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Halle, 866; at Konisberg, 259. The sum total of these young men contains 1236 students in theology; 1069 in law; 624 in medicine; and 468 in philosophy. BRESLAU.
Moral Institution- A philanthropist of the principality of Oels has given a sum of 20,000 Prussian crowns, to form a fund for the encouragement and reward of poor country girls that shall bear an excellent character. The interest proceeding from this capital will serve to portion each year, at forty crowns a-piece, twenty girls of unblemished reputation. Two years after receiving the communion, they will be entitled to the expectation of this money; and a knot of silk in the colours of the principality of Oels with this inscription, Honour to poverty and good behaviour, will be given them besides. Their noviciate will continue till the age of twenty, when, if a suitable match does not present itself, their portion will be put out at interest in their name. Should any endowed woman continue unmarried till the age of fifty, her principal and interest will be paid to her under condition that she will always render herself useful to the pubfic, in taking care of the sick, for instance. Any breach of the engagement to preserve good behaviour will forfeit the knot of honour.
The Italian actors, who were invited to Moscow from Florence by a society of amateurs, and who made their debut in the Turco in Italia of Rossini, have well deserved the support of every friend to music. They have already played more than sixty pieces at the theatre of M. Appraxin. Their execution is good, and the parts well cast. They perform twice, and sometimes thrice a week,
M. Hippius, a celebrated artist, on his return from Rome, to St. Petersbourg, conceived the idea of publishing, under the title of The Contemporaries, lithographic portraits of the most celebrated statesmen, writers and artists of Russia. This truly patriotic undertaking deserves the encouragement of those who are desirous to collect the portraits of men, who have contributed to the happiness and glory of their country by their services, their talents, or literary and scientific la bours. This collection will hand down
to posterity the features of distinguished Russians.
The new Atlas of the empire, of Russia, the kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Dutchy of Finland, is at length finished. This work, by Colonel Pladischef, is beautifully engraved, and consists of seventy folio maps. FRANCE.
Paris-Royal Library. This li brary, in 1791, contained only 150,000 volumes: now there are more than 450,000. In 1783, it had but 2700 portfolios of engravings; there are now 5700. Six thousand French and Three Thousand foreign works are added to it annually; which increase in fifty years will double its present literary and scientific riches.
The arrangements for lighting Paris with gas are in a state of great forwardness. That side of the Palais Royal parallel to the Rue de Richelieu is quite prepared, and the pipes are laid in the Rue St. Honoré, extending into the Rue de Richelieu. Several shops in the Faubourg St. Honoré, and opposite to the gallery of the Louvre, have adopted that mode of lighting PORTUGAL.
A French theatre is established at Lisbon, under the direction of an Italian manager, named Pellizari, and draws a crowd of spectators to witness its success. The following fine tragedies, which are no longer performed in France, are partícularly well attended. Brutus, The Death of Cæsar, Charles IX, Epicharis and Nero. The Portuguese government makes use of the stage to entertain the public, and to inspire a love of country and of liberty. There is a tolerable company of performers, and the numerous friends of the French language and literature encourage with their presence and plaudits this useful enterprise, which is useful to the grand political views of the regenerators of Portugal,
J. M. Duncan, A.B., of the University Press, Glasgow, is preparing for publication an account of Travels through part of the United States and Canada, in 1818 and 1819.
Early in March will be published, the Diamond Edition of Shakespeare, from the Chiswick Press, comprising in one thin pocket volume the whole of the Dramatic Works of that immortal Bard, with a Glossary.
An Elegy to the memory of the late Rev. Henry Martyn,with smaller Pieces is preparing for the press,to which will be added, a Portrait of Mr. Martyn, By John Lawson, Missionary, at Calcutta.
Martha, a Memorial of a beloved and only Sister. By Andrew Reid, Author of No Fiction, a Narrative, founded on facts.
Mr. Bakewell is preparing for publication, Observations made during a Residence in the Tarentane and various Parts of the Grecian and Pennine Alps, in the years 1820, 1821, and 1822.
The Memoirs and Correspondence of Chas. A. Stothard, S.A. By his Widow, will be published very shortly, in one Volume 8vo. with a Portrait and Facsimilies on Wood of some of his original Sketches, in Letters to his Friends.
Sharon Turner, Esq. F.S.A. is about to publish, in 4to. the third Volume of his History of England, embracing the Middle Ages.
Captain Scoresby, will shortly publish a Voyage to Greenland, with an Account of Discoveries on the East Coast of West Greenland, in the summer of 1822.
WORKS IN THE PRESS.
Peveril of the Peak, which may now be soon expected to appear, in the enlarged form of four volumes, commences, we understand, with the latter period of the Protectorate, and is continued through the restoration and a great part of Charles II.'s reign.
A new Poem, entitled a Sabbath among the Mountains, is nearly ready for publication.
Shortly will be published, Collections and Recollections; or, Historical, Biographical, and Miscellaneous Anecdotes, Notices and Sketches, from various Sources; with Occasional Remarks. By John Stewart, Esq. post
In one vol. 8vo. the English Master;
or, Student's Guide to Reasoning and Composition. By W. Banks.
Narrative of a Tour through the Morea, giving an Account of the present State of that Peninsula and its Inhabitants. By Sir William Gell, in 1 vol. 8vo. with Plates and Wood Cuts.
In 1 vol. 8vo. Travels in Ireland, in the Year 1822. By Thomas Reid, Surgeon in the Royal Navy.
Views of Ireland, Moral, Political, and Religious. By John O'Driscol, Esq. in 2 vols. 8vo,
Shortly will be published in 4to. with. numerous Plates, the third Volume of Transactions of the Literary Society of Bombay.
The Annual Biography and Obituary for the Year 1823, vol. 7, containing Memoirs of celebrated Men, who have died in 1821-22.
Mrs. Hoffland has in the Press, a new Tale, in 1 vol, entitled Integrity. Advice to a Young Mother on the Physical Education of her Children. By a Grandmother, 12mo.
Mr. John Dunlop, Author of the History of Fiction, has nearly ready for publication the History of Roman Literature, from the carliest periods to the Augustan Age, in 2 vols. 8vo.
A Latin Grammar. By O. G. Zumpt, Professor in the Frederick's Gymnasium, Berlin. Translated from the German with additions. By the Rev. John Kenrick, M.A.
The Disappointment; or, Religion the only Source of True Happiness
Part II. of Johu Bohn's Catalogue of his very extensive Collection of Books, comprising above Sixty Thousand Volumes, in all Languages and Classes of Literature, accompanied by Bibliographical and Literary Notices, either original, or derived from the most authentic sources.
The Hecuba of Euripides, literally Translated from Porson's Text, with the original Greek, the Metres, Greek Order, English Accentuation, and Notes. By T. W. C. Edwards, M.A. Ss.-And also, the Phoenissæ of Euripides, precisely similar to the Hecuba.
Demosthenis et Eschinis de Falsa Legatione,-Orationes Adversariæ, Græce. 8vo. 9s.
Literary Notices and Lists of New Publications are requested to be sent before the 20th of the Month.
Demosthenis adversus Leptinem Oratio, Græce. 8vo. 9s.
Demosthenis contra Midiam Oratio, Græce. 8vo. 6s.
Boutenoek's History of Spanish and Portuguese Literature, translated from the original German. By Shoma Sina Coss. 2 vols. 8vo.
Universal Stenography, or a Practical System of Short-hand, combining legibility and brevity. By W. Harding.
The Works of Alexander Pope, with Notes and Illustrations. By Joseph Warton, D.D. and others. 9 vols. 8vo. 4). 14s. 6d.
Jane and her Teacher. By the Auther of Scripture Doctrines and Proofs. With a plate. 9d.
The Fortieth Volume of Transactions of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, with an Analytical Index for vols. xxvi. to XL.
The Hermit of Dampton Cave; or, Devotedness to God and Usefulness to Man, exemplified in the Old Age of Joseph Croome Petit, of Dampton, near Ramsgate. With a Portrait. 12mo. 5s. Napoleon Anecdotes, Part IV., embellished with a beautiful Engraving.
Anecdotes, Biographical Sketches, and Memoirs; collected by LetitiaMatilda Hawkins. Vol. I. With a Portrait, and another Engraving. 8vo. 9s.
Montalvyn, the Benevolent Patriot, á Drama, in Five Acts, exemplifying a Practical Plan for the Abolition or Diminution of Parochial Taxation.
Sermons, by the Rev. John Hayden, Curate of Londonderry Cathedral. Svo. 8s.
The Village Preacher; a Collection of Short Plain Sermons, partly Original, partly Selected, and adapted to Village Instruction. Vol. III. 12mo. 5s.
The Cottager's Monthly Visitor Vol. II. 6s.
A Vindication of the Authenticity of the Narratives contained in the first two Chapters of the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Luke; being an Investigation of Objections urged by the Unitarian Editors of the Improved Version of the New Testament; with an Appendix. By a Layman. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
Joseph Egg, of Piccadilly, St. James's, Westminster, Gun-maker; for certain improvements in the construction of guns and fire-arms, upon the self-priming and detonating principle. Dated Nov. 26, 1822. Joseph Woollams, of Wells, Somersetshire, Land-agent; for certain improvements in wheeled carriages, of various descriptions, to counteract the falling and facilitate the labour of animals attached to them, and to render persons and property in and near them more secure from injury. Dated Dec. 5, 1822.
William Robson, of St. Dunstan's-hill, Tower-street, London, Printer and Stationer; for a method to prevent or protect against fraudulent practices upon bankers' checks, bills of exchange, and various species of mercantile, commercial, and other correspondence. Dated Dec. 10, 1822,
Jacob Perkins, late of Philadelphia, America, but now of Fleet-street, London, Engineer; for certain improvements in steam-engines. Communicated to him by a certain foreigner residing abroad. Dated Dec. 10, 1822.
Samuel Parker, the younger, of Argylestreet, St. James's, Westminster, Bronzist; for certain improvements in the construc tion of lamps. Dated Dec. 10, 1822.
William Bundy, of Fulbam, Middlesex,
Eur. Mag. Jan, 1823.
Mathematical Instrument-maker; for a machine for breaking, cleaning, and preparing flax, hemp, and other vegetable substances containing fibre. Dated Dec. 16, 1822.
Thomas Barnard Williamson Dndley, of King-street, St. Ann, Westminster, Merchant; for a method of making or manufacturing malleable cast metal shoes, for draft and riding horses, and other animals, upon a new and improved plan or principle. Dated Dec. 16, 1822.
John Nicholson, of Brook-street, Lambeth, Surrey, Engineer; for certain apparatus for the more conveniently applying heat to certain instruments of domestic uses. Dated Dec. 16, 1822.
John Bainbridge, of Bread-street, Cheapside, London, Merchant; for certain improvements on rotatory steam - engines. Communicated to him by Amos Thayer, junior, of Albany, America, Mechanist. Dated Dec. 16, 1822.
Matthias Wilks, of Deptford, Kent, seedcrusher; for a new method of refining oil, produced from seed. Dated Dec. 20, 1822.
Thomas Linley, of Sheffield, Yorkshire, Bellows-maker; for a method, different from any that has hitherto been invented or known, of increasing the force or power of bellows. Dated Dec. 20, 1822.
KING'S THEATRE, ITALIAN OPERA.
WE have to announce the opening of this Theatre since our last number. It is now the only public resort of the nobility and the fashionable, into which persons of less exalted station can find admittance. The higher orders have long deserted the other Theatres, and au impartial inquiry into the causes of this desertion would not only be very interesting but highly instructive. If we mistake not, however, these causes would be found to spring from the general spread of knowledge, and the love of intellectual amusement among the mass of the people. The more ig. norant mankind are, the more they delight in low amusements, pantomime 'and buffoonery; as the mists of ignorance are gradually dispelled by the light of knowledge, the amusements of a people are refined, pantomime and buffoonery are despised, and tragedy and comedy preferred. Following this scale of improvement, the Minor Thea2res are deserted by the more refined part of the middle class of society; and the Winter Theatres by the nobility and the more affluent part of the commonality, who have kept almost exclusive possession of the Italian opera; which, we are sorry to say, they do not support in a mamer becoming their claims to cultivated taste, nor in a way to do hononr to the present state of the arts in this country. We do not wish to be severe in our strictures, nor shall we enter into any detail that may be unpleasant to the noblemen and gentlemen, who have the direction of this great establisment: In the conduct and proper appointment of which, all the lovers of art aud refinement have such deep interest. Suffice it to say, that the internal decorations of this Theatre have undergone no repair nor embellishment during the recess, ex'cept the orchestra which has been enJarged, although such improvements were very far from being unnecessary.
On the 4th inst, this Theatre opened for the scason, with Mozart's grand serious opera La Clemenza di Titoa work so well known and so much admired, that even praise would be impertinent. In consequence of the temporary indisposition of M'de de Begnis, the part of Vitellia was assigned to Signora Caradori, who, although a pleasing performer, was not adequate to this arduous character. Her part
was necessarily allotted to another, and therefore, MadelleClerini performed Servilia. M'de. Camporese sustained the character of Sesto with her usual excellence. Annio was represented by Made, Graziani in male attire. Curioni, as Tito, omitted the original songs, which was unworthy of his high reputation. Placci was entitled to praise as Publio. Le Carnaval de Venise followed, in which Made'He Aurelie and M. Amand made their first appearance in this Metropolis. The dancing of the former, and the acting of the latter, were respectable. At the end of the opera, God save the King was sung, as usual at the commencement of a season, by all the vocal performers.
Rossini's opera La Gazza Ladra has also been performed; in which Signor Porto was for the first time introduced to an English audience. His voice, as the part requires, is a bass of some depth and firmness, but not remarkable for clearness or flexibility: he was favourably received. M'de. Camporese supported the part of Ninetta with her usual spirit. On the 25th inst. M'de. Borgondio, from whom so much had been expected, made her debut at this Theatre, in the character of Tancredi, which used to be so exquisitely performed by M'de. Bellochi, we are sorry to say, that we cannot compliment the establishment on their new acquisition so much as we anticipated. We think, however, that we discovered in her considerable diffidence, arising from a first appearance; although her evidently long experience of the stage, might lead us to a con trary opinion: we think that she considerably improved as the opera advanced towards the end, and that she may be an acquisition to the Theatre in other characters, but certainly not in that of Tancredi, for she appeared to us to want animation and power. Her acting as well as her singing are alike deficient in character and firmness. It is, however, ungenerous to criticise too severely on a first appearance, and we shall suspend any further observations until we shall have seen her in other characters. Signor Reina also made his first appearance, and is likely to prove a very useful addition. But Madame Ronzi de Begnis was the charm of the opera. She sustained the character of Amenaide with admirable
effect. Her great talents, in spite of her recent illness, from the effects of which she was evidently not recovered, Jeft all the other performers far behind.
She was literally the support of the opera, aud fully supported her high reputation.
THE first novelty at this Theatre, during the month, has been a lively Piece in Two Acts, called, Simpson and Co. The plot is extremely slight, but the situations are exceedingly comic, and the equivoque which runs through it was kept up with unusual spirit and felicity. It was richly supported by Terry and Mrs. Davidson, and has been several times repeated with unanimous applause.
The new Pantomime called, Harlequin Antiquary, has been withdrawn. It would, therefore, be worse than useless, to enter upon its merits. Another, however, has been substituted, which deserves and has received a considerable portion of public approbation.-It is called, Harlequin and the Golden Are. The scenery, indeed, is highly tasteful, particularly a fairy lake by moonlight, which is delightfully, imaginative and picturesque. Various other scenes possess kindred merit, and the tricks are managed respectably. The introductory story is made out of the fable of the peasant who dropped his axe into the water, which being dived for by Mercury, the god brings up first a golden, and then a silver one, which the honest peasant refuses, but receives back his own with gratitude. The peasant becomes Harlequin; the greedy fellow who loses his axe in imitation, Pantaloon; his son, Clown; and his daughter, Columbine; and then to bu siness as usual. The agility displayed by Blanchard as Pantaloon, Southey as Clown, and Bartlett as Scaramouch, was super-eminent in every thing but the graces. They might be compared to three ring-tailed monkeys for flexibility and twistification — Blanchard especially.
Another novelty, is a new Drama entitled, Augusta, or the Blind Girl, borrowed from the French stage.. Augusta, the heroine (Mrs. W. West), has, at an early age, been afflicted with blindness. She resides, with a female friend at the Castle of Rhinesbury. In one of her evening walks, when accompanied by Emily, the daughter of her protectress, the party are assailed by some rude young men. Ernest (Mr. Cooper) succours the insulted ladies, who retire. But Augusta, hearing the clang of arms, rushes towards the spot where her deliverer
is engaged with the party whom he had recently braved, and, in her en deavours to save a man whom she. could not see, she receives a dreadful wound. Earnest is subsequently ad mitted into the Castle of Rhinesburg as a tutor, and falls in love with the blind, lady. After a short sojourn he proceeds to Paris, where he learns the art of an Oculist; determined to open the eyes of his intended, before he espoused ber. After a lapse of three years, he emerges from his lowly station by the death of his relations, aud becomes Count Hortzburg with considerable riches. The will of his un cle is, however, a great alloy to his happiness. Mr. Bloomberg, a near relation of the uncle, had married Caroline (Mrs. Davidson) and, on his death, had bequeathed to her a handsome annuity. This bequest the uncle of Hortzburg had long contended; and he declared by his will, that the suit should proceed, unless Caroline consented to marry the Count. On his journey to Rhinesburg Castle, the young nobleman pays a visit to Caroline, with whom Augusta, who is nearly related to ber, is then residing. Here the lovers meet and are, as usual, full of ecstacy, but poor Augusta is soon rendered very unhappy by the ill-timed suspicious of Hermand (Mr. Penley) who leads her to believe, that Hortzberg means to deceive her, and that the rich contingent heiress Caroline is the object, if not of his affection at least of his ambition. The blind lady, however, conceals herself in a favourable place, and hears her beloved Hortzberg decline a marriage with Caroline. She hears him speak of Augusta with raptures.- She rushes from her hiding place-she expresses her admiration of a man, who sacrifices fortune to affection; and, as the greatest proof of her love, she suffers bim to exert his skill for the restoration of her sight. He succeeds, and the drama closes with various exclamations of surprise on the part of the person thus miraculously relieved. It has succeeded, if a moderate degree of applause can be called success, which arises more from the good-nature than the satisfaction of an audience. The goodness of the moral contributed not a little to its success.