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BISHOP OF DERRY, IN IRELAND.
ZEKIEL HOPKINS, a learned Bishop, whose works are in good esteem, was born in 1633,
in the parish of Crediton, near Exeter, in Devenfbire, and was son to the curate of Sandford, a chapel of ease belonging to Crediton. In 1649 he became a choritter of Magdalen-College, Oxford, usher of the school adjoining when bachelor of arts, chaplain of the college when master, and would have been fellow had his county qualified him. All this time he lived and was educated under presbyterian and independent discipline; but, upon the reitoration of K. Charles II. being a doctrinal calvinift, and a real professor of the most essential articles of the church of England; he found no difficulty in his mind for a full conformity to its outward ritual, when re-established by law; persuaded that more good might be done in the church than out of it, both because there were more opportunities of attempting it, and because there, in consequence of the larger and more mixed multitude, it was most of all wanted. He was first, by the interest of Sir Thomas Viner, made lecturer of the parish of Hackney near London, where he continued till the act of con-. formity was published, and might have been chosen a lecturer in London, but the bishop would not permit it, * because he was a popular preacher, Mr. Wood says, ' among the fanatics. At the Restoration, the men of the church were much changed; but the deftrines of the
; Vol. IV. B
church continued the same. Some fiery Arminians took the lead, and, instead of compromising differences (as they had then a favorable opportunity to do), they, or too many of them, sought the indulgence of revenge by trampling all diflenters under their feet. It is not to be doubted, but that the great majority of the hundreds, who were ejected in 1662, would have gladly conformed by healing measures, both to preserve their maintenance and to enjoy a larger sphere of usefulness. All moderate men (and moderate men are the only wife men) must look back with regret upon those times, when, to the great fcandal of the protestant religion and of christianity itself, the ministers of peace became ministers of war, and, instead of embracing and forgiving and reclaiming, seemed too eager to bite and devour one another. Pudet hæc opprobria nobis. After some considerable time, he was promoted to the parish church of St. Mary Woolnorth, in Lombard Street. But, on account of the plague, he retired to Exeter, where he was so much approved of and applauded for his excellent magner of preaching, especially by Dr. Scth Ward, bishop of that diocese, (who was himself a true bifhop and real friend of the church) that he presented him to the parish of St. Mary Arches in that city. John lord Roberts, baron of Truro, happened to hear him preach at this place, and was so much pleased with his abilities, (for he was, as the late Mr. Hervey* styled him, "a fervent and affectionate' preacher) that, foon after upon his own appointment to be lord lieutenant of Ireland, he took him with him in the quality of chaplain, and in the same year, viz. 1669, gave him his daughter in marriage, and conferred upon him the treasurership of Waterford, and, in the year following, the deanry of Raphae. In the spring afterwards, he strongly recommended him to the favor of his successor, John lord Berkeley, of Stratton, who, on the twenty-seventh of Oftober, 1671, promoted him to the fee of Raphoe; to which he was consecrated in Chrif-Church, Dublin, by James, archbishop of Armagh, assisted by the bishops of Clogher, Waterford, and Dirry.
On the eleventh of November, 1681, ten years after, he was translated to the bishoprick of Derry. In 1688, on account of the troubles in Ireland, he returned to England for safety, and was made minister of the parish of St. Mary, Aldermanbury, or, as others say, of St. Laurence, Theron and Afpafio. Vol. II. p. 319,