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Chap. Ver. A. D. The proclamation of the angels on the preach
ing of the everlasting Gospel before, at, and subsequently to, the Reformation; on the fall of Babylon; and of the vengeance of God upon the beast. The last-mentioned events will take place at or near the termination of the 1260 years ..
xiv. 6-11. The patience of the saints; and the blessedness of the dead who die in the Lord ...
xiv. 12, 13. The destruction of the secular Roman empire.
predicted under the emblem of a harvest; and that of the ecclesiastical power under the image of a vintage ....
xiv. 14-20. The preparation of the angels to pour out the
seven * vials of the wrath of God, being the seven last plagues which will be inflicted upon the enemies of God and his true church, previously to the universal prevalence of true
religion... The effusion of the first vial denotes the cala
mities inflicted upon the continental parts of the Roman empire, namely, Germany and France, from the period when the French revolution broke out, A. D. 1789....
xvi. 2. 1789. The second vial poured out upon the sea is
supposed to refer to the wars that took place in the maritime parts of the empire, Spain, Portugal, &c. in consequence of the French revolution. Mr. Faber applies the wrath of this vial to the massacres which commenced in France in 1792, and continued during the Reign of Terror ....
xvi. 3. 1792. The third vial predicts the bloody transac
tions that occurred in different parts of the Latin empire during the time of the French republican government, from the end of A.D. 1792 till A. D. 1802
xvi. 4-7. 1792.
* The reader is here particularly desired to notice that the seven vials are not to be considered as a subdivision of the last trumpet, as many modern commentators suppose. The prophecies can never be harmonized on this hypothesis. The seals and trumpets alone fill up the chronology. On this subject I have adopted the scheme of Mede in opposition to that of later expo. sitors. Six of the vials are poured out during the period of the sixth trumpet; and the seventh will immediately be effused on the sounding of the seventh.
the sun of Chap
Ver, A. D. The effusion of the fourth vial
the Roman empire, to which power was given to scorch men with fire, predicts the tyrannical government of France under Buonaparte, from 1802 to 1813 or 1814 ...
8,9. 1802. The fifth vial predicts the successful attack made upon
the seat of the beast, the Francic emperorship, from 1808, to June 18, 1815 xvi. 10,11. 1808. The sixth vial, the predictions of which appear
to have reference to Mahomedism and the Turkish nation, is yet future....
12. The seventh vial, predicting the destruction
of the Romish system, both in church and state, is yet future. This vial will be poured out immediately after the sounding of the seventh trumpet, and will give it the character of a woe trumpet..
xvi. 17-21. A description of the great harlot, or mystical Babylon the great ...
1-6. A description of the seven-headed and ten
horned beast, or the secular Roman empire xvii. 7-11. The ten horns of the beast, denoting ten king
doms, support the ecclesiastical beast, typified also by the image of the harlot. They afterwards hate the harlot, and make her desolate
xvii. 12–18. The fall of Babylon, and the lamentation of her kings and merchants ...
xviii. The triumphs of the heavenly host in the judgment of God on the great harlot.
xix. 1-8. The marriage-supper of the Lamb, &c. ...... xix. 9, 10. The title, character, and victories of Christ+] xix. 11-21.
The direct chronology of the prophecies ceases with the effusion of the seventh vial, till it is resumed again in chap. xx. The xviith and two following chapters are considered as enlargements or illustrations of the predictions previously recorded.
+ The second series of prophecies has brought us again to the sounding of the seventh trumpet, and through the subsequent period in which Christ will obtain his victories by the success of the Gospel, to the commencement of the millennium, which it is supposed will take place about A. D. 2000. The seventh trumpet has now received its fulfilment. Whether the remaining prophecies should be considered as a continuation of the book of the seventh seal or of the seventh trumpet; or whether they should be viewed as a series of visions independent of them; is a subject of minor importance.
Chap Vor. The capture and confinement of Satan; the reign of Christ with his saints on earth for a thousand years
1-0. At the termination of the millennium, Satan is again
loosed. He deceiveth the nations, and is cast into the burning lake .....
XX. 7-10. The resurrection of the dead; the last judgment; and the general conflagration ....
xx. 11-16. A figurative description of the heavenly state, with its glory and felicity ....
xxi. xxi. 1-5. The practical improvement of the whole Book
xxii. 2-20. The valedictory benediction
Preliminary Remarks. Division of the Book.
The Apocalypse, or Revelation of St. John, which closes the canon of Inspiration, is on many accounts the most extraordinary book which the volume of sacred Scripture contains. The subjects of the book are mysterious; the structure is complicate; and the language figurative, symbolical, and obscure. It comprehends an hieroglyphical delineation of the principal revolutions, destined, in the holy providence of God, to befall the Christian church, from the time at which it was penned by the inspired writer to the consummation of all things. The facts, doctrines, and prophecies of the Revelation were made known to St. John the Evangelist and Apostle, in a vision, or visions; and the whole book is taken up with the account of these visions, except the introduction contained in the first eight verses, and the conclusion in the last verse.
It appears, from most satisfactory and conclusive evidence, that this sacred book was written by St. John the Apostle, who is called the Divine, either