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THE LESSON..

PROM PHILANDER VON SITTEWALD.*

“In my youth,"said Philander, “I ence chamber, where the Prince, was a gay, thoughtless fellow; and surrounded by his courtiers, sat on having soon squandered my patri- the throne in all the splendour of his mony I found myself reduced to

greatness. Before him stood three the dire necessity of bending my free men. They had been selected from and stubborn back under the yoke half a hundred candidates for the of some employment. The Court at vacant office, and were to be extracted me ; í was inclined to be.

amined hy the Prince in person. come a statesman, and to offer my “ What is the first and greatest services to some foreign prince, virtue of a privy counsellor ?” he Accordingly I set out on the way, asked of him who stood next him and wandered restlessly till I sank with folded arms, and looked like a down in a wood, overcome with fa Moravian brother. tigue, and fell asleep.

“ The fear of God!" answered the I had not lain long when I felt latter, laying his hand upon his a gentle tap on the shoulder. I heart, and making a low obeisance. opened my eyes, and saw an old man “ And the second?''_“ The fear by my side, of a strange appear.

of God." ance, and with a long white beard. “ And the third ?"_" The fear of “ Rise!” said he, “I will conduct God.” you to a place where you may learn The Prince laughed, and said to the statistical science in one hour." his minister,“ Provide this pious The proposal rejoiced me, and I simpleton with a schoolmaster's followed the old man's footsteps. place." He led me up a steep and mist He then turned to the second with covered mountain to a large city the question, “What are the chief adorned with many towers. “Here, qualities of a good monarch ?” my son," said he,“ is the residence The candidate (in whose deof one of the mightiest princes of meanour a certain arrogance was Germany, who is ever ready to blendid with a pedantic self-suffistretch out his long arms when he ciency) made his obeisance less pro- . espies a delicate morsel in the great foundly than the other, and after dish of the empire. You shall soon adjusting his ruffles and his cravat, know him personally. One of his and making all the customary preprivy counsellors died a few days parations for a long-winded speech, ago; the election of a new one is began as follows :-“ Plato, Arisabout to take place; we will be pre- totle, and I, inaintain that a Prince sent at this ceremony." Hereupon is nothing else than the first servant he wetted my forehead and his own of the commonalty, and it is, therewith a single drop of balsam, and fore, incumbent upon him to adassured me that we were now as in- minister strict justice, to further the visible as the wind.

prosperity of his country by every We could see one another; yet, means in his power, and so to treat unobserved by all others, we glided his subjects as he would like and like the summer breeze through a expect to be treated himself were he thick crowd of persons, that rolled a subject. to and fro in the streets. So we

“ Do as you would be done by." came into the palace and the audi

• His true name was Hans Michael Moscherosch. He lived in the seventeenth century, and wrote satires under the title of " Wonderful and true Sights," (apparitions) of which he says in his preface, “ I am unwilling to believe that I have ever injured any man by them, though I hope to have benefited many. Therefore those who are not pleased with my writings either want sense to comprehend them, or find themselves ill furnished in concience. There is nothing, in all my works, which can give offence to an honest and upright man."

“This is the infallible testof human the Prince, and nominated him, on actions which nature has fixed in the spot, to the vacant seat. our hearts. Does a Prince weigh We, invisible spectators, looked bis deeds in these scales he is looked' at one another, and the old man up to as a father by bis grateful whispered in my ear. “ Young people ; but does he govern with Gleissner, who spoke so much to severity and caprice, does be op- the Prince's satisfaction, is the sonpress his subjects and squander their in-law of the president. The latter, substance in vain ostentation, then grown grey in the knavery of courts, the other saying becomes verified : put the question in the Prince's

mouth, and the answer in that of " Whom men fear perforce they hate.” his élève ; that is the reason the pot

and the lid fit so well together. He During this harangue the Prince, will bye-and-bye give him a Lesson with signs of astonishment, surveyed with closed doors, at which we will his courtiers, by turns, with a keen be present, for it was, properly speakeye, as if he would say, “ How does ing, the object of onr journey." this sound? This bird pipes a dif The Prince dismissed his court. ferent tune from yours', my faithful Pakomus took the arm of his young friends!"

colleague. “ Come, my confidential Pakomus, the president of the son," said he; “I will give you a council, was a crafty old courtier, proof of my paternal fondness, by and knew full well how to extricate unveiling to you the most hidden himself from a dilemma of this sort. secrets of politics and government." He disguised his perplexity by a Upon this he led him, through dark contemptuous smile, shook the cloud, and narrow passages, to the farthest like curls of his immense wig with wing of the palace, in which there disapprobation at the speaker, and was a chamher, whose brazen door cut him short, at the moment the was secured by seven locks. This Prince was about to express his dis- sanctum he cautiously, unclosed, pleasure, with “ Enough of this ar and forced bimself and his comrogance. His Highness's wisdom panion through a small opening, in and magnanimity require no admo- order that no profane eye might nitions on the subject of govern- steal a glance at its mysterics. But ment."

we had already glided in before This bold piece of flattery had the them, and heard and saw the followdesired effect; it brought things to ing wonderful things. Pakomus their former level in the Prince's opened a wardrobe, in which a mind. He cast a frowning look at motley collection of mantles, of velthe daring candidate, and com vet and fine cloth, were hanging in manded him to withdraw.

a row. They were all richly laced The third candidate, a scarcely and bordered on the outer side, but bearded youth, following the ex on the inner, some were covered with ample of the president, handled his rough woollen stuff, and some of predecessor like a pencil, and sa them with the skins of wolves and tirised by shrugs and nods every foxes. word that he uttered, in order, by this “ Is this His Highness's warddumb criticism, to recommend him robe?” enquired the young courself to the Prince. He received, for tier." By no means," said the his portion, the question, “ To what senior, " these are state robes, and should a monarch direct his chief are used when any disagreeable or attention?"

unpopular measure is to be laid “ To three points,” replied the before the public. A delicate subyouth instantly, and bowed as low ject of that kind we are forced to as if he were going to stand upon clothe in a handsome dress, therefore his head, or turn the wheel.

this scarlet robe, trimmed with gold - First, to the improvement of the lace, is called " The people's happiroyal revenues; secondly, to the ness ;" the second, of green velvet, extension of his territories ; and “The country's bloom; the third, thirdly, to the maintenance of his embroidered with silver, “ The pubdignity, as a God on earth.

lic good," and so on." Very wisely spoken!"exclaimed The pupil examiired these, one

after another, with a serious coun a higher hand squeezes them again, tenance. At length, however, he and throws them aside." could not help laughing as his eye

The instructor now led his pupil rested upon an old threadbare and back to the saloons, and threw open faded robe. “ Heavens !" he ex the lid of a casket, filled with spectaclaimed, “ what was this old rag to cles. “Of these state spectacles," said do amongst these splendid robes of be, "we have three sorts. The first state?"_" Let it not surprise you,' enlarge the object wonderfully; the rejoined Pakomus.“ This mantle was gnat becomes an elephant; the once as brilliant as its neighbours; silver penny a full grown dollar. but the incredible drudgery that it with these magnifying glasses we has performed, and must still per arm the eyes of the subjects, when, form, has thus disfigured it. It is for example, we wish them to take called Good Intention, and is, in a log of wood that is given them for courts, like the bread we eat. For a whole forest, or a service equal to example, should Folly by any chance a grain of mustard seed for an imsupplant Prudence at the helm, and measurable advantage. The second drive the ship of the state upon a sort diminishes mountains to mole rock, then he wraps this robe round hills, and is, therefore, very servicehim, and cries, · The intention was able in cases of honours and gifts con: good!' By this means he stifles ferred. The glasses of the third class every murmur of the people. Many change black to white, and throw a a faux pas, however, is so tremen, dazzling glare over every object.” dous a giant, that this mantle is not “Invaluable spectacles !” cried the sufficient to cover him; in that counsellor, and tried some of them case we throw them all upon bim at with lively approbation. once, and bury him under them." The President's falcon eyes now

The muster of the state robes was scrutinized every corner of the now over. Pakomus opened a closet apartment to satisfy him that he was filled with masks, " Ah, capitał not watched, and he proceeded in a masks these!” cried the new coun

low tone of voice. sellor. “ They, of course, are used tacles, particularly those which difor masquerades and shows.”- minish objects, we recommend to

Right !" answered the father-in. members of the coụncil, and somelaw;" they are used for show. They times, between ourselves, to his are state masks,and have a similar use Highness's Royal use, without to that of the robes. Therefore they troubling the good man with a tediare made to resemble human coun. ous explanation of their properties. tenances, and integrity beams from We do this, for instance, when we are every feature." He now covered his desirous that a certain dip into the face with one of them. “See! have public coffers should appear less I not now the honest look of a brave palpable to the Prince than it would patriot, who is ready to sacrifice his were we to suffer him to view these fortune and his life for his country?" things with his own naked eyes." “Upon my honour

you

have ! " And that method is effectual ?" cried the young courtier, and he “ Probatum est :” exclaimed Paclapped his hands.

komus with emphasis ; and they They then passed into an anti- shook hands with cordiality. chamber that bore the most perfect “ But what do you take this roseresemblance to a bathing and dress- coloured powder to be?” asked the ing-room. Razors, lancets, and cup-old gentleman. “ I suppose it is ping-glasses were scattered up and tooth-powder," was the reply.-down in it. “This workshop,” said “ You guess wrong, Sir; how can the grey headed statesman, you imagine that the state troubles tains the tools and implements of itself about the teeth of its subjects the finance minister, the trea- and servants? It were better if surer, and the receiver. With these they had no teeth at all; they would they shear their sheep, the citizens eat less." and peasants, and bleed and cup “ Well, what is it then?” said he, them without mercy. And when abashed. Eye powder! a harmthese sponges have sueked up enough, less dust that we occasionally throw

« These spec

con

into the people's eyes. It has the those who walk straight forward, same use as that sightly-sealed flask; and imagine themselves in a security it contains the famous blue mist.” which renders precaution superflu

“I must confess," said the coun ous, when they walk firmly on the sellor, “here is excellent provision foot of a good conscience.” for benevolent blindness." Pako. A shudder ran over me. I sighed mus put on a crafty smile, and nod- out with the honest poet:ded his head affirmatively. Mean. while his son observed a large vel “ Court soups are racy, it is said, vet purse, and drew out of it a Well-favour'd and delicious; colossal golden tuning hammer, But then, they're season'd with a dread, full an ell long, and proportionably

Which makes them quite pernicious.” thick. “ Let it lie," said the old man, angrily, and wanted to throw And suddenly the whole political the instrument aside ; but the for armoury vanished away, together mer held it fast, and pressed to with the President and his son-inknow what extraordinary circum

law. stances were connected with it. “ Well, how do you like the LESThe President was unwilling to

son ?” enquired my hoary compabring it out; at length, however, he nion. began his confession. “ Some time I shrugged my shoulders, and ago a foreign power wished to ob- knew not what to answer. tain a certain favour of our royal “ Do you think," continued he, master, but he was not disposed to “ that I have led you hither, in order grant it, dreading ill consequences that you might learn to wear such to himself and his state. On that robes, to polish deceptive glasses, occasion I received this costly tuning and earn golden tuning hammers? hammer, with a courteous letter, in God forbid! I have taught you to which I was jokingly requested to know the venom that you may avoid tune the inclination of my master in it; I have unveiled to you the hidunison with the wishes of that court, den arts of dishonest servants of the Who can withstand such civilities ? state, to enable you to judge more And who would not open the doors prudently and justly than the blind of his heart when knocked at with crowd of the conduct of many a such a hammer.”

good and noble-minded prince, who “ It is a matter of course," said strives in the paths of virtue and the hopeful son.

justice to reach the worthy goal of Hereupon Pakomus shewed him his people's happiness, but who, by a little cask of peas, and assured the ignes fatui of wicked and unwise him that those harmless peas became counsels, which his gnileless mind sometimes more dangerous than takes for the true guides, is led musket balls in the hands of a mali. astrayinto false paths, and conducted cious courtier. “ But I ought to be to a precipice. Curses await them, tenacious of disclosing this roguery and blessings be showered down to you; I am afraid that one day, upon your head, if you serve faithwhen you begin to think that I have fully the prince who lays his peobeen too long before your eyes, you ple's salvation upon your shoulders! will use it against me.”

Seize, with curage, on the machiThe son-in-law laid his hand upon nery of selfishness and avarice, and his breast, and protested loudly that bring it to a stand. But take heed, he was a man of honour.

then, to avoid the peas, with which “ But you can take a joke," re your path will be richly strewn!” joined the old statesman.

“ None

With the last echo of those words but an arch-knave makes use of the silver-bearded figure dissolved these peas. He strews them in the like a mist, and I found myself at Privy Council Chamber, in the the foot of the tree where I had Chancery Court, and particularly sought repose. I stood up-1 fan. on the slippery floors of the Court- cied that I already felt the treacherooms, in order that they who are rous peas beneath my feet, and the hateful to him, or stand in his light, idea robbed me of the courage and may slide on them and fall. And inclination to proceed on my jourthat happens most frequently to ney.

S.

THE ANNUAL EXHIBITION OF THE PRODUCTIONS OF

ART AND INDUSTRY IN THE LOUVRE.

Paris, Sept. 18. beings, and so situated as to present Not to be behind hand in viewing a fair prospect of becoming, by a this extensive and pompously an

proper application of intellect and nounced collection, I entered the industry, the mistress of the ConLouvre, a few days after the opening tinent of Europe by superiority in of the Exhibition, with a crowd of arts and manufactures. There is some thousand persons, and midst nothing however in this saloon calclouds of dust which rendered many culated to alarm the most timid of the objects almost invisible. Englishman; the cutlery is of the After an hour's pushing and squeeze most inferior description, and, thanks ing in a motley group of decorated to the prejudices of the French, as knights, soldiers, peasants, and char outrée as ever in its appearance. coal carriers, and become thorough One would really have thought that ly convinced that it would be impos so many years of peace would have sible for me in such a way to forın worked a wonderful change in this an accurate and impartial idea of respect, but the knives, with few the treasures of French industry, I exceptions, are still the strange unwithdrew from the splendid saloons meaning implements that they aland felt heartily rejoiced when I

ways were, with long narrow points had descended the magnificent stair- threatening destruction to the mouth case wbich forms so striking a con. if raised there, and of so admirable trast to the meagre architecture, and an edge that the work of dissection general appearance of the outside of upon à fowl or a turkey is a matter this extensive building. Being, how- of no great diffculty provided the ever, resolved to form my opinion of animal be very young, very tender, the Exhibition from personal in half an hour or so over-roasted, and spection, and not from those inter- that the left hand be actively emested and partial vehicles of infor- ployed at the same time in the opemation, the newspapers, I subse- ration. So rare a collection, carryquently made interest to obtain an ing us back in imagination to that admission on one of those days good old period when the same when the public are only allowed to weapon was indiscriminately used enter by tickets, and when, conse to rip up the belly of an enemy or quently, there is mach less crowding of a capon, must present much than on the days in which the sa amusement to a Sheffield or London loons are thrown open indiscrimi- manufacturer; and if he did not acnately. Having suceeeded in this quire information from the Exhibiendeavour, I again visited the tion, it would at least serve to put Louvre on Friday last. The first him into good humour with his own room, which is on the ground- work, and therefore with himself, flooris devoted articles of which is one of the greatest delights wrought metal, and new inventions of existence. Amongst the various of hardware and cutlery. Con- articles thus exposed to the admirsidering the example which the ing French (and here, by-the-bye, I French have so long had before would observe that the French are them, and the number of English either the best natured, or the silworkmen, who, from distressor other liest people in existence, since they causes, have abandoned their native are always ready to admire the most country and taken refuge in France, ridiculous things if presented with it was natural to expect that this something like an appeal to national part of the Exhibition would dis- vanity), were needles fancifully arplay something in the way of im- ranged upon cards to resemble suns provement, calculated to make an

and stars, with gold and silver eyes Englishman, jealous of his country's turned inwards, and forming the honour and splendour, tremble for nucleus of these illustrious bodies. her future prosperity in a rivalry Hammers, chisels, saws, pincers, and with a nation peopled by upwards other tools, with a collection of nails of twenty-nine millions of civilized from a tenpenny nail down to a tin

to

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