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when the kiss was imprinted, but where the sense and matter are too breaks out into an exclamation strong and full, it were good to which, while it deprecates our withdraw some of the effective words, knowledge of the reality, implies and relieve the weight of the verse by the impossibility of description.- substituting a few harmonious epiAs for the mother's feelings, 'tis thets. Wherever many parts enter merely “ her heart was woe ;” not into the composition of a verse the the seat of woe, nor distracted by a rules of just symmetry are to be obthousand woes. is these bursts served; and if different members ar of nature, these unlaboured starts required to succeed one another in of genuine sentiment, that consti- three or more clauses, they should tute the attractions of the simple rise on each other to the end with elegy.
increasing length, aud produce a Elegance, neatness, delicacy, are well sounding climax at the close of all terms appropriated to express the period. what we mean by the last feature Of the poets in the English lanwhich we have marked out. In guage, Mr. Thomas Moore, the most order to view the subject of elegance illustrates this head; one whom wriin the light it deserves it will be ters were never more happy than in necessary to refer to those points comparing to the “ learned Catulwhich constitute its principles. It lus.” But our concern is not with is that which, perhaps, most of the the ancients, or we might draw unthree ingredients of poetry, admits numbered illustrations from them: of deliberate attempts at its acqui- it is to our own poets only that we sition, and may either present it must be understood throughout this self in some persons as natural and writing to confine ourselves. Walinborn, or in others as the effect of ler, and Otway and Rowe, poets of a attention and study. On this ac receding age, put in their pretencountits principles are less obvious or sions, but they have not always the discernible than in the other cases, lovely naïveté which Mr. Moore's though not placed beyond the reach lines display, and we will not coun. of a discriminating mind. They tenance the existence of the one of seem chiefly to centre in the follow these without the other. Wordsing maxims; that there should not worth is sometimes elegant, and his be too much por too little, that pro- elegance is the more commendable priety and decorum should be sa as it is the elegance of truth, and credly observed, and that harmony feeling. The following extract from should be called in to assist the dis- his works is a testimony of the eleposition of words, in themselves gant, both in sentiment and exprespleasing and fuent. The first in
sion : consequence among its elements is, that the poet should have a habit of “Dear native regions, I foretel thinking concisely, and of painting From what I feel at this tarewell, his thoughts in words not too nume
That wheresoe'er my steps shall tend, rous nor too scanty for the occasion.
And whensoe'er my course may end, This wears a better aspect as a natural My soul shall cast the backward view, gift than in the forms which result The longing look alone on you. from study directed to the subject. The sentence should also be terse and Thus, when the sun, prepar'd for rest,
Has gain'd the precincts of the West; compact, its members should be well Though his departing radiance fail joined, and the whole easily, per- T' illuminate the hollow vale, vaded by the line of sense which is
A lingeriog light be fondly throws to run from the commencement to On the dear bills where first he rose." the end. No disjointed apothegm, after the sense is complete, should be Mr. Montgomery deserves the triallowed to be tacked to the sentence
bute of admiration : “Notes of sorlike a rider to a bill in parliament, row,” indeed, he sings, and notes of and drag along its unnecessary melancholy; but notes conceived in length to the violation of all pro- delicacy, and with delicacy exportion. Redundancies are to be re- pressed. moved by the pen as vigorously as These then are the three great a tumour by the penknife, and even springs (to use Longinus's words) Eur. Mag. June, 1823.
of that which so much captivates Much of this nature is the parody mankind. We think that they com- which we only spare in consideration prehend all features which enter to the feelings of those higher cha. into the frame of verse, and that there racters who have occasionally fallen are none which may not, on consi« into its use, but have doubtless since deration, be found referable to them. regretted it. We, in our humble There is a species of poetical writ. judgment, consider it unworthy a ing, which is not directly regarded wise man's pusuit, and we confess in this essay, which is best desig- that it is occasion of sorrow to nated the ingenious; but of this we us when we see the beacons of shall observe, that it exists more in human intellect engaged in the wit than genius ; light and distin. prosecution of it. It implies no su. guished by no mark, like an exha- periority of genius, but only an Iation escaping from the upper story exuberant imagination, and the of the brain, and not from the no. time spent on these light conceits bler apartments. This has no other would be well given to some conrecommendation than the mere chi nected work of a higher order, canery of art, and holds the same which may wear a character of res. rank among the orders of writing pectability as well as originality, that a petifogging attorney does and lay claim to the serious examiamong the characters of the world.
nation of posterity.
Here calm as the wave of the untroublid ocean,
When tempests that roar have subsided to rest;
The fiercest that rises and sinks in the breast.
How mild was that bosom, how lovely that beauty !
Ah, why did she perish so early in life?
Affection was stronger-she sunk in the strife.
O Love! round thy bowers dark cypress is wreathing,
Thy surest interpreter is a deep sigh:
So fatal that they who inhale it must die!
No more will the billows of life's stormy ocean
Roll on in their fury to heighten her woes ;
Before the bright throne in the land of repose,
SKETCHES OF SOCIETY AND MANNERS IN LONDON
From Sir CHARLES DARNLEY, Bart, to the MARQUIS DE VERMONT.
Paris. be present. The entertainment conMY DEAR DE VERMONT,
sisted of dramatic scenes represented Ir grieves me to observe, that, by machinery, affording what you in spite of all which this country call des Tableaux Parlants. While has suffered from the tyrapny of a
the inventor confined himself to exmilitary government, the taste of hibitions of his skill, however ingethe people is unaltered, and that nious, which had no allusion to dreams of warlike glory still haunt France or military fame, his efforts their imaginations. Apathy and to amase the spectators were received indifference prevail universally on with chilling indifference, but when all other topics; but whenever, either at last he brought before them Les in public or in private, the smallest François au Champ de Mars, every allusion is made to the heroic days eye was fixed in mute attention, and of victorious France, the right chord every hand was raised to greet with is touched, joy sparkles in every loud applause a scene so Aattering countenance, party distinctions are to the vanity of the nation. They forgotten and the enthusiasm be- availed themselves of the first opcomes general. Scarcely a day has portunity which occurred of testifypassed away since my arrival at ing their approbation, and it was one Paris, without affording me soine which showed how much all consi. fresh proof of this characteristic derations, including even a respect trait. The old noblesse, though in- for religion, are undervalued when dignant if a foreigner speaks with putin
opposition to“ desert in arms." the smallest respect of the genius of A French soldier, fully accoutred, Buonaparte, or the talents of his approaches the cave of a magician, Marshals, will yet condescend, when and begs to borrow a candle, which boasting of the valour of their coun. is brought by the devil himself in try, to mention the achievements of propria persona, and le brave miliboth, as demonstrating that under taire, unawed by the sudden appearevery change of government the anceof his Satanic Majesty, lights his French soldier is invincible. If one pipe, with becoming sang-froid, at venture to hint that the battle of the offered taper, while thunders of Waterloo, to which the present King enthusiastic applause burst from the owes his restoration, contradicts the well-plea sed crowds assembled on assertion, they contend that the, the occasion. misfortunes of the hard-fought day Figures of various heroes, bewere all occasioned by the rashness ginning with Henri IV., were then of the Commander, and the over- brought forward. They were next whelming force opposed to bim. individually put in motion, and
The most inveterate enemy of the made to march by the delighted auBourbon dynasty is equally careful dience in military array. All of not to omit the names of the Cheva. these received in turn 'some loud lier Bayard, Henry IV., or Marshal testimony of approbation; but when Turenne, in counting up the heroes at length the soldier, who so fearof his beloved country, and their lessly had lighted bis pipe at the glories are no less considered as na candle of the devil, exclaimed, le tional, than those of Pichegru, Da- souvenir de la gloire passée, est la mourier, Ney, or Napoleon. promesse de la gloire à venir, no
Among various other instances of language can describe the arthe anabated passion for military dour with which a sentiment, so fame which I have remarked, I shall calculated to raise the drooping mention what occurred a few even- spirits of the French, was received. ings since, at the opening of M. Le From this scene, and from many Compte's new Theatre, in the Rue similar ones which I have witnessed Moni Thabor, when I happened to during my stay in this capital, I ans
disposed to conclude that nothing like the poor valet de chambre whom is still so dear to the heart of a I just mentioned, torn from their Frenchman as military fame. Nor homes by the tyrannical law, which does this ruling passion seem at all obliged every man to become a solsubdued, either by the iron despotisın dier in his turn at a particular age. of Buonaparte, the domestic mise. Drawn perhaps in chains to the ries which the Law of Cooscription army, and forced to join the ranks so generally diffused, the tremen of their countrymen, they by dedous and wide-spread havoc of the grees contracted military habits and fatal retreat from Moscow, or by military sentiments. From privates, the mortifications and sufferings becoming subalterns; and from suwhich ended with the last occupa.
balterns, officers of distinguished tion of Paris by the forces of the rank; by and bye they lost all their allied Sovereigns. Indeed, I am early predilections, and ended in assured that one great cause of the being completely identified with the uniform success, which so long fame and fortunes of the once mighty crowned the arms of France, was Emperor. the prevalence of this feeling in the To conquer this military spirit breast of all those who joined the seems to be not the least of the difwarlike bands, and which neither ficult tasks which Louis XVIII. has party prejudices, nor private suffers to perform. Though nothing would ings, were strong enough to eradi. make his Majesty so popular among cate or even to diminish. A lady of bis subjects in general as a declathe ultra-royalist school tells me, ration of war, he knows very well, that when a favourite servant of her's that if he attempted to gratify this was compelled to change her service wish of mortified national vanity, it for that of his country, he was at would probably end, not only in his first very violent, and swore that, own ruin, but in the dismeinberment though he might be forced to carry of his still extensive empire. a musket, no buman power should Were he to change his course, one compel him to level it against those of two things seems inevitable :who were engaged in what he and either the allied Sovereigns, marchhis employers called la bonne cause. ing for the third time to Paris, would It happened, however, that he no lay waste this beautiful capital, and sooner put on his uniform than he divide amongst them this unhappy forgot all these angry professions, country, or the general whom he and behaved himself with peculiar employed, crowned with victory and yalour in the field.
supplanting him in the affections of When he returned in triumph to his people, would soon become anhis native village, his former mistress other Napoleon; France would be asked how he could reconcile his again exposed to military despotism, behaviour with his principles. “ Ah! and the rest of the earth run the Madame," exclaimed he, “ il faut risk of sharing a similar fate. From me pardonner, le François est tou- either of these evils, both as an Eng. jour François, et quand il se trouve lishman and a citizen of the world, devant l'ennemi il n'a qu'un parti à I must say, the Lord defend us.” prendre-vaincre ou mourir.'
Though I reluctantly introduce Such was the usual mode of rea the subject of politics in our corressoning among all classes of this pondence, I could not help mentionwarlike people, not only in the ing a circunstance which constitutes lowest but also in the highest ranks so striking a feature in the character of society; and the names of many of your countrymen. I will not, young men have been mentioned to however, allow even la gloire Franme of your most illustrious houses, çoise to tempt me to lengthen this who are now officiers à demi-solde, setter, so adieu, and still firmly attached to the cause
And believe me ever yours, of Buonaparte; they were at first,
* Written during the administration of M. de Cazes-Little did the author then anticipate that that favourite minister was soon to be changed for one of directly opposite opivions, and that the latter would advise his Sovereign to commence the most unjust of all wars, and perhaps the only war which would have been unpopular in France,
From the MARQUIS DE Vermont to StR CHARLES DARNLEY, Bart.
London. the feelings of the nation had been MY DEAR DARNLEY,
excited, and once excited you beYes, you are quite right come no less enthusiastic than ourmilitary glory is the prevailing pas- selves; and in this enthusiasm the sion of every Frenchman's breast; commonest English peasant bears but though this passion may occa his share po less than the proudest sionally lead us into unpardonable peer. Indeed, nothing delights me excesses, and may have been the more than to witness the anxiety principal cause of all our late public with which the daily pewspaper (the calamities, recollect that we owe to welcome visitor of John Bull's breakit also many of the best traits in our fast-table,) is expected by all the national character. Not to speak of inhabitants of this overgrown city ; the achievements of our illustrious from the Duke in Grosvenor-square, countrymen, which fill so proud a to the Cobler in St. Giles's. page in the annals of Europe, the By the interest with which I find urbanity of manner which pervades every particle of news is discussed, all classes of our people; the high' even at a time of profound peace, I spirit which they have displayed on easily conjecture with what tremevery occason, and a certain gene- bling anxiety, political intelligence rosity of sentiment which is seldom must have been looked for when separated from real valour, may all you and we were struggling for the be traced to this predominating im- empire of the world. Are we not pulse. The jealousy of a standing then disputing about words? The army, which the particular principles Frenchman is always ready to draw of your constitution and the general his sword, when he sees, or fancies love of freedom alike inspire, has that he sees, an opportunity of enprevented the English from being creasing the military renown of his actuated by a similar feeling. But beloved country; and the Briton is if the desire of military farne ani, no less zealous to revenge the supmates but a small portion of the in- posed wrongs, or supposed insults, habitants of Britain, the love of of that England, whose interests country supplies its place in the and credit seem as dear to its inbabreast of all: whenever the honour bitants as their own private ones, of the united empire is really, (or So strongly indeed do all classes imagined to be) concerned, every identify themselves with the public, purse is opened, and every hand is that I am persuaded no veteran of raised in its defence. Indeed, so Buonaparte's body-guard ever boastvery warmly and so unanimously ed more vainly of the victories of do you think on these subjects, that Jena, Marengo, Fleurus, or Austerit is extremely easy for any minister, litz, to which he personally contriby a pretended tale of asserted in- buted, than does the London tradessult, to rouse you into foreign hos man at this moment, who never cartility, however unwise, unnecessary, ried a firelock in his life, of the bator contrary to your real interests tle of Waterloo. In every district such a step may be.
of London I find Waterloo-street, Though, towards their conclusion, Waterloo - hotels, Waterloo acadeboth the first American, and the two mies, Waterloo pot-houses, Waterloo Jast French wars, became unpopular, eating-houses, and Waterloo shops it is quite certain, that in the com of all orders and descriptions; while mencement of each, the people fully your ladies still wear Waterloo bonconcurred in the course taken by the nets, and your gentlemen Wellington government; and, in spite of all the boots, and I am assured that in the declamation against the corruption most distant parts of England these of Parliament, had your representa- favourite names are repeated again tives been the freest in the world, I and again in every city, town, and suspect the minister would have village; nay, even your stage coaches equally received their support; for borrow a military name from this