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The fact is, that the Duke of Wel- yonne on the 14th of April, and in lington well knew that the allied which the enemy were in every resovereigns were then in treaty with spect successful.

“ This severe conNapoleon as the sovereign of France, bict began at three in the morning, and that therefore it was most un and we were not altogether unprejustifiable either for our Cabinet, or pared, two deserters having brought for our Commander-in-Chief to en us intelligence that the garrison was courage any efforts of the Bourbons under arms. Sir John Hope and to create a civil war in the South of his staff at the beginning of the atFrance. What degree of positive tack rode forward to ascertain the support was given by us to the Duke enemy's movements, and, as the d'Angouleme, it is impossible to as shortest way to his object, he encertain, but as this Prince evidently tered a chemin encaissé, a narrow could not have appeared in the cross road, enclosed by almost perSouth of France hut in consequence pendicular banks on each side. He of its'occupation by a British force, had not proceeded far before he dishis presence ought to have been pro- covered, by a glimmering light, that hibited during the negociations at the road was already in possession Chatillon. Marshal Soult’s procla- of the enemy, and that he was ridmation was, we conceive, highly ing into their lines. Himself and justifiable.

his staff immediately faced about Captain Batty pretends to take and galloped from the scene of the welcome reception of our army, danger, when a sudden discharge by the people in the South of France, of musketry was made upon them as a barometer of their feelings in by the enemy. Three balls entered favour of the allied cause, as if such the body of Sir John's horse, and apparent welcome of victorious the animal fell dead, entangling his troops is not always given in the rider's foot between his side and the hopes of conciliating their favour, earth. Two aid-de-camps dismountand appeasing their austerity. He ed to his assistance, one immediately draws the same inference from fell wounded, and a ball directly the numerous desertions from the after shattered the arm of the other. French army, as if an army of The General himself received a young recruits and of foreigners wound in the arm, and the enemy would not necessarily suffer by de came up and made them all prisertion, after a series of discomfor. soners; they were only able to extures and of disastrous retreats. If tricate Sir John Hope by withdrawthe feelings of the French nation ing his leg from his boot, and as were so strongly in favour of the the French were conducting their Bourbons, by what means could prisoner into the town, he was again Napoleon have effected his almost struck by a ball in the foot, supmiraculous re-conquest of the throne. posed to be from one of our own

On the 10th of April, the Duke piquets. Our troops fought with of Wellington won the severely great obstinacy, and when the morncontested battle of Toulouse, having ing came the enemy, in traversing dislodged the enemy from Tarbes on the glasis on their return to the the Adour, on the 20th March. On town, suffered severely from our dethe 12th of April, Marshal Soult structive fire. We lost 500 killed withdrew from Toulouse, and the and wounded, and 300 prisoners.” city was taken by the British, and “It would be almost impossible," on the evening of that day the news says Captain Batty, “ to convey an arrived at Toulouse of the abdica- idea of the effect produced by the tion of Napoleon. The arrival of numerous flashes from the cannon, this intelligence eight and forty and the sparkling light from the hours sooner would have prevented musketry, or of the confused noise the battle, and have saved the lives from the war of cannon, the burstof about eight thousand brave ing of shells, and the cheers of the

soldiers, intermingled with the Captain Batty gives us a very piercing shrieks and groans of the clear' account of the memorable dying and wounded. At times the sortie made by the garrison of Ba- darkness was in part dispelled by Eur. Mag. Sept. 1823.

2 K

men.

the bright blue ligift of fire-balls subject, and supplying professional thrown from the citadel, to show the persons with all the detail of operaassailants where to direct their tions sufficient to give them an acguns. Some of these fire-balls and curate technical knowledge of the shells fell in the midst of the depôt campaign. We have noticed one of fascines, which instantly caught or two instances of our author's fire and burnt with great fierceness. prejudices, and to these we sball Several houses caught fire ; and now only add his omitting, when he two in particular burnt for a time praises the discipline of our army, with great violence, and casting a io mention the dreadful severity by lurid light under the vaulted clouds which the Duke of Wellington of smoke which rose to the skies. effected that discipline. When Cap. Towards the close of the action the tain Batty reiterates the vulgar moon had risen, and as dawn broke boast, that the Duke of Wellington over the skene of battle, we began had overcome every French Marshal to discern the dreadful havoc that that had been sent against him, he had been made." But the guards must have known that the asserhad been ordered to lie down, in tion was not true. Massena un. order to avoid the destructive fire, questionably drove the Duke from and at a given sigoal,“ rising en Busaco, and conquered all Portugal masse rushed forward with an ap; except the capital, which was propalling shont.” The French fled tected by the lines of Torres Vedras, with speed and scrambled through and fed by supplies from England the hollow lane in which Sir Jolin and the Brazils, and by other means Hope had been taken, and which totally distinct from the Duke's now fell again into our possession. military operations. Captain Batty We re-occupied one former line of is often guilty of coining words, and contravallation; and what rendered sometimes of misapplying those this sanguinary night-conflict the which are of standard authority. more lamentable was the subse. He should, for instance, know that quent arrival of the news, that Na- the word strata is a term of geology, poleon had abdicated, and that hos and not to be used in topographical tilities had ceased. Upon our offi or military descriptions of a councers expressing to the enemy their try. We have only to repeat that regret at so useless an effusion of the volume we have been reviewing blood the French, with their usual has afforded us much pleasure, and and revolting levity, treated it with that its graphic illustrations connonchalance, declaring it was only siderably enhance its value. a petite promenade militaire.

After relating these events, Cap. The Way to preserve Good Health, tain Batty gives one chapter, de. and a Treatise on Domestic Mediscriptive of the country around cine. By R. Thomas, M.D. Svo. Bayonne and Bordeaux, and of the London, 1823. country of the Landes with its stilled inhabitants ; and he describes the We certainly do not generally peaceful march homeward of our consider it necessary to notice works troops through France, with the of this description for various rea. return of the Spanish and Portu. sons; to the general reader they 'guese prisoners of war from France would be in many cases unintellito their respective countries. This gible, always uninteresting, and for chapter, although not the most in those interested in this particular structive, nor the most entertaining branch of science there are several chapter of the volume, forms a periodical publications set entirely delightful conclusion to the horrors apart; but in this age of medicine, of war, with which the preceding when probably there is more ima

ginary ailment in one month than Captain Batty may be said to our forefathers knew of in a long write like a gentleman of business, life, works of this description be affording the general reader all the come of a certain degree of consepleasures that can be derived from quence : in short, although this, as a cultivated mode of treating his well as most countries in civilized

pages are filled.

Europe, is inundated with medical how is that power obtained. Is it men, it is seldom you can enter a by books ? We are ready to grant, family but what some work, upon that well stated facts do most mawhat is pleased to be termed Domes- terially assist the young and well, tic Medicine, stares you in the faces grounded practitioner in sodnet aras if every individual of a debilitatedriving at that description of knowor melancholic babit should have an ledge so highly useful to mankind, opportunity of frightening them- particularly in those diseases where selves into a belief of the existence the infrequence of their occurrence of some dreadful disease, for which renders it probable that sufficient sufficient reinedies are taken in the experience might never be obtained, twenty-four hours to make the ima- even in the first medical schools of ginary complaint a real one; and this large metropolis ; but experishould you venture into a country ence is, and always will remain, not family, in which some unfortunate only the best, but the only means of hypochrondriac really exists, you understanding disease. "Really, in find the table perfectly

loaded with the taking up a work on « Domestio works of Buchan, Reece, Solomon, Medicine,” we should be inelined to Scudapore, &c., &c., &c., with a host think that diagnosis must be consi, of family nostrums, handed down, dered as the most simple and defined not from father to son, but from science the human mind can imagrandmother to grand-daughter gine, not that our first authors through ages, like the recipes of have declared their total inability the Arabs to Hippocrates.

to describe the peculiarities even of The work in question it is our an ulcer, and that varieties of the wish to treat with as much atten same disease may be companed (as tion as the subject will allow, from is done by one of our best writers) the respectability of its writer ; Dr. to the shades in colours; it being as Thomas being the author of a prae- difficult to describe disease under tice of physic, which is considered certain peculiarities, as it would be by our first medical men as a stand the depth of colour among the vaard work of references and sincerely rious greens of nature. Surely it do we wish, instead of giving usought to be written as in the works upon the same principles as that of Lavater, who, after the most elawork, a description and treatment borate description of certain

features, of the most complex diseases, he has a perpetual salvo, " This and had confined himself to those trifle the rest agreeing”, which generally ing maladies thať might be with leaves the student much in the same safety treated by the unskilled; state of information as it found which plan would have not only him. avoided descriptions injurious to The errors we have heard of hay-the valetudinarian, for

ing been committed on this score,

by the comparatively well-informed 166 We are not ourselves, part of the community, really makes When nature, being oppressed, cool us shudder, when we reflect on the mands the mind,

thousands of instances which must To suffer with the body;"

have taken place among the igno

rant; but we forbear giving any exbut also the now existing absolute amples, wishing to spare the feelnecessity for the heads of families ings of persons whose mistakes have keeping the work in question under arisen from good intentions. Much lock and key because the vernacular do we rejoice that the use of calomel, index, he lias been pleased to give, a practice among youth the most includes the most loathsome dis- dangerous of all fashionable empirieases. Not that we mean to say a cismi, has long been on the decline, work of this description would en. notwithstanding which we daily and tirely ineet with our approbation, hourly witness its baneful effects since there would still exist the upon the constitutions of the rising same insurmountable difficulty, viz., generations, particularly in thie the power in the inexperienced to higher circles; indeed to such a comprehend diagnosis.

pitch was it carried, that we have It will naturally be obserred, known a lady of the first rank,

boasting of the enormous dozes of juice, and thereby decreasing its this baneful drag her children, from soluble power. Now, nothing can habit, were able to swallow, ad be more evident than, if digestion is ministered not by the experienced, retarded by the dilution of the gasbut by the caprice of a fashionable trick juice, the flowing of the chyle mother.

must be effected in at least an equal In the first part of this work, de- ratio, and argaments might be addicated to the means of obtaining a duced to prove in a much

greater. « Healthful and long life,” Dr. One of the most powerful facts, Thomas has taken nearly the same brought against the use of liquids view of the subject which has been with our food, is, that animals living so ably described by the sage Cor- in a state of nature do not drink naro, and upon which Mr. Abernethy while eating. It is not intended to has founded a considerable part of his include under this head pampered interesting lecture on this subject ; ladies' lap-dogs. Again, in the folnor is there the slightest doubt, lowing page :that, were those principles adhered “ In all cases the proportion of to, greater longevity, and, from drink should exceed that of our equanimity of temper, comparative food.” However numerous may be happiness would be the result: but the opponents of Mr. Abernethy's much is it to be feared, mankind system, we will venture to say, few must be remodeled ere that result will go this length with Dr. Thomas, can take place. Those who have since surely it must be acknowprofessionally recommended this ledged, there are many situations system through a number of years, in which abstinence on this score and in cases holding out the greatest is particularly recommended. inducements, are obliged to acknow Thus far have we gone, not so ledge that they have found few, if any, much against Dr. Thomas's book persevering disciples. Although, to as against the principle of works on à certain extent, the author goes Domestic Medicine, when medical hand in hand with Mr. Abernethy aid can be obtained; but we owe it (allowed by all to be the most atten. to the author to say, when such tive observer on this subject), we works are found necessary (particufind him at page 18, diametrically larly in vessels not carrying suropposite in his opinion, relative to geons) we should decidedly recomthe use of liquids. Thus we have mend the work in question, as com

bining a clearness of statement " Nothing like simple element dilutes with the best of practice. He has The food, and gives the chyle so soon also added a list of questions to be to flow."

put to patients, which part we

should recommend to the particular Here he assumes as fact, that attention of all persons acting the which has long been a most dis- physician, more especially where putable point, it being the opinion their practice is amongst the poor of some of our leading physiologists, and ignorant, since even the most that the use of liquid to any extent experienced find here the greatest with our food is wrong, upon the difficulty from the want of powers principle of its diluting the gastrick of description in the interrogated.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE,

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC.

AFRICA.

derers. Experience will certainly proSenegal. - The agricultural esta duce many changes in these laws; but, blishments on the banks of the Senegal such as they are, they give an idea of afford the most satisfactory results. the actual condition of these nations, Plantations of the colony, began by per- formerly savage, and amongst whom sons without any experience, have the missionaries have wrought so much nevertheless succeeded. All European good in 60 few years. We shall now vegetables support the climate, and are give three of these laws. The Law on 80 productive, that many of them seed Buying and Selling :--If any one makes twelve or thirteen times. Those escu. a purchase, it is his business to well lept plants, which were almost un examine wbat be buys before paying known in the country, increase abun. the money. As soon as the purchase dantly in the establishments. Success is concladed, and the goods delivered, with the colonial plants has surpassed the bargaio cannot be annulled withall hope ; at the end of eight months out the consent of both parties. If one in the garden of Richard Toll, which of the objects bartered is found to have twelve months before was covered with any fault, not perceived before the exwood, were yews seven feet high, tall change, the bargain may be broken; sugar canes, pine-apple trees bearing but if the fault was known the bargain fruit, bandanas putting forth their is good. If the exchange is made in buds, more than two thousand young the name of a sick person, it is not citrons, coffee sown and rising up; consummated till the sick person has all these plants grow admirably with seen and accepted the goods in his own out shelter, promising a rich produce. name; should he not then, they may POLYNESIA.

be given back. No one must endeaOtaheite.-The government of Ota vour to depreciate another man's proheite has adopted an organization, perty, it is a wicked action. No one founded on the gospel; and, no doubt, ought to interfere in bargains which this example will be followed by other do not concerp bim.-Law on the Obislands of that Archipelago. We shall servance of the Sabbath :-It is a crime give some extracts from the new code of in the eyes of God to work on the laws printed by order of King Pomario, Sabbath. All which is conformable to and exposed to public view in each the word of God must be observed; district of his kingdom, that the jo all that is not must be abandoned. habitants of the island, most of whom Therefore no one, on the Sabbath, may can read, may instruct themselves in build houses, construct canoes, cultitheir duties as fathers and citizens. In vate the earth, or do any other work; the preamble to this code, after the no one may cven travel. If any one royal salutation addressed to the people, wishes, on this day, to go and hear a Pomario thus expresses himself. “God missionary at a distance, he may do in his great mercy has sent us his it; but that must not serve as a pretext word. We have received this word to for other affairs; in that he will do be saved. Our intention is to observe wrong. It will be better for him to his commandments. And in order that go on the Saturday evening to the our conduct may become that of people place, where he desires to spend the who love God, we enact that the fol- Sunday. The first transgression of lowing laws be observed in Otabeite." this command will be followed by a This first promulgation contains nibe. reproof, and should the offender per. teen heads of laws. 1. Upon murder; sist in infringing the law, he will be 2. on theft; 3. op depredations com condemned to certain public works, mitted by hogs; 4. on stolen or lost assigned by the judge.-Law relating goods : also, the observation to false Witnesses : -The person who of the Sabbath; provocation to war, accuses another of murder, blasphemy, marriage, bigamy, adultery, &c. One theft, or any other crime, commits a of the articles appoints 400 judges, es great sin. His punishment shall be tablishes courts of justice in the differ to work on the roads, and to make a ebt districts of Otaheite and Eimeo; road four miles long and twelve feet and enjoins the chiefs to enforce the wide, io erery respeet to be a good execution of tbeir decrees. The pu road. The person whose false report pishment of death is inflicted on mur. relates to less heavy crimes, shaly

on

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