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II.

4. 8. 6. 12.

V. 7.

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SER M.the Lord 10 bruise him ; he hath pilt him to grief-when

thou shalt make his foul an offering for 11.12-he was

ceounded for our transgressions, he was bruisedd for our Ifa. liii. 5; iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him,

and with his stripes we are healedjurely he bath borte our griefs, and carried our forrows-- for the tranfgreffion of my people he was stricken-the Lord hath laid on him the iniquities of us all :)--his fustaining all this with a willing, quiet, humble patience, and perfect meeknols, (He was oppresëd, and he was afflicted, yet he . opened not his mouth; he is brought as a lamb to the Naughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth :)-his charitable praying for his persecutors, and designing their welfare, (He made intercession for the transgresors:)---the blested confequences and happy success of his sufferings, in the conversion and justification of men; in performing

God's will and work; in being satisfied, rewarded, t. 10, 11, and exalted himself, (He shall see his seed, he mall pro

long his days, and the pleasure of the Lord mall prosper
in his hand; he shall
see of the travail of his fouil

, and

shall be satisfied; by his knowledge shall my righteous servant jufiify many; -1 will divide bim á portion with the great, and he shall divide the Spoil with the firong :) which passages, as they do most exactly suit unto Jesus, and might in a fort constitute a true historical narration of what he did endure, togetber with the doctrines delivered in the Gofpel concerning the intents and effects of his sufferings, so that they did, according to the intention of the divine Spirit, relate to the Messias, may from several considerations be made apparent; the context and coherence of all this passage with the matters precedent and suble

quent, the which plainly do reipect the Meffias, and Ifa. lii. 7. his times, do argue it : How beautiful upoil the moun

tains are the feet of him, that bringeth good tidings! and, Beholil 1729 servant fall deal prudently, &c. are pallages immediately going before ; to which this chapter is knit in way of continuation; and iin

mediately

13.

&c.

mediately after it doth follow, Sing', O barren, thou, s ER M. that didt not bear, &c. being a no lefs perfpicuous 11. than elegant description of the Church, enlarged by accession of the Gentiles, which was to be brought Ifa. liv. 1, to pass by the Messias. The general scope of this whole prophecy enforceth the same conclufion; and the incongruity of this particular prediction to any other person imaginable beside the Messias doth farther evince it; so high are the things afcribed to the suffering person ; as that he lhould bear the fins of all God's people, and heal them; that he should by bis knowledge justify many (or the multitude); that the pleafure of the Lord Mould prosper in his hand to these grand purposes ; that God would divide him a portion zvith the great, and that he should divide the spoil with the strong : the magnificence and importance of which fayings (rightly understood and weighed) do well agree to the Messias, but not to any other person, or simple inan : whence if the ancient Jews had reason to believe a Messias was to come, (as they with general confent did suppose they had) they had as much reason to apply this place, as any other, to him, and thence to acknowledge that he was defigned to be an eminent sufferer. And indeed divers of the ancient Targumists and most learned Rabbins did expound this place of the one Messias, which was to come ; as the Pugio fidei, and other learned Writers do by several express testimonies declare. This place also discovereth the vanity of that figment, devised by some later Jews ; who, to evade it, and to oppofe Jesus, have affirmed there was to be a double Mellias ; one, who thould be much afflicted; another, who should greatly prosper ; since we may oblerve, that here both great afflictions and glorious performances concurrently are ascribed to the same person.

The same things are by parts also clearly foretold in other places of this Prophet, and in other prophetical Scriptures : by Isaiah again in the chapter

immediately

II.

14.

any man's,

S E r M.immediately preceding, Behold (faith God there) my

servi!! hill deal prudently; be shall be exalted, and ex

tolled, and be very nigh: there is God's servant (he, Ifa. lii. 13, who in way of excellency is such, that is, in the style

of this Prophet, the Messias) in his real glorious capacity : it followeth concerning his external appearance ; His visage was so marred more than

and his form more than the sons of men: And again, in Isa. xlix. 7. the 49th chapter ; Thus faith the Lord, the Redeemer

of Israel, and his Holy One; To him, whom man despiseth, to him, whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship : What can be more express and clear, than that it is signified here, that the Messias, who should subject the world, with its fovereign powers, to the acknowledgment and veneration of himself, was to be despised by men, to be detested by the Jewilh people, to appear in a servile and base condition? Thé fame Prophet doth again, in the 50th chapter, bring him in speaking thus : I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair ; I hid 111t ny fuce from shame and spitting. His offending the Jews, to as thereby to aggravate their fins, and ac

celerate their punishments, is also thus expressed by Ifa. viii. 14. the fun: Prophet : And he Mall be for a sanctuary : (Pal. ii. 2.)

til fra fione of litumbling, and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a Juare to the inhabitants of Jerufalem.

The Prophet Zechariah doth also in several places

very roundly express his sufferings, his low condiZech. ix.g. tion in those words; Behold thy King cometh into thee

lowly, and riding upon an ass ; (that is, pauper, mean

and sorry to appearance.) His manner of death in Zech. xii. those words : Awake, O sword, against my shepherd,

and against the man that is my fellow, faith the Lord of

bosis; smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scatZech. xii. tered. And again ; I will pour upon the house of Da

vid, and upon the inhabitanis of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace aid of Jupplications, and they shall look upon me,

Isa. 1. 6.

7.

whom

10.

II.

wbom they bave pierced, and they shall mourn, &c. Thes E R M. Prophet Daniel also in that place, from which probably the name Messias was taken, and which most expressly mentioneth him, faith, that after fixty-two Dan, ix. 26. weeks the Mesas Mall be cut off, but not for himself, Now from all these passages of Scripture (beside divers others to the same purpose, observable by those, whose industry is affifted by divine illumination) we may well conclude with our Lord, "Otı štw yeyearTT&!, Luke xxiv, και έτως έδει παθείν τον Χριςόν: that thus it was written, 46. and thus (according to the Prophet's foreshewing) it was to happen, that Chrift should suffer ; suffer in a life of penury and disgrace, in a death of sorrow and Ihame.

That it was to fall out thus, might also be well inferred, by reasons grounded upon the qualities of the Meffiah's person, and upon the nature of his performances, such as they are described in prophetical Scripture : he was to be really, and plainly to appear, a person of most admirable virtue and goodness; but never (as even Pagan philosophers have Plato, Se. observed) was, or can there be any such without un-neca, &c. dergoing the trial of great affliction. He was to be an universal pattern to men of all sorts (especially to the greatest part of men, that is, to the poor and afflicted) of all righteousness; to exemplify particularly the most difficult pieces of duty; (humility, patience, meekness, charity, self-denial, entire resignation to God's will:) this he should not have had opportunity or advantage of doing, should he have been high, wealthy, splendid, and prosperous in secular matters: he was to exercise great pity and sympathy toward all mankind; toward the doing which it was requisite that he should himself taste and feel the inconveniences, troubles, pains, and sorrows incident to us. He was to advance the repute of spiritual goods, Vide Theo and eternal blessings, depressing the value of those doti Orat, corporeal and temporal things, which men do fo Concil. p. fondly admire and dote on: the most compendious 997. VOL, II,

and

SER M. and effectual way of doing which was by an exemII. plary neglect or rejection of worldly glories and en

joyments; refusing the honours, profits, and pleasures here, adjoined to a high state. He was by the most kindly, gentle, and peaceable means to erect a spiritual kingdom ; by pure force of reason to subdue the hearts and consciences of men, to the love and obedience of God; by wise instruction to raise in us the hopes of future recompences in heaven; to the accomplishment of which purposes temporal glory (working on the carnal apprehensions and affections of men) had rather been prejudicial than conducible. He was to accomplish and manage his great designs by means supernatural and divine, the which would surely become more conspicuous by the visible meanness and impotency of his state. He was also most highly to merit from God, for himself, and for us; (to merit God's high approbation of what he did, God's favour and grace to us;) this he could not perform so well, as by willingly enduring, for God's sake, and in our behalf, the most hard and grievous things. He was, in fine, designed perfe&tly to fave us, and consequently to appease God's wrath, to satisfy divine justice, to expiate our sins; whereto it was requisite, that he should undergo what we had deserved, being punished and afflicted for us.

Now that Jesus our Lord did most thoroughly correspond to whatever is in this kind declared by the Prophets concerning the Messias, we need not, by minutely relating the known history of his life and death, make out any farther, since the whole matter is palpably notorious, and no adversary can deny it: I shall therefore conclude, that it is a clear and certain truth, which St. Peter in our text affirmeth, that, Those things which God before had sherved by the mouth of all his Prophets, that Christ Mould suffer, he hath lo fulfilled.

Apoc. i. 5.

Now, Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our

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