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MODEL OF PALESTINE.
Passing along Adam-street, in the appellation of Canaan, the Promised Adelphi, the other day, our atten- Land, Palestine, Judea, and the tion was attracted by a placard an- Holy Land. After the Babylonish nouncing the Exhibition of an em- captivity, it became successively bossed model of Palestine, or the subject to Persia, to Macedonia, to Holy Land. It is a very ingenious Syria, to Egypt, to Rome, to the Ottoproduction, being a parallelogram man Turks, to the Seljuhian Turks, of about twenty feet by ten, on to the Crusaders of Europe, to the which are represented, in relief, and Saracens, and eventually again to distinctively tinted, the principal fea- the Ottoman Turks, under whose tures of the Holy Land, and the dif- barbarous dominion it has remained ferent places connected with Scrip- for above three centuries. ture history, and with the most To the serious and devout this prominent circumstances recorded model will be a source of deep inin the Old and New Testaments. terest. It is impossible to contem
Palestine, or the Holy Land, plate it without strongly feeling, as which is unquestionably the most the detailed and well-composed deremarkable country upon the face scription, sold in the room, expresses of the earth, is, as our readers know, it," the contrast of magnificence the Southern district of Syria; have and desolation, of holiness and deing on the North, Mount Libanus; pravity, of which this portion of on the South, Mount Seir, and the the earth presents an example so Desart of Pharan, in Arabia ; on forcible and gloomy." the East, Mount Hermon and Gilead, In the same place is a similar with Arabia Deserta ; and on the model, in the shape of a circle of West, the Mediterranean Sea. It about ten or twelve feet in diameter, has, at successive periods, borne the of the Northern Polar Regions,
THE GALLERY OF RAPHAEL.
now exhibiting at minute representations of the origiMr. Cauty's Great Rooms, No. 804, nals, reduced to one-ninth of the Pall Mall, copies in water colours, superficies in size; they are the executed by Monsieur de Meule- more valuable as being the only meester, a 'foreign artist of emi- complete copies, extant, of a series nence, from the celebrated paintings of paintings, now from accidental in fresch by Raphael, in the "Log- causes connected with their situagia” of the Vatican Palace at Rome. tion, fast hastening into decay, The originals, which contain illus. The conception and imagination, trations of the most sublime events which the composition of these of Holy Writ, have long been the great works disclose, can only be admiration of the world; they oc- estimated here by an inspection of cupied Raphael, aided by the most the copies; there is no variety of eminent artists of Italy, during the attitude or expression, which taste Pontificates of Julius 11. and Leo of the highest order could invent X., and are magnificent examples or combine, that these works do not of their patronage of the Fine Arts, exhibit. The water-colour drawwhile they establish the claim of ings now exhibiting are beautiful the artist to the culogium of the specimens of M. de Meulemeester's poet,
skill in that department of art. We
are not so selfish as to desire that “ Unrivalled master of the realms of an interesting branch of art, brought grace.”
to great perfection, indeed invented
in England, should be confined to We have not room to particularize this country, but are always glad the merit of the copies now exhibit- to see, both in arts and manufac. ing; they occupied the artist twelve tures, the spirit of improvement years, and are in all their details universally diffused.
INTELLIGENCE RELATIVE TO THE FINE ARTS.
The gallery of Paintings and picture a peculiarity in its de. Engravings at the Imperial Hermi- sign highly favourable to its effect. tage of Petersburgh consists of — The engraving is the production more than 4,000 paintings, and of Mr. Say, Engraver to the Duke 30,000 engravings. Among the of York. paintings most admired are two by
Mr. Bewick has in progress a Paul Potter, which the Emperor large work which will be ready for Alexander purchased for 40,000 exhibition next spring; the subject roubles when he was in Paris in of the picture is, David bearing the 1814. This gallery has just been head of Goliah to King Saul; and the increased by a collection of the por- principal figures are larger than life.
. traits of celebrated Russian Gene- Exhibition of Mythological Paintrals, painted by Dow, an English ing's. By Professor Reina. This artist. This collection will consist collection is the production of one of about 200 portraits, for each of foreign artist, and is now open to which the artist is to receive about the public at No. 56, Pall Mall; as 1,000 roubles.
we shall give a detailed criticism We should be deficient in our of these paintings in our next numduty as superintendants of the Fine ber, we shall at present confine Arts, if we were to omit noticing a ourselves to an enumeration of the painting lately executed by Mon- subjects, which are sufficiently insieur Fradelle, of which the subject teresting to excite and gratify the is Mary, Qneen of Scots, listening curiosity of the public: The Holy to the strains of her Secretary Cha- Family, a copy from the St. Jetelar, who is playing to her on the rome of Correggio; A Pastoral; guitar. The story of this secretary Juno at her Toilet ; The Infernal as a favourite of the ill-starred Judgment; The Scourging of Christ; Queen is sufficiently known. The The Assemblage of Beauties before chief merit of the picture is in the Venus, Love and Paris ; The Market exquisite expression given to the of Souls; Sappho und Phaon ; The countenances of the two characters, Net of Love; The Burning of Troy; but particularly to that of the The Rival of Love.
. Queen, whose eyes dart from be- Mr. Muss is at present engaged neath their arched canopy at once
on several works of considerable a suppressed and most impassioned importance; a highly finished enaglance, mingled with a pensive ten- mel and other works for that disderness finely thrown
tinguished patron of the Fine Arts cheeks. On his part, the gesture of H. P. Hope, Esq.; two splendid a person playing on the guitar is stained-glass Windows for Watts successfully pourtrayed, while the Russell, Esq., one of which is after raising of his eyes and the inclina- the celebrated picture of the Ascention of his head intimate a deep sion of the Virgin, hy Guido, in the feeling of interest in the subject of possession of Watson Taylor, Esq.; his song. The posture of both is a splendid stained-glass Window suitably imagined; the minstrel for the Catholic Chapel building at leans gently over his instrument, Richmond, by Mrs. Doughty; a resting on his knee; and the Queen, stained-glass Window for St. Bride's in a half-melting and half suffoca- Church, Flect-street, after the Deting fulness of delight, reclines on scent froin the Cross, by Reubens ; the back of her chair, in an attitude a stained ornamental Window for that displays to the best advantage St. Andrew's Undershaft, in St. her fine form. With one hand she Mary Axe; an enamel of Sir Fransupports her fair cheek, while the cis Baring, after Sir Thomas Lawother, holding a closed book, re- rence, &c. &c. poses languishingly on her lap. A Mr. Martin is now studying his pot of beautiful flowers stands by her picture of the Fall of Ninevel, or on the table, in which the lily in the Death of Sardanapalas, which particular droops with most is expected to surpass his Belshaz. pressive sadness. There is in this zar's Feast. Eur. Mag. May, 1823.
OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS,
Foreign and Domestic.
QUID SIT PULCHRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON.
Histoire abrégée de la vie et des diment; in the middle of this buildexploites de Jeanne d'Arc.
ing is a cippus, on which stands the
bust of Joan of Arc. Such a moAn abridged History of the Life and nument as this perfectly agrees
Actions of Joan of Arc, surnamed with the character of this lieroine the Maid of Orleans; with a de- simple and austere in her life, and scription of the Monument erect- pure in her manners as the clear ed to her Memory at Domremy, waters that wash the foot of the also of the Cottage where this modest temple consecrated to her Heroine was born, and the Old glory. The inscription upon the Things it contains, and the Feast frieze is in harmony with the geneof Inauguration celebrated on the ral effect of the edifice, and the joth of September, 1820. By M. thoughts it gives rise to; it conJollois.
tains these words: “ To the me
mory of Joan of Arc.” The heart The ancients, grateful to the of every Frenchman who reads heroes whose valour delivered their these words will add, “ To the mecountry from a foreign yoke, raised mory of her who broke the English altars to their memory, and placed yoke, and recalled victory to the their illustrious defenders far above French banner.” the weakness of humanity by exalt- The inauguration of the monuing them to the rank of demi-gods. ment took place on the 10th SepA purer faith does not allow to the tember, 1820, before the deputations moderns these profane apotheoses; of the towns of Nancy, Toul, Combut at least they may commemorate mercy, and Vaucouleurs; the nanoble actions by erecting monu- tional guards of the neighbouring ments, the sight of which may
towns; the prefect and the counsel the spectator to emulate the great general of the department of Vos. services rendered to a state which ges; a deputation from the city of knows so well how to reward great Orleans, which was delivered by deeds, accomplished for its glory Joan, surnamed by the French the and safety:
“ Maid of Orleans ;' and a vast These thoughts must occur to the concourse of people from the adjamind on perusing this excellent cent towns and villages; having the work, which contains an account appearance of a national assembly, of the monument erected in honour or those festivals celebrated by the of Joan of Arc, at Domremy, her ancients in honor of great actions native place.
and high virtues. Crowns were The descendant of the King placed on the brow of the virgin of Charles, whose crown was saved by Vaucouleurs by young girls from this heroic female, caused this mo- Dreux and Domremy, dressed in nument to be erected to her memory. white, and by their innocence and A fountain, with a quadrangular rustic simplicity, recalling to rebase, is built upon the borders of membrance that the heroine, whose the Meuse, in the middle of a public war-like exploits they celebrated, place, and embellished by a planta. had been like themselves a country tion of poplars. This fountain has girl, and einployed in the humble four separate pilasters, surmounted station of a shepherdess. by an entablature and double pe- After an appropriate speech de
livered by the Prefect of the de- ornament the interior of the paterpartment of Vosges, the Mayor of nal house of this female warrior. Orleans in few words delivered the It was certainly a noble and purport of his journey, and his praiseworthy action to establish for opinion upon it. Then the Duke of poor children a royal school on the Choiseul-Stainville, a Peer of France, very spot where a daughter of the made a speech, in which he said, poor was raised up to save the “During the last invasion of monarchy, by expelling the foreign France by hordes of Foreigners, power from the territory which it these strangers were surprised that sullied by its usurpation and influa country 80 fertile in heroes* should not then produce one to There are in M. Jollois's work show them the road they had so some curious and interesting deoften taken that of retreat and tails on the antiquities, more or less flight; they went under arms to preserved, which still embellish the Domremy, to contemplate all that house of Joan of Arc, and the reremained of the habitation of her storations going on to prevent furwho, though only a simple shep- ther dilapidation. This history will herdess, had driven their predeces- be as much read for the interest of sors from before her; and foreign the subject as for the talent of the princes, uncovering their proud writer. M. Jollois's style is grave heads, bowed before the statue of and simple as becomes an historian. this humble heroine. A Prussian Amongst the number of the vouchCount even dared to ask the pro- ers published at the end of the prietor of the ancient habitation of narration are all the official docuJoan of Arc to sell him the statue ments relative to that infamous trial preserved there; upon a refusal he and horrible death ordered by a offered to buy the whole house, Pontiff, in the name of a God of but the stranger's gold could not peace, love, and mercy, actuated by corrupt him; he preserved for his the vilest sentiments that can discountry a monument of glory and honour the heart of man. immortality. Gerardin was the name
M. Jollois also gives a descripof this Frenchman who refused tion of the monument just erected, 6,000 francs from the Prussian, and of the house of Joan of Arc, and the was satisfied with 2,500 francs given festival celebrated to inaugurate the hin by the Counsel-general of the monument. department of Vosges, that the The work is accompanied by house of Joan of Arc might become eleven copper-plates, designed with national property. The King, pleas. taste and carefully engraved, preed at this noble and disinterested ceded by a frontispiece representing action of Gerardin, conferred on the bust of Joan, crowned by him the Cross of the Legion of France. This noble and graceful Honour. Soon after the King gave composition is by M. Lafitte, artist 12,000 francs towards the erection to the King; a figure representing of a monument to Joan of Arc, France with her brow encircled by 8,000 francs to found a free-school a crown of laurels, places a similar for the instruction of the young one upon the bust of Joan; a winged women of Domremy, Dreux, and genius standing behind France the surrounding villages, and also bears the sacred standard that a capital of 8,000 francs, producing guided the warrior to battle ; ano400 francs a year, for the mainte- ther genius seated on the pedestal nance of a sister of charity to su- upon which the bust is placed, supperintend the school. The King ported by a shield, holds in one likewise gave the marble bust which hand the sword that saved France, decorates the monument, and or- and with the other points to the dered M. Laurent, who, as well as chains and remains of the funeral Joan, was born in the department pile, strewed upon the earth. The of Vosges, to paint a picture to trunk of a column, raised upon a
* French modesty.-Ed.
base, bears the names of the places here the Catholics are oppressed, signalized by the exploits of Joan: and the English clergy prevent their Orleans, Gergeau, Beaug’ency, Troyes, emancipation ; in Hungary the Proand Rheims. The first plate repre- testants are oppressed by the Casents the topographical plan of the tholic clergy: " In both countries village of Domremy and its envi- the oppressed address, in vain, petirons ; in the second plate is a view tions to the government; their petiof the village and valley of the tions fall into the hands of men Meuse where it is situated; the who, through ignorance, fanaticism, third is the entry to Joan's house, or interest, are resolved to listen to no and the church ; the fourth is the demand of this kind, however just. general view of the church and But in England the constitution monument; the fifth contains a
protects every subject; and, though geometrical plan of the house and less favourable to the Catholic than the habitations surrounding it; also the Protestant, maintains, in some a correct copy of the sculptures, degree, the rights of each. Hungary statue, and inscriptions formerly has her constitution also, but what placed over Gerardin's door, and a difference between the national rewhich are still visible; the sixth presentations of the two countries ! plate represents the general plan of In the two English Houses of Parthe monument, the school, and the liament there are generous voices house of Joan of Arc; the seventh, always ready to speak in favour of which is one of the finest in the misfortune, which also finds a powercollection, is a perspective of the ful support in public opinion. In monument, surrounded by oversha- the Hungarian diet, prelates, richly dowing poplars, and in the distance endowed, intolerant, and unenlightis seen the Meuse, and the moun- ened, exercise a preponderating intains rising on each side of the fluence; the nobles coincide with valley through whieh the river the prelates, and if the Protestants runs; the eighth is the geometrical address themselves to the ministers plan and elevation of the monu- at Vienna, they are sure to find preinent ;' the ninth represents, on a lates, nobles, monks, and chiefs, to large scale, an interior and exterior receive their complaints with indifview of the house; the tenth is the ference. plan, elevation, and cupola of the The Catholic clergy are indefatischool of Mutual Instruction, insti. gable in Hungary in persecuting tuted at Domremy; the last plate the unhappy Protestants, who useis a view of the place at the time of lessly invoke the edict of toleration the inauguration of the monument. promulgated by the Emperor Jo
The work we have just given an seph II. and the constitution which account of deserves, for the beauty secures the liberty of conscience. of its typographical execution, to be If a Protestant and Catholic marry placed in every library by the side
they are almost compelled to educate of the most expensive works; and their children in the Catholic faith; for the subject it treats of, by the intolerant priests oppose the interside of those books which revive in ment of Protestants in Catholic buryevery generous mind the most glo. ing grounds, and brand them with rious recollections,
the name of heretics. When a father, for reasons best known to him.
self, embraces the prevailing religion, Nachrichten über den jetzigen Zus- his children are forced to imitate
tand der Evangelischen in Un- his example; and, if they refuse, garn.
means are used similar to those
practised by Louis IV. who made State of the Protestants in Hungary. converts by the help of his dragoons.
By Gregory de Berzeviczy, 8vo. Priests are seen, accompanied by Leipsick, 1822.
the police, surrounding dying men,
to prevent them from receiving the The Catholic and Protestant re- consolatory aid of their envangelical ligions are in directly opposite situa- pastors. M. de Berzeviczy, an Huntions in Hungary and Great Britain : garian landholder, relates these facts,