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done enough (and that unwillingly) tronage and dignified by the feelings to save themselves from the shame of patriotism: he has done all that of having done nothing. But he the arts can expect from an indihas never cooled nor tired, and, .vidual, and more than any other insurely, his opening his house for an dividual has attempted to do. By exhibition of our pictures is the purchasing extensively and liberally crowning of all. I am now too old the works of living artists, he has to bustle about; but I will join my encouraged their exertions, and conbrother artists in any thing; by the tributed to their fortune ; by formpublic celebration of his birth-day ing a public exhibition of these yearly, or by any other public testi- productions, in circumstances so mony, to do honour to our noble well calculated to display their patron.”

merits to advantage, he has endeaSir Henry Raeburn, the Reynolds voured to sanction their pretensions, of Scotland, also expressed his deep and contribute to their fame. That sense of Sir

John's patriotism, in a his motives may be inistaken or misletter from St. Bernard's, his coun represented, and his merits may be try-seat, near Edinburgh, to the depreciated or denied, he must be writer of these particulars, in De- prepared to expect; it is the lot of cember, 1819, of which the follow- all who obtain any distinction in ing is an extract, in reference to an society for talent or for worth. engraved portrait of the baronet : They who have not the generosity “ again assure you I value the to follow the example he has set print, because it is the likeness of a may decry it as injudicious, or calumman I venerate, who, rising superior niate it as vain. The disappointed to common prejudices, has shown artist may possibly dispute his himself the munificent patron and liberality ; the heartless connoisencourager of native genius, and seur may disparage his taste; all the who has so nobly, and so much to hornets of the time, in short, may his own honour, set an example to buzz and fret around him; but they other men of fortune, which I hope will dart their little stings in vain will soon be followed by many.

towards a man whose merits can be The more I think of what this disputed only in the libel of his mogentleman has done the more I am tives; and who, if he be ambitious convinced in my own mind, that of distinction, seeks it only in an the good consequence of his exer honourable effort to raise the drooptions will be felt in this country for ing genius, and encourage the neggenerations to come ; and when you lected arts of his country.” have heard me express my opinion

Beside the letters from which of his public spirit before now, I the preceding extracts are here inonly spoke the common sentiments serted, this writer has in his posof all my brother artists, who never session upwards of one hundred inention his name but with senti. letters from other eminent artists, ments of respect and esteem.” The literary men, and amateurs, con elegant poet and painter, Shee, the taining similar sentiments on the royal academician, whose “Rhymes happy change in public opinion, on Art.” Irave had such an impor- produced by Sir John Leicester's tant effect in improving the public taste, his liberal patronage, and his taste, and invigorating public opi- splendid Exhibition of British picnion, has also as warmly expressed tures in the Hill-street Gallery. his admiration of the baronet's zeal The fame of the paintings by the and munificence. The following ap- old masters, in the principal collecpropriate observations are extracted tions of the princes and nobles in from a letter by that artist to the Italy, France, Holland, and Gerwriter of these memoirs in 1819 : many, had been exceedingly diffused “Sir John Leicester, indeed, ap- by the publication of critical and pears to be actuated by the noblest descriptive catalogues, which circuimpulse of public spirit. His inter- lated to an unlimited extent. These course with the arts is of the most publications had also the good effect liberal and disinterested character. of spreading a correct taste for the To bim the pleasures of taste must Fine Arts, as there is not a prejube heightened by the honours of pa- dice against modern gevius in those

countries; but in England no pri- a peasant girl, in a landscape by vate gentleman of rank and fortune Gainsborough, in the possession of had published a catalogue of Eng- Lord de Dunstanville. "The tasteful lish pictures in his own possession. transcript is nine inches high, and As Sir John had been foremost on seven wide, executed in the charmso many occasions, he was also the ing delicacy and mellowness, which first English gentleman, who gave characterise the style of Bone, and the British artists this advantage. is valued at two hundred guineas. The author of the Critical Descrip. The memorable sensation excited by tion of Stothard's painting of the the opening of the Gallery in 1818, Canterbury Pilgrims had just then and 1819, did not expire with the published his Critical and Descrip- latter year; in 1820, and 1823, the tive Analysis of “Death on the Pale crowds of distinguished visitors Horse," painted by Benjamin West, were, if possible, greater. The picPresident of the Royal Academy. tures were examined with increased A perusal of that tract induced Sir enthusiasm ; and good sense, true John to confer upon the writer taste, and British feeling, again the very delicate and difficult task triumphed over folly, apathy, and of drawing up a descriptive cata- anti-contemporary prejudice. logue of the paintings in his Gal Another memorable instance of lery, in which he had the honour of Sir John Leicester's zealous spirit being assisted by Sir Richard Colt arose out of the following circumHoare, Bart., the learned and ac stances. The Royal Irish Institucomplished friend of Sir John. The tion for promoting the Fine Arts, catalogue, forming a royal octavo of founded in Dublin in 1813, made 152 pages, was published in March, public their intention, in February 1819 : a copy was presented to the last, to erect a National Gallery in Prince Regent, who graciously ac- the Irish capital. That body has been knowledged it, by his private secre. honoured with marks of the King's tary, as a gratifying favour, and especial favour: without any offi. paid a just and warm compliment cial communication from Dublin, as to Sir John Leicester's taste and soon as the existence of the Irish Inpublic spirit. Presentation copies stitution became incidentally known were also handsomely acknowledged at Carlton-House, that illustrious in congratulatory terms by his personage manifested a warm in. Royal Highness the Duke of Glou- terest in its success. Within less cester, by other branches of the than three months after its formaRoyal Family, and by several pub- tion the Institution was favoured, lic bodies.

through the bands of its secretary, While the British and Scotch ar- with a letter from the Right Hon. tists reaped the advantages, and ex- Robert Peel, Secretary of the Lord pressed their sense of Sir John's un- Lieutenant, dated Dublin Castle, weared exertions in their favour, in August 20, 1813, informing him Ireland the same feeling prevailed.

that he had received a letter from In 1819 and 1820, Sir John again Lord Viscount Sidmouth, Secretary opened his Gallery, in Hill-street, of State for the Home Department, to the public on free tickets of ad- London, intimating the gracious mission. He was detained in the pleasure of his Royal Highness the country this present year by ill Prince Regent, that his name should health, but bis anxiety to keep be placed as patron at the head of alive the flame of emulation induced the Irish Institution for the promohim to have the Gallery opened as tion of the Fine Arts; and also acformerly to the public. It was on quainting the Secretary that His one of those occassions that Mr. Royal Highness had been graciHenry Bone, R.A., whose exquisite ously, pleased to direct the sum of pictures in enamel have been so two hundred guineas, on his aclong the admiration of the public, count, to be paid in aid of the funds respectfully presented one of his of the Irish Institution. performances to Sir John Leicester, This first act of royal condescen« In token of his early, zealous, and sion has been followed by other incontinued patronage of British art." stances of favour, which has awakThis superb gift was copied from ened the deepest feelings of grati

tude in the Irish Institution. That Traveller, to be hung up in the prompt manifestation of paternal National Gallery, towards forming affection for Ireland, the King's a collection of paintings for the adgracious visit to that country on the vancement of the students. The memorable 12th of August, 1821, picture was accordingly sent, and was speedily followed by His Ma is nine feet high, seven feet wide, jesty's gracious permission to change and cost, with the frame, two hunthe first title to that of “ The Royal dred and fifty guineas. This letter Irish Institution." On the 14th of of announcement caused an extraorlast February, the Secretaries wrote, dinary meeting, at which Sir John by order, an official letter to the Fleming Leicester, Bart. was unaniMost Noble the Marquess Conyng- mously elected an Honorary Memham, respectfully requesting of him ber of the Royal Institution, in to lay before His Majesty, with a token of esteem for his early, persesuitable expression of humble duty vering, and munificent patronage from the Royal Irish Institution, a of the British artists, and for the transmitted printed tract, contain- princely gift to the Royal Irish Ining two letters and a postscript, stitution. This was communicated to proposing to expend the amount of Sir John Leicester, who acknowledgthe public subscription for a na ed the same in a most polite manner. tional testimonial, in erecting a The arrival of a work of art from National Gallery for the encourage, England, under such novel and ment of the Fine Arts in Ireland, gratifying circumstances, occasionunder the protection of the Royal ed a strong sensation, when conIrish Institution, as the most noble trasted with the fact that many and imperishable testimony of Irish Irish absentees had been, since the gratitude for that signal token of Union, withdrawing their old fatheir beloved Sovereign, George mily collections of paintings from IV.'s paternal favour, evinced in his Ireland. It was received with horoyal visit to that country. On the nest pride by the Royal Irish Insti23d of the same month the secreta- tution, and hung up in their house ries of the Royal Irish Institution of meeting, as an example to the were honoured with a letter from Irish nobility and gentry, where it the Marquess Conyngham, dated reflects honour upon the genius of Brighton, Februry 19, 1823, stating Northcote, and on the taste and that he had “ had the honour of persevering patriotism of his munilaying before His Majesty the pub- ficent patron. Sir John, immedilication entrusted to his care, and ately after his first gift, in a letter that be felt great pleasure in com to his friend in Dublin, announced municating to thein His Majesty's a second present to the Royal Irish most gracious reception of it." Institution of a capital landscape

While this important affair was in by Barret. The picture immediatly agitation a Member of the Royal followed. It is No. 63, in his desIrish Institution, who was at Tableycriptive catalogue; and, as a supeHouse, presented to Sir John Lei rior specimen by a distinguished cester a copy of the tract which Irish artist, the selection was made had been so graciously received and with due attention to the national acknowledged by His Majesty; he feelings of the receivers, and was also mentioned to the Baronet the returned by an official letter of warm intended National Gallery in Dub- thanks and gratitude. lin. This communication was made His present Majesty, soon after with a knowledge of Sir John's his accession to the throne, was graever-active zeal for promoting the ciously pleased to confer the name Fine Arts, and with a confident of “ The King's Regiment of Chepresage of what followed. With a shire Yeowanry Cavalry," on the generous promptitude Sir John at fine


of which Sir John is Coonce authorised his visitor to write lonel. Sir John has two sons by by that day's post to the Secretaries his marriage; George, the elder, in Dublin, and announce that it named after King George IV., his was his intention to present to the godfather, and William, named after Royal Irish Institution, Northcote's his godfather, his Royal Highness grand fancy picture of the Alpine the Duke of Clarence.



A Song sung over the Cradle of a New-born Infant.
Behold, my friends, this little bark essaying

To stem the billows of life's doubtful sea,
А young and gentle passenger conveying ;

Let us, my friends, its earliest pilots be!
Already, with a soft and easy motion,

Its slender breast into the wave it throws;
Let us, who see it launched upon the ocean,

By gaily singing cheer it as it goes.
The breath of Fate into the sails is blowing,

And smiling Hope the rigging swift prepares,
While, the bright firmament above us shewing,

She promises calm seas and fav'ring ai
Ye birds of evil omen, come not near it;

Of this light skiff the loves are to dispose,
Let us, while from the land they gently steer it,

By gaily singing cheer it as it goes.
Yes, the loves share a labour so delicious,

Their garlands throwing round with sportive hand;
The Graces smile upon the task propitious;

And Friendship at the rudder takes her stand.
See, Bacchus in the skiff the crew inspiring,

His laughing countenance while Pleasure shews;
Let us, who see it from the coast retiring,

By gaily singing cheer it as it goes.
See, grave Misfortune, modest Virtue blessing,

Comes last our little vessel to salute;
And all the good that she has done confessing,

Beys that this infant may enjoy the fruit.
For this so favour'd bark the gods can never

So many and such ardent pray’rs oppose;
Let us, who see it quit the shore for ever,

By gaily singing cheer it as it goes.


Farewell! farewell! thou charming France,

Whose mem'ry I shall fondly cherish !
Scenes of my childhood's sweet romance,

Adieu !-to quit you is to perish!
Adopted country, lov'd so well!

I feel I never may return!
France, hear thy Mary's last farewell,

And this our parting ever mourn.

• A paraphrase on some lines attributed to the unfortunate Mary, Queen of Scots.

The wind blows strong, the shore recedes,

In vain I weep, in vain I sigh;
In vain my bursting bosom pleads;

Thy coast more quickly seems to fly!
Farewelll farewell! thou charming France,

Whose mem'ry I shall fondly cherish!
Scenes of my childhood's sweet romance,

Adieu!-to quit you is to perish!
When first the people of my choice

Beheld the lilies round my brow,
And rais'd a loud applauding voice,

'Twas to my charms they seem'd to bow.
Ob! what to me is sov'reign pow'r,

In gloomy Scotland far away!
Ife'er I wish'd to reign an hour,

It was that Frenchmen might obey.
Farewell! farewell! thou charming France,

Whose mem'ry I shall fondly cherish!
Scenes of my childhood's sweet romance,

Adieu !-to quit you is to perish!
The charms of glory, genius, love,

Have made my early days too bright;
So sad, so cruel a remove

This flow'r of bliss will surely blight!
Alas! e'en now a dreadful thought

Brings terror to my inmost soul!
Last night, a dream with horror fraught

Upon my broken slumber stole.
Farewell! farewell! thou charming France,

Whose mem'ry I shall fondly cherish!
Scenes of my childhood's sweet romance,

Adieu !-to quit you is to perish!
France, should the day of peril come

To Stuart's noble daughter, then
To thy fair shores, as to her home,

She'll turn these mournful looks again!
But, ah! the breeze too freshly blows,

Too swiftly wafts to other skies,
And night her dusky mantle throws

To hide thee from my tearful eyes !
Farewell! farewell! thou charming France,

Whose mem'ry I shall fondly cherish!
Scenes of my childhood's sweet romance,

Adieu !-to quit you is to perish!


To Sophia, who requested that the author would compose a Romance for

her entertainment.
You wish, my dear, I would compose

A long romance, my pow'rs to shew ;
But, ah! too well thy poet knows

So long a task he must forego.
Eur. Mag. Sept. 1823


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