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is a copy* upon a reduced scale from one given in the 136th plate of Denon and by him stated to be annexed to a manuscript “trouvé dans l'enveloppe d'une Momie.” The animal I take to be a lama or sheep of Peru, the horns and other objects upon his head being intended only as symbols to evi. dence his connection with that country, which symbols it would intrench upon another copious subject to explain. He is standing upon a sarcophagus, within which is a corpse laid out, indicated to be that of a European by his beard, as the Peruvian natives have no beards ; the lama being over him may be intended to intimate that it was the climate of South America or Peru, which had proved fatal to the deceased. Whether the striped object in front of the lama may be intended to represent stripes of bark I know not; but I cannot doubt that the flower-pot which the Indian or Caraib (and in the original it is evidenced to be one of them not merely by the dress, such as Don Ulloa ascribes to the natives of South America, but by the shape, and features, and colour) iş holding towards the lama, is in fact the American plant called contrayerva, (particularly described in note on the 450th line of Comus, ante) so determined by its heart-shaped leaves, and stalk resembling a single finger; while the attitude of the
* Whenever I state a figure to be a copy, I believe in all cases it will be found to be so as inade with tracingpaper from the original; and the maps which I have used are chiefly the Abbé Raynal's Atlas, and Jannoni's small Atlas, adopted solely for their convenient size: but if a figure is said to be upon a reduced scale, it may possibly not be so accurate, as I must confess myself to be only an indifferent draughtsman.
Indian, holding up the hand, as en garde against the lama, points to the name of contrayerva, as implying, in the Spanish language a counterpoison.
is a copy upon a reduced scale, of another paint. ing, taken from plate 138 of Denon, and by him stated also to have been found “ dans l'enveloppe d'une Momie. The seated figure, from his face being composed of a hawk's bill, from the graduated (wpaw) hook in one of his hands (with
reference probably to the river Oronooko or Oro noque) and the flagelluin, or manyn, or symbol of the plague or pestilence in the other, and from several other indices which I pass over, I take to represent South America ; while the female figure, I apprehend represents Cochin China, presenting to him in a flowerpot an assemblage of pieces of stick-lac. This last conclusion I come to from the following indications, first, that her face (in the original at least) resembles the south-westward, outline of the country of Cochin-China; that her hands would come up naturally to the attitudes of those in the figure, if one of them be ascribed to the country of Malay, and the other to the island of Sumatra, the former holding the flower-pot, as formed by the Gulf of Siam and the rivers that fall into it; and that her robe as of a spotted leopard-skin, is referable to the Indian seas as studded with a multitude of islands : for all which vide thè-map; while the spectacles at her side (at the same time that, being found within a Enummy they prove the vast antiquity of the invention of them) prove also by a reference to the groupe of islands called Lunettes, or the Spectacles, in the immediate vicinity of Cochin China, that this last country is in question ; which is again further proved by the branches of the Talipot-tree, which tree is, in a peculiar manner of the growth of that country. Finally, the great letter T, or the toth, on which those objects rest, may be conceived to point to the everduring efficacy of the gum-lac, in resisting the effects of the Ameri. can fevers.
In addition to the instances given above, the remains of Egyptian antiquity that have a bearing upon my subject I conceive to be very numerous, and proceed therefore to the notice of others. The following is an extract, concerning the mummies found in the catacombs of Egypt, from a translation of Thevenot's Travels to the Levant; “ upon one of the coffins was represented in figures, the manner of embalming the bodies. There is a long table, shaped like a lion, on the back of which the body that is to be embalmed is laid at length, and hard by there is a man, with a knife in his hand, opening the body. The man hath a vizard