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queremonia" is rendered "once of reproof from God." It should be" once, of reproof of God," i. e. finding fault with God. The word refers to the prophet's expostulation with God, or the complaint concerning God's dealings, in Hab. ch. I. As Professor Robinson translates it, it is not distinguished from the definitions, which precede.
Page 805, under vy, he renders "quod ursam majorem, arc
ton, currum vocamus," &c., "which we call the Great Bear, Ursa Major, Arcturus, the Wain." Instead of Arcturus, he should have said Arctos, or have omitted the word. Arcturus was a star, or constellation, near Ursa Major, and denotes "the Bearkeeper."
We cannot fail to regret that the able Preface prefixed to the German Manual, comprising as it does an able Essay upon the sources of Hebrew Lexicography, does not appear in the present volume. An alphabet of the various languages alluded to in the work, would likewise be of no small aid to the student.
Still we commend this work to our readers, and trust that both its Editor, and the enterprising publishers, will receive the just recompense of their labors, and that Sacred Literature will gain new friends and admirers through their means. What nobler reward than the latter can any one wish!
The True Believer's Defence, against Charges preferred by Trinitarians, for not believing in the Divinity of Christ, the Deity of Christ, the Trinity, &c. By CHARLES MORGRIDGE, Minister of the First Christian Church in New Bedford. Boston: Benjamin H. Greene. 1837. 12mo. pp. 168. - The author of this little book is an active and intelligent minister of the Christian denomination. The nature of the subject, the leading object of the writer, and the circumstances under which he prepared the copy for the press were such as to preclude, for the most part, any attempt at originality, either of investigation or argument. Still the various reading, sound sense, and logical acumen evinced in the work, as well as the excellent spirit pervading it, abundantly vindicate his claim to the high rank he holds among his brethren. It is precisely such a "Defence" as was wanted at this time, and will do much more, we doubt not, to settle and confirm the convictions of the members of his own connexion, and to convert the wavering or inquiring among the Orthodox, than either of the more elaborate and voluminous treatises from which it is in a great measure professedly derived. We hope and trust that many among the "true believers," who are not in want of this book for themselves, will assist nevertheless in promoting its circulation.
Mr. Morgridge refers repeatedly to a "Discourse on the Doctrine of the Trinity, in three Sermons," by the Rev. Mr. Robbins of Rochester, printed not long ago at New Bedford, and industriously circulated in that region. We never heard of the publication before, and probably we shall never hear of it again. A writer, who at this day makes the spurious text of the "Three Heavenly Witnesses," the basis of his argument, and finds a proof of the Trinity in the plural termination of some of the Hebrew names or titles of God, and can say among other things, in sober earnest, "The learned Professor [H. Ware, Jr.] will probably admit that no editions of the Greek Testament have been published with so much care and labor as those of Robert Stephens and John Mill," must have been asleep for the last half-century. One difficulty, however, under which our friend Robbins's mind seems to labor, we think we can do something to remove. He says: "It is hard to believe that intelligent men, who reject this passage of Scripture, [1. John v. 7,] are fully satisfied with what they do. They usually exhibit an excitement of feeling on the subject which hardly comports with a full conviction of the understanding." Let him suppose himself to be assured that an important document in circulation is a gross and palpable forgery; still let him find that there are those who are abusing the public confidence, consciously or unconsciously, by trying to give it currency. In such a case would he not, in exposing the fraud, and the delusion by which it is perpetuated, be likely to grow a warm; and would not his warmth not only "comport with," but be in exact proportion to, the fullness and certainty of his knowledge?
Unitarianism in England. We learn from the London Unitarian periodicals, that the case of the Trustees of Lady Hewley's charity has been carried up to the House of Lords, by appeal, for final adjudication, but with little expectation on the part of the appellants, that the unrighteous decision in Chancery will be reversed. Until the Lords pronounce thereon, proceedings in the Wolverhampton case, involving the same or similar questions, have been stayed in the courts below.
The withdrawment of the English Presbyterians, who are Unitarian, from the Independent and Baptist Boards, and the consequent dissolution of the General Body of Protestant Dissenting Ministers of the Three Denominations, residing in and about the cities of London and Westminster, has given rise to a controversy which is conducted with great asperity on both sides. The Independents and Baptists, it would seem, deny that the Presbyterians have a right to withdraw, as a body. They main
tain, therefore, that the still adhering minority, consisting, we believe, of one English Presbyterian, and three members of the Scotch Secession Church, who belong to the denomination by courtesy only, are the legal representatives of the whole Presbyterian body, and consequently that the General Body of the Three Denominations is still entire. The three Scotch ministers have even had the effrontery, as we understand, to follow out this idea, by instituting against the seceders a legal demand for the records and property belonging to the Presbyterians.
Meanwhile Unitarianism is making progress among the laboring classes, particularly in Derbyshire and Lancashire. The following is an extract from the report of one of the missionaries.
"Nov. 8, Tuesday evening. I went with some of our Padiham friends to preach at Burnley. Mrs. Mary Marquis, a widow, strong in the faith, had procured for us a good sized room, in an old warehouse, not at present occupied. She had cleaned it up, set forms in it, and lighted a large fire. The room was about one third part full when we entered it, at the commencement of the service, it was half filled. During the first hymn many others crowded in, and by the time the sermon commenced, it was full to overflowing-part of the audience standing up to my very elbows. When the door was closed, a number at the outside had to go away, being unable to get in. The object of my discourse was to prove 'that Christ derived all the power and authority he possessed from the Father. The people were very silent and attentive; they joined heartily in the singing, and when the service was over, they dispersed in great order and quietness. One man laying his hand on the shoulder of another, was heard to say, 'Now, I tow'd thee they did'nt deny Jesus.' 'Noa, noa,' replied the other, 'they do'nt.' Another thus addressed his neighbor, 'What thinks th'a to this?' 'Why mon,' the respondent said, 'we con't get ower this ony fashion.' Mary told us after service, as we were sitting by her blazing fire, and partaking of her hospitable entertainment, that, 'if I came and preached every night for a week, she believed the room would be as crowded as it had been that evening. It was calculated there were about 200 hearers. Mrs. Mary Marquis and her two daughters are full of zeal in the good cause willing to entertain any Unitarian Preacher, and very anxious that Ministers should be sent frequently to Burnley. These good women are regular attendants at Padiham chapel on the Sunday. I and my long train of Padiham attendants returned much delighted with the events of the evening; such a train of honest and pious Christians is better than an armed band of soldiers, and the clattering of their clogs, as they tramp beside or after you, more grateful to the ear of the missionary than the clash of cymbals, or the sound of trumpets. We reached Padiham about eleven o'clock."
The Church of England. It is common for the members of the Church of England, and its daughter, the Episcopal Church
in this country, to recommend their communion as a haven of rest in these unquiet times. Why, we never could see. Perhaps in point of fact it has not condescended so frequently as some others, to enter into controversy with those who are without; but if history is to be trusted, who does not know that from the beginning to the present hour, and far beyond any other denomination, it has been torn by intestine broils? Our readers are aware of the war which has been raging for some time between "the Oxford Malignants," as they are called, and Dr. Hampden. Nor is that all. We copy the following from the Christian Teacher, for February.
"The Episcopal Church is convulsed by internal divisions throughout the length and breadth of the land. The Archbishop of Dublin is in conflict with clergymen under his own control on questions of authority; the Bishop of London is assailed by Messrs. Bowles and Sydney Smith as the great Ecclesiastical Autocrat, a sort of Church of England in small; and the old high church party with the British Critic for their mouth piece, are making approximations to Catholicism; while their fellows of the Evangelical school are shaking the coherence of the rotten old fabric, by the bustling and anomalous activity to which their ardor compels them. The bishop of Exeter denounces the Ecclesiastical Commission as 'a machinery of the most formidable and portentous nature, threatening series of changes in our ecclesiastical constitution, so often as the convenience of any government which may be dependent on the will or caprice of a faction hostile to the church shall dictate such changes,' (so much for the stability of the church of Christ as resting on an establishment.) But the fiercest strife is between the Bishops and the Chapters, the said Bishops wishing to take to themselves, or rather my Lord of London grasping to his own aggrandizement, the trifles of patronage enjoyed by the Chapters. Hereafter, let no naughty Dissenter, Infidel, Papist, or Socinian be accused of calumniating Anglican Episcopacy, for we defy its worst enemy to bring against it severer charges than the meek Mr. Bowles and the witty Mr. Smith have alleged. The Chapters, Mr. Bowles affirms, have to resist 'the most cruel injustice, the most opprobrious insult, insane persecution' of their superiors (the Bishops) 'insult and robbery ;' 'the taking of the poor man's ewe lamb under the color of making a sacrifice and a reform.' In the same strain but richly garnished with his own racy wit, Sydney Smith's pamphlet charges home against the Bishops' gross spoliation accompanied with ignominy and degradation,' and among other slight inuendos, the attempt to ' combine the sweets of rapine with the odor of sanctity.'
Specimens of Foreign Standard Literature. — Hilliard, Gray, & Co. propose to publish, under this title, a series of translations from the works of several of the most celebrated writers in the higher departments of German and French Literature, to be
edited by the Rev. Mr. Ripley of this city. No literary enterprize is now before the public which we are disposed to greet with a heartier welcome. A judicious and well-assorted importation of foreign learning and thought will doubtless do much to improve and enrich what is of natiye growth, as well as gratify a natural and commendable curiosity, and teach us a more just appreciation of ourselves and others. The singular fitness of the Editor for the undertaking, all who are acquainted with his qualifications will be ready to admit; and we are glad to learn that he has already so far secured the coöperation of some of the best scholars of the country, without regard to political or theological distinctions, as to place the accomplishment of his purpose beyond a doubt. We learn from the Prospectus, that
Among the writers from whom it is proposed to give translations, are Cousin, Benjamin Constant, Jouffroy, and Guizot, in French; and Herder, Schiller, Goethe, Jacobi, Lessing, Fichte, Schelling, Richter, Novalis, Uhland, Körner, Hölty, Menzel, Neander, Schleiermacher, De Wette, Olshausen, Hase, and Twesten, in German.
"The first two volumes, containing "Philosophical Miscellanies, from the French of Cousin, Constant, and Jouffroy, with Introductory and Critical Notices," by the Editor, will be put to press in October next.
"These will be followed by the "Select Minor Poems of Goethe and Schiller," translated by Rev. J. S. Dwight, assisted by Professor Felton and Professor Longfellow, of Harvard University, Rev. N. L. Frothingham, and others."
New Publications.-The first volume of Mr. Norton's great work on the "Evidences of the Genuineness of the Gospels." Boston: American Stationers' Company. John B. Russell. 1837. 8vo. pp. 248 and ccxc.
The same Company have in press, and will shortly publish a History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic, of Spain. By William Hickling Prescott. In Three Volumes Royal 8vo.
We are glad to learn that an edition of the Commentary on the Bible and the Apocrapha by Patrick, Lowth, Arnold, and
hitby, in seven or eight large volumes, is to be published in New York, under the superintendance of the Rev. Dr. Schroe der.
We have received several valuable communications. The articles on "Clerical Studies," "The Miracles of Jesus," "The Word" and "The Writings and Opinions of Clement of Alexandria," will appear in our next number, or as soon as may be.