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23

met, in consequence of a previous

Connecticut 54 misunderstanding, in the neighbour

Vermont 48 hood of this town, and sorry we are

New Hampshire 46 to announce, that the event proved

South-Carolina 46 fatal to buth parties.

Kentucky 36 In the same hour on Tuesday last

Tennessee 28 they both departed this life.

Georgia By their untimely fate two weep

Delaware 14 ing mothers are left to deplore the

Ohio

13 loss of two dutiful sons, their chil

Rhode Island 8 dren two affectionate brothers, and District of Maine

53 society two most promising citizens.

Columbia

3 The surviving relations are in a si- Missisippi Territory 9 tuation easier to be imagined than Indiana do. described.

Total....... 1,159 Lynchburg, Vir. Dec. 28. On Saturday, the 24th instant, at SINGULAR DISCOVERY. the store of Mr. Abner Early, in Campbell, a period was put to the Several workmen engaged in dig. life of Mr. Bluford Early, who ex- ging a well for Mr. Samuel Wigton, pired a few minutes after receiving Hudson, New-York state, a few rods the contents of a loaded gun, from from an upright rock, which forms the hands of Isaac Butterworth.... the bank of the river in front of that said to have been done intentionally city, a few days since threw up a ....a controversy having previously number of fragments of well burnt taken place between them. The bricks, which were found about 40 particulars of this event we have feet under the surface of the earth. not learnt. Mr. Early was a man The account which the workmen much respected, and in the prime gave of a discovery so singular, was of life.

at first considered as a trick to im.

pose on the credulous people, until

Leesburg. two gentlemen, to convince themDuring the gust of rain on Sunday selves, descended to the bottom of the evening last a Negro quarter of col. well, and with a pick axe, dug some T. L. Lee's, near

Goose creek, was out of the hard compacted gravel, struck by lightning, and two negroes which still retain perfectly the imwere struck dead, and six or seven pression of the mould. No whole wounded; one of the wounded soon bricks were seen, though a work. died, and it is hoped the others are man broke with his spade one which out of danger. They had assembled he thinks was entire, and says the for the laudable purpose of prayer, pieces when put together, would and were singing hymns at the pe- have made a brick of about eight or riod of this awful visitation. nine inches in length. The hori

zontal or allovial strata of earth, The following is said to be an ac- perforated in digging the well, were curate statement of the number of as follows, or nearly so: five feet post-effices in the several states, yellow sand, sixteen feet of yellow districts, and territories of the clay, seventeen feet marl, very ponunion :

derous, and of a blue colour, reState of Virginia

199

sembling that of the lime rock in New-York 159 the vicinity; one and an half feet Pennsylvania 102 redish ocherons and gravel, six Massachusetts 24 inches hard pan, or gravel cementNorth-Carolina 83 ed with marl, one and an half feet Maryland 74 fine yellow sand, and three feet New

Jersey 57 coarse slaty gravel.

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446

COMMUNICATIONS.
page.

page. Novel-Reading.....

403|| Remarks on Darwin's Temple of Wooden Buildings 405 Nature.

434 Eddystone...

407 || Biographical Memoirs of Doctor Duelling ibid Darwin.

440 Agricultural Essays..

408 | Biographical Sketch of Mr. Ad. Thoughts on Duelling.... 410

dington

445 Memoirs of Carwin the Biloquist 412 || Picture of St. Domingo Critical Notices....No. V....... 416 || State of the French Peasantry.. 450

Account of the Chamelon...... 452 REVIEW.

Account of the state of society A Brief Retrospect of the Eigh.

and manners in Liverpool.... 453

Madame Ricamier's Bedchamber 456 teenth Century....

419

Account of the Tangun horse

found at Tibet..... ... 457 POETRY....ORIGINAL.

Prayer sanctioned by philosophy 458 Youth....

424 Swedish mode of travelling on the
ice.....

459
SELECTED.
Mesmerism

462

464 A Tale.... From Cowper.

Bear-hunting in Finland. 425

ibid To Health

Bathing in Finland...

426 On the Grasshopper

Nature of Thunder, by Euler.... 465 ibid

Criticism of Klopstock's Messiah 468 An Ænigma.....

ibid

The possibility of preventing the

effects of thunder...... SELECTIONS.

Address of the American convenChocolate ...

427

tion to the people of the United Account of the massacre of St.

States

472 Bartholomew

ibid|| Abolition of slavery in New Jersey 474 Account of the life of Mr. Cooper, Reports to Congress

475 the tragedian.

431 || Salaries of Public Officers... 480

470

PUBLISHED BY JOHN CONRAD & co. PHILADELPHIA ; M. & J. CONRAD & CO. BALTIMORE,

RAPIN, CONRAD & co. WASHINGTON CITY; SOMERVELL & CONRAD, PETERSBURG; BONSAL, CONRAD & co. NORFOLK; BERNARD DORNIN, NEW-YORK; WHITING, BACIUS, & WHITING, ALBANY; SAMUEL PLEASANTS, RICHMOND; BEERES & Howe, NEW-HAVEN ; CROW & QUERY, CHARLESTON, S. C.

H. MAXWELL, PRINTER, NO. 25, NORTH SRCOND-STRERT.

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NOVEL-READING.

mand. Novels are her favourite

performances, and she has collectI HAVE just been reading a dis- ed such a number of these as would sertation upon novel-reading, in enable her to supply the whole stock which the writer says a great many of a circulating library. As soon grave and weighty things on the as she was seated, I read to her this subject, and finally winds up by as severe sentence upon novels, and serting, that supposing the whole desired her opinion upon the substock of the Novelist's library to ject. amount to one thous five hun Pray, said she a little indignant, cred of these are void of all judge who is this profound judge? I should ment, genius and taste, composed like to be acquainted with a man, without knowledge of the world, or

who knows of the existence, nay, skill in composition; and of the re- who has, himself, read one thousand mainder, four hundred and ninety- novels. I have never been able to nine are calculated only to corrupt collect even the titles of threeand deprave the morals. While en- fourths of that number, and have gaged in pondering on this very com spared neither pains nor pence in prehensive declaration, who should the attempt. enter the apartment but Miss D..... This number, said I, is nierely on a visit to my sister. This lady hypothetical; but why should you has an ample fortune, a lively curio- suppose him to have read all the sity, studious temper, and, though thousand ? young and handsome, no lover. She Because I am charitable enough has therefore abundant leisure, and to suppose him possessed of comall the means of reading at com mon justice and common sense ;

and either of these would hinder They condemn every thing which him from judging without inquiry, has gained the veneration of the of deciding without knowledge; and world in all ages. They who conespecially, would forbid him to pro- demn novels as they are actually nounce so absolute anci so severe a written, evince nothing but an early sentence without a careful and ex- prejudice, which will not permit tensive examination of the subject. them to examine before they judge,

I doubt much, said I, whether, in or a casual bias in favour of parti. this case, he has read very closely cular pursuits, which always leads or extensively. I am told, that he a narrow mind to condemn all other has little leisure for that kind of reading as frivolous or pernicious. reading which the world, in gene You are very severe methinks, ral, has agreed to call mere pastime said I. Are you really willing to or amusement, and his taste leads maintain that all novels are ingehim far away from such a library as nious and beneficial? yours.

That would be the height of the "Tis a pity then, replied the lady, ridiculous, she replied. I love poetry, that he did not forbear to judge so and revere the poets; but I never sererely and so positively. One in dreamed that all the verse that ever ten, that is one hundred in the thou was written or published is useful sand is the least that we novel-read- and good. I love books, and read ers can allow him as a sample, by not a little; but I do not imagine which to julge of the rest. If he that every thing printed is neceshas read Ühis number impartially sarily full of entertainment or inand carefully, let himn then pro- struction. Neither can I refuse to nounce judgment, telling us, at the teach a child to read, because he same time, by what shred he has may possibly light upon something judged of the piece, and then, though in the form of books trifling or perwe may reject his decision as nicious. It would be just as wise to groundless and absurd, ret we shall sew up his mouth, because he may not deny his right to deliver an opi- possibly swallow a poisoned berry, nion. Without a suiiable examina- or a brass pin : to break both his tion, this surely is a most rash and legs, because he may possibly walk culpable thing, thus to condemn, as under a penthouse when it is falling. labouring only for corruption and As to prohibit him from reading depravity, so great a number of that every thing called a novel, because unfortunate class of men, called there are books under that denomiauthors. Novelists, in general, nation, which may possibly deprave write for the sake of a subsistence. the morals, or vitiate the taste. Their end is not only innocent but But my good friend, said I, you laudable, and the means they em- cannot but be aware that your comploy is to gratify that passion of en- parisons are out of place. Many lightened minds which loves to con- serious people prohibit novels altotemplate human life in the mirror 'gether, merely because a vast mawhich genius holds up to it.

jority of them are bad; because the Those who condemn novels, or chances of hurt, from reading them, fiction, in the abstract, (continued greatly exceed the chances of benethe lady) are guilty of shameful ab- fit. surdity and inconsistency. They I deny it, said the zealous lady. are profoundly ignorant of human A profligate novel is an extreme nature; the brightest of whose pro- rarity. To write immoral tales, perties is to be influenced more by whatever recluse pedants may say, example than by precept: and of is by no means the road to populahuman taste; the purest of whose rity. In every kind of composition, gratifications is to view human cha- it is always a small proportion, and racters and events, depicted by a the smallest proportion that is exvigorous and enlightened fancy.... cellent. The larger proportion is

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