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300 versts, or 200 English miles. These in the yard of a private house, discomines are near the surface, and the vered, about four feet below the surface, golden earth is several archines, each some buman bones, enclosed by stones of which is twenty-eight inches in rudely ranged; and at their side a depth. The gold is obtained by wash vase in terra cotta at the left side of ing the earth, and this labour is so easy, the bones. The vase was found, upon that it is performed by boys. The me. examination, to be of Greek antiquity, tal is formed in separate grains, some of the sort generally called Etruscan, times in large pieces, or masses weigh- elegant in its form, and ornamented ing six marcs. But in general five with paintings. The paintings have zolotnics, about 15 pennyweights, are a reference to religious ceremonies obtained from a hundred pouds of earth, known to have been held by the Greeks or 52001bs. troy. The production being of the Euxine: This vase, together 1 in 83,200. A siagle proprietor, Mr. with other antiquities discovered not de Jakowleff, on whose estates the long since, induce the conjecture that richest mines have been discovered, the port of the Istrians, mentioned in will send this year about 30 pouds the Periplus of Arian, was situated (15601bs. troy) of gold to the mint at where the Odessa stands at present. Petersburgh. The other mines of Oural Whilst speaking of Odessa, we may rewill furnish altogether about 130 pouds mark, that the science of music has (6760lbs. troy). This is, however, only made great progress three. They have the commencemeut of working the not only an Italian Opera, which is mines. Doctor Fuchs' writes, that the well got up and numerously attended, gold appears to have been originally' but also a great many concerts and combined with the greenstone of Wer musical societies. ner, with schistous talc, serpentine, and
POLAND. grey iron; and that these substances
WarsawJewish Mission. Two having been decomposed, have left the gold by itself. He adds, in his letter
new missionaries of the society formed addressed to Mr. Magnitzky, Curator
in England, for propagating chris. of the University of Cassan, that the
tianity among the Jews, arrived here mineral riches of the mountains which
on the 24th September, from London, he has visited are both rich and im
by way of Paris, Berlin, and Posen. mense. Plativa, adamantine spar, and
One is M. Mackant, a priest, and the other metals and valuable gems, both
other a candidate, named O'Neil. Warof India and America, are found there,
saw is the seat of one of the principal Mr. Fachs has made a discovery
establishments of this society. amongst the latter, viz. of a stone of the nature of the sapphire, to which he Stockholm, Statisticks. - According has given the name of soimonite, in to a table which has already been honour of the learned mineralogist, adopted in the charter of peasants, Mr. Soimonoff. There is no doubt but the total number of functionaries of the University of Cassan will have the kingdom who had appointments in specimens of all these objects, which 1817, amounted to 17,740, and the total are as precious as they are novel to its
expense to 9,156,277 crowns. The collection. But the advantages of the military force is calculated at 49,605 examinations and discoveries of Mr. individuals, and the pay amounts to Fuchs will not be confined to the Uni-' 4,855,622 crowns. The civil officers, versity. This learned Professor means besides the court, consist of 5,852 indivery soon to publish his journal to viduals, whose expense amount to Mount Oural, which will contain not 2,387,918 crowns. There are 4,760 only his observations on the natural paid ecclesiastics, and an expense of history of the country in general, but two millions, also the statistics of all that part which The University of Upsal had demandhe has traversed and explored.
ed for the States General a loan of Odessa.—The antiquarian researches 50,000 crowns to finish a new buildmade on the borders of the Black Sea ing for the library. The order of the have been attended with the most sa clergy and that of the citizens contisfactory results, and have thrown sented to it, but the nobility, contrary great light upon the bistory of the
to expectation, has refused a demand Greek colonies which once existed in which seemed generally approved. those countries. has been ascer The order of peasants has not yet voted tained by accident, that the thriving on the subject. city of Odessa is built upon the site o Foreign Trade. The commerce of an old Greek town. In the month of Sweden with Egypt has increased conMarch last, a workman, while digging siderably - more than 400 Swedish
ships bave, this year been sent to the for so-sterile a country. The Counport Alexandria.
sellor Stephenson, iu his description of Manuscript. - There is a very re the island, computes the population at markable manuscript in the Royal 49,269 individuals. The same author, Library at Stockholm, the. Codex Gi. in his statistical estimate, calculates in ganteus (a giant book). It was taken the island 16,052 cows, 2904 oxen, from a Benedictine Monastery at Pra., 5761 head of young cattle, 340,753 gue, at the time of the thirty years sheep, and 18,941 tame horses. war. Its length is two Swedish yards,
SWITZERLAND. and its breadik in proportion. Beside, Berne-Register of Deaths.-Swit. the vulgate, a collection of writings zerland bas lost in, a period of eight upon the first antiquities, by Josepho days, two of her most illustrious citiIsidorus, &c. and the Comæs Pragensis zens, M. Albert de Staller and M. Jean Chronicon Bobemiæ, this manuscript Conrad Escher de la Lioth. The latter contains a treatise on magic, orna is already mentioned in the Register of mented with a varnished figure of the the Dead. It now remains for us to devil.
speak of the former; Albert de Staller, The Diet of Sweden has hitherto the youngest son of the great Staller carried on all deliberations in four se died at Berne the 1st March, 1823, at parate divisions or bodies, the nobility, the age of 65. He was a man of active the clergy, the burgesses, and the coun. babits and a learned naturalist. Even try members; each division commu. on the day of his death, be had assisted nicating its decisions to the other, at a long sining of the Commission of three. In order to obviate the incon Civil Jurisprudence, and took a very veniences arising from this plan of active part in the deliberatios. public business, meetings, includ.
NAPLES. ing the deputies of the sections, Statistica.The population of this bave been held at the house of the kingdom which, on the 31st December, Grand Marshal of the Diet, in which 1821, was 5,256,020 individuals, had have been discussed the different sub increased, ou the 31st December, 1822, jects wbich were to be brought forward to 5,322,889, of which 2,595,872 were in the separate sections. This plan of men, and 2,737,017 women. Increase preliminary discussion may be attended 66,869 individuals. with some advantages, but it is obvious
GREECE, that it must be the means of the gou? Corfu.--The University of the lonian vernment acquiring an undue influence Isles has just been debuitively estaover many of the members. Whether blished at Corfu, under the direction this be the case or not, it is certain of Lord Guildford, a patron of letters, that a general opinion prevails in Swe. and the friend of ibe Greeks. Among den, that such aggregate discussions the Professors of this University are should be official in the Diet itself, M. Bambas, a native of Chios, a learned whilst the debates by divisions or sec. divipe, an old pupil of the University tions should be only preliminary. It of Paris. M. Asopios, a literary chabas been announced that a design to. racter of profoond erudition, and N. this effect is vow under consideration, Piccolo, a young man of genius, wbo DENMARK.
is, commencing his noble career of mo Islandic Natural Philosophy. - An dern philosophy. We have learnt with old volcano, the Koetlugan, (district of the greatest pleasure, that Lord GuilNyrdal) which for sixty-eight years ford has commissioned a Greek friend had no eruption, bas, since the 1st Ja. at Paris to purchase for him all the nuary to 15th July, thrown up a best philosophical works published in considerable quantity of water, ashes, France, of which be has a great numand dirt. This aquatic eruption en ber, and which he is to present to M. tirely ceased on the 19th, and the Piccolo as an encouragement for his smoke of the crater having disappeared, exertions. the summit of the mountain was per
SPAIN. ceptible. The cinders and dirt covered The organ of the Cathedral of Se a space of four to five Danish miles, ville, is said to bare 5,300 pipes, (nine to ten French leagues) but hap witb 110 stops, (these latter being 50 pily the eruption was directed towards more than are in the famous one of the sea, but for this it would have Haerlem); yet, so ample are the bel. caused much greater mischief.
lows, that, when stretched, they supply Copenhagen - Statistics. - In the the follorgan fifteen widdies. The course of last year, there were 1724 mode of billing them with air is singe births, and 841 deaths in the Island, of, lar; for instead of working with his Zealand, an extraordinary fecundity hands, a man walks back wards and
forwards along an inclined plane of bequests and legacies to ecclesiastical about fifteen feet length, which is foundations, from the year 1802 to balanced in the middle on its' axis; 1823, there is a capitalsum of 13,388,554 under each end is a pair of bellows, offrancs, of which the greater part was about sis feet by three and an half. received between the years 1915'and These communicate with five oiber pair 1822, the aggregate of the more early united by a bar; and the latter are so years amouoting to only the sum of contrived, that when they are in dan- 2,900,749 francs. In a population of ger of being overstrained, a valve is 30,415,191 souls-from which, how. lifted up, and gives them relief. Pas. ever, the non-Catholic members must sing ten times along the inclined plane be deducted—there are 39,359 comfills all these vessels.
munes, to which are attached 34,393
priests or vicars. The aggregate numFrench Clergy.- According to the ber of the actual clergy is 35,676. But, Clerical Almanack, or Directory, which it is said, the bishops deem it neceshas just been published in France, it sary to augment the number to 50,943. appears, that in the Budget for the year in the year 1821, the deaths among 1822-23, the sum of 29,520,000 francs "the clergy were were 1,403, the numwas set apart by the government for ber admitted the same year 1,522; so the maintenance of the French clergy. that in this way there will be a graIn addition to this, the Communes dual increase. The number of pupils, voted 6,407,727, and the General 'or candidates for holy orders, in the Councils of the Department' 1,162,618 great and little seminaries, and in francs, so that the funds appropriated the Theological Colleges, amounts to to the clergy amount to 37,089,745 29,379. francs, about 1,483,5891. sterling. Io
The British Museum. — The new the Lady Killigrew), óf Charles II. building for the reception of the library James, and several of Lord Leicester's. presented by His Majesty is proceed The portfolio, indeed, relating to Eaging with rapidity; the foundations, land, forms such a mass of curious anwhich are of immense thickness, are tiquity, in excellent preservation, as now laid. The edifice will be 300 feet cannot fail to be extremely interesting in length, and 70 feet high. There "both to the antiqnarian and the histowill be only one story above the base rian. The foreign correspondence conment, and the rooms are to be 30 feet tains original letters from the most disin height. When completed, a part of tinguished persons on the Continent, the old Muscam will be taken down, and are as valuable as those relating and as the new repositories are finished to England. The autographs are mostly the whole of the old building will be bound up in splendid volumes, and each removed. The one now in progress is page contains a motto, and dedicatory 'intended to form a wing of the new address to all the great men who hap
Museam, and it is rumoured that one pened to come within the reach of the or more of the porticos will be sup original collector's acquaintance, illusported by antique colamns, which are trated with curious illuminated pages, expected to arrive in a short time in descriptive of many events in history, this country. The alterations, it is New Meteorological Society. A calculated, will occupy fifteen years, new Society for the encouragement of when the front of the new structure Meteorology has been established on will be thrown open to the street, with the most liberal basis, by a general a spacious court-yard guarded by au meeting, called for that express puriron palisading.
pose, and held at the Loodon CoffeeA most curious and valuable collec. house. Dr. Birkbeck was in the Chair; *tion of original letters and autographs, and Mr. Luke Howard, Dr. Forster, of the most illustrious, eminent, and and numerous other Meteorologists learned characters 'Aourishing about were present. A regular Society was the sixteenth century, has recently formed, to which the scientific persons arrived in this country from Holland. were invited to become members, from The original letters contain, among all parts of the world. numerous others, several from the hand Last week a bricklayer employed in of Elizabeth of England, and of Eliza. some repairs in the interior of East. beth of Bobemia (addressed chiefly to meon Church, by an accidental stroke
of his trowel against the wall, dis The Rev. Thomas Smith, editor of placed some of the plaster, when a the accented Eton Grammar with Notes, painted head of extraordinary size was has in the press a new edition of Phædisclosed to his view. Da proceeding drus, with the Scanning from the text further he discovered the whole length of Sterling, whose Persius is also uufigure of a giant, bearing on his shoul. dergoing a new edition. ders a female, holding in one hand a Lord Byron. - Letters from Ceball resembling a globe, while the other phalonia state, that Lord Byron, find. was held up near her face. The giant ing the Greek cause unripe for his ca held in his left hand a large staff, or, operation, has stopped there to write what is more probable, a spear, part of some more cantos of the interminable which is defaced ; a dragon was also Don Juan. at his feet. The whole is very well Antiquities.-At Wolvesley Castle, executed, particularly the drapery. Winchester, there was discovered fast
Mr. Burton, jun., continues to pursue week among the ruins, a spacious his researches in Egypt with great equare vault, with fifty highly preardour, under the immediate protec- served and beautifully carved pillans. tion of the Pacha. Considerable hopes to one place was found a thick brass are entertained that this enterprising box, containing coins; three of which traveller will add to bis important dis were gold of Canute's, and others silcovery of the Porphyry mines the quar ver much corroded. Copper coins were ries of the ancient Alabaster, the site also found scattered in corners ; six of of which bas baffled all inquiry for these are ascertained to be Saxon. nearly 2000 years.
Another object of great interest was The Leeds Philosophical and Lite female skeleton on the pavement. A rary Society opened its fourth session detailed account of this ancient sepal on the 7th. It was well attended, and chre will, we hope, be furnished by by its proceedings afforded another some competent hand. instance of that dissemination of intel Topaz and Crystal.-A correspond. ligence which distinguishes our era. ent informs us, that topaz and crystal
Mr. A. G. A. Schlegel's prospectus may be easily distinguished by their of Ramayana, by the ancient Sanscrit specific gravity-topaz beiag aboat 3. poet, Valmike, has made a strong im- 5., and rock crystal but about 2. 6. pression in our literary circles, and Topaz being much harder than all sorts excited high expectations. In a con- of crystal, will of course scratch them. versation with the learned author, The Apprentices' Library. – The he mentioned his opinion that the Apprentices' Library at Liverpool has Sanscrit would be found the root of all been open for public inspection, and vilanguages, except the Arabick and its sited by many of the most respectable derivatives. The Arabick is entirely gentlemen of Liverpool, who expressed different.
themselves no less surprised than graThe Prospectus of a New Quarterly tified to witness the progress that had Review, to be called The Westminster been made. There are nearly 480 young Review, has been put forth. It dis men already on the books, and at least claims party politics, and professes to double the number waiting for introbe founded on general principles. The doction. A public appeal on the subfirst number is announced for January ject will shortly appear.
Mr. Wright, a reporter to the Morn The most worthy rival to Mr. Ackerjog Herald, has in the press a Selec man's ornamental pocket-book, that tion of one hundred of the most hu- has yet appeared, is a little publicamourous and entertaining of his Re tion, called Friendship's Offering, or ports during the last three years, illus the Annual Remembrancer. The prints, trated with numeroos wood cuts, by views of cities, are remarkably well George Cruikshanks.
done. There is also the very useful Julius Klaproth's Description of the addition of an almanack. Empire of China, is preparing for pub T. Moore's Life of Sheridan may be "lication in two quarto volumes. It will expected early in the spring. We unembrace a general historical sketch; derstand the most unreserved comand a statistical, commercial, &c. ac munications have been made to Mr. count of the various provinces. We Moore on this subject, not only by look for a work of labour, research, persons of the highest rank, who were, anc interest.
through life, friends of Mr. Sheridau, T. W. C. Edwards, M. A. author of but also by the nearest family connecThe King Edipus of Sophocles, has in tions of this eminent stateman, poet, the press an Epitome of Greek Pro and dramatic writer. sody.
The author of Highways and Byways
has a new work in the press, which ru detalled with great exactness, the mour states is very likely to excite a pages abound with private anecdotes most lively public interest.
of Charles II. and his Court; and Mr. The volume of Times Telescope for. Pepys' peculiar habits of observation, the ensuing year is quite equal to its led him generally to record the most predecessors; there is no work of the curious characteristics of the times in kind with which we are acquainted which he lived. The work will be that contains so interesting a variety comprised in two vol. 4to., printed of matter.
uniformly with Evelyn's Memoirs, and Lodge's Portraits. - The fourth embellished with portraits of the aunumber, which has just made its ap- thor, and some of the principal persons pearance, completes the first volume connected with the Memoirs. of this interesting publication in 8vo. ; Preparing for publication, Miscela work not less valuable on the score laneous Collections, forming a fourth of art, in the masterly execution of its volume to the Lounger's Common-place numerous historical portraits, than for Book. the real information wbich it conveys, We understand a publication, eluci. in concise and pure language, respect datiņg an interesting branch of Rural ing the greatest heroes and statesmen Economy, on novel principles, is in a of our country.
great state of forwardness. Tbe work, The first part of the third folio which will form four parts, to be pabvolume of Mr. Lodge's Illustrious Eng- lisbed, periodically, will be entitled lish Portraits will be delivered to the “The Agriculturist's Compendium,'' de subscribers in the course of the prosent tailing the different and most approved month; the portraits will be accom modes of cultivating British grains, papied with Biographical Narratives wheats, barley, oats, and rye, with a upon the same scale as the two volumes supplimental part on the growth of already published.
various kinds of timber, and the soils The Spaewife-Mr.Galt's new novel, best adapted to each species, &c. The The Spaewife, we find is announced as work is the production of Mr. J. Dewnearly, ready for publication. Froin birst, a practical agriculturist, and is the title, which is the familiar name in dedicated to T. W. Coke, Esq. M.P. for Scotlaud for a fortune-teller, we should Norfolk, It promises much interestbe led to expect that much of the lan. ing matter, and the collective opinions guage is in the broad vernacular style of the most celebrated writers on the which prevails too much in the earlier subject during the last century, with povels of the author; but report states extracts from the provincial surveys that this is not the case, and that it made by order of the Board of Agricontains less of the ordinary Scoteh culture, and will be pripted at such a dialect than any of his national tales, moderate price to be placed within the The story is founded on a prediction reach of the generality of those, for mentioned in the histories of the time whose use it is more immediately inrelative to the assassination of King tended. James 1.of Scotland, and the leading eha. A Bernardo is preparing for publiracters are of course historical; but the cation, an ingenious work under the Spaewife is said to be a creature of the title of The Italian Interpreter, conauthor's fancy, framed upon the super- sisting of copious and familiar converstitions of the dark period in which the sations, on subjects of general interest transactions take place.
and utility, together with a complete Preparing for publication, Memoirs Vocabulary in English and Italian ; to of Samuel Pepys, Esq. Secretary to the which are added, in a separate column, Admiralty during the reigns of Charles rules for the pronunciation of each JI. and James Il., and the intimate word, exemplified in a manner emifriend of the celebrated Jobn Evelyo ; pently calculated to facilitate the ac. now first decyphered from the original quisition of the Italian language. MSS. written in sbort-hand, and pre In a few days will be published, ilserved in the Pepysian Library. The lustrated with a portrait by E. Scriven, journal commences immediately before and an interestivg plate by J. Scott. the Restoration (when Mr. Pepys sail Nouveaux Morceaux Choisis de Buffon, ed with Admiral Montagu, to bring with authentic interesting anecdotes over the King from Breda), and is con descriptive of the character of each tinued almost uninterruptedly for ten animal; and the life of the author, years, containing much curious matter written expressly for this work; being not to be found in any other history of the fourth part of the Series of French that eventful period. Independently Classics, edited by Mons. Ventouillac, of the naval transactions, which are Eur. Mag. Nov. 1823.