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this Outrage with great Sorrow, but did not attempt to punish the Murderer.

The King's Concern for the Restoration of Bemoin was not the mere Effect of amicable Kindness, he hoped by his Help to facilitate greater Designs. He now began to form Hopes of finding a Way to the East-Indies, and of enriching his Country by that gainful Commerce : This he was encouraged to believe practicable, by a Map which the Moors had given to Prince Henry, and which subsequent Discoveries have shewn to be sufficiently near to Exactness, where a Paslage round the South-east Part of Africa, was evidendy described.

The King had another Scheme yet more likely to engage Curiosity, and not irreconcileable with his Interest. The World had for fonie Time been filled with the Report of a powerful Christian Prince called Prefier John, whose Country was unknown, and whom fome, after Paulus Venetus, supposed to reign in the Midst of Afia, and others in the Depth of Ethiopie, between the Ocean and Red-sea. The Account of the African Christians was confirmed by some Abiffinians who had travelled into Spain, and by some Friars that had visited the Holy Land ; and the King was extremely desirous of their Correfpondence and Alliance.

Some obscure Intelligence had been obtained, which maile it feem probable that a Way might be found from the Countries lately discovered, to those of this far famed Monarch. In 1486, an Ambaffador came from the King of Bemin, to defire that Preachers might be sent to instruct him and his Subjects in the true Religion. He related that in the inland Country, three hundred and fifty Leagues Lastward from Benuin, was a mighty Monarch calleu Ogane, who had Jurisdiction both spiritual and temporal over other Kings; that the King of Beinin and his Neighbours at their Accession, fent Ambaffadors to him with rich Presents, and received from him the Investiture of their Dominions, and the Marks of Sovereignity, which were a Kind of Scepter, a Helinet, and a Latten Cross, without which ihey coull not be considered as lawsul Kings; that this great Prince was never teen, but on the Day of Audience, and then held out onc of his Feet to the Ambaffador, who kifled it with great Reverence, and who at his Departure had a Cross of Latten lung on his Neck, which ennobled him thenceforward, and excmpted him from all servile Offices.

Bemoin had likewise told the King that to the East of the Kingdom of Timbut, there was among other Princes, one that was neither Mahometan nor Idolater, but who seemed to profess a Religion nearly resembling the Christian. These Informarions compared with each other, and with the current Accounts of Prefier Foli, incluced the King to an Opinion, which though formed fomewhat at hazard, is still believed to be right, that by passing up the River Senegal his Dominions would be found. It was iherefore ordered that when the Fortress was finifhel, an Attempt hould be made to pass upward to the source of ihe River. The Design failed then, and has never yet fucceedled.

Other Ways likewise were tried of penetrating to the Kingdom of Presler John, for the King refolved to leave neither Sea or Land unsearched till he thould be found, The two Messengers who were fent first on this Defign, went to Jerusalem and then returned, being persuaded that for Want of understanding the Language of the Country, it would be vain or impollible to travel farther. Two more were then dispatched, one of whom was Pedro de Covillan, the other Aiph 17so de Paiva ; they passed from Naples to Alexandria, and then travelleci lo Cairo, from whence they went to Aden, a Town

of

of Arabia, on the Read Sea near its Mouth. From Aden, Paiva set Sail for Ethiopia, and Covillan for the Indies. Covillan visited Canavar, Calicut, and Goa in the Indies, and Sofula in the eastern Africa, thence he returned to Aden, and then to Cairo, where he had agreed to meet Paiva. At Cairo he was informed that Paiva was dead, but he met with two Portugueze Jeu's, one of whom had given the King an Account of the Situation and Trade of Ormus : They brought Orders to Covillan, that he should fend one of them home with the Journal of his Travels, and go to Ormus with the other.

Covillan obeyed the Orders, sending an exact Account of his Adventures to Lisbon, and proceeding with the other Meflenger to Ormus ; where having made sufficient Enquiry, he sent his Companion homewards with the Caravans that were going to Aleppo, and embarking once more on the Red Sea, arrived in Time at Abissinia, and found the Prince whom he had fought fo long with so much Danger.

Two Ships were sent out upon the same Search, of which Bartholomew Diaz had the chief Command ; they were attended by a smaller Veffel laden with Provisions, that they might not return upon Pretence of Want either felt or feared.

Navigation was now brought nearer to Perfection. The Portugueze claim the Honour of many Inventions by which the Sailor is aflisted, and which enable him to leave Sight of Land, and commit himself to the boundless Ocean. Diaz had Orders to proceed beyond the River Zaire, where Diego Can had stopped, to build Monuments of his Dilcoveries, and to leave upon the Coasts Negroe Men and Women well instructed, who might Enquire after Prefter Yohn, and fill the Natives with Reve. rence for the Portuguese.

Diaz with much Opposition from his Crew, whose Mutinies he repreffed partly by Softness and partly by Steadiness, failed on till he reached the utmost Point of Africa, which from the bad Weather that he met there, he called Cabo Tormentoso, or The Cape of Storms. He would have gone for ward, but his Crew forced him to return. In his Way he met the Victualler, from which he had been parted nine Months before : of the nine Men which were in it at the Separation, six had been killed by the Negroes, and of the three remaining, one died for Joy at the Sight of his friends. Diaz returned to Lisbon in December 1487, and gave an Account of his Voyage to the King, who ordered the Cape of Storms to be called theuceforward Cabo de buena Esperanza, or The Cape of Good Hope.

Some Time before the Expedition of Diaz, the River Zaire and the Kingdom of Congo had been discovered by Diego Can, who found a Nation of Negroes who spoke a Language which those that were in bis Ships could not understand. He landed, and the Natives whom he expected to fiy like the other Inhabitants of the Coast, met them with Confidence, and treated them with Kindness; but Diego, finding that they could not understand each other, feized fome of thcir Chiefs, and carried them to Portugal, leaving fome of his own People in their Room to learn the Language of Congo.

The Negroes were foon pacificed, and the Portuguese left to their Mercy were well treated, and as they by Degrees grew able to make themselves understood, recommended themselves, their Nation, and their Religion. The King of Portugal sent Diego back in a very short Time with the Negroes whom he had forced away ; and when they were fet fafe on Shore, the King of Congo conceived so

much

much Efteem for Diego, that he sent one of those who had returned, back again in his Ship to Lisbon, with two young Men dispatched as Ambassadors, to desire Instructors to be sent for the Conversion of his Kingdom

The Ambafiadors were honourably received, and baptized with great Pomp, and a Fleet was immediately fitted out for Congo, under the Command of Gonsalvo Sorza, who dying in his Pasfage, was succeeded in Authority by his Nephew Roderige.

When they came to Land, the King's Uncle, who commanded the Province, immediately requested to be solemnly initiated in the Christian Religion, which was granted to him and his young Son, on Easter Day 1491. The Father was named Manuel, and the Son Antonio. Soon afterward the King, Queen, and eldest Prince received at the Font, the Names of John, Eleanor, and Alphonso ; and a War breaking out, the whole Army was admitted to the Rites of Christianity, and then fent against the Enemy. They returned victorious, but foon forgot their Faith, and formed a Conspiracy to restore Paganism; a powerful Opposition was raised by Infidels and Apoftates, headed by one of the King's younger Sons; and the Missionaries had been destroyed had not Alphonso pleaded for them and for Christianity,

The Enemies of Religion now became the Enemies of Alphonso, whom they accused to his Father of Dilloyalty. His Mother, the Queen Eleanor, gained Time by one Artifice after another, till the King was calmed; he then heard the Caníc again, declared his Son innocent, and punished his Accufers with Death.

The King died soon after, and the Throne was disputed by Alphonse, fupported by the Chriltians, and Aquitimo his Brother, followed by the

Infidels.

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