صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني
[ocr errors]

celebrated Grotius wrote a poem on his death which had this remarkable line, “DAMNATUS ALIIS, IPSB NEMINEM DAMNAT"--Condemned by others, he condemned no man ! Various other tokens of respect both private and public were paid to his memory.

RICHARD BAXTER was born at Rowton, in Shropshire, 1615, and falling into the hands of ignorant schoolmasters, he enjoyed not the advantage of a regular education. Taking orders of the Bishop of Winchester, he became Minister of Kidderininster, where an uncommon degree of success attended his ministry; but the civil wars which broke out soon after his settlement at this place, interrupted his labours.-Upon the restoration of Charles the Second, he refused the Bishopric of Worcester, asking, indeed, for no favour but that of remaining at, his beloved Kidderminster, which was denied him! Upon the fatal Bartholomew act, he was silenced, with a large number of clergy, for refusing to conform to the Church of England. From this period, to the time of his decease, he suffered vexatious persecutions, on account of bis religious opinions, with a firmness which did honour to his piety. He was even tried before that barbarian Jefferies, who condemned him to a long and tedious imprisonment. His publications were astonishingly numerous for his Practical Works make four volumes in folio. Bishop Burnet says, that “ he was his whole life long, a man of great zeal and much simplicity."

WILLIAM Penn was born in London, 1644 ; he was the son of Admiral Penn, who was greatly offended with him for joining the Quakers; but, previous to his death he be: came reconciled to him. He suffered much on account of his religious sentiments, but adhered to them with stedfast

His famous book, No Cross, No Crown, was written by him during his confinement in the Tower of London.-He lived much of his time in Sussex, and accompanied George Fox and Robert Barclay, on a mission to Holland and

1

ness.

:

Germany. In 1681, Charles the Second, in lieu of arrears due to his father, granted him a province in North America, since called after him Pennsylvania. Thither he went, and having made the necessary improvements, gave just and wise laws to his new settlement. To his honour be it noticed, that in his legislative code, the sacred rights of conscience were left free and unfettered. In 1718, he died near Beaconsfield of a gradual decay, occasioned by apopletic fits. His works are comprised in six volumes octavo, and are in high esteem with the society to which he belonged ; the first volume contains the particulars of his Biography.

GEORGB WHITFIELD (founder of the Calvinist Methodists) was born at Gloucester, 1714, where he received the usual school education, and then became Servitor of Pembroke Col. Jege, Oxford. Having been ordained at the age of 21, he applied indefatigably to the duties of the ministry. The churches being shut against him, he preached to immense multitudes in the open fields; for which he was fitted by his powerful elocution. He however built two large places of worship in the metropolis for himself and followers, the Tabernacle, Moorfields, and the Chapel, Tottenham-Court Road. Such was his zeal and activity, that he several times visited the continent of America, where he closed his eyes in the year 1770, not far from Boston, in New England. The complaint of which he died was an asthma, brought on by excessive preaching. His works, in several octavo volumes,

up

of sermons and letters, but it was not from the press, but from the pulpit, that he shone ; thence he made on his numerous followers extraordinary impressions.

John Wesley (founder of the Arminian Methodists) was born at Epworth, 1703, educated at the Charter-house, and in 1716 elected to Christ Church, Oxford. He however, in 1726, was chosen fellow of Lincoln College, where the first Methodist society was instituted. Like his associate, Mr. Whitfield, being excluded the churches, he preached in

are made

the open air, and visited America, as well as the West India Islands, where also he has many followers. He built a hand. some chapel in the City Road, opposite to Bunhill Fields : and in the ground adjoining to the chapel he lies interred under a neat tomb, with an inscription of some length, to his memory. He died at a very advanced age, in 1791, after a short illness, regretted by his extensive connections.-His works are said to amount to thirty-two octavo volumes, but it may be just mentioned that many of these -are compilations, which he thought were favourable to the diffusion of knowledge among mankind. : ELHANAN WINCHESTER (a popular preacher of the doctrine of universal restoration) was born at Brooklyn, Massachusets, North America, 1751, but did not enjoy the advantages of an academical education. He was first of all a minister among the Calvinistic Baptists, by whom he was caressed, till he embraced the universal doctrine, when he stood as it were alone, and preached it with astonishing

He came o:er to England about the year 1787, where he delivered a Series of Lectures on ihe Prophecies remaining to le fulfilled, which he afterwards published. This indeed, and bis Dialogues on Restoration, a new edition of which has been published by Mr. Vidler, are his principal publications. In the year 1794 he quitted England, where he had laboured with assiduity, and left behind him

numerous congregation meeting in Parliament-court, Bishopsgate-street, which is still in a flourishing condition. He died at Hartford, in New England, 1797, where the public prints bore testimony to his zeal and integrity,

success.

a

PREFATORY DEDICATION.

TO

JOHN BRENT, Esq. Blackheath.

DEAR SIR,

As a memorial of your friendship and patronage, I take the liberty of dedicating to you, this Sketch of the Denominations of the Christian World. When its first outlines were laid before you, you were pleased not only to sanction them with your approbation, but also to suggest many improvements. To other respectable friends, both among the clergy and laity, I profess' myself under similar obligations; and am here proud of thus publicly rendering them my grateful acknowledgments.

With respect to every edition, called for by an indulgent public, it has (in compliance with the request of most of my readers) received additions and improvements. Articles of some length have been newly inserted, such as the Theophilanthropists, Lutherans, New Methodist Connection, Jumpers, Johnsonians, &c. ; a few of the old ones have been rewritten, such as the Baptists, Methodists, Universalists, &c. : and to the other denominations, particularly the Quakers and Millenarians, there have been accessions of matter, either explanatory of their tenets, or illustrative of their history. Notwithstanding my special aim at accuracy, yet in so miscellaneous a publication, it is almost impossible not to have fallen into mistakes. It is, however, hoped that they may prove of a trivial nature; for I have no interest to promote but that of truth, and truth does not require that the sentiments of any one man, or of any one body of men, should be misrepresented.

It may, nevertheless, be proper, Sir, through the medium of this address, again to remind the reader, that this Account of the Christian

1

« السابقةمتابعة »