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readers of the kind just now supposed, than every thing else before advanced. On examining the famous romance of Don Quixote, it will be found, that most of its principal characters have their prototypes in America or the West Indies. The knight himself, justly stiled knight of the woeful countenance, otherwise Don Jaws (Quixote being derived from a Spanish word for the jaws) has his prototype in the outlines of a mask-like face, which, with jaws sufficiently distinguishable, is exhibited by the north east coast of South America, the eye at Lake Parime, the nose at Cayenne, the mouth at the embouchure of the Amazon, and the chin at Fernambouc. His horse Rozinante (of whom, and of himself may be said precisely what Hudibras says of a character and his horse under like circumstances,
He and his horse are of a piece,)
has his prototype in the whole continent of America, which, if viewed with its east side uppermost, will exhibit the likeness of a raw-boned horse, the head formed by South America; the neck out
stretched, by the Isthmus of Darien, below, and the West India islands, above; the forepart of the body by North America, and one of the forelegs by the promontory of California. The head is pre: cisely the caput acris equi (the head of a hot horse, with the neck outstretched), the image of likeness of which, was dug up, where Dido was to found her empire (1 Æn. 444), and the distinctive mark of the country, that it was
---facilem victu per sæcula gentem,
is most manifestly applicable to America (and its southern parts in particular), the fertility of which, is almost proverbial. As to the name of Rozi. nante, (Rosse in the French, meaning a jade, or worn out horse,) I take the whole to mean the jade of a horse, in the Andes (mountains). The knight's mistress, Dulcinea del Toboso, if I may be pardoned for being a little coarse and vulgar again, I should derive from fresh water of the tub, alluding on the one hand to the vast collections or seas of fresh water in South America, and on the other to Dulcinea (or her mother) having
been, if I recollect right, a washer-woman. The Curate is to be referred to the island of St. Domingo, by a reference to its name, as derivable from Dominicus, and so having a relation to the sunday. The Barber, as well by a reference to the comb as to the razor, the likeness of either of which is exhibited by Cuba, is to be ascribed to that island. But the renowned Sancho Panza, the Squire, has his prototype in Africa; the first name having regard, perhaps, to the sandy deserts of that country, and the second, to the paunch or likeness of a protuberant belly, which may be seen in the outline of its west-side, as extending from Fez to the coast of Guinea. The ass upon which Sancho is mounted, has for its prototype Africa also, as viewed with its east side uppermost, under which aspect, that continent may be seen to resemble the head of an ass; the nose at the Cape of Good Hope, the eye at Lake Maravi, one ear formed by the country of Ajen, near the entrance into the Arabian Gulf; the other ear bent down, formed by the isle of Madagascar, and the neck intercepted between the Mediterranean and
the coast of Guinea. I confine myself at present to these characters only of the romance; and (to draw a little further evidence from one or two of its incidents also) I think it cannot be doubted that the promise of the government of an island, which is Sancho's motive of action, has regard to the West India islands being cultivated by negroes from Africa; while the knight's battle with the windmills, is to be explained by his prototype (South America) being constantly under the action of the trade-winds: the lance in his hand, being the equatorial line.
Ilaving premised thus much, and thus much only, on this subject, I have further to observe, that America is supposed to have been first discovered by Columbus, in the the year 1493; and that Cervantes, the author of Don Quixote, is said to have died in 1516 (du Fresnoy, vol. ij., p. 718). Now supposing the statements above made not to be without foundation, in respect to the representative characters of the composition; can it be considered as in any degree credible, that in the short period of 23 years, the whole of Ame
rica and the West Indies, should have been so completely discovered, as to become the subject of a highly-wrought romance, like that of Don Quixote?
I shall conclude this volume with a short explanation of a few more hieroglyphics: indeed there is reason to think that, if a proper ground were duly laid before hand, the explanation, even of the more abstruse of the hieroglyphics, would need only to be short. Referring the reader to the plate of the zodiac at the head of the fifth volume, I would put him in mind that it has already been observed that the constellation called Sirius or the greater dog, has his profotype in the Island of Cuba ; and if that island be viewed with its west end uppermost and compared with the drawing of Sirius in the Zodiac, it will not be difficult to discover theircoincidenc", the crown of solar rays on the dog's head having relation to one of the chief positions of the sun, the Tropic of Cancer, the line of which just touches Cuba in the neighbourhood of the Ilavanna. The name of Sirius is to