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and two servants. This appears left, and frequently the legs of one at first sight to be an imposition on or other of the company, raised perthe part of the peasants; but we pendicular in the air, served as a found, by experience, that it was signal for the whole caraven to halt. a necessary precaution. The dis- 'The inconvenience and danger of tance across is forty-three English our journey were still farther inmiles, thirty of which you travel creased by the following circumon the ice without touching on land. stance. Our horses were made wild This passage over the frozen sea is, and furious, both by the sight and doubtless, the most singular and the smell of our great pelices, mastriking spectacle that a traveller nufactured of the skins of the Rusfrom the south can behold. I laid sian wolves or bears. When any my account with having a journey of the sledges was overturned, the more dull and unvaried than sur- horses belonging to it, or to that prising or dangerous. I expected next to it, frighted at the sight of to travel forty-three miles without what they supposed to be a wolf or sight of land over a vast and uni- bear rolling on the ice, would set off form plain, and that every succes at full gallop to the great terror of sive mile would be in exact unison both passengers and driver. The and monotonous correspondence peasant, apprehensive of losing his with those I had already travelled; horse in the midst of this desert, but my astonishment was greatly kept firm hold of the bridle, and increased in proportion as we ad- suffered his horse to drag his body vanced from our starting-post. through masses of ice, of which The sea, at first smooth and even, sharp points threatened to cut him became more and more rugged and in pieces. The animal, at last weaunequal. It assumed as we pro- ried out by the constancy of the man, ceeded, an undulating appearance, and disheartened by the obstacles resembling the waves by which it continually opposed to his flight, had been agitated. At length we would stop; then we were enabled met with masses of ice heaped again to get into our sledges, but not one upon the other, and some of till the driver had blindfolded the them seeming as if they were sus- animal's eyes: but one time, one of pended in the air, while others the wildest and most spirited of all were raised in the form of pyra- the horses in our train, having taken mids. On the whole they exhibited fright, completely made his escape. a picture of the wildest and most The peasant who conducted him, savage confusion, that surprized unable any longer to endure the the eye by the novelty of its appear- pain and fatigue of being dragged
It was an immense chaos of through the ice, let go his hold of icy ruins, presented to view under the bridle. The horse relieved from every possible form, and embellished this weight, and feeling himself at by superb stalactites of a blue green perfect liberty, redoubled his speed, colour.
and surmounted every impediment. Amidst this chaos, it was not with. The sledge, which he made to dance out difficulty and trouble that our in the air, by alarming his fears, horses and sledges were able to find added new wings to his flight. When and pursue their way. It was ne he had fled to a considerable discessary to make frequent windings, tance from us, he appeared from and sometimes to return in a contra- time to time as a dark spot which ry direction, following that of a continued to diminish in the air, frozen wave, in order to avoid a col. and at last totally vanished from lection of icy mountains that lay be- our sight. Then it was that we re
In spite of all our expedi- cognized the prudence of having in ents for discovering the evenest our party some 'spare horses, and paths, our sledges were every mo we were fully sensible of the danger ment overturned to the right or the that must aitend a journey across
the gulf of Bothnia without such a tion; but it is performed solely by precaution. The peasant, who was their breath. They are often hunted the owner of the fugitive, taking one by the peasants of the isles. When of the sledges, went in search of him, the islanders discover one of those trying to find him again by following animals, they take post with guns the traces of his flight. As for our and staves, at some distance from selves we made the best of our way him, behind a mass of ice, and wait to the isles of Aland, keeping as till the seal comes up from the water nearly as we could in the middle of for the purpose of taking in his quanthe same plain, still being repeatedly tum of air. It sometimes happens; overturned, and always in danger when the frost is extremely keen, of loosing one or other of our horses, that the hole is frozen up almost which would have occasioned a very immediately after the seal makes serious embarrassment. During the his appearance in the atmosphere; whole of this journey we did not in which case the peasants fall on meet with, on the ice, so much as one him with their sticks, before he has man, beast, bird, or any living crea- time with his breath to make a new ture. Those vast solitudes present aperture. In such extremities the a desert abandoned as it were by animal displays an incredible degree nature. The dead silence that of courage. With his formidable reigns is interrupted only by the teeth he bites the club with which whistling of the winds against the he is assaulted, and even attempts prominent points of ice, and some- to attack the persons who strike times by the loud crackings occa- him; but the utmost efforts and resioned by their being irresistibly sista.ce of these creatures are not torn from this frozen expanse; much dreaded, on account of the pieces thus forcibly broken off are slowness of their motions, and the frequently blown to a considerable inaptitude of their members to a distance. Through the rents produc- solid element. ed by these ruptures, you may see
After considerable fatigue, and below the watery abyss; and it is many adventures, having refreshed sometimes necessary to lay planks our horses about half way on the across them, by way of bridges, for high sea, we at length touched at the sledges to pass over.
the small island of Signilskar. This The only animals that inhabit island presents to the view, neither those deserts, and find them an wood nor lawn, and is inhabited only agreeable abode, are sea-calves or by some peasants, and the officer of seals. In the cavities of the ice they the telegraph which is stationed deposit the fruits of their love, and here for keeping up a correspondteach their young ones, betimes, to ence with that of Grislehamn. It brave all the rigours of the rudest is one of those little islands scatter
Their mothers lay them ed in this part of the gulf, which down all naked as they are brought collectively bear the name of Aland. forth, on the ice; and their father's The distance from Grisehlamn to take care to have an open hole in Signilskar, in a strat line, is five the ice near them, for a speedy Swedish miles, which are nearly communication with the water. In- equal to thirty-five English; but the to these they plunge with their young turnings we were obliged to make, the moment they see a hunter ap- in order to find out the most pracproach; or at other times they de- ticable places, could not be less than scend into them spontaneously in ten English miles more. All this search of fishes for sustenance to while we were kept in anxious susthemselves and their offspring. The pense concerning the fate of our fuinanner in which the male seals gitive horse, and entertained the make those holes in the ice is asto- most uneasy apprehensions that he nishing: neither their teeth nor their was either lost in the immensity of paws have any share in this opera. the icy desert, or buried perhaps in VOL. I....NO. VI.
the watery abyss. We were pre- ny, and (which will not be believed paring to continue our journey by every one) a most famous magthrough the isles on the ice, and had netiser, and one of the greatest proalready put new horses to our sledge, ficients among the disciples of Mese when we spied, with inexpressible mer. I have seen the baron give pleasure, the two sledges returning proofs of his skill in animal magnewith the fugitive. The animal was tism, which, I confess, shook my in the most deplorable condition incredulity a little, both in respect imaginable; his body was covered to the efficacy of his principles, and all over with sweat and foam, and the existence of the magnetic fluid, was enveloped in a cloud of smoke. or whatever else it may be called, Still we did not dare to come near which is supposed to operate upon him; the excessive fatigue of his individuals. The effect it produces violent course had not abated his cannot easily be attributed to ordiferocity; he was as much alarmed nary causes, nor supported by reaat the sight of our pelices as before; sons derived from the known laws he snorted, bounded, and beat the of nature. Although he was unable snow and ice with his feet; nor could to affect me with his magnetical the utmost exertions of the peasants powers, yet he wrought upon perto hold him fast have prevented him sons whose probity and good faith from once more making his escape, I am not at liberty in any degree to if we had not retired to some disc question. He repeated to me expetance, and removed the sight and riments he had made in different the scent of our pelices. From Sig- places, on different individuals, and nilskar we pursued our journey in different circumstances; and I through the whole of the isles of find myself satisfied as to the existAland. In different parts of Aland ence of some natural cause or prinyou meet with post-houses, that is to ciple which has hitherto remained say with places where you may get unknown: it is wrapt up in obscuhorses. You travel partly by land rity, and is as yet inexplicable to the and partly over the ice of the sea. understanding. I am very far from The distance between some of these attempting, after the baron's examislands amounts to no less than eight ple, to account for it; though I think or ten miles. On the sea, the na- that a solution of this problem may tives have used the precaution of be reserved for a period of higher fixing branches of trees, or putting improvement in the knowledge of small pines along the whole route, nature, the study of which has been for the guidance of travellers in the so successfully pursued, and so ranight-time, or directing them how pidly advanced, in the course of the to find out the right way after falls present century. I saw my fellowof snow.
traveller, as incredulous as myself, fall into a profound sleep by the mere motion of the magnetiser's
fingers; I heard him speak in his MESMERISM....FROM THE SAME. sleep, and reply to whatever ques
tions I proposed to him ; I saw him The Baron Silfverkielm was a again wake by the simple motion of very amiable man, who had past a the magnetiser's fingers, while I was 'great part of his life near the person unable to rouse him from his somof King Gustavus, had travelled, nolency, though I brought fire close and seen much of the world. He to his hand, an experin ent to which was an excellent mechanic, amused he was as insensible as a dead body. himself with chemistry,possessed an He awoke, after sleeping from admiral English electrical machine, five to six hours, remembering nomade experiments, and was fond of thing of what he had said, denying reading and the study of belles-let- obstinately that he had been asleep, tres. He was a man of no ceremo- and yielding with difficulty at last to
the authority of his watch, and the her inquiries into the causes of testimony of all those who had wit. things. The imagination, fascinatnessed the circumstance. I mighted and enslaved by the charm of mention a number of facts relative something preternatural, tries, while to this subject, by which I should be bewildered with confused concepable to prove, that in these trials tions, to divine the meaning, the there could be neither connivance purpose, and the end of objects; and nor imposture, nor previous ar- while it rambles about in the obscure rangement ; but this doctrine still and boundless regions of conjecture, lies too much under suspicion for the true spirit of inquiry loses the me to dwell any longer upon it. I thread of its observations and of its shalłonly add, that two English tra- analysis, and, bounding from one vellers, better informed, and, if pos. imperfect impression to another, is sible, greater infidels than myself incapable of stopping to observe, respecting mesmerism, happening compare, and judge: this was the to pass by Uleabourg at the same infirmity of the good baron. He time, stopped a day, that they raight fancied to himself, that the soul of observe some of the magnetical per- the person asleep was transported formances. From previous concert to regions of which the human mind one of them was to assume the ap- in conjunction with the body, can pearance of being affected ; but at form no idea. He went into partithe moment when the magnetiser culars still more ridiculous, and asshould seem confident that his art serted, for instance, that there all had taken effect, he who was to the souls were dressed in white, and feign himself asleep, at a sign given that they enjoyed in that scene of him by the other, was to awake in delights such agreeable sensations surprise, and thus disappoint the as surpass all conception. He becredulity of the operator and his lieved, that in that state of sleep they audience. The experiments accord- foresaw future events; and that their ingly began: one of them was un- souls being exalted to a highersphere susceptible of the magnetic impresa of perception, they could see many sion, the other was actually affected, things that are invisible to the maand his companion might make what terial organs of our imperfect vision. signs he pleased; he was deaf, inca. Instead of interrogating the sleeper pable of understanding any thing, as to the nature of his feelings durand in such a languid and lethargic ing his torper ; instead of trying to state, that every act of volition was sound the condition of his physical entirely suspended. The two gen- faculties, or questioning him as to tlemen will probably give some ac- intelligible objects, his queries were count of their travels, and possibly always concerning the white robes, confirm the truth of my relation of the paradise, and those elysian fields these almost incredible experi- where, according to his theory, the ments.
souls are in the fruition of every speIt is to be regretted, that the mes cies of pleasure, are perfectly at ease merians in general have their minds and clothed in their robe de chamso heated by the extraordinary,I had bre. He was desirous to receive inalmost said supernatural, aspect of telligence from his ancestors, his those phenomena, that they suffer great grandfather, or his late themselves to be so hurried away father; and they very kindly in geby the imagination, as to mount the neral, sent him their compliments skies in order to find the physical by the mouths of those couriers in cause of those effects among the white jackets. clouds, instead of consulting and in From the manner in which I have vestigating nature in the practice of stated my remarks, the reader will frequent experiments, and with that be able to judge of the light in which sobriety of mind which ought to be I viewed this subject. Having sucthe faithful guide of philosophy in all ceeded in our researches concerning
the electrical fuid, and what is called back the iron lance close to his breast galvanism, I think it not impossible concealing from the bear the length but we may discover some other of the pole, in order that he may fluid or material substance, which tot have time to be upon his guard, shall have its particular laws, rela- and consequently to parry with his tions and afinities. Iam of opinion, paws the mortal blow which the that in animal magnetism we meet hunter means to aim at his vitals. with appearances which cannot be The Findlander then advances boldtraced to the imagination as their ly towards the bear, nor does he Cause, norindeed to any cause known strike the blow till they are so near or stated by the enemies of this doc- each other, that the animal stretches trine. The French academicians out his paws to tear his antagonist themselves, in their report on animal limb from limb. At that instant the magnetism, shew, perhaps, that they peasant pierces his heart with the bestowed upon it neither the time lance, which, but for the cross-bar, nor the candour and impartiality would come out at his shoulder; nor which a subject so difficult, and so could he otherwise prevent the bear much entangled in the grossest pre- from falling upon him, an accident judices, had a right to obtain from which might be highly dangerous. them. Upon the whole, I conclude By means of the cross-bar the anithat we are still entirely in the dark mal is kept upright, and ultimately as to this unknown cause, which, thrown upon his back; but what may though we cannot as yet assign to it seem to some very extraordinary, any name or determinate qualifica- is, the bear, feeling himself woundtion, is not on that account less pos- ed, instead of attempting with his sible,
paws to pull out the lance, holds it fast, and presses it more deeply into the wound. When the bear, after
rolling upon the snow, ceases from BEAR-HUNTING IN FINLAND. the last struggles of death, the Find
lander lays hold of him, and calls The favourite weapon of the Fin- for the assistance of his friends, who lander in hunting the bear, is an iron drag the carcase to his hut; and this lance fixed at the end of a pole. At triumph terminates in a sort of fesabout the distance of a foot from the tival, where the poet assists, and point of the lance is fixed a cross- sings the exploits of the hunter, bar, which prevents the instrument from penetrating too far into the body of the bear, or passing through both sides. When the Finlander BATHING IN FINLAND. has discovered where the bear has taken up his winter quarters, he ALMOST all the Finnish peasants goes to the place and makes a noise have a small house built on purpose at the entrance of his den, by which for a bath: it consists of only one he endeavours to irritate and pro- small chamber, in the innermost voke him to quit his strong hold. part of which are placed a number The bear hesitates and seems un- of stones, which are heated by fire willing to come out; but continuing till they become red. On these to be molested by the hunter, and stones, thus heated, water is thrown, perhaps by the barking of his dog, untill the company within be involve Jie at length gets up and rushes in ed in a thick cloud of vapour. In fury from his cavern. The moment this innermost part, the chamber is he sees the peasan“, he rears himself formed into two stories for the acupon his two hinilegs ready to tear commodation of a greater number him to pieces. The Findlander in- of persons within that small comstantly puts himself in the attitude pass; and it being the nature of heat of defence; that is to say, he brings and rapour to ascend, the second