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Fine Arts.


The first number has appeared, and success to drawing. This princess deserves much credit.

has just finished an oil painting of The Electress of Hesse still con- St. Elizabeth, which has obtained tinues to devote herself with great universal applause.


Mr. Gibson, a young sculptor of infant Society is honoured with the great promise and an Englishman, patronage of the President and Counhas been studying two years at cil of the Royal Academy. Rome. His first essay was a Psyche A National Museum of Art.-Engborne by the Zephyrs, which is very land is the only State in Europe which fine: he has executed it in marble does not possess a national Collection for Sir George Beaumont. The of Pictures. The King, it is said, has expression, the beauty of form, and expressed a wish, that a National the delicate contour of this statue Museum should be erected, to wbich upite to make it a chef d'oeuvre. the public should have free access. Upon the recommendation of Ca- His Majesty bas promised to contrinova, who highly esteemed the ta- bute the private Collection at Carllents of this young artist, the Duke ton Palace, besides a selection from of Devonshire commissioned him to the Palaces of Kensington, Hamptonexecute Love disarming Mars. Mr. court, and Windsor, including the Gibson has just finished a model in matehless Cartoons by Raphael.plaster, of Paris presenting the Apple The plan is to be carried into effect to Venus. He has also composed under the direction of a Committee a model of a Nymph dressing her- of taste, and a power given by Parself, which he is executing in marble liament, with certain funds, in order for Watson Taylor, esq:

to make purchases either abroad or Every lover of the Fine Arts will at home. ---Chambers are to be erected visit the Exhibition of Drawings in to contain the Elgin and Phygalian Soho-square with great pleasure; Marbles, and all the rare Works of it comprises choice specimens of the Art now in the British Museum. works of many distinguished pain. The following Engravings from ters of the British School. In proof the works of British Artists either of departed excellence, there are are, or will shortly be ready for the works of Wilson, Gainsborough, publication :Barry, Cipriani, Sandby, Hamilton, May Day in the Reign of Elizabeth, Loutherbourgh, and Cosway, with from a picture by C. R. Leslie, which some noble proofs of the pure style our readers will recollect was exhiof Thomas Girtin; a

name that

bited at Somerset-House.
must be for ever dear to the true Lovers' Quarrels, from a very
lovers of English landscape. There pleasing picture exhibited by G. S.
are also some fine drawings of Sir Newton, in the British Gallery.-

Thomas Lawrence, Turner, Smirke, The subject is from Le Dépit
Stothard, Jackson, Ward, Landseer, Amoureux of Moliere.
Gandy, Samuel, Alexander, &c. For A View on the Thames near Batter.
detailed remarks on this Exhibition, sea, with cattle and figures in the
see page 55, of our present number. foreground, in the style of Cuyp and

The Irish artists have formed an PaulPotter, from a painting by Deane. ACADEMY OF Painting upon the The Murder of Archbishop Sharpe, model of the British Academy.- from a picture by William Allan, They have named a Conncil, com- Edinburgh, exhibited at Somersetposed of fourteen members; and ten Horse, and suggested by the striking painters will be elected Associates description of this event in the Tales during the present year.

of My Landlord. A very laudible Institution, called The Escape of the Mouse, painted The Artists' Anatomical Society, bas and engraved by Burnet. This work been lately instituted in London. appears to us to rival some of Wilkie's Its sittings are held every Tuesday small paintings. and Friday evening during the sea- The Letter of Introduction, from son, at No. 213, High Holborn.- a picture by Wilkie. We are happy to find, that this An Author reading his Play in

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the Green - Room of Covent - Garden persons present have done him the Theatre.--This picture was exhibited honour to sit, that he might be at Somerset-House, and must be in enabled to paint the portraits on the recollection of the public. It his picture, instead of copying his contains portraits of many of the own sketches, or the works of other best performers among “ his Ma- artists, made at earlier periods than jesty's Theatrical Servants."

the epoch represented.' The time The Three Marys, from the cele- chosen is mid-day, at that hour brated Picture by Annibal Caracci. when the light descends equally

Mr. M.W. Sharpe, who had a Pic- from the windows on each side the ture called “ The Green-Room,” con- House; which has enabled the artaining portraits of several eminent tist to bestow equal labour on the living Actors and Actresses, at a late portraits of the Peers on either side. exhibition in Somerset-House, is now This young artist commenced his engaged on another work of a simi- professional career as a painter of lar description, but of higher pre- miniatures, some of which will ever tensions. It is called “Shakspeare's be remembered, as having formed Jubilee," and, when finished, will the centre of attraction in the exhiconsist of full-sized portraits of the bition room appropriated to that principal performers at Covent-Gar- branch of art in Somerset House. den and Drury-Lane Theatres, in the He has been on the Continent a costume of such parts in Shakspeare's great proportion of the last seven Plays, as, generally speaking, they years, studying the celebrated works are supposed to represent with most of the best Italian, Flemish, and

French masters in oils; and is there- A most beautiful Medal, designed fore, perhaps, particularly well by the celebrated Flaxman, and exe- adapted, by his course of study, to cuted by Wyon, of the Royal Mint, the performance of the arduous has just been completed for the Royal task on which he is now labouring, Cambrian Institution.

which differs from almost every . We are informed, that the Bas- other picture known, by the difti. relief of the Holy Family, by Michael culties proposed from the light comAngelo, recently purchased at Flo. ing in at six opposing windows on rence by Sir George Beaumont, and the countenances of so many per. now in England, will be added to sons, demanding by their high rank, the fine collection of Marbles in the taste, and talents the utmost exerBritish Museum.

tion of his abilities. The scale of Mr. GEORGE HAYTER, M. A.S.L. the picture is four inches to a foot, has nearly completed the large pie which makes the fore-ground figures ture on which he has been employed one-third of the height of nature. for the last two years, for the Ho- The picture is twelve feet long by nourable George Agar Ellis, which eight feet high, will be exhibited in the Spring at Mr.J. H. Robinson has just comMr. Cauty's Great Room, No. 80%, pleted a beautiful line engraving Pall Mall. The subject of the pic from a portrait of his Grace the ture is the interior of the House of Duke of Wellington, by Mr. G. Lords, during the progress of the Hayter; which, together with his Bill of Pains and Penalties against fine engraving of her Grace the the late Queen. The time selected, Duchess of Bedford, are private as most calculated to give general plates. interest, is the 23d of August, 1820, View of London.Mr. HORNOR, the sixth day of the trial, when the of the Adelphi, has just published a Peers examined Majocchi, during prospectus of Views of London and the time her Majesty remained in the surrounding Country, taken from the House. The spectator is sup- an observatory purposely erected posed to be below the bar, looking over the Cross of St. Paul's Cathetowards the throne, with the gal- dral, during the late repairs of that Jeries on either side. The picture building. The work will consist of contains upwards of three hundred four engravings; those of the East figures; one hundred and seventy- and West views to be forty inches four of which are portraits, and for by twenty-five, and those of the which one hundred and sixty-five of North and South views thirty inches the Peers and other distinguished by twenty-five each.

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CARLO GOLDONI, the dramatist, hibited from appearing on the stage was born at Venice in the year 1707. in the dominions of the Pope, Carlo, The appellation of Moliere of Italy then thirteen years old, distinguished was given to him in his life-time, himself very mach in the character of and has been continued since his a woman in La Sorellina di don Pä death. He took Moliere for his lone, one of Gigli's comedies. Having guide and, like him, in the creation frnished a course of stady in hutnaof the theatre of his country was nity and philosophy at Rimini, and obliged to overcome the prevailing excited by his strong inclination for bad taste, which continually impeded the stage, he ran away from schools his progress.

and joined a company of actors who His youth was spent in prosperity were going to Venice. The” troop and pleasure. His grandfather, "de- arriving ai Chiozza determined to scended from a noble family, was to stay there a few days, and Carlo, passionately fond of the stage, and who had learned that his mother was had a theatre in his country-house, in the town, made that circumstance six leagues from Venice ; in which his pretext for undertaking the jourhe used to assemble the amateurs ney. He was believed by his mother; who came thither in crowds from but his father, who had immediately every part of the country. The pursued him, was not to be duped by father of Goldoni liked this very such a stratagem. However, Carlo well; and, as he wished to perpe was reconciled to him on promising mate in his family a taste for the to pursue the study of medicine; and same pleasares, he constructed in concord being restored both father his own house a stage for puppets, and son continued to frequent the and managed them himself, for the theatre. Through the interest of the diversion of the youthful Carlo. At Marquis Goldoni, his relation, Carlo the death of the grandfather, all was appointed to a lucrative situamembers of the family were thrown tion in the college of the Pope at into very great embarrassments, Pavia, and consequently took upon caused by his prodigality; and they him the ecclesiastical habit, and unwere all obliged to change their derwent the topsúre. This college Style of life. Goldoni's father, not was almost entirely composed of disbeing able to endure the lawsuits sipated young men; and Carlo, fol. and contentions in which he was in- loiving their example, instead of ape volved, left the charge of his affairs plying himself to theology gave all to his wife and went to Rome, his attention to music, dancing, fenewhere he took his degree in medi- ing, drawing, and gaming. His vaeine and afterwards practised at cations were spent amongst his faPerugia. Carlo, his son, though mily, and entirely oceupied with the now seriously occupied with his stu- business of the stage. At his return dies found leisure to read dramatic to college, he engaged in more secompositions: and at the early age rious pursuits; and in the followof eight he tried to compose à co- ing vacation he made, at his momedy of the romantie kind, which ther's request, a sermon for a young Florentino Cicognini had made fa. Abbé of her acquaintance, which shionable. This sketch, though very gained him great reputation. As rade, drew the attention of his fa. he was the acknowledged author of ther, who gave a new direction to it, he was received by the college, the studies of his son; and to ren at his return, in the most flattering der his holidays more agreeable manner ; from which a short time erected in his honse a theatre, on after he was dismissed, and was which Carlo and his young compa- obliged to quit the city, on account nions amused themselves with act of a satyrical poem he had written ing comedies. As women are pro- at the instigation of some persons who were mean enough to betray state of his fortune prevented bim the author. Ashamed to appear from marrying: before his family, he thought of He went to Milan, where, in congoing to Rome, but was prevented sequence of recommendations to the by want of money. He was assist- Venetian President, he was attached ed, however, by a monk who after to the embassy, and found leisure to having exhorted him to repentance, sketch out several works. The muand given him confession, took sical interlude of the Venetian Gonfrom him what money he had, for dolier was the first he published. the purpose of charitable donations, The campaign in 1733, at the conand, with the true spirit of Chris- clusion of which Austria lost the tianity, reconciled him to his rela- possession of Italy, proved very distions. Çarlo now followed his fa- astrous to Goldoni, by interrupting ther to Udina, where he studied his labours, and obliging him to law with great application, and quit successively, Milan, Crema, through the interest of his father Pizzighitone, and Parma. During obtained a situation in the criminal his travels he was robbed by some court of Chiozza, and soon became deserters of the whole of his protitular coadjutor at Feltre, where perty. At Verona he found means he was remarkable for his attention to repair his losses by joining the to business.

This regularity of comedians of that city, and they conduct did not prevent him from represented at Venice, in 1734, his enjoying the amusements of the tragedy of Belisarius, which was stage. Some amateurs assembled received with universal applause. and obtained permission to use the His Rosimonda did not obtain the neglected theatre of the governor; least success. He then went to Paand under the direction of young dua, and supplied that theatre with Goldoni they performed without bis productions. He continued supmusic, the Dido and the Siroes of porting himself in this manner till Metastasio ; he also composed him- 1736, when he married the daughself two pieces, The Good Father, ter of a notary at Genoa, and afterand the Singer, which gained him wards returned to Venice, where he equal reputation as an author and a continued writing for the stage. He comedian. His father having been had not yet obtained the eminence in appointed physician of the Enibassy comedy he was destined to arrive to Ravenna, Carlo accompanied him at, though he constantly kept in thither, and soon after having the view the example of Moliere, and misfortune to lose him returned to bis adventurous career was far from Padua, where he passed his exami, being terminated. nations and received his licence : The Genoese Consul at Venice thence he went to Venice, where dying in 1739, Goldoni succeeded after some months attendance on him at the intercession of his wife's the courts, in 1732, he entered upon family. This situation being merely the profession of the law, and whilst honorary, the state of his finances waiting for an opportunity of dis- did not permit him to retain it after tinguishing himself at the bar, he the year 1741. The campaign of composed an almanack in

and this year throwing Italy into the verse, under the title of '“ Future same lamentable state, which it had Events predicted from past expe. suffered eight years before, preventrience,” which was very well re- ed Goldoni from undertaking his ceived by the publie: and he fi- intended journey to Genoa. He nished an opera called Amalsonta, stayed some time at Modena, then but, disgusted with the disdain- at Rimini, living on the productions ful airs and affectation of the co- of his pen, which were as favourably medians to whom he read it, received as ever: but he was again though it was well adapted to the destined to experience a similar restage, he threw it into the fire. A verse of fortune to that of 1733 : suit in which he was successful the ship which contained all his moagainst the first advocate in Ve- pey and effects was taken by the nice spread his fame through that Austrians off Pesaro. The Austrian city: but he was soon obliged to quarter-master being at about ten leave it, in consequence of an in- miles from that town, Goldoni and trigue with a lady, whom the low bis wife determined on paying him


He was

a visit in order to recover their pro- calumnies of his enemies: on his perty if possible; when they had recovery he followed the company proceeded about half way, they to Turin and Genoa ; every where alighted and went to a little distance reaping the same success. from their carriage, and upon their constantly reproached by the envireturn, they found the postillion ous as inferior to Moliere: this he had gone off with it: alone and was well aware of, and acknowledgwithout the least hope of being able ed without hesitation, and in order to procure assistance, they notwith- to put a stop to such reports, he standing took the resolution of con. composed a work of which Moliere tinuing their route, in which Goldo- was the subject, and which has been ni was obliged to carry his wife translated into French by Mercier. through two rivers. They arrived, Goldoni now quitted the company of however, at the quarter of the Aus- St. Angelo, and entered into a more trian Commander, who generously profitable engagement with that of restored his property, and advised St. Luke. him not to return to Pesaro. Prince In 1753 he published, by subLobkowitz, General-in-Chief of the scription, the first volume of his imperial army, had fixed his head. Theatre, which his merit and the quarters at Rimini, and there re- admiration his plays had excited signed himself to fêtes and diver- throughout Italy rendered a very sions. Goldoni obtained the direc- profitable speculation. This occation of the stage in that city, which sion was seized by his enemies to employment was as advantageous to load him with epigrams, satires, his talents as his fortnne. He left and the raillery of an entire acaRimini as soon as the Austrians did, demy composed of all the wits of and went into Tuscany. There he Venice. Notwithstanding this and resided in many towns, and became every other sort of annoyance and acquainted with a number of emi- impediment, Goldoni pursued his neat men. At Pisa, overcome by plan and arrived at the summit of the solicitations of his friends, he his wishes, in spite of prejudice and again followed the profession of the a crowd of admirers and partisans bar, in which he distinguished him- of the old Italian comedy. He sucself exceedingly; but a letter from ceeded in substituting the regular the celebrated comedian, Sacchi, comedy in the place of extemporecalled him to his favourite occu- rancous pieces, and prevailed on pations; however, he worked for the actors to abandon their masks. the stage only in the night, and his These reformations were not made wife was his only confidante. The without a struggle, which sometimes piece required by Sacchi was soon obliged the author to have respect executed, sent to Venice, and was to the old method :-" I allowed," acted with astonishing success. А said he, “masks in extemporaneous second piece, Harlequin's Child pieces, and employed interesting lost and found,” though a mere and comic characters in humourous sketch, received no less applause. pieces. Every one was pleased with This good fortune, aided by some his part: time and patience reconatfront he experienced at the Pisan ciled everything, and I had the bar, determined him to renounce the satisfartion to find myself allowed legal profession. He departed for to follow my own taste, which beMantua in 1747, and three months came, in a few years, the standard after for Venice, where he found his of Italy.” family and his old friends. This The reputation of Goldoni excity had three theatres; he attached tended through all Europe. The hiinself to that of St. Angelo. At infant Don Philip invited him to the conclusion of the theatrical sea- Parma in 1756, and required him to son of 1718, Goldoni engaged to write three comic operas, one of give sixteen new pieces in the fol. which The Good Daughter was set lowing year. He performed this to music by Duni and Piccini. Don engagement, but fell ill through Philip, to show the esteem he had excessive fatigue, and his malady for his talents, gave him a pension, was heightened by the selfishness of and styled him, by letters patent, the

manager and the critiques and the Poet of the Duke of Parma.

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