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With these truths daily impressed “ when I was young, about fourteen upon our minds, and remembering I think, I first read this tale which how lately we have perused Lord made a deep impression upon me, Byron's Sardanapalus with its two and may, indeed, be said to contain companions, and his Cain, his Vision the germ of much that I have since of Judgment, his Heaven and Earth, written." We much doubt, from
, cum plurimis aliis quæ lectio justa this passage, if his lordship is a docebit, and hearing, also, that two competent judge of what intimately or three new cantos of Don Juan were relates to himself, and whether he already going to the printer's devil, has not, in this instance, strangely we exclaimed, that poor De Vega, confounded cause with effect. To hitherto the most prolific of authors, us it appears that the noble author's was fairly distanced by his Lord temperament and the bent of his ship, and would lose the proverbial genius have been so decidedly mark. distinction of his muse. At the same ed by nature, that, had be been nur. time we took up Werner, as we have tured in a region of German romances already observed, prepared to find and tales of horror, it could not marks of taste, of crudity, and of have created, but only have fed a undigested materials. Whatever disposition formed by nature to that proceeds from the pen of Lord Byron intense mode of thought and of must of necessity bear occasional feeling which is the real germ, not impressions of his lordship's ge- of much, but rather of all which nius. And thus, in Werner, we have has issued from his lordship's pen. frequent instances of a strong con- The tale of Kruitzner in Lee's Candensation of sense, a vigorous deli- terbury Tales no doubt made a neation of the highest feelings of strong impression upon Lord By: pride, and of the deepest anguish of ron's juvenile mind, it was a tale a mortified spirit; with a felicitous strictly in unison with his tone of sketch of that playfulness of female feeling and with his most prominent character which proceeds from pu- class of ideas. rity, innocence, and a mind at ease. But the only part of the preface, We have also a delineation of that that is important, is the passage conjugal fidelity or singleness of where his lordship tells the public affection, which was so well pour- that he had begun a drama upor trayed in one of his lordship's earli. this tale so far back as in 1815, "the est works, the Corsair ; with an at- first,” says his lordship, “I ever tempt at humour in the character of attempted, except one at thirteen a steward, which, if it be indiffer- years old, called : Ulric and llpina,' ent, is at least infinitely better than which I had sense enough to burn." the attempt at humour in the dull, So that Werner is really a literary tedious, and wearişome character of curiosity, as the coup d'essai of his the steward in Sir Walter Scott's lordship's dramatic powers. We Bride of Lammermoor.
cannot agree with Lord Byron as to Those, who are so prone to qualify the sense of burning his Ulric and their praises of Lord Byron by pro- llvina, written at the age of thirtests against his principles, will find teen, for although the piece in itself that Werner is at least free from any may not have been worth preserv. thing which can offend or alarm the ing, it would have been of value as most fastidious. There is a preface the first link in the chain of his of two pages (written in a very lordship's mental labours. Pope's careless style) in which his lordsliip Essay on Solitude is, as a piece of informs us that he has taken his poetry, of but little value, but as a drama from the “German's Tale, , fact in his mental history, as a feaKruitzner,” in “ Lee's Canterbury ture of his mind at the age of twelve, Tales," and that he has adhered it has been very properly preserved closely to his original in the cha- Finally, his lordship has commitracters, plan, and even in the lan- 'ted, in the second page of his preguage and which, in our opinion, face, a palpable solecism, and an is to be regretted, as the character, error of precisely the same nature plan and language are, we conceive, occurs in
page 25. Surely Lord capable of great improvement. His Byron ought to know that distribulordship proceeds to state, that tive pronouns or particles require a
connection with words of the singu. Werner, a fugitive struggling under tar nuinber. To say that "every squalid poverty with the retroone must judge according to their spect of his formér errors and of own feelings, and that“ pain or his foriner grandeur, is drawn with pleasure which tear," is a proof, we all the charasteristic energy of Lord suppose, of the truth of that dictum Byron's pen; and Werner's fidelity which his lordship has prefixed to of attachment to the equally proud his poem of Don Juan, “ Difficile but more patient and enduriny est proprie communia dicere." 'Josephine, the solace of his suf
But to come immediately to the ferings, is pourtrayed with equal play itself, the story and the conduct skill and genias. The scene beof the plot are thus developed in tween them is very affecting, and the drama. Werner, a high-minded we much doubt whether passages Bohemian nobleman, had been exiled in some of Werner's speeches will by his father for early dissipation, not be applied by every reader to and for an improvident marriagė Lord Byron himself; whilst, in with Josephine, the daughter of a these times of fallen fortunes and noble but fallen lord of Tuscany. general distress, many lines are calUlric, the produce of this union, culated keenly to touch the feelings had been fostered by the grandfa- of hundreds who will peruse the ther; but wild and dissipated pro- play. Werner exclaims pensities had made him fy his Bo
“I have been full oft bernian inheritance ere he arrived at manhood, and just before the
The chace of fortune, now she has
o'ertaken death of his protector. Stralenheim,
My spirit where it cannot turn at bay, a near relation of the family, taking
Sick, poor and lonely!" advantage of Ulric's flight, tracks Werner through all bis wanderings,
The word lonely produces reflecand endeavours to effect his death, tions upon his misery involving her in order that he may inherit the fa- whom he loves.
Josephine says, mily domains in Bohemia-and this,
5* none hold us here for aught save with a few episodical incidents, what we seem.” Werner exclaims, forms the materiel of the tragedy
“ Save what we seem! - save what which is dramatized by his lordslip
we are-sick beggars in the following manner :-In the
Even to our very hopes. Ha! Ha!" first act, Werner, in his flight from the agents of Stralenheim, had been Josephine. stopped by the overflowing of the
6 Alas! Oder, and had taken shelter in an
That bitter laugh!" old decayed and untenanted castle in Silesia, where both his danger These touches of feeling are in and his sufferings are increased by contrast tw the descriptive nature of ea untimely illness. Stralenheim, French tragedy. travelling in the same direction, had The remaining incidents of this heen arcidentally, rescued from act, capable of poetic effect, are the drowning in the Oder by Gabor and interview between Werner and StraUlric, and arriving at the castle he lenheim, and the agitation of the and Werner reeognize each other, high-minded Werner, on being deStralenheim dispatches peasants to graded hy robbery. Perhaps the Frankfort to pbtain a guard to ar plan of the piece would prevent any rest Werner, whose flight is rendered very great deal being made of the impracticable by want of pecuniary first ; and the second has not been means. Werner, however, by means taken due advantage of by the auof a secret passage, known only to thor. The first part of Josephine's himself
, enters the sleeping apart speech, in page 43, is of the finest ment of Stralenheim, and tempted in this first act. by the sight of money, which Stra- The second act but little forwards denheim had laid on his table, his the catastrophe. It contains the necessity induces him to steal a recognition of Ulric by Werner and rouleau of gold. This act evidently Josephine, with Werner's mortifyaffords five scope for poetic painting confession to his son, that he ing.. The proud and lofty minded had been the plunderer of the
Baron's gold. The scene of this con- bringing dishonour upon his family
tive to his supposed murder of StraIn the third act Gabor, being pur. lenheim, divulges the fact of Ulric sued upon saspicion of the theft of himself having been the assassin Stralenheim's gold, accidently seeks The subsequent escape of Gabor from refuge in Werner's apartment, who, the fury of Ulric is contrived by to conceal him, allows him to enter Siegendorf, who had pledged his the secret passage leading to Stra- honor for his safety. Ulric in relenheim's chamber. Stralenheim is venge for this departure of him, who found murdered in his room. Wer: possessed the secret of his villainy, ner escapes from the castle through renounces all connection with his fathe instrumentality of Ulric, who ther, Aies bis father's halls to bepreviously contrives to impress come the avowed leader of his bandit Werner with the idea that Gabor troop:--Ida is brought upon the stage is the assassin of Stralenheim. The merely to be made acquainted with scene, in which Ulric produces this Ulric's villainy, and the curtain falls effect on the mind of Werner, is art- upon her and Siegendorf expressfully conceived; and, when in the ing their anguish. To those who fifth act it appears that Ulric him- know the description of Lord Byself had been the murderer, the de ron's talents, and the occasions which nouement is proportionally effective elicit their most powerful exercise, on the reader,
we need not say that such incidents, The fourth act is the most injn. as the fifth act is composed of, would dicious violation of the unity of be given with all the fire and intentime and place that can well be ima- sity of passion which his genius gined. The preceding act left could infuse into any favourite subWerner flying in rags and misery, ject.— The fifth act, however, is too and the reader naturally expected supplementary to the general web of that his restoration to his paternal the drama to be admired in such conlands of Siegendorf would form nection; but as a vehicle of fine dra: the climax of the piece: but the matic poetry it justly challenges fourth act changes the scene to approbation. Bohemia, with Werner metamor- The fervid poetry near the conphosed into Siegendorf, and in quiet clusion of the play causes the reader possession of his domains. All in- to shut the book with more of satisterest in the play is therefore at an faction, than will be continued in his end, and wonder and perplexed con- mind after reflecting upon the whole jecture, as to what is to happen,usurp piece. The first four acts, upon the the place of anxiety for the fate of whole, are feeble and we regret that the hero, which it is the object of a the noble author selected such a sublegitimate drama to sustain unto ject for a drama, or that he did not the final dropping of the curtain. bestow upon it sufficient attention, This act also presents us witb Ulric, at least, to concentrate the climax of in the new character of a leader of interest in the fifth act, rather than a band of Bohemian robbers, and to leave it equivocal between the begives us a scene in which Siegendorf ginning of the fourth and the end of renionstrates with Ulric upon his the fifth.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC. INTELLIGENCE,
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC.
Among the architectural monuments After a most accurate calculation, of India, those erected by the Mahoit has been found, that in Europe there metans, when at the zenith of their is but one deaf and dumb person in power, are the most deserving of at. 2400: in Pepsylvania there is one in tcntion. Of these, the monument of 1860. Not the slightest apparent rea- Tanj of Agra, is one of the most magni. son for such a difference has been ficent. Very correct and beautiful draw. giren.
ings have been made of this monument, Doctor Archer, an American phy, but the Tanj, independent of its magsician, positively declares, that the nitade, has an expression of noble simhooping-cough may be cured by vac- plicity arising from the unity of its cinating the sick person during the design, and from the purity and richsecond or third week from the com- ness of its materials, which it is im. mencement of the disease. Fresh trials possible to represent in a drawing. A of this remedy are to be wished for, as model of this superb monument bas Ibey are not attended with danger. been executed in ivory upon the scale
The Academy of Arts and Sciences of 3 inches to 10 feet. It was begun at Boston bas published a set of me- at Delhi, by the late Captain Fordyce, teorological observations of great im- and was finished by Captain Hutchioportance. - They are the result of 30 son. This curious piece of workmanyears of study and of experiments made ship has been transported to Calcutta, from 1786 to 1818, at Salem in the State and will soon be sent to London. Its of Massachusets.
construction consumed twelve years of Very advantageous offers bave been uninterrupted labour, nearly as long made by the Republic of LaPlata to many a period as the bpilding of the original. learned Englishmen. Mr. Berangan able London engineer, has embarked with
REPUBLIC OF HAYTI his family for Buenos Ayres, where he A school of mutual instruction has is appointed to superintend the making been established at St. Mark, under of the causeways on the banks of the the direction of an able master. Plata, and to introduce those European The civil and military authorities, sciences, which may have a beneficial the magistrate of the place, the curé interest on the public prosperity. and a multitude of respectable citizens AFRICA.
were present at the opening of this Captain Sabine has set sail for Ascen- school, which is already frequented tion Island, for the purpose of repeat- by a great many pupils. The Pro. ing the experiments on the pendu. pagator, a new periodical publication Jum, &c. which he has tried under the which appears twice a month, will polar circle, in order to determine the be a criterion by which foreigners figure of the earth.
may judge of the Haytian governASIA.
ment and nation. It will contain the Letters from Lucknow, dated 30th Jaws, the ordinances, and public acts, January, 1822, give the following the most important news, beneficial particulars of the splendid ceremonies discoveries, national and foreign liter: observed at that place, on the celebra- ature, &c. The Lyceum of Port-aution of the Indian Feast of Bussunt Prince proceeds in the most prosPunchumee. The King, the heir ap- perous manner; Latin and French parent, and all the royal family, as verses and well-made speeches attest well as the whole court, were habited the progress of the students, and pay a according to ancient custom in yellow. high compliment to the professors. Eren the Europeans in the King's ser- St. Domingo, in all its splendour, did vice were ordered to be dressed in
not possess such literary talent as yellow shawls. The river was covered Hayti can boast of, even in its present with vessels decorated with yellow poor state, with a government'scarcely flags, and filled with dancers, singers, formed, and institutions but now springand musicians. Four battalions of royal ing up. This people bave broken the infantry, and three troops (russalas) of fetters of slavery, have shewn them. cavalry superbly equipped, and with selves capable of the greatest improveTheir flags flying, deployed before the ments, and are proudly desirous of King, who was seated upon a thronc placing theniselves on a level with the surrounded with mirrors,
most enlightened nations.
help this orthodox faith of the Russian The official Gazette of the Greeks Greek church, in all its particulars, is published under the title of the “ Or- and without alteration, to the end of thodox Gazette of Corinth."
As the affairs and religion of the SWEDEN AND NORWAY. Greeks are at present of so much im. The public mind at Stockholm is at portance to every civilized community, present occupied with a very important we presume that the following confes medical discovery. It is well-known şions will be interesting to our readers. tbat, sometime since, M. Peter AnderWe make the extract from the work son of Sudermania, whojwas present as entitled “ Acta Historica eccle, nostrt the deputy of his order at one of the last temporis.” More than ten centuries diets, bad been accustomed to remove, have now elapsed since the separation by means of fumigation, the most obof the Greek from the Latin church, stinate syphilitic disorders, and even and yet the articles of faith have those which had been propounced ipalways continued the same.
curable. The College of Health, de1. I confess and acknowledge the sirous of examining his mode of treat. apostolic doctrines and canons con- ment and the result of his system, io. firmed by the seven general Councils, vited him to Stockholm, and induced and also the ordinances of the Russiau- him, by the payment of his expenses, Greek church : I likewise interpret the to undertake the treatment of several holy scriptures according to the sense, judividuals in the hospital, afflicted which has been given to them by the with such disorders. Eight of them, holy Eastern choreh, avd which she on whom a course of mercury and diet gives to them at present,
produced no effect, were completely 2. I acknowledge seven sacraments established in two, three, or five weeks, in the New Testament, viz. Baptism, as the evil was more or less seated in Consecration, the Lord's Supper, Con- their constitutions. Six other patients fession, Sacerdotal Ordination, Marri. submitted to the same treatment. M. age, and Extreme Unction, and which de Weigel, president of the College of are instituted by our Lord Jesus Christ Health, and some other physicians of to obtain the grace of God.
this city, who had observed with the 3. I acknowledge, that in the Holy greatest attention this method of eure, Supper, the true body and blood of our paid a just tribute of praise to M. And Lord are received under the mystical derson, and caused the Directors of the forms of bread and wine, iti order to Hospital to make him a present of 366 obtain pardon of sins and life eterval. rix dollars banco, and to promise him
4. I acknowledge that the saints, an equal sum, if the healih of the inwho reign in Heaven conjointly with dividuals he has cured suffers no alter. Jesus Christ, ought to be invoked and ation within two years, which can be adored according to the ineaning of ascribed to their former attack. The the holy Oriental church, and that the Society of Medicine will, no doubt, prayers of saints and their intercession soon publish an account of the neans with the God of merey will co-operate used by M. Anderson. to our salvation. It is equally agree.
GERMANY able to God to venerate their relics An Hungarian traveller, named Greas the sacred remains of their virtues." gory Jackscbios, had passed the years
6. I acknowledge that we ought to from 1810 to 1813 travelling through venerate, not to deify, the images of the mountains of Caucasus in search Jesus, of Mary, and of other saints, in of every vestige, or objeet of antiorder by contemplating them to en quity relating to the ancient estacourage ourselves to piety, and to the blishments of bis countrymen in those imitation of the works of those holy regions. In 1815 he again set out persons whom these images represent. to the same mountainous districts,
6. I acknowledge that the prayers and, having renewed his researches, of the faithful, addressed to God, for returned to his pative country in 1821. the safety of the souls of those de- He is now about to publish his travels, parted in the faith, are not disdained the compilation and editing of them by divine mercy.
being conßded by him to his friend 7. I acknowledge, that our Saviour, Ladislas Nagy de Peretseny, an HunJesus Christ, has given to the Catholic garian writer of celebrity. church the power of binding and un
PRUSSIA. binding, and that which is bound Publie instruction. - Prussia con. or unbound on earth will be equally so tains five universities, frequented by in Heaven,
3,397 students, viz. at Berlin, 1162; 8. I will firmly preserve by God's at Bonn, 571; at Breslau 539; at