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Salisbury' churches' are examples. closes with Bernini; the most emiThe chief characteristic of the socond trent artist of the seventeenth cenorder is the perfeet or equilateral tary. His contemporary, and enviarch, the reign of which was from ous rival, Boromini, was the corthe end of the thirteenth until after raptor of Architectural taste, and the middle of the fifteenth century. baried the legitimate forms of art To this order, York Minster, and under the most absurd and incredithe naves of Winchester and Canter.' ble caprices. bury cathedrals belong. The cha- Pierre Lescot, who fourished in racteristic of the third order is the the beginning of the sixteenth cen. obtuse arch, which grew into fashion tary, was the first French Architect about the last-mentioned period, and who abandoned what was called the Justed antil the downfall of pointed Gothic for the revived antique style. Architecture itself, in the middle of: To the restoration of the genuine the sixteenth century, overloaded principles of Architecture, Philibert with ornament and having lost its de Lorme, who lived in the same. original character of majesty and age, mainly contributed. But per: awfulness. The finest specimens of haps the greatest architectural gethis third order are the Royal Cha. nius that France ever produced was pels of St. George at Windsor, of Francois Mansart, born in 1598. King's College at Cambridge, and The Chateau de Maisons, near St. of Henry the Seventh at Westmins Germain, is one of his chef d'euoter. From about the beginning of res. Francois Mansart is, however, the reign of Edward VI. until the reproached with a want of stability introduction of the pure Greciar in his ideas, which caused him style, a truly barbarous taste in Ar.
to make frequent alterations in the chitecture prevailed.
execution of his works, and pre- Brunelleschi, born in 1377, and vented him from being employed in who, having examined and mea« some of the greatest andertakings sured the ruins of Rome with ext of his age. His nephew, Jules Hartreme diligence, discovered the or- douin Mansart, exeouted the palace ders and recognised the rules of the of Versailles, St. Cyr, the Place and art, which he subsequently applied Church of the Invalids, and the in his own works, may be regarded other principal works of the magnias the founder of modern Architec- fievnt reign of Louis XIV. The ture. One of his greatest performa facade of the Louvre, one of the ances is the cupola of the vast cathe most beautiful examples of modern dral of St. Maria dei Fiore, at Flo- Architecture, was the production of rence. Bramante, following, Bru Claude Perrault. The only remainnelleschi's example in the sedulous iag French Architects deserving no. stady of the remains of antiquity, cice are Blondel, who built the cerestored to Architecture the taste lebrated Porte St. Denis, and Sou: and beauty which had been so long flot, the Architect of the Church of absent from her works. Julius 11: St. Genevieve, at Paris. having formed the project of re- England can boast of only two building the basilica of St. Peter on illustrious names in this importano a plan of unequalled magnificence, branch of the fine arts. The first entrusted the execution to Bramante is that of Inigo Jones, born in 1572; in 1513. Unfortunately, however, the restorer of ancient Architecture the artist did not possess the prace in this country; and who, as he tice as well as the theory of his art; was the earliest, may also be reand the vast undertaking in question garded as the greatest English Ar: was carried on by Raphael, Sanchitect. The Hospital at Greenwich, Gallo, and Michael Angelo ; to and the Banqueting-house at Whitewhom the final design of the edifice hall, are among the most celebrated is principally due. Architecture of his works. The other name is continued to flourish in Italy, under that of Sir Christopher Wren, who the great names of Vignola, Seolio has left many monuments of his Palladio, and Scamozzi; all of talent and scientific skill, the most whom served their art by their writ- striking of which is the noble and ings as well as by their bulldings. venerable Cathedral of St. Paul's, The list of good Italian architects
EXHIBITION OF DRAWINGS AND ENGRAVINGS SY BRITISH ARTISTS,
This is the second Exhibition white chalk Of these, “The Lake which the patriotism and love of of Nenie?? is the most elaborate. art of Mr. W. B. Cooke has induced
BARRY, – Two large, bold and him to open to the public, at his re- masterly drawings in pen and ink. sidence in Soho-Square;--Although The one, “ The Baptism of our
Sawe must admit, that the collection viour, the other, a design from of Drawings and Engravings is not Paradise Lost." They are noble such as to afford a completely ade specimens of that eccentric and exquate notion of the excellence to traordinary artist's powers. which Drawing (or rather Water, GIRTIN.-The Exhibition is afcolour Painting and Engraving fuent in the works of this father of
) (especially the former) have attained transparent water-colour painting; in this country and although we there being no fewer than eight;
; must allow that the present Exhibi- every one a treasure. Were we tion is less rich in first-rate speci- called upon to select any of them mens of both arts than that of last we should, perhaps, give the preyear, we nevertheless consider it to ference to the “Cottage Scene in be a highly interesting Exhibition, the vicinity of Leatherhead," and and one which every body ought to « Chelsea Reach, looking towards yisit, who is so fortunate as to pos- Battersea." The fulness and flusess taste, leisure, and a splendidency
and sappiness of Girton's pen
cil, and the apparent ease with which The Collection is disposed in three he produced the most powerful and rooms on the first floor. The largest, faithful effects of nature by ordinary which is in front, is filled with the and simple means, have, in our opiproductions of the pencil; the two nion, never been rivalled. others, with those of the etching, PAUL SANDBY.-Five. drawings, point, graver, and burnisher. of various descriptions, but all finely
We have rarely seen any exhibi- illustrative of the old style of watertion in the Metropolis uniting the colour painting. We were the most works of so many artists, living pleased with Windsor Terrace ;" und dead. The number of articles although its elevated, and, at the in the catalogue is 452,--that of same time, perpendicular situation painters and engrayers above 160, in the room is injurious to the perIt is obvious, that we must confine spective, the horizontal line being ourselves to brief notices of com. very low. The " Full-length Porparatively a few of these perform trait of Francis Grose, Esq.” is a ances; and we trust that our doing yery characteristic representation of so will be ascribed, not to a disposi- the humourous antiquary, whose tion to neglect any one, but to its conviviality, and good fellowship sole motive, necessity. And first are so happily described by Burns: for “ the mighty dead.'
Bot port, O port}shine thou a wee, PAINTERS AND DRAUGHTSMEN. And then, ye'll see him!"
SIR Joskus REYNOLDS. - Only two drawings; and those small and Cozens.-Four drawings by this slight. The one "A Female,” hung able artist, who was the inventor of too high for minute observation; the what might be called 'fortuitous other, "A Peasant Girl," consisting effects. It was his usage to splash simply of a few hasty lines, in pen paper at random with Indian ink, and ink, on what seems the back of and then to avail himsel of the accia pannel, but so full of taste and dental compositions thereby, profeeling as to be abundantly indica- duced, both of form and of chiarotive of the master,
scuro, and to work thein up into WILSON.-Seven first thoughts picturesque beauty. for pictures; chiefly in black and LOÚTHERBOURG. -Two gross eari
catures, improperly denominated in dame de Sablonkoff. In common the catalogue · Characters."
with all the accomplished President's Monro.-Alas! poor Henry Mon- works, it exhibits great taste, dero! “I knew him, Horatio ; he was licacy, and elegance. The details are a fellow of infinite jest, of most exelaborately gone into; and the ex'cellent fancy.” Well do we remem- ecution is of a character so tender, ber how his untimely death" eclipsed that in less 'able hands it might
the gaity" of the Model Academy, easily have degenerated into timidity
ge- not so largely as last year. There neral knowledge. The “ Studies of are nine drawings from his masterly Two OldWomen"are in his favourite pencil; some of them of a very old style of drawing ;-a pen and ink date. We were most struck with the effect, on grey paper, mellowed by Rainbow ; a View on the Rhine," black chalk, and heightened with and St. Agatha's Abbey, near Rich white.
mond in Yorkshire.” The former (a BAXTER.-- Another young man of small drawing) is exquisitely finislie 'considerable talent, who found a ed; but retains all that breadth and prémature grave. Unable to obtain that daring juxta-position of cold and employment in London, he was warm hues for which Mr. Turner is so driven into the proyinces, and after celebrated; the latter is of a larger wandering for some years, fell a size, and is certainly one of the most victim to anxietyand ill health. Inces. admirable specimens of the artist: sant repetition had made him so dex. The profound and extraordinary terous in the management of water knowledge which it displays of the colours, as applied to the imitation of tones and effects of nature, seen still-life, that in an hour he could com- under circumstances of peculiar plete a drawing having the appear- beauty, strikes the spectator at first ance of an elaborate finish, which it sight; and the happy facility, with must have required several days to which that knowledge is manifested, produce. There are six pieces by becomes more and more facinating him in the preseut Exhibition. Those the longer the drawing is contem; representing". Fruit” and “Flowers”' plated. * Dover Castle," which from are remarkably delicate and beauti- its place in the room appears to have ful; 'but his two “ Drawings of the been considered Mr. Turner's chef Portland Vase!' are absolutely fac d'ouvre, is not so great a favourite similes of the original. Nothing of ours as either of the drawings to can be more exquisite in their way. which' we have alrcady adverted.
There is something in the effect of
it, which reminds us too immediately
excellent artist are most successfully We proceed to take a rapid survey displayed in two of the four produeof some of the productions of living tions of his which enrich the colleco artists.
tion; we mean those “ From the De:
cameron' of Boccacio.” It is in such PAINTERS AND DRAUGHTSMEN. subjects that, liberated from the ne
Sir T. LAWRENCE, .“ Female cessity of servile adherence to comhead-a Study." A delightful draw- mon and every-day nature, and al. ing, en profile, in black chalk, here lowed to indulge the suggestions of and there warmed with red, of Ma- a refined and poetical imagination
Mr.Stothard especially distinguishes from bis picture of " The Crowning himself.
of Henry VIII. and Francis I. as L. CLENNELL.-The arts suffered Victors at the Tournament of the much by the melancholy occurrence Cloth of Gold," by J. STEPHANOPF; whick withdrew Mr. Clennell from four very deceptive pen and ink the practice of his profession. The drawings, in imitation of prints, by snall drawing of " A Sportsman in W. Smith; a beautiful miniature e Stori," is a gem. The cowering study after one of Sir Joshua's feof the horseman, to avoid the blast male portraits, by G. R. Ward, &c. and the shower, is most characteristically expressed; and indeed every
ENGRAVERS, touch in the drawing contributes to Our limits will not permit us to the production of one simple and enter into any detailed account of consistent impression.
the numerous engravings by living W. Collins." View on the River artists. In one department of this Brent." A drawing of great vigour valuable art, England may safely and freshness. Perhaps some of the challenge the competition of the shadows are a little too black. But world; we mean in the engraving allowance must be made for its rela. of small landscape, which has of tive situation.
late years rapidly approximated to Edwin LANDSEER.—This young perfection. Soine of the most charmartist's excellence in apimal painting and incontrovertible proofs of ing has been sufficiently manifested the truth of this assertion are to be in the pictures, which he has at va- found in the present Exhibition, in rious times exhibited in the British the productions of W. B. COOKE, Gallery and at Somerset House. W. Cooke, jun., G. Cooke, J.C. Here he has two small works; the Allen. F. C. Lewis, J. BYRNE, R. one“ A Terrier's Head,” full of life Wallis, &c. Vignette engraving and spirit; the other “ A Blood. has also arrived at great excellence. bound from Nature" curiously exe- J. LANDSEER, C. Rolls, and J. cuted, with a well-reconciled mixture Scott have distinguished themof opaque and transparent colour. selves in that line, The mezzo
W. Havell.-We were much de- tinto engravings on steel, by T. Tighted to meet with three drawings LUPTON and C. Turner, are sinby our old friend; one of them, gularly interesting, on account both « Keswick Lake, Cumberland,” emin of their intrinsic merit, and of their nently beautiful. When will he re- being the earliest specimens of an turn to England ? It appears to us invention of incalculable importance. to be a great stain upon the cha- We were much pleased and flattered racter of this country for good taste, to see the graphic illustrations of that so skilful a delineator of Bri- the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE for the tish scenery should find it more ad- last six or seven months, by J. vantageous to devote himself to por THOMSON, (especially the “Psyche") trait-painting in Calcutta.
holding a high rank among the best But we must cease to be particu- efforts of the stipple style of enlar, and must be content with ob- graving. serving generally, that, among many A word of friendly advice to Mr. other interesting productions, there Cooke before we part. If, as we are three or four clear and broad trust he will, he should open his drawings by S. PROUT; two deep rooms again next year at the same and powerful landscapes by the Rev. season, we strongly recommend to Joun Eagles; an admirable little him to adopt some means of renderlake-view, by J. SwINBURNE, Esq. ; ing them more comfortable. One a sketch, replete with taste, repre- small fire, in the centre apartment, senting "A Girl burning a Love is quite insufficient to heat the whole letter," by R. DAGLEY; a strong re- suite. The front room especially (in semblance of Mrs. Orger, by J. consequence, probably, of the open Jackson ; a careful study for the house-door underneath) is intolerold head introduced in his picture of able. We passed an hour in it, on « The Cut Finger," by D. WILKIỂ ; one of the severe mornings of last some elever sketches and views, by L. month; and, notwithstanding our Francia; an exquisite little drawing ardour for the Fine Arts, we were Eur. Mag, Jan. 1823.
frozen into an icicle, which it took fied or exhibited only when the posseveral basins of scalding mock- sessor or professor of it is at perfect turtle, administered at the nearest ease, and in perfect comfort. As, coffee-house, to thaw. It is true that, on the day to which we have alluded, in the absence of more material we looked around on our shivering, flame, one of Turner's most warm blue-nosed fellow sufferers, we could and glowing works is hung over the scarcely refrain frou quoting litefire-place. But who can
rally the lines which Mr. Shee, in
his admirable “ Remonstrance of -wallow naked in December's a Painter," wrote in metaphorical show,
despondence :By thinking on fantastic summer's heat?"
“ In vain art's toiling sons their stores
unfold, Taste, real or assumed, is a very Each eye is vacant, and each heart is luxurious quality, it can be grati- cold!”
INTELLIGENCE RELATIVE TO THE FINE ARTS, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC.
M. Vernet not having been able nysius; but on the contrary, he to procure adımittance in the last finds her such as she is represented exhibition of the Fine Arts at by Guido and the modern artists. Paris for one of his new pictures, As for the composition employed in on account of its subject, has this picture, he quotes the observawithdrawn all his works except tions of the Count de Caylus, who the Shipwreck of his Grandfather, says, that the caustic was used by which belonged to the establishment the ancients on wooden tablets, and of the King's household, and he that they were not acquainted with exhibits them at his own house. slate ; caustic being revived and in
The Encaustic Picture of Cleopa- troduced by the Count de Caylus tra.—This picture, drawn on slate, since 1754, and brought to perfecrepresents Cleopatra at the time tion by Requeno, and by Fabbrini when she is bitten by the asp on her and Parenti, both of Florence; it left breast. M. Luigi Micheli, to is his opinion that this etching bewhom this etching belongs, has had longs to one of the two latter. This it examined by the Marquis Ridolfi, picture, the subject of chemical and a learned cheniist. M. Ridolfi thinks antiquarian researches, is now at he can recognize in it a precious mo- Paris, where the question which has nument of art anterior to the decline divided the Italians will no doubt of painting. He even supposes it be solved. probable it belonged to Tymomacus
The celebrated series of paintings of the school of Apelles, and whom by Rubens, allegorically illustrating Plutarch mentions. M. Zanuoni, a the reign of Henry IV. of France well known antiquary of Florence, and Mary de Medici, which origiis of a contrary opinion, and as- nally decorated the gallery of the signs a' very modern date to the palace of the Luxemburgh, is now work in question. He remarks, that removed to the Louvre. the features bear no resemblance to Signor Artaria, of Milan, intends those of Cleopatra on the ancient to publish a collection of portraits Latin and Greek medals: where she of the most celebrated living Italian is never represented with a crown of composers, musical professors, and says, nor is the arrangement of her singers. The portraits will be exehair or dress, &c. similar to this cuted by the niost distinguished arpicture; and that the wound pro- tists of the Academy of Fine Arts duced by the asp is no proof. M. at Brera. The collection will be Zannoni cannot recognize in this, divided into twelve numbers, each the Cleopatra of Plutarch and Dio- of which will contain four portraits.
All communications relative to the FINE ARTs are requested to be sent before the 20th of the month.