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ing the Church generally and Our Own Branch of it in particular, as may be found in the following pages :—yet it would appear to be desirable, that these interrogatories should be put systematically before the eye of the scholar, and that he should receive such instruction concerning them, as is due to his character of an English Theophilus receiving a liberal education, and desirous to “know the certainty of the things wherein" he has “been instructed.”ı

The Author trusts that these statements, the truth and importance of which have been for some time forcibly impressed on him by practical experience, may be thought to justify the endeavour of which the result is now before the reader; and also that the considerations, which have been mentioned, may serve to account, not only for the materials here presented to the scholar, but also for the form in which they appear, particularly as regards the extracts annexed to the Answers in the volume.

It will readily be perceived, that these Answers are not intended to be committed to memory, but that the design is, that the teacher should exercise the scholar, or that the scholar should exercise himself by first reading a chapter through, translating the extracts as he proceeds, and by then reverting more than once seriatim to the question for subjects of subsequent examination.

1 Luke i. 3, 4.

Harrow on the Hill,

Oct. 3, 1813.

PRELIMINARY NOTE,

CONCERNING THE PASSAGES OF AUTHORS CITED, AND THE INDEX

OF THEM.

The names of the AUTHORS, from whom the extracts are derived, are printed in SMALL CAPITALS; and the passages, which begin immediately to follow those names, are Extracts from the Authors whose names are thus printed, except in certain cases where there will not be any ambiguity concerning their origin.

The INDEX of AUTHORS and Places cited is designed to show synoptically the general nature of the testimonies which are added to corroborate the statements in the volume; and it will also afford the young Scholar, to a certain extent, a knowledge of such authorities as will be of service to him in his future studies. The Editions referred to in the citations are specified in the Index. An Index of the SCRIPTURE citations did not appear to be necessary, especially as the references to Scripture are placed, by themselves, on the margin of the volume.

1*

(v)

ADVERTISEMENT

OF THE AMERICAN EDITOR.

The undersigned desires to state, precisely, for how much of this work Dr. Wordsworth is responsible, in order that that learned and excellent author may not be charged with any of his shortcomings or errors.

Of the changes which have been made from Dr. Wordsworth's copy, the most important was the suggestion of that gentleman himself. It consists in the substitution of an entirely new Third Part, on “The History, Constitution, and Civil Relations of the American Church." The original Third Part, was on “The Church of England in its Civil Relations." The change in this portion of the work has been, in compliance with Dr. Wordsworth's wishes, complete; and no use has been made of his work. A Supplementary Chapter on the Relations of the Church of England to the State,” has been added to the new Third Part; because it was thought desirable that young American Churchmen should be acquainted, historically, with the state of those relations; but even in the preparation of this chapter no use has been made of the original work.

The next most important change was the addition of a chapter, the longest in the book, “On Orders, Jurisdiction, and Mission;" important subjects, upon which the Editor thought that he had observed a great want of information in the American Church. This chapter appears in the second part, after Dr. Wordsworth's eighth chapter, and is distinguished as “Chapter VIII. Bis.Other changes, of less extent, have been made; which may be divided into three classes, as they affect the text, by which we understand the questions and answers, not including the references to other works or other parts of the same; the notes; or the references, whether occurring in the text or the notes. With respect to the references there is a general change throughout the whole volume. Circumstances rendering it inconvenient to refer to the other parts of the book by pages, the questions have been numbered, and the references throughout have, with very few exceptions, been made to the answer, by the number of its question. A few references have been omitted, chiefly because they were to parts of the book which are themselves omitted, although there may be some exceptions to that rule. Only two references beyond the work, except those connected with answers and notes which are omitted, have been left out; they were both to the English Act of Uniformity. A few new references have been introduced, principally to American works or reprints, they do not exceed half a dozen, and are all among the notes, and it is believed all between brackets. In two or three instances an addition has been made to a reference, in order to distinguish that it was to an English formulary, when the passage did not occur in the American.

With respect to those notes which are appended to the portions of the text which have been retained, no changes, other than those spoken of under the head of references, have been made, except in four instances. In Part I. Chapter xv. answer 16, the Prayer for Unity, from the English service used on the anniversary of the accession of the sovereign, instead of being merely referred to, is printed at length. In Part II. Chapter vi. Question 6, page 222, a statement has been introduced from Camden as to the number of the Romanist Clergy who were deprived at the accession of Elizabeth. In Part II. Chapter. v. Question 6, page 210, a remark has been introduced, between brackets, assigning an additional reason why the Council of Trent is not ecumenical. In a fourth place, a passage from Hooker

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