUBJECTS. TURNER, R.A.-A gorgeous pain- No. 135. The Parish Beadle. D. ter's vision. We were much annoy- Wilkie, R.A.-We will venture to ed by a cold-blooded critic, stand- say that Burn's Justice was never ing near us while we were admiring before quoted as affording the this dazzling and magnificent pic theme for a work of art! Whatever ture; who observed that it was not may be the gravity of Mr. Wilkie's natural. Natural! No, not in his authority, he has however made a limited and purblind view of nature. highly entertaining picture of this But perfectly natural to the man exhibition of official dignity mani. who is capable of appreciating the fested towards unfortunate value of a poetical concentration group of Savoyards, with their of all that nature occasionally and bear, monkeys, dancing-dogs, &c. partially discloses of the rich, the all of whom are on the point of glowing, and the splendid.
being consigned to the parochial No. 22. The Dain. H. FUSELI, cage. The character of every indiR.A.-Simple and affecting; and, vidual in the piece, the animals, if not sublime, a near approximation and the still-life, are all painted with to it.
extraordinary truth and minuteness No. 34. John Knox admonishing of detail. Mr. Wilkie has evidently Mary, Queen of Scots, on the day had Rembrandt in his eye, in point when her intention to marry Darnley of effect; but, surely, the general had been made public. W. ALLAN.- hue of his half-tints and shadows Although we will not flatter Mr. is considerably too cold. Allan by saying that we think this No. 128. The Reconciliation, J. picture equal to some of his former P. STEPHANOPP.—The triumph of productions, we are most ready to paternal affection over paternal seadmit and to admire its beauties; verity, of a legitimate and permaand especially the intense expres- nent over an unnatural and temposion in the countenance of the fair rary sentiment, is here most agreeScottish Queen, suddenly thwarted ably depicted. The emotion of the as she is in the prosecution of her daughter, who is promising on her amorous intent by the remonstrances knees, “ that if forgiven this once of the austere reformer. Who does she will never do so any more," the not nevertheless see that all his returning love of the father, the representations will be unavailing! joyful surprise of the mother, and
No. 305. Discovery of the Gun- the comparatively but not wholly powder Plot, and taking of Guy tranquil observance of the bride. Fawkes. H. P. Briggs. There is
groom, are all interestingly disa manly boldness and breadth in played. Mr. Briggs's style, both of concep- No. 13. A Scene from the Spoiled tion and of execution. We wish we Child. Mrs. Harlowe, Mr. Tuycould observe his powers exerted in leure, and Miss Clara Fisher, as a more ample field, and on subjects Miss Pickle, Tag, and Little Pickle. of higher interest. He appears to G. Clint, A.-Mr. Clint is unrivalus to be capable of great things, led in dramatic subjects of a comic if he had encouragement to under- nature. This is one of his best protake them. Nothing can be finer ductions. The resemblances are very than the figure of Sir Thomas Kne. striking, especially that of Tayleure, vett in the present composition. whose Tag is allowed by all wbo