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only in time to be distributed among it placed in their new and splendid his friends who attended his funeral. Institution, where it will be long

It should not be forgotten, that regarded with pride and veneration. amongst the subscribers to the bust The Doctor always manifested a was the Earl of Eldon, Lord Chan- laudable affection for his pative cellor of England : upon this oc- place, of which he gave a proof casion the Doctor wrote a letter of soon after his retirement from thanks; and a few days after his Woolwich; by investing sams of decease his son, General Hutton, money, for the perpetual support of sent the medal to this highly disa education, &c. at Newcastle. His tinguished nobleman, with an ac- benevolence was extensive : to merit count of the melancholy event. The in distress, and more especially to following letter was written in an- the votaries of science, he was swer to the General; and we insert always a kind friend and benefactor, it here, as not less honourable to bis · Dr. Hutton, although a profound Lordsbip's feelings, than to the me- scholar, and indefatigable in the mory of Dr. Hutton :

pursuits of science, did not consider SIR,

Feb. 3, 1823. it beneath bim to attend to the I request you to accept my very economy and good management of sincere thanks for your communica- his domestic concerns, by which he tion received on Saturday last. was enabled to provide for a large

Full sixty years have passed family in great respectability, and since I had the benefit of your vene to realize a comfortable independrable father's instructions, and that ence; a circumstance which proves benefit I regard as one of the that his great talents were founded many blessings which I have enjoy on VIRTUE, the only principle that ed in life, and of which blessings I could render them permanently bewish I had been more worthy. neficial to HIMSELF, his FAMILY, · I feel very painfully that I did and his CountRY. not wait upon Dr. Hutton personally to thank him for his letter, in LIST OF DR. HUTTON'S WORKS. which he wrote with such remarka- Ist. A little Book on Arithmetic ble and affecting kindness respect for the use of Schools. First printed ing Lady Eldon and myself, --both at Newcastle, in 1764: public aphis pupils. I shall preserve that let probation has carried it through ten ter as a testimony that a person of numerous editions. In printing the his eminence had, through so many first edition of this work, to supply years, recollected us with a sort of the want of proper mathematical parental affection.

types, in so distant a provincial I shall not fail to preserve anxi- town as Newcastle, Mr. H. was ously the medal which you have obliged, with his own band, to cut been pleased to send to me, and for with a pen-knife, on the reversed which I beg you to receive my end of old types, many of the algethanks. To secure to his memory braical characters thai were used in the respect and veneration of his the vulgar fractions, and other parts. country, this memorial was not end. A large Work, on Mensuwanting : be will long be remem ration, afterwards published in 4to. bered by a country so essentially numbers, the last of them in 1770: benetited by his life, and works. printed at Newcastle. So high had

I am, sir, the author's talents risen in public Your obedient

esteem, that more than 1,000,subAnd obliged Servant, scribers encouraged the work, which To Lieut.-Gen.Hutton. Eldon. was peculiarly remarkable for traits

Dr. Hutton was twice married, of genius, industry, and acquaintand left at his decease, one son and ance with the best of the more two daughters: the former is a ancient authors. Lieut.-General in the Army, a mem- 3rd. A re-publication of all the ber of several literary societies, and useful parts of the Ladies' Diaries, has been honoured with the degree from the beginning in 1704, to of LL.D.

1773: published quarterly, in parts, Dr. Hutton bequeathed his mar- beginning in July, 1771, and endble bust to the Literary and Philo- ing in July, 1775. With long and sophical Society of Newcastle. It numerous notes. 5 rols.

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4th. Survey of the Town and : Ilth. The Compendious Measurer ; County of Newcastle -upon-Tyne, a brief, yet comprehensive Treatiseon with an abridged account of the Mensuration, and practical Geome history, trade, and population of try; with an introduction to decithat place, in 1771, or 1772. A very mal and duodecimal Arithmetic, tearned and useful work:

adapted to practice and the use of 5th. The Principles of Bridgess Schools, 1786. Chiefly an abridgcontaining the mathematical demon- ment of his large work on Mensustrations of the properties of the ration. arches, the thickness of the piers, 12th. Elements of Conic Sections, the force of the water against them, with select Exercises in various &c. with practical observations and branches of the Mathematics and directions drawn from the whole. Philosophy, for the use of the 8vo. 1772. A very learned and Royal Military Academy, at Wooluseful work.

wich. I vol. Svo. 1787. 6th. Contributions to Periodical 13th. Mathematical and PhilosoRevienos. * i ***

phical Dictionary, 2 large vols. 4to, 7th. Numerous and valuable 1796, communications, printed in the Phi- 14th. A new Course of Mathelosophicnt Transactions.

matics, composed, and more especi sih. Mathematical and Philoso

ally designed for the use of the phical Tracts. 1 vol. 4to. Gentlemen Cadets, in the Royal

9th. Tables of the products and Military Academy, at Woolwich. powers of numbers, published by 2 vols. 8vo. : order of the Commissioners of 15th. Select Amusements in PhiLongitude. "I'vol. folio, 1781. losophy and Mathematics, from the

10th. Mathematical Tables; con- French of DespiAU, with corrections taining the common hyperbolic, and additions, particularly a large and logistic Logarithms : also Sines, table of the chances or odds at play:

Tangeants, Secants, and versed 1801. Sines, both natural and logarithmic; 16th. An Abridgement of the with several other tables useful in Philosophical Transactions, 18 vols. mathematical calculations : to which 4to. is prefixed a large and original 17th. A Translation of MontuHistory of the discoveries and wri- cla's Recreations in Mathematics and tings relating to those subjects. Natural Philosophy. 1785.

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After the signature of the preli* An interesting article on the minaries of peace in 1801, I spent abovenamed Lady having

appeared some months in France, and had in the third number of « The Libe- frequent opportunities of seeing this ral," perhaps the following addi- lady, and partaking of her hospitational particulars may not prove un lity, both at Paris and at her villa acceptable to your numerous rea- in the valley of Montmorency. At ders:

both those places, though then near- Madame la Comtesse d'Hondetot, ly eighty years old, she collected who, though plain in person, and

around her a circle formed of permore than thirty years old when sons most eminent for literary refirst seen by Jean Jacques Rous- putation; among whom it will be seau, excited by the charms of her sufficient to name the Abbe Morelet, conversation, and the fascination of Mons, and Madame Pastoret, Mons. her manner, the admiration of that and Madame Suard, the Marquis de eccentric being, retained to a very Bonay, and Madame la Comtesse de advanced period of life her peculiar Flahðt, author of Charles et Marie, talent of pleasing and delighting and other popular novels. Madame all who approached her.

d'Houdetot was herself uot the least

distinguished of her society; and and had a command at Martinique her bon mots, her epigrams, and her when that island was captured by rapartees, were the delight of her the British forces. He was conveyguests ; while her habitual sweet- ed to England, and resided several ness of temper, amenity and cheer- years at Lichfield on his parole. ful spirits, gave a constant charm to While he was so detained, it'is creher evening coteries.

ditable to the present Marquis of M. St. Lambert, the object of her Lansdown to state, that his Lordearly attachment, and for whom she ship, who had known his mother at resisted the eloquence and assiduity Paris, made every possible exertion of Rousseau, was, when I had the to procure the liberation of the gehonour of knowing Madame d'Hou neral : he failed in the attempt: and, detot, an inmate in the family, which after a long captivity, Count d'Houthen presented a scene very singular detot did not return to Paris till nearindeed to the eye of an Englishman. ly the conclusion of the last war. His M. St. Lambert had fallen into a son was, during the imperial gostate of mental imbecility, border- vernment, Prefect of Brussels; and ing on idiotey, and, with the caprici- his daughter married the Baron de ousness often remarked in persons Barante, one of the most eloquent labouring under such calamities, speakers in the present French had taken an antipathy to Madame House of Peers. d'Houdetot, whose unwearied atten- Besides M. D'Epinay, Madame tions he received in the most ungra d'Houdetot had another brother, cious manner, while he was, on the who held the office of Introducteur contrary, delighted with those of her des Ambassadeurs in the reiga of husband, who, on his part, with a Louis XVI., and his widow is that generosity. truly French, offered Madame de la Briche whose Sunday every possible mark of kindness to soirces are mentioned by Lady Morhis afflicted guest.

gan, and other travellers, as "affordAt Madame d'Houdetot's parties ing the best specimen of literary and the letters of La Nouvelle Heloise fashionable society in the French were frequently made the subject of Capital. conversation; and I recollect very The only child of Mons. and well, on an English lady observing Madame de la Briche,--and therekow dangerously seductive was the fore the grand-niece of Madame language of those epistles—“What d'Houdetot, -is now the wife of would you have thought,” replied Count Molė, the descendant of the Madame d'Houdetot with a smile of celebrated President of that name, of self-approbation, “ if you had Grand Judge under Napoleon, some known, as I did, that these letters, time Minister of Marine under Louis though nominally addressed to Ju- XVIII., and one of the most distinlie were meant for yourself?”. guished members of the French

It was the rare good fortune of Peerage. this lady, who was more than ninety Perhaps I ought to apologize for years of age at the time of her having troubled you with so long death, to continue till the last mo- an account of this lady's family, ment surrounded by friends and re- but as the celebrity of Rousseau lations: of the former I have alrea- gave her importance, so her own dy spoken, perhaps the following many amiable qualities will excite account of her immediate relations a wish in those who become acmay not be uninteresting.

quainted with her history to know Madame d'Houdetot's only son, something of the society in which who survives her, was already a field she closed the evening of her lengthofficer when the French Revolution ened life. burst forth. Though a member of

I remain, Sir, the ancient Aristocracy he did not

Your obedient Servant, emigrate, but, remaining in the ser

A Traveller. pice, was a general under Napoleon, London, June 24, 1829.



Every one, however slight his that perfection which is seen in many antiquarian knowledge may be, has of these vases ; at the time of the heard of the celebrated painted second they were the scholars and vases, formerly called Tuscan, but imitators of the Greeks which they now Grecian: numbers of which are continued to be; their elegance will found in Campania, Sicily, Magna not allow a supposition that they Grecia, and also in Attica and other were made at the former of these parts of Greece, properly so called : periods; at the latter, the indisputthey represent Grecian mythology able connection of the Tuscans with and customs, and the Greek inscrip- the Grecians, the indications which tions on some of them entitle them these vases possess of a Greek origin, to the appellation of Grecian: be- and the perfection of the Tuscan canse they are also to be met with arts through Grecian masters, en, in Tuscany, and abound more par- tirely remove any foundation to call ticularly in Campania, where the them exclusively Tuscan. That Tuscans twice gained a settlement, vases of more or less elegance are many are induced to think that the found in Tuscany is no objection Grecians had them from the Tuscans, to this hypothesis, for we reply that and therefore call them Tuscan. If the Tuscans took the usages or at the fact is urged that there were no least the perfection and elegance of Tuscans in Sicily and Greece, in the Greeks from Campania or other both of which are abundance of such countries, and in proportion to the vases, it is said in reply that they increase or decay of the Tuscan arts were imported from Tuscany, and they were formed better or worse, some were made for the Greeks with and therefore the locality and the Grecian inscriptions. It is very cer- goodness of the workınanship decide tain that manufactories existed not nothing in favour of their Tuscan only in Campania but in middle origin, but rather turn the balance Tuscany; and especially in Arezzo, in favour of the Greeks. the neighbourhood of which has pro- We will leave the question of their duced some equal to the most beau- origin, which will always be a mat. tifal of Campania.

ter of doubt, and call them ancient The yases discovered under ground painted vases, whilst we proceed to are in great numbers, and are recog; their uses; which we shall divide nized by the faintness of the ground into two classes, the primitive and of the painting, and also of the the secondary. flowers and figures which commonly We are of opinion that their prirepresent the rites and triumphs of mitive use may be conjectured from Bacchus. If we are to judge from the the paintings on them, consisting of places in which they are found, they various representations but vergmay as well be called Greek as Tus- ing to the same point; births, mar, can; and the argument in favour of riages, games, combats, victories, the former acquires a very consider- Philosophers, Bacchanalians and able force, when we consider that Bacchanalian scenes are the chief all the mythological scenes repre. subjects of the pictures on them; sented on them are Grecian, that also sacrifices, libations and other they are used by Grecians, and that sacred ceremonies, together with the the inscriptions on the Campanian common customs of life and the and Sicilian vases are Grecian, whilst deeds of heroes more or less celethere is not one in the Tuscan cha. brated. Various are the explana. racter. Besides, when we consider tions that have been given by dif. the epochs of the first and second ferent antiquaries of these pictures, arrival of the Tuscans in Campania, and the use of the vase according to we are able fully to establish the the painting upon it. From the infacts, that in their first arrival the scription, on some Ho taus Kalos, a Tuscans did not possess the arts in handsome young man, it has been Eur. Mag. June, 1823.


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supposed they were amatory pre- tarcus, and is merely an exclamation sents from the mistress to her lover; to the beauty of Clitarcus drawn by others will have it, that this signi- the painter.” A little before he fies a brave, noble, or celebrated man, says, “the form of the inscribed in which sense the Greeks sometimes Greek letters is very ancient, and not use Kalos, and the Latins egregius, those of Simonides who flourished pulcher, as Servius remarks in the U.C. 350; but the poverty of the words of Virgil, Satus Hercule pul- design and the figures, which are chro pulcher Aventinus : and Florus all in profile, are a sufficient proof says, Hactenus Populus Romanus that it is anterior to his date, and pulcher, egregius, pius atque magni. Lanzi refers it to the first age of ficus. The principal sustainer of Rome.” the amatory 'sense of these words Before we attempt to speak of was the famous Lanzi, in his book their use let us consider what rede' vasi antichi dipinti detti volgar- mains to be said of the word Raros. mente Etruschi. We shall in this The celebrated antiquary, David place insert the words of Onofrius Akerblad, thus wrote in the year Boni, who gives a just tribute of 1809: “ The discussion about the praise to Lanzi, in his learned ana

painted vases with de Rossi" has

been exceedingly interesting, and I brated cup, in the possession of Maz- might say new; perhaps there are zocchi, affords a clue to the expla- few literati in Italy who are aware nation of the painting; on the in- of the value of his remarkable colsides of the vases, which are much lection, which must be of the greatest more difficult to decipher than the service to the arts and sciences. If outsides. In the inside of this cup you should have occasion to mention is represented a young man sitting the various inscriptions which make down, wrapped entirely in a cloak, this collection of so much value, you and a cloth on his head, in the act may say meo periculo, that Ho mais of listening to another young man Kalos, which is met with on one or half naked, who by his gesture ap- two distæ (cups with handles) and a pears instructing the former, with patera (goblet) is not singular, as I the inscription Opoa Bello. Maz

Maz- have met with it on different vases zocchi is content with giving the in Italian collections as well as besame name Opoa, to every tigure yond the mountains. As this forpainted on the convex or outward mula was very common among the part, and leaves it to be elucidated ancients, on that account it might by antiquaries. Lanzi does the same, have been negligently written; and and thinks it is a word of much the the learned who are fond of involvšame signification as the Latin quin- ing themselves in the midst of obquertium, which signifies the five scurity, whilst they neglect what is games of the palæstra, leaping, run- plain and simple, have done so parning, throwing the discus, hurling ticularly in this inscription. Mazthe spear, and wrestling. The word zocchi, interpreting it on a patera or name Opoa, repeated on every when it is five times repeated, makes vase with five figures, shews that the out the barbarous name Ho Toas or person excelleď in all the exercises

roas; and Lanzi, without giving of the gymnasium."

himself any trouble for further Lanzi adds many thing in his search, thinks it represents a beauwork to prove the amatory sense of tiful youth from Opoa, which cer. the word Kalos of the Agrigentine tainly never existed.' In the Royal vase. Boni, in the place before Museum at Florence, there is a vase mentioned says, " its inscriptions on which the great Visconti reads are two : one signifies, Talides made Καϊηος Καλος; nor has Lanzi or any this, which being repeated on the other a better opinion, the words inside, and outside, means that the preceding Kalos being very much artificer was pleased with his work: effaced; but we think that instead the other, over a young man, stand- of Kainos Kamos was written Kalos ing by himself and holding the beam Kalos, as in the vase which we shall of a pair of scales, whose counte- mention hereafter. That this word nance is more highly finished than Kanos refers to bravery rather than ordinary, is, to the handsome Cli- to beauty, can be proved, by obsery

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