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brother and sister ; etiquette obliged bestows upon bim many other epiher to accept this invitation, but so thets, which in our ignorance we ill was her husband that they were had conceived had been exclusively obliged to remain in transitue at in vogue with the profane rulPisa, for one month. At length gar. Now that Napoleon was no they embarked for Barcelona, and niggard in his allowance is evident the Queen says, “ we had not from the fact, that when this Queen been more than two days at sea, was in other hands her pension was when I was taken in labour and de reduced to only 10.000 francs a livered of a daughter," and two days month. In. April, 1811, this lady after she arrives at Barcelona, after made an attempt to escape to the marriages had been celebrated. England, but her plot had been dis Considering all these contre-tems, covered by the French police, and and the mention of four days for a she was ordered into a monasteryx voyage, which might be performed and detained there until the restorain twelve hours, we may make an tion of the Bourbons, in 1814, reestimate of the bad management of placed her in independence; and we these indolent princes of the south. suspcet, in greater poverty than she In Nov. 1807, whilst she was en had been under the Emperor Napojoying herself in the country, the leon. These memoirs are intended French minister comes to inform as a memorial or petition to the her, that her father had ceded ber Allied Sovereigns for remunera. kingdom to France, and that she tion of the memorialist's losses, and must depart instanter; she says, “ [ she modestly ends the document by immediately dispatched a courier to stating, that as she had intended to my father, for I had not received honour England by seeking a refuge the least intimation on the subject.” amongst us, she trusts that John Subsequently, on meeting with her Bull will be the “ support and profather, he abruptly communicates to tection" of her family, her, you must know, my daughs. These memoirs are written with ter, that our family has ever ceased great naïvete, and they display all to reign.” Such was the indelicacy the features of a mind rendered effes and churlish iuhumanity of Charles minate, and sickly by pride and inIV. of Spain to his daughter. But dulgence. They are of no general in France she had been treated with importance whatever, but derive the great respect by Napoleon ; and on little interest which they possess ber subsequently arriving with her from the simplicity of their style, parent at Valency, in 1808, she re- and from the portraiture wbich they lates that “they had been allowed afford of the effects of misfortunes the entire service of the Impes and reverses upon minds bred in rial Court; gentlemen, ladies, and laxury and absolute power. guards, all were at their disposal." Napoleon settles on this lady a pen- Tales of Old Mr. Jefferson of Gray's sion of 33,000 francs a month, and inn. Collected by Young Mr. yet she tells us, that for some time Jefferson of Lyon's-inn, London, she could not afford to buy a horse, 2 vols. 12mo. 1823. but was compelled to walk about with her children, “although it was QUAINTNESS of title seems to be the hottest season in the year, and the order of the day, and there is all the world went out either on no doubt if it does not insure readers, beautiful horses or in a carriage.” it at any rate commands a certain de She importunes the Emperor for an gree of attention. Thus re bave the increase of pension, who gallantly Sketch Book, High-ways and Bycomplies with her request, and ways, the Inn-keeper's Album, &c. grants her. 50,000 francs (2033 &c. and surely, it will be acknow. pounds sterling) a month ; with a ledged, our author has, at any rate, palace and its dependencies, and equalled his predecessors in this rebe moreover writes her a letter, spect, not that we consider the wishing her a pleasant voyage work in question at all requiring (journey) to Parma. In spite of such adventitious assistance. this, she immediately after calls The preface to this little work is Napoleon “an atrocious tyrant," and written with mucli feeling and know.

ledge of human nature, and is cer The scene is laid in one of the tainly calculated to disarm criticism most romantic situations in Wales, as much as a preface can do. To- selected by the hero (Mr. Ashford) wards its termination : the author for the erection of a rustic cottage, says, “Of the volumes now offered where he resides unknown, under to the public, I might plead that the garb of poverty, although you they were written under circum- are enabled to trace throughout, that stances that precluded a digestion he possesses a finely educated mind, of plan or any attempt atexcellence: added to the best of all philosophy, they were written under the pres that of the power of well regulating sure of affliction, and in all the un- it. Here from the advice he gives, certainty and agitation which mis- in addition to the many little acts fortune can produce; but I am aware of kindness he bestows, he acquires that such pleas are too easily made a considerable degree of consequence to be attended to by the public, and over the minds of the peasants and that the world'in general cannot yeomen, which, as may easily be reasonably be expected to pay any supposed, excites the envy of the attention to the disadvantages under lesser gentry to no inconsiderable which an author may compose his extent in the description of which work ; the reader solely concerns

our author is particularly happy. himself about the merit of what he Having married a beautiful girl of reads ; and pleas of haste or any un- his own rank, and their family intowardness of circumstances are creasing beyond his means of supo "With merit needless, and without it port by his little farm around the vain."

cottage, he is obliged to resort to the

neighbouring forest to cut wood, by This simple statement probably the sale of which he supports accounts for the many errors of style them in comparative comfort. The with which the work abounds : in effect this produces on the minds short, there are grammatical inace of the unlettered. peasants, whose curacies which convince the reader respect for him decreases as his beyond a question, that they entirely poverty increases, is well conceived. arose from carelessness, it being At last a letter from an old friend totally impossible to conceive an arrives, informing him his miseries author who evidently unites the will soon cease, his father, a baronote scholar, politician, and gentleman, with wbom, on account of his marto the man of the world, could ever riage, he is not on terms, being og be guilty of such inaccuracies but the point of death; and this friend from the before-mentioned cause. requests him to meet him at a neigh

The tales are three in number : bouring post-town. This leads to “ The Welch Cottage; or, the the most dreadful catastrophe : ha Woodman's Fireside,“ Mande- goes with one of his younger chile ville, or the Voyage," and "The dren. The meeting between the friends Creole ; or, the Negro Suicide." is affecting: he declines pecuniary The first tale, he says, “is more aid, having so long done without completely the invention of my it, and sets off to return on foot, inan fancy than any of the others,” and inclement Deceinber night, among certainly after the careless, we might all the dangerous ravines incident almost say, slovenly, manner in

to a mountainous country.

He which this tale is introduced, we falls with his darling charge into were agreeably surprised to find it one of these dreadful pits, rendered abounding with originality of style, invisible by the drifted snow. The mucla pathos, and the characters description of this scene is really well conceived ; evidently from a beautiful; and, although our limits profound knowledge of the world, will scarcely allow it, we cannot obtained, we fear, in the school of forbear quoting one or two of its adversity, as there is throughout a passages. Having lost his way disposition towards the shadowy he endeavours by calling to attract side of human nature : at any rate the attention of some inhabitants, we are willing, for the sake of man- but" there was no human response kind in general, to hope such is the and hardly had its last echo died case.

upon the gale, than the boy, feebly

throwing his little arms round his mate!"-His dying words were pro: father's neck in the tone of ex. phetic. She was left to all the poverty haustion, cried • Papa I can't bear and wretchedness the human mind the cold."" Here he is induced to put can suppose : and after selling erery down his precious burden, in hopes little elegance, and at last every nethat exercise might renovate his cessary of life, after having applied stiffning limbs. “The child scarcely for assistance to her family withoat reached the ground, when he uttered success, she is at last visited by a a faint shriek. The alarmed father Mr. Williams (the supposed narrator rapidly snatched at him, but in the of this tale). This Mr. Williams effort lost his balance. They had had known poor Ashford, he being been standing on the very brink of a the principal inhabitantof the neigtprecipice, and were now hurled to its bourhood; but, his mind having been base. The father held the child above much occupied by a contested county him in his fall, lest, falling on him, election, the circumstances of his he might have crushed him

to death. death, with the probable distress of Bat although the depth was terrific the family, had entirely escaped his the great body of snow was frozen notice. Having relieved the family, to a degree which broke their fall, the widow commences the relation nor were they hurt when they reach- of her own and her husband's early ed the bottom.” After the most in. history. This story is well told, effectual efforts to ascend the sides of abounds with interest, and some rethe pit, the scene is thus described : markably well-drawn characters; . “He had only a frock coat on, and the lady in question proves to and this he had deprived himself of be the daughter of a poor Earl, the to wrap the child in. All the time title then being in the possession of he was using his active exertions to her brother. Mr. Williams, thereget out of the pit he had instinc- fore, set off for town immediately, tively pressed little Harry to his resolving to visit all the rich relaside for warmth. Now his efforts tions of the two families. These were over, he thought of the boy. interviews are admirably drawn:

My son, my dear Henry, my child, his working upon each of their darOh, God!' cried the father, in an ling passions to obtain his object agony of grief,' he's dead! cold! for is certainly well conceived; and he at ever lost to me. What, are your last collects about 50001. of the whole little cheeks never to revive ? Will of which not one shilling appears your pretty lips never kiss me more? to be given from real charity, but Speak to me, Harry; utter one sigh: from pride, envy, or fear of exspeak to your poor father? No, posure'; in Lord Argentfield, the not even a murmur-dead - for ever younger brother of the late Ashford, dead. Oh, God !--my child ! my we find a religious fanatic; and cer: child! my child!'” In the follow- tainly some of our authors cuts at ing page his feelings for his family the Calvanistical doctrines of the and death is pathetically described. day are remarkably well managed. “ Even his firm and robust frame Mr. Williams having thus far was now yielding to the fate which succeeded, and having through bis had befallen his child. He thought parliamentary interest provided of his own blazing hearth, and of for the boys, leaves the widow and all the joys of home. • My wife, daughters in comparative happiness: my poor wife left destitute to labour and here must end our remarks on for her children: nobody to sustain this pretty little tale. her spirits, and to partake her toil. We have said that our unknown Oh! 'I picture you widowed, for author was a scholar and a politi lorn, and hopeless; labouring for cian, and we may with equal truth the common food of nature. My declare, he is at least no Tory; children, my girls, no father to there is a decided dissatisfaction guide, to protect you ; your youth with the present order of things tanexposed to the scorn, the contempt, ning through the whole of the next the snares of an unfeeling and mer tale, in our opinion by far the best ciless world!' His heart was broken, of his production. He seems to be the cold stiffened his nerves — he most thoroughly acquainted with sunk upon the earth never to reani. nautical matters; not as a tane

rence.

ers.

observer in these times of peace, but and placid: Her night gown was during that period when our arms close to ber chin, the shadow of its swept old Ocean to the very Poles, frill was reflected on her mouth, or -not as a generalizer of events else lier lips were slightlyconvulsed. gone by, but as one who was ac The tear-drop fell from the mother's quainted with the very minutiæ of eye-1 was absolved in sorrow its affairs at the time of their occur Heaven's, thought I to myself, what

a sad contrast to a few months ago, There is less carelessness of style when you were the picture of youthaltogether in this production : 'tis fulloveliness. Life's brightest better introduced, and evidently scenes were in prospect for youbetter digested, which the very com all was joy and hope; now, scarce mencement indicates. “I was des- eighteen, an outcast, a sacrifice, cended from a gentleman whose fate flying from infamy, dying under a it was to Aourish, or rather to fade, fictitious name, in solitude, in sein the middle of the seventeenth crecy; and that poor helpless infant, century; that epoch of English his with the stigma of its birth, doomtory, when liberty, like a virgin ed never to feel a parent's caresses, ray from heaven, first spread her or a parent's care. genial influence over the hearts of There is a touching simplicity in our countrymen."

the following description, which Our author particularly excels in will, we think, strike all our readconception of characters, and awful descriptions: he would, therefore, “We kept poor Emma's coffin materially suffer by any attempt of open as long as possible : at length ours to give a sketch of the story; I'followed her to the grave. А but we will endeavour, by a few ex mound of earth covers her once tracts, to give the reader some idea young and lovely hody, and at her of his powers of description. In head is a simple tomb-stone, en. this tale, we are enabled to trace graved with the inscription of many of the naval heroes who have Emma Belton, aged 18, and flourished in our time; but he has Over this tomb have I shed the coalso touched, not very lightly, upon pious tear-over this tomh has my circumstances so little to the credit heart ached with the recollection of of parties still in existence, that we Emma, from the days of her virgin must forbear giving any thing like purity, to the hour of her hapless a key to their real names. The exit. death bed of a beautiful girl, who Our author excels particularly had been seduced by a dissipated in descriptive powers. 'He evince's Colonel, is, perhaps, as moving a not only an intimate acquaintscene as we ever read. In short, ance with a naval life, but a most it abounds so much in the pathetic, happy genius in describing a naval that we have some difficulty in se engagement, and a shipwreck. lectiog a passage that would give We cannot help observing, that the reader the best idea of it.

although this country has long “ By the invitation of the mother, been the greatest naval power in we entered the adjoining room Europe, we have few, if any, works there was a cradle with a sleeping that give any thing like a correct female infant, and on a small tent idea of a naval engagement and its bedstead, with dimity curtains as bustle, confusion, and horror. This white as the driven snow, lay the arises probably from the describers once innocent and happy, but the seldom or

ever having been eye-witnow lost, pale, and emaciated, Em

This is not the case in the ma Belton. My heart ached at the present instance ; the animated mansight! She was asleep, and looked ner in which he describes it, evidenta like a statue of faded loveliness. I

ly denotes his having not only been held my breath in silent sorrow,lest present, but also his having borne an I should disturb her. In a few active part in some similar scene of minutes she uttered a deep sigh, and carnage. In the character of Capstarting in her dream, exclaimed, tain Valerton, we have one of the

Great God, : forgive, it was my finest specimens of an English seayouth's error-again she was calm man combining the greatest heroism Eur. Mag. Nov. 1823.

31

nesses.

with that cool intrepidity and judg- rock, and here be remains the only ment so necessary to ensure success. inhabitant of a large wreck for a These animated descriptions occupy considerable time. The ship, before so many pages that it would be use the, storm, contained the sick and less to attempt extracts, which could wounded of the recent action; and give the reader only a faint idea of after he recovers from a dreadful the whole. After the success of the fit of sickness, produced by the day, Captain Valerton's orders re heat and inclemency of the weather, lative to the interment of his foes, he resolves to visit the cock-pit, is simply, yet beautifully told : he is containing the remains of his poor himself mortally wounded, and his wounded shipmates; and the desdeath, with the contemplations of cription is certainly most appalling, the supposed narrator, is so happily " I now assumed resolution, and related, that we can't forbear wak descended to the scene of so much ing a few extracts.

torture; and what was my horror on He is described as having his finding that every hammock conhand on the heart of his noble com tained a human body, in the most mander. "I pressed firmer to his revolting state of putrefaction." noble breast; he had breathed his He then describes the dreadfał last; and almost breathless myself, task of freeing the vessel of such I continued my hand long in its po- infectious matter, and having drag. sition, gazing on this wreck of all ged up the bodies, he says, “I that was great and magnanimous. launched each of them throngh the Day broke and found me still in the port:holes into the sea; most of same position, and by the dawning them fell into the water and were light I once more surveyed the soon washed out of sight; but about noble features of the departed a dozen, unfortunately fell upon the Hero. Yester-morn he was walking ledges of the rocks, immediately calmly amidst the destruction of below the ship, where they lay a the cannon, surveying every wreck loathsome spectacle; the large and and accident, and directing the ravenous birds of prey, tearing the prompt and efficacious remedy; or hammocks asunder, and gorging on his eyes were flashing fire at his the green and putrid carcases, lightterrified foes, whilst bis mighty arm ing for the last morsel. The bones was arresting the progress of defeat, of these unfortunate victims, cleansand hurling it back again on the ed by the beaks of the birds, and enemy; now a huge and inanimate whitened by the air, remained withcorpse, the mere wreck and type of in my view as a memorial of all I majesty, and prowess, alone remain, had suffered and enjoyed in my yok. ed to remind us of what he had age with those skeletons, once my been."

animated associates." A shipwreck, unlike a naval en His patience at last being exgagement, is a hackneyed subject, hausted, he determines to attempt and one in which several of our the ascent of the huge rock by best authors have admirably suc which the coast is bounded; and ceeded. We have all dwelt with de- although the attempt at first seems light on that beautiful poem of impracticable, in a fit of desperation Falconer's, and few but have admired he succeeds; and the first part of the elegant manner in which Lord this tale closes with the accomplishByron has poetized the description ment of his design. The tale is so of his uncle, in the first cantos of well executed in all its parts, that we Don Juan. In short, writers of both sincerely hope, ere long, the public sexes have succeeded in it, and will be gratified by its completion. our author is eminently happy in . Of the “Negro Suicide" our limits one where the vessel is represent will not allow us to say more than ed as abandoned by all but one that it is preceded by a very inge individual, the narrator, who re- nious and ludicrous argument, relasolves not to leave the almost sink- tive to the emancipation of the slaves. ing ship. He witnesses the sink. The tale itself is apparently intending of the boat containing all his ed to shew, the dreadful state of shipmates. The vessel is at last driv- morals in our colonies: and we have en on shore, against an inaccessible. much reason to fear, that horrible

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