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ral food, the knowledge of impor- ing branches of science. Its exceltant truth; and the imagination, lence arises from its contributing with all that in nature or in art is equally to promote knowledge, culbeautiful, sublime, and wonderful: tivate moral habits, and implant for the orator's field is the universe, sentiments of rational piety. Its and his subjects are all that is chief effect is to introduce man to known of God and his works. an acquaintance with himself and
“ In a finished speaker, there- the various objects of nature around fore, whatever there is of corporeal him. But its influence over him dignity or beauty....the majesty of does not terminate here. It irrethe “human face divine,” the grace sistibly directs the powers of his of action, the piercing glance, the mind to contemplate, and the affecgentle languish, the fiery flash of tions of his heart to adore the Crethe eye; whatever of lively passionator and Governor of the universe, or striking emotion of mind; what- the inexhaustible source of wisdom, ever of fine imagination, of wise of virtue, and of happiness. reflection, or irresistible reasoning; “ Natural History, in its inost ex. whatever of the sublime and beau- tensive signification, denotes tiful in human nature; all that the knowledge and description of the hand of the Creator has impressed material universe; but in its more of his own image, upon the noblest limited and familiar sense, extends creature we are acquainted with.... only to the construction of the all this appears to the highest ad- earth, its productions, inhabitants, vantage. And whoever is 'proof and the atmosphere which suragainst such a display of real ex- rounds it. It treats of those subcellence and dignity in the human stances of which the earth is comcharacter, must be void of sensibi- posed, and of those organized bodies, lity, of taste, and of understand whether vegetable or animal, which ing."
adorn its surface, which rise into “ Such are th' effects of action, in
the air, or live in the bosom of the the fields
waters. But as a science so various “ Of oratorial fame! and such the and comprehensive, could not pospow'rs,
sibly be discussed within the narrow “ Which Nature gives her children; limits of this manual, it is proposed while a look,
to give a general view of the sub“ A tone, a gesture, conjures up the ject, and merely to delineate, in a host
summary manner, whatever curi“ Of passions, to transfix the con ous, worthy to be known, or not scious heart.
obvious to every obscrver, occurs in “ But, if the force of sentiment, ar the three kingdoms of nature. Or rang'd
in other words, a brief, though com“ In beanteous order, and of language, prehensive view of that all-wise drest
disposition of the Creator, in reia“ In elegant attire, with those com
tion to natural things, by which they bine.... “ The fire-fraught urn of Eloquence and reciprocal uses.
are fitted to produce general ends, devolves
For though “ Its rapid wave, and nations catch
we see the greatness of the Deity the flame !"
in all the seeming worlds which POLWHELE. surround us, it is our chief concern
to trace him in that which we inMr. Abercrombie introduces his habit; the examination of the carth, Compend of Natural History in the andits wonderful productions, being following manner....
the proper business of the natural “ Naiural History has been long historian. and very justly ranked by the wise " It is necessary, therefore, here to and good of all enlightened nations, remark, that this Compend is inamong the most useful and interest- tended only to awaken curiosity in
the youthful mind, by a display of a being the province, not of natural few striking objects; not to gratify history, but of natural philosophy.” the fulness of its wishes. From He ilien proceeds to treat sepathe extensive nature of the subject, rately of Meteorology....of the Eleand the necessary conciseness of ments....Fire....Water.... Common such a summary, we are compelled Water.....Sea Water...... Mineral to generalize, rather than enume Waters....He considers the Three rate, and to exhibit only such pro- Kingdoms of Nature.... The Mineminent features as may best serve ral Kingdom, which consists of to stimulate farther examination; four classes ; 1 Earths and Stones; at the same time endeavouring to 2 Salts; 3 Inflammables; 4 Metallic condense as much information as Substances or Ores.... The Vegetacan possibly be contained within so 'ble Kingdom... The Animal Kingrestricted a boundary.
dom with its various classes....He “ All the sciences are, in some then proceeds to consider the nameasure, linked with each other; ture of instinct in animals, and in and before the oneisended, the other the Conclusion of his work gives rabegins. In a natural history, there- pid portraits of some of the differfore, of the earth, we must begin ent races of men, and offers some with a short account of its situation properties which may be considerand form, as given us by astronomers ed as forming a criterion to distinand geographers; it will be suit- guish between animals, vegetables, cient, however, upon this occasion, and minerals. just to hint to the imagination what “ The present fashionable mode of they, by a train of elaborate and ab- blending the vegetable with the anistract reasonings, have forced upon mal creation, and the rational with the understanding.
the irrational classes of the latter, “ The earth, which we inhabit, is by referring every impulse in huone of those bodies which circulate man nature to a particular inin our solar system: it is placed at stinct as its ultimate cause, is a thea middle distance from the Sun, ory hurtful to science, and dangerwhich is the center of that system; ous to morals; tending directly to not so remote from it as the Geor- materialism, and consequently to gium Sidus, Saturn, Jupiter and the degradation and extinction of Mars, and yet less parched by its Christianity, the only true source of rays than Venus or Mercury, which consolation and of happiness to a are situated so near the violence of virtuous and weil disposed mind. its power.
In contemplating that portion of “ Besides that motion which the the great scale of creation which is carth has round the Sun, the circuit subjected to our inspection, Mun of which is performed in a year, it is unquestionably the chief or capihas another upon its own axis, which tal link, from whom all the other it performs in twenty-four hours. links descend by almost impercepFrom the first of these arises the tible gradations: and as head of the grateful vicissitude of the seasons; animal kingiom, while all the infefrom the second day and night. rior orders are solely intent on the
“Human invention has been exer- gratification of the senses, or are cised fer several ages, to account conducted to the performance of for the various irregularities of the certain duties by blind instinct, unearth, and various have been the conscious of the wonders which surspeculations of philosophers re- round them, it is his glory and prespecting it: but our attention is now rogative to be gifted with an ability to be directed to the earth and its of extending his views beyond his productions, as we find them; not own insulated existence, of examinto the reveries and reasonings of ing the relations and dependencies opposing theorists, concerning the of things, and of contemplating the causes of those productions; that vast universe of being. As a highly
rational animal, improved with sci- short, the eyes brown suffused with ence and arts, he is in some measure yellow, the eyelids drawn towards related to beings of a superior or the temples, the cheek-bones high, der, having been originally made the lips thick, the voice effeminate, “ but a little lower than the angels." the head large, and the hair black
“Though there cannot be a doubt and straight. The tallest do not exbut that all mankind, however dis- ceed the height of five feet, and seminated over the globe, sprang many not more than four. Among from one parent stock; yet the in- these nations feminine beauty is alfluence of climate, civilization, and most unknown; and little difference government, has created great and is to be discerned in the external sensible diversities in colour, form, appearance of the sexes. and stature. These broad lines of portion as we approach the north distinction, it is the business of the pole, mankind seems to dwindle in naturalist to remark, and of the phiş energy and importance of characlosopher to explain.
ter, till we reach those high lati. “ In taking an extensive view of tudes that forbid rational, if not our species, there does not appear animal life. The gradations, howe to be above five or six varieties, suf- ever, vary almost imperceptibly; ficiently distinct to constitute fami. but on the southern borders we find lies; and in them the distinctions people of a large stature and more are more trivial than is frequently noble form, which, compared with seen in the lower classes of animals. those of the more northern, exhibit In all climates, man preserves the a striking contrast, and prove the erect deportment, and the natural omnipotent influence of climate on superiority of his form. There is whatever breathes and lives. nothing in his shape or faculties “ The second great existing variethat designates a different original; ty in the human species, seems to and other causes connected with the be the Tartar race, whence it is climate, soil, habits, customs, laws, probable that the natives of the &c. sufficiently account for the va- huperborean regions sprung. The rieties which exist among them. Tartar country, in its common ac
“ The Polar regions exhibit the ceptation, comprehends a very cona first distinct race of men. The siderable part of Asia, and conseLaplanders, the Esquimaux In- quently is peopled by natives of dians, the Samoied Tartars, the in- very diferent forms and complexhabitants of Nova Zembla, the ions; yet there are leading traits of Greenlanders, and the Kamtscha- distinction between the whole race, dales, may be considered as form. and the people of any other country. ing a race of people, all nearly re- They all have the upper part of the sembling each other in stature, com- visage very broad, and early wrinplexion, habits, and acquirements. kled; the lower narrow, and apBorn under a rigorous climate, con- proaching to a point at the chin; fined to particular aliments, and their eyes are smalland wide apart, subjected to numerous hardships, it their noses short and flat, their seems as if their bodies and their cheek-bones high, the eye-brows minds have not had scope to expand. thick, the hair black, and the comThe extreme cold has produced plexion olive. In general they are nearly the same effect on their com of the middle stature, strong, robust plexions, as intense heat has on the and healthy, natives of the tropical regions: “ The Calmucs in particular, are, they are generally of a deep according to our ideas of beauty, brown, inclining to black. Dimi- not only ugly, but frightful. nutive and ill shaped, their as “ Different as the Chinese and Japects are as forbidding, as their man. panese are in their manners and ners are barbarous. Their visage customs, they are evidently of Taris large and broad, the nose fat and tar origin. The general contour of
features is the same, and the vari- ble the Laplanders, are of a red or ations in complexion, stature, and copper colour, with less variation, observances, may be satisfactorily however, than might be expec'ed explained from the principles of in such a diversity of climates. climate, food, and political institu- They have all black, straight hair, tions. To the class of original Tar- and thin beards, which they take tars may be referred the Cochin care to extirpate in whole or in Chinese, the Siamese, the Tonqui- part, flat noses, high cheek-bones, nese, and the natives of Aracan, and small eyes. Various deformiLaos, and Pegu; which all evince ties are created by art, among difa a common origin.
ferent tribes, under the idea of “ The southern Asiatics constitute beauty; and for this purpose they the third variety in the human spe- paint the body and face, in a mana cies. In stature and features they ner truly hideous, if scanned accordbear a strong resemblance to the ing to the standard of European, Europeans; they are slender and regularity. elegantly formed, have long straight "The sirth and last grand division black hair, and not unfrequently of the human race, and the most Roman noses.
Their colour, how- elevated in the scale of being, comever, according to the diversity prehends the Europeans and those of the climate, assumes different of European origin. Among whom shades, from pale olive to black. may be classed the Georgians, CirThe Persians and Arabians may cassians, and Mingrillians, the nabe referred to this class; which, tives of Asia Minor, and the northincluding the inhabitants of the ern parts of Africa, together with widely dispersed islands in the ori- parts of those countries which lie ental ocean, constitutes a very large north of the Caspian Sea. The inmass of mankind.
habitants of countries so extensive The negroes of Africa form a and so widely separated, must be well defined and striking variety of expected to vary a good deal from our species, which may be called each other; but in general there is the fourth. This sable race is ex- a striking uniformity in the fairness tended over all the southern parts of their complexions, the beauty of Africa: and though there are and proportion of their limbs, and various shades of distinction in the extent of their capacity. point of colour and features, all may “To some one of the classes alrea, be grouped with propriety in the dy enumerated, the people of every same picture. As among Euro- country may be referred. It is easy peans we find some handsomer than to perceive that of all the colours others; all, however, have the by which mankind is diversified, black colour, the velvet, smooth white is not only the most beautiful, skin, and the soft frizzled hair. but also the most expressive. The Their eyes are generally of a deep fair complexion becomes like a hazle, their noses flat and short, transparent veil to the soul, through their lips thick and prominent, and which every shade of passion, every their teeth of ivory whiteness. change of health, may be seen with
We shall find the fifth variety of out the necessity of oral utterance; the human species among the Abo- whereas, in the African black, and riginal Americans, who are as dis- the Arabian olive complexion, the tinct in colour, as in their place of countenance is found a much less residence or habitation, from the distinct index of the mind. With rest of the world. These people, regard to stuture, it wholly depends except towards the north, among on climate, food, and other local the Esquimaux, where they rerem
“ The European figure and com- formed of the talents of D’Israeli. plexion, may justly be considered The Narrative Poems are entitled, as the standards, to which all the " The Carder and the Carrier".... other varieties must be referred, or “ A Tale addressed to a Sybarite." with which they may be compared. All of these poems are exemplifica-' In proportion as other nations ap- tions of the passion of love.... their proach nearer to European beauty, plans are extremely simple, and the less they may be said to have such as do not afford great interest degenerated; and in proportion as in narration....they are however they recede, the farther they have told very poetically. The first deviated from that original form narrative describes an affection impressed on them by their great which subsisted between two perCreator."
sons in an humble station in life.... We conclude this Review, by re their intercourse and their convercommending these Compends and sation....and their innocent sport in an excellent Compend of Logic, the garden, by which one of the lowritten by the Reverend Dr. An vers was deprived of life. The drews, Vice Prorost of the Univer- narrative continues to unfold the sity of Pennsylvania, to the attention suspicion which was fixed on the of the schools in the United States. surviving maid, as the destroyer of
When the works of our country- her lover Pasquil, her accusation, men discover talents and informa- and her condemnation. It closes tion, the feelings of every scholar with the following speech of the and of every patriot should wish to maid to her accusers, and the acsee them meet proportionable en count of her death.... couragement, instead of being rank
“ Too well we lov'd in separate life ed below European productions of inferior merit.
to grieve, Or live a day when Love has ceased to
live. Born in Desire and nursed by chaste
Delight, For the Literary Magazine.
Our infant Love the stranger eye
would fright; Narrative Poems, by J. d'Israeli; The child of Solitude and Fear would published by John Conrad & Co.
fly, Philadelphia....T. CG. Palmer,
Nor to the world would trust its in
fancy. printers..... 1. 63.
Think not, ye Rich! in Poverty's rude FROM several of the prosaical We feel no rapture from a heart that's
sphere works of D'Isracli, we have re
dear ; ived pleasure and instruction. Think not, ye Delicate! we take no He is a writer who discovers an
part uncommon store of anecdote, who In all the tender magic of the Heart. riots in the luxuries of literature, Such happiness not Envy could for. and leaves the more profound re
give; searches to minds more patient Nor in one house, can Love and Pruand inquiring. It is probably well
dence live. known, that to him we are inciebted Hid in this copse we blest the gloom for Curiosities of Literature, Vari
above, eties of Literature, Literary Ámuse- And gave the hour to privacy and love. merts, a volume of Miscellanies, Here Pasquil sare the fateful plant be. a Sketch of the Times, an Essay In sport he tasted and in sport he died! on the Literary Character, and the luxuriant and pathetic Tale of Mej
Bowing her head, the plant of poi. noun. The poems under consider
sonous breath ation, will not detract from the fa- She sucked, and blest the vegetable vourable opinion which we have death.