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idon Published for the Proprietors of the European Magazine, by Lupton Relte 1.3.Cornhill, July 1.7o




JUNE 1823.



Late Professor of Mathematics in the Royal Miitary Academy, at Woolwich; and Member

of several learned Academies in Europe and America..
(With a Portrait by J. Thomson, from a Bust by S. Gahagan.)

Dr. Charles HUTTON, the dis ing beer presented with a living, tinguished subject of our present resigned the school in Mr. Hatton's memoir, has lately paid the last favour. debt of nature, and according to In the year 1760. Mr. Hutton, after our usual plan, we now give a short residing a few years at Jesmond, biographical sketch of his highly removed to Newcastle, where he soon useful and honourable life, to ac- experienced great encouragernent; company an excellent and faithful and about this time married his first engraved Portrait, which embel- wife. About the yeats 1771, and 1772, lishes our present number. Mr, Hutton was employed by the

Mr. Hutton was born at Newcas- Magistrates of this place, to make tle-upon-Tyne, in Northumberland, an accurate survey of the town and on the 14th Aug. 1737, of respectable, county of Newcastle - upon - Tyne, though not affluent parents. The which he completed with the greatfamily was originally from West- est accuracy; and it was soon after moreland, and had 'the honor of engraved and published, together being connected by marriage with with an abridged account of the that of Sir Isaac Newton. At an history, trade, and population of early age he was sent to a school that curious and extensive place. in his native town, where he soon In consequence of the printing of made a rapid progress in the first Mr. Hutton's works at Newcastle, rudiments of Education. In con- the ingenious artist, Bewick, who sequence of this apparent aptitude was employed in executing the wood to literary distinction, he was con- cuts, emerged from his obscurity, tinued by his parents, though the and became patronized by Dr. Horsyoungest of the family, at country ley, afterwards Bishop of Rochester. schools in the vicinity of Newcastle, Mr. Hutton removed from Newtill he arrived nearly at the age of castle, after a thirteen years' resimanhood.

dence, progressively encreasing in About the eighteenth year of his knowledge and respectability, to the age, having long before lost his fa- Royal Military Academy at Woolther, who was a superintendant of wich, in the spring of the year 1773, mines, and being obliged to resort where he occupied, till within a to some profession, he commenced few years of his death, the head the occupation of a school-master, office in the mathematical departat Jesmond, near Newcastle, the ment, with encreasing credit to master of which, a clergyman, hav- himself and benefit to the public.

Soon after Mr. Hutton's removal pal examiner of the Royal Military to Woolwich, he was appointed by Academy, and also to the East India the Stationers' Company compiler College at Addiscombe. of the Ladies' Diary, witli encreased During this period, as well as emoluments. He also at this pe- previously, he was indefatigable in riod commenced writing accounts rendering kind offices where they of mathematical and philosophical were merited, especially in promotbooks for the periodical Reviews, ing the interest of scientific men, monthly published in London. In and recommending them to situathe first year of Mr. Hutton's resi- tions, where their talents might dence at Woolwich, he was elected prove most beneficial to themselves, a Fellow of the Royal Society, and and to their country. To his rethis honor was conferred totally commendations, as well as to his inunsolicited by and unknown to him- structions, our most eminent scientiself: how honourable and advan- fic institutions have been chiefly intageous to the Society his accession debted for their Professors of Matheproved to be, his numerous and matics, during the last thirty years. valuable communications published He was constantly visited at his in the Philosophical Transactions residence in Bedford-row by an exabundantly testify.

tensive circle of friends: his cheerIn 1779, Mr. Hutton had the fulness and urbanity were uniformhonor of being presented with a ly the same: and, during the last Diploma, constituting him Doctor twelve months of his life, he was of Laws, by the University of Edin often heard to declare, that it was burgh; and he was afterwards one of the happiest years he ever elected Honorary Member of seve- experienced. His death was caused ral learned Societies, both in Eu- by a cold, which brought on a rerope and America.

turn of his pulmonary complaint. In the year 1787, in consequence

His illness was neither tedious nor of the publication of the Elements painful: and his valuable life terof Conic Sections, which was or- minated early on Monday morning, dered to be printed by the Duke of the 27th of January, 1823, in the Richmond, at that time Master- eighty-sixth year of his age. His general of the Ordnance, Dr. Hut- remains were interred in the fainily ton had the honor of being pre- vault at Charlton, in Kent; and his sented to his late Majesty.

funeral was most respectably and In 1806 the Doctor became afflict- numerously attended. ed with a pulmonary complaint, It must be gratifying to the which confined him for several friends of Dr. Hutton to know that weeks; but in the following year he retained his faculties unimpaired he resumed his professional duties. almost to the last ; and that his disHis medical friends, however, ad- solution was apparently without vised him to retire from the labours pain. It is likewise worthy of reof the Academy as soon as it might mark, that, only three days previous be deemed convenient; and, in con- to his death, he received certain scisequence of an application to this entific questions from the Corporaeffect, the Master-General and tion of London, which he answered Board of Ordnance acceded to his immediately in the most masterly wishes, and manifested their appró- manner. These questions related to bation of his long and meritorious the intended arehes of the new Lonservices by granting him a pension don-bridge; and his paper on the for life of 5001. per annum. This subject is considered not only a vaannuity, together with a considera- luable document, but also highly ble property which he had realised, interesting, as being the last prochiefly by his publications, enabled duction of this great man, and at him to retire in very affluent circum- such a period of his advanced age, stances. But in his retirement his and illness. chief employment continued to be Dr. Hutton's character is thus the cultivation and diffusion of use- given in an elegant Memoir of ful science. He officiated for some him, which has been published, time, every half-year, while his by his friend and successor, Ds. health would permit, as the princi- Olinthus Gregory :

“ As a Preceptor, Dr. Hatton Dr. Hatton, as a teacher, professor, was characterized by mildness, kind- and writer, emanate from intellecness, promptness in discovering the tual and moral characteristics, which difficulties which his pupils experi- leannot attempt to delineate fully. enced, patience in labouring to re- Suffice it to say, that he is remarkmove those difficulties, unwearied able for his unassuming deportment, perseverance, and a never- failing for the simplicity of his habits, the love of the art of communicating mildness and equability of his temknowledge by oral instruction. His per, and the permanency and warmth patience, indeed, was perfectly in. of his personal attachment. He owes vincible. No dulness of apprehen- much to an undeviating regularity sion, no forgetfulness in the pupil, in the distribntion of his time, to a ever induced him to yield to irascible correct and tenacious memory, (from emotions, or to forfeit his astonish- which, until he was more than eighty ing power of self-controul. During years of age, scarcely any thing esthe last twenty-five years, I have had caped,) and at the same time, to as the most favourable opportunities steady a practice of tabulating and of acquainting myself with the best classifying memoranda, on all submodes of giving instruction, in the jects of conversation, speculation, University of Cambridge, and in and inquiry, as though he had no other institutions, both public and memory at all. The habits and disprivate; and during much of that positions of many men tend to stifle time I have been extensively en- their genius, and preclude them from gaged in the same profession; but attaining eminence; but the habits I do not hesitate to say, that I have and dispositions of Dr. Hutton bave neither seen, nor have the least con- all contributed to the maturity and ception, of any oral instruction, the perfection of his genius, by supplyexcellencies of which bear any com- ing that admirable stability of pnrparision with those of Dr. Hutton. pose, and continuity of effort, with

As a Lecturer, his manner was which he has always kept it under deliberate and perspicuous, his illus- beneficial discipline.” trations happy and convincing, and During the last year of Mr. his experiments usually performed Hutton's life many of his scientific with neatness and success.

friends, wishing to possess as cor“ As an Author, Dr. Hutton has rect and lasting a resemblance of his long been the most popular of Eng- person as his valuable works exhilish mathematical writers; and there bit of his mind, entered into a subare obvious reasons for this popula. scription for a marble bust, from rity; which promises to be as per which casts might be taken, in any manent as it is extensive. His grand number that might be required. This objects, are utility in the topics of bust has been admirably executed by investigation, simplicity in the mode Mr. Sebastian Gahagan. The subof their attainment or advancement. scription was supported by many of He has a constitutional, and, I be the Doctor's early pupils and friends, lieve, a conscientious, aversion from and numerous eminent persons, who the pedantry and parade of science. appeared happy in thus manifesting He loves science, and he promotes it their respect and gratitude. The for its own sake, and that of its ten- suns subscribed having been found dencies. He never, by affecting to greatly to exceed the disbursements, be abstruse, becomes obscure ; nor the committee resolved to employ does he ever slide into digressions the surplus in executing a medal; for the purpose of shewing how to contain on one side the head of much he knows of other things, be- Dr. Hutton, and, on the other, emsides those that are immediately un- blems of his discoveries on the force der discussion. Hence, he is at once of gunpowder, and the density of concise and perspicuous; and though the earth. These medals have been he evidently writes rather to be use- finely executed by Mr. Wyon, and ful than to obtain celebrity, he has each subscriber to the bust has been procured for himself a reputation, presented with one of them. About such as hundreds, who have written three mouths previous to his death for reputation alone, will never at- the bust was presented to the Doctain.

tor by a committee of the subscri“ The valuable peculiarities of bers; but the medals were finished


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