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When these ultra-zealous defenders of the true faith started out on the war path to take the political scalp of the senior Senator from Utah, the impression very generally prevailed that Smoot, being a Mormon, was a believer in and practiced polygamy in open defiance of the law, and was as such offender against both the moral and statute law, unfit to retain his seat in the Senate.
It will astound many to know that not only has Reed Smoot never entered into or advocated the plural marriage relation, but that the Senate committeeon privileges and elections has expressly decided that such charge has not even the flimsiest foundation, in fact, but that on the contrary, the personal character and private life of the Senator "are above criticism and beyond reproach, and that not a line of evidence was submitted to the committee to substantiate the charge of polygamy." Those who in good faith; but without first familiarizing themselves with the facts, have joined in the hue and cry against Smoot will accept the situation gracefully, but it was a fearful jolt to the bigots and intolerants when the Senate refused to expel the Senator.
He closes with the following poetic effusion:
Many women with the teachers of Sunday Schools and preachers,
They declare that his admission to the Senate's a condition
Prayers, petitions, and round-robins by the score.
With a zeal that's so profound they concede no middle ground,
Smoot's a Mormon, self-confessed' That's enough, they guess the rest,
I don't court the indignation of the Gentiles in this nation
Yet it seems that they ignore in their eagerness to score,
Those seeking to disgrace him and from public life efface him,
Every secret has been bared, and his private life been aired
Yet their efforts so laborious met with a doom inglorious,
When the clamor and confusion did subside, the same conclusion
Church doctrine, creed or tenet forfeits right to seat in Senate,
Whether held by Dunkard, Mormon, by Catholic or Jew.
Following is the vote in detail on the Burrows amendment as to Senator Smoot not being entitled to his seat:
Yeas-Bacon, Berry, Burrows, Carmack, Clapp (Ark.), Clay, Culberson, Du
bois, Du Pont, Frazier, Hale, Hansbrough, Hemenway, Kittredge, La Follette, Lattimer, McCreary, McLaurin, Money, Newlands, Overman, Pettus, Rayner, Simmons, Smith, Stone, Tillman-28.
Nays-Aldrich, Allee, Ankeny, Beveridge, Blackburn, Brendegee, Bulkeley, Burkett, Burnham, Clark (Mont.), Clark (Wyo.), Crane, Curtis, Daniel, Depew, Dick, Dillingham, Dolliver, Flint, Foraker, Frye, Fulton, Gallinger, Gamble, Heyburn, Hopkins, Kean, Knox, Lodge, Long, McCumber, Millard, Mulkey, Nelson, Nixon, Penrose, Perkins, Piles, Spooner, Sutherland, Warner, Warren-42.
The 18 senators paired as follows:
For Smoot, and against the resolution-Allison, Carter, Cullom, Dryden, Elkins, Platt, Proctor, Scott and Teller.
Against Smoot, and for the resolution-Messrs. Bailey, Foster, Mallory, McEnery, Martin, Morgan, Patterson, Taliaferro and Whyte.
The Harriman Investigation.-Speaking of the Harriman railroad investigation, Harper's Weekly regrets that a man of such exceptional ability and such brilliant capacity for work should have such an unfavorable verdict made against him as the newspapers and men in private talk have rendered. It is that he has shown himself to be unscrupulous, voracious and insatiable beyond even the wont of Wall street operators. Not specially because he cares for money, only as a means to an end, but his play is work, and his use of money is to give him power to do things in the railroad world that in his judgment are crying to be done, and must be done, first or last, in the interest of all the people. But since he has overdone his job, the Weekly further facetiously insists that "He ought to do penance for his misdeeds: and the particular penance we would choose for him would be to build the Panama Canal. If he could be put in charge of that, we would be willing to lend him the key of the United States Treasury, and ask him no more than to leave us the change when the job was done. We think that course would save our taxpayers several hundred million dollars, and the best possible canal would be built, and built in the least possible time. If it should turn out, when the canal was done, that the builder owned the whole of South America and had a blanket mortgage on Mexico and the United States, we would still have in Guam an island suitable for the residence of a man too smart to be left around. But we don't think he would ever have to live in Guam. Give him work enough of the right sort and he would be a safe man, and there is quite a bit of work in that canal."
Second Peace and Arbitration Congress.-On June 15, this year, there will assemble at the Hague the second Congress of the World, at which every one of the forty-five nations of the globe will be present. To the first Congress the Czar invited only the twenty-six nations having diplomatic representatives at St. Petersburg, but at this coming conference representatives of all the peoples of the earth will assemble to discuss affairs common to all. It ought to be the greatest political event that has ever taken place. When a federation of the world is once organized, and representative government once recognized among the majority of the nations of the earth, the dawn of Emanuel Kant's "Eternal Peace" may appear; and the dream of Tennyson, "The Parliament of
Man, The Federation of the World," may come true. But before this, as thoughtful students of the situation have expressed it, the next great step to be takenthe first being the establishment of the Hague conference itself—is an international legislature. so that the world may be politically organized, with power to meet without a call from some sovereign. Until such an organization is effected, there is little use hoping for disarmament, for at present each nation hopes to increase its army and naval strength for the final adjustment. The leading question before the coming conference, then, will be—How can the next great step be taken toward world organization? This accomplished, the time will be ripe for disarmament.
Gift to Education.-Perhaps the greatest single gift ever made for educational purposes was recently made by Mr. John D. Rockefeller, who added $32,000,000 to the $11,000,000 which he had previously given to the General Educational Board for the benefit of educational institutions in the United States. Subscriptions have already been made to eighteen colleges in twelve states from the income of Mr. Rockefeller's earlier gifts. These subscriptions were all conditional. One-third of the new gift is to be added to the permament endowment of the General Educational Board; two-thirds is to be applied to such objects as Mr. Rockefeller or his son may direct from time to time: and any remainder not designated, is to be added, when they die, to the permanent endowment. The members of the Board who will administer this great gift includes some of the best known educators and financiers of the country, who are continually engaged in the study of educational conditions. The usual method which they adopt in distributing the money is to make the gifts conditional upon the raising of certain sums by the friends of the schools benefited. Among the Utah institutions which will make an effort to obtain the use of some of these funds is the Latter-day Saints University, which, during the latter part of February, appointed a committee to look into the matter of securing some of these funds for educational purposes in Utah.
Panama Canal.-The canal will not be built under general contract; the engineering, work will be taken up by three army engineers, Majors George W. Goethols, David Du B. Gaillrad and William L. Sibert. John F. Stevens, chief engineer in charge, like his predecessor, resigned to accept a more lucrative private position. All bids submitted under the recent advertisement were re
Resignation of Senator Spooner.-Senator John C. Spooner of Wisconsin, one of the administion's ablest advocates in Congress, and as far as constitutional law is concerned by far the ablest disputant on the Republican side, has resigned his seat-the resignation to take effect May 1. For sixteen years he has been in the Senate and he had two years yet to serve. He was a man of remarkable power of mind and character. He resigns in order to devote himself to the practice of his profession-law. It is a striking comment on his honesty that at the age of 64, he must resign his seat in the Senate that he may practice law and make money enough to provide for his wife and children.