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REVOLUTIONARY ANECDOTES.Ily in the next room, and heard not a groan.”—“ My

kind friend,” he replied, " I felt not the less agony;

but I would not have, breathed a sigh in the pres. GENERAL PUTMAN.

ence of British officers, to have secured a long and

fortunate existence."
During the revolutionary war, when General
Putman was in command of an important fortress in
the Highlands of the Hudson river, his force had

been so much weakened by the expiration of limited
enlistments, and the withdrawal of troops for the GENERAL Jackson, at a very early period of his
protection of other important passes, that the enemy life, aspired to obtain celebrity.' At the age of four-
ventured to besiege his fort. The siege was extend- leen he commenced his military career, and shared
ed beyond the patience of a veteran, whose feelings the glory of the well-fought action at Stono. Made
were more in favour of field fights, than of artificial a prisoner in his native settlement at the Wacsaws,
manæuvres. He was still more annoyed by a ban- shortly alter the surrender of Charleston, his manly
dylegged drummer, who approached an angle of the opposition to the orders of an unfeeling tyrant who
fort every morning, to beat an insulting reveille. wished to impose on him the duties of a hireling,
After having chafed under the insult, like a caged gave 'superiour claims to applause. Wounds were
lion, he procured one of the Dutch ducking-guns, intiicted and increase given to persecution, but with-
of caliber and length sufficient to reach the drummer, out affecting either the steadiness of his principles
and punish his audacity. He stationed himself with or the firinness of his resolution. He told his op-
this weapon at the parapet, and soon saw his insult- pressor—" You may destroy, but can never bend
ing victim approaching. He had scarcely struck me to a submission."
the first note of defiance, when drum and drummer The severity of this treatment arose froin his re-
rolled in the dust." There," exclaimed the satis- fusal to obey an officer who ordered him to clean his
fied general, “go to with your sheep-skin boots. The spirit of the youth, which ought to
fiddle !"

have called forth applause, excited no sentiment but that of unbridled resentment.

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BRITISH ATROCITIES. A Few days previous to the evacuation of Charleston, a very rash expedition, suggested by General When General Provost invaded Carolina, a conKościusko, occasioned the loss of Captain Wilmot siderable British force occupied the house and planand Lieutenant Moore, two of the most distinguished tations of Mr. Robert Gibbes, on the Stonto river. partisans in the service. The object was to sur-At the period of their arrival there, Mr. John Gibbes, prise a party of wood-cutters from Fort Johnstone, a respectable gentlemani, worn down by age and inworking in view of the garrison of Charleston. The firmity, was on a visit to his brother. His usual party found their enemy prepared, and received so residence was on a farm called the Grove, where deadly a fire, that Wilmot and several of his men the race-ground is now established. In addition to fell lifeless, while Moore and many others remained numberless exoticks, he had a green-house and pion the field covered with wounds. Kosciusko, al- nery in the best condition. A Major Sheridan, arrithough a spontoon was shattered in his hand, and ving from the army on the Neck, at Mr. Gibbes's, his coat pierced with four balls, escaped unhurt. A was asked by an officer in the presence of the brothBritish dragoon was in the act of cutting him down, ers" What news ? Shall we gain possession of when he was killed by Mr. William Fuller, a very the city ?”—“I fear not,” replied Sheridan, “but we young and gallant volunteer, who had joined the have made glorious havock of the property in the expedition.

vicinity. I yesterday witnessed the destruction of This was the last blood shed in the revolutionary an elegant establishment, belonging to an arch-rebel contest. The British buried Wilmot with the hon- who, luckily for himself, was absent. You would ours of war; and shewed the greatest attention to have been delighted to see how quickly the pineapMoore, who was removed to Charleston, to receive ples were shared among our men, and how rapidly the best surgical assistance. The amputation of the his trees and ornamental shrubs were levelled with limb, in which he received his principal wound, be- the dust.” ing indispensible, it was performed within a few Mr. John Gibbes, who was a man of strong pas. days after the evacuation by their own surgeons; but sions, could hear no more, and, regardless of consemortification rapidly following, he died greatly and quences, with indignation exclaimed, “I hope that universally lamented. When first brought into town, the Almighty will cause the arm of the scoundrel great pains were taken by the British surgeons to who struck the first blow, to wither to his shoulder." extract the ball, but without success. Mrs. Daniel " How is this, sir ?" said Sheridan, “ dare you use Hall, in whose house he lodged, and who had watch- such language to me ?”—“Yes,” said Mr. Gibbes, ed over him unremittingly, being apprized of the “ and would repeat it at the altar !"_“The provobusiness which brought the most distinguished sur- cation," said the commanding officer present, "sufligeons together, entering the apartment of Moore, ciently justifies the anger of Mr. Gibbes ; for your as soon as they had retired, said, “I am happy to own credit, Sheridan, let the matter drop.” The find that you have not been subjected so severe catastrophe was dreadful. To banishi thought, Mr. an operation is I had anticipated; you appear 10 Gibbes, unhappily driven to an intemperance before have experienced but little agony. I was constant-lunknown, retired to his bed, and rose 110 more.

USEFUL KNOWLEDGE. the matter is liquefied, add the linseed oil in a state

of ebullition, and then the essence warm. When To Dissolve Gum-Elastick.-M. Grossart, by an the varnish has lost a great part of its heat, strain it ingenious method, succeeded in forming India-rub- through a piece of linen, and preserve it in a wideber into elastick tubes. Cut a bottle of the gum mouthed bottle. This varnish dries very slowly, a circularly, in a spiral slip of a few lines in breadth; fault which is owing to the peculiar nature of the then plunge the whole of the slip into vitriolick ether, caoutchouck. till it becomes softened ; half an hour is generally The invention of air-balloons led to the idea of sufficient for this purpose. The slip is then taken applying caoutchouck to the composition of varnish. out of the liquid, and one of the extremities applied It was necessary to have a varnish which should to the end of a mould, first rolling it on itself, and unite great pliability and consistence. No varnish pressing it, then mounting spirally along the cylin- seemed capable of corresponding to these views, exder, taking care to lay over and compress with the cept that of caoutchouck, but the desiccation of it is hand every edge, one against the other, so that there exceedingly tedious. may not be any vacant space, and that all the edges inay join exactly; the whole is then to be bound To Varnish Balloons. The compositions for hard with a tape of an inch in width, taking care to varnishing balloons have been variously modified ; turn it the same way with the slip of caoutchouck. but, upon the whole, the most approved appears to Over the ipe, packthread is to be applied, in such be the bird-lime varnish of M. Faujas St. Fond, a manner, hat by every turn of the thread joining prepared after M. Cavallo's method as follows:

“In another, ai equal pressure is given to every part

. order to render linseed oil drying, boil it with two It is then left to dry, and the tube is made. In re- ounces of sugar-of-lead, and three ounces of lithmoving the bandage great care must be taken, that arge, for every pint of oil, till they are dissolved, none of the outward surface which may have lodged which may be in half an hour. Then put a pound within the interstices of the tape, (of which the of bird-lime, and half a pint of the drying-oil

, into caoutchouck takes the exact impression,) may be an iron or copper vessel, whose capacity should pulled asinder. If it is found difficult to with equal about a gallon, and let it boil very gently over draw the mould, it may be plunged into hot water. a slow charcoal fire, till the bird-lime ceases to If the mould were previously smoked or rubbed with crackle, which will be in about half, or three quarchalk, it might be removed with less difficulty. ters of an hour; then pour upon it two pints and a Polished metallick cylinders are the most eligible half more of the drying-oil, and let it boil about an moulds for this purpose. As solvents, oils of tur-hour longer; stirring it frequently with an iron or pentine and lavender may be employed, but both are wooden spatula. As the varnish, while boiling, and much slower of evaporating the ether, and the oil of especially when nearly ready, swells very much, turpentine, particularly, appears to have a kind of care should be taken to remove, in those cases, the stickiness. Nevertheless, there is a solvent which pot from the fire, and to replace it when the varnish has not that inconvenience, is cheaper, and may subsides ; otherwise it will boil over. Whilst the easily be procured by every one, viz. water. Pro- stuff is boiling, the operator should occasionally exceed in the same manner as with ether. The caout- amine whether it has boiled enough ; which may be chouck is sufficiently prepared for use when it has known by observing whether, when rubbed between been a quarter of an hour in boiling water : by this two knives, which are then to be separated from one time its edges are sometimes transparent. Ii is to another, the varnish forms threads between them, as be urned spirally round the mould, and replunged it must then be removed from the fire. When nearfrefuently into the boiling water, during the time ly cool, add about an equal quantity of oil-of-turpenen ployed in forming the tube. When the whole istine. In using the varnish, the stuff must be stretchbound with packthread, it is to be kept some hours ed, and the varnish applied lukewarm. In twenty in{ boiling water, after which it is to be dried, still four hours it will dry." keeping on the binding. This method may be suc

ssfully employed in forming the larger sort of To kill Rats or Crows Bruise half an ounce of ibes, and in any other instruments, but it would be nut vomica, and soak it twenty-four hours in warm mpracticable to make the small tubes in this way. water; then add four quarts of corn, and soak it

Oil of lavender, of turpentine, and of spikenard, twelve hours ; then sow the corn on the ground imdissolve gum-elastick, with the assistance of a gentle mediately after planting. heat; but a mixture of volatilc oil and alcohol forms a better solvent for it than oil alone, and the varnish To destroy Insects in Gardens.-A mode of dedries sooner.

If boiled in a solution of alum in stroying insects in gardens which may sometimes be water, it is rendered softer than in water alone. adopted to advantage is as follows: Yellow wax, in a state of ebullition, may be satura- Make a small coop for each hen that has chickted with it, by putting it, cut in small pieces, grad-ens, so that the brood can run in and out; place it nally into it. By this means, a pliable varnish is near your squash or cucumber-beds, and the chickformed, which may be applied to cloth with a brush, ens of three and four weeks old, will be very active but it still retains a clamminess.

in picking up worms and bugs, without scratching

or doing any mischief among the vegetables. To make caoutchouck varnish.—'Take caoutchouck, or elastick resin, boiled linseed oil, essence of tur- To Improve and Increase Sugar.-To five pounds pentine, each sixteen ounces.

of coarse brown sugar, add one pound of flour, and Cut the caoutchouck into thin slips, and put them there will be obtained six pounds of sugar worth ten into a matrass placed in a very hot sand-bath. When I per cent. more in colour and quality.



vitation to visit the cave and bodies, which we shall most certainly accept. We have hitherto declined

to mention the names of the persons to whom we REMARKABLE DISCOVERY.

have alluded in this account. One of them is a It is well known to our readers, that among the wealthy English gentleman, resident of Philadelmany natural curiosities found in the extensive caves phia, John Chester, Esq., and his companion is Mr. and grottoes in the vicinity of the great Laurel Jacob L. Davis, a Philadelphian. The object of Ridge, (Cumberland mountains,) many human skel- their scientifick researches, is principally their own etons and bones of animals have been discovered, gratification. We shall next week give our readers some of them in a petrified state. These caves some further particulars relative to the position of abound in prodigious vaulted apartments and cham- the cave, &c., which our visit will enable us to do. bers, which, when viewed by torch-light, exhibit

Hamilton (Tenn) Observer. scenes of gloomy grandeur which astonish the beholder. Several petrified trees have also been

LYNCH LAW. discovered on the banks of the river near this ridge, as also bones of mammoths, and other animals whose Lynch Law had its origin in 1780, as known by races are now extinct.

that appellation, in a combination of the citizens of But the most remarkable discovery that has ever Pittsylvania, Virginia, entered into for the purpose been made in this part of the country—if not the of suppressing the depredations of a traind band of greatest natural curiosity in the world, was brought horse-thieves and counterfeiters, whose well-concertto light on Sunday, twenty-fourth January, by two ed schemes had bidden defiance to the orcinary laws scientifick gentlemen with whom we are acquainted, of the land, and whose success encouraged and emand who are now in town. They have been for boldened them in their outrages upon the community. several weeks exploring the caves above alluded to, A late number of the Southern Literary Messenger and gathering such curiosities as they wished to car- contains a copy of the constitution, dated Sept. 22, ry away with them.

1780, adopted for their government in visiting the They are provided for this purpose with a boat of guilty offenders with summary justice, which, from gum-elastick, and capable of buoying two persons. its having been drawn up by Col. William Lynch of With this boat, and other conveniences procured for that county, has given the name of Lynch Law to the the purpose, they will, undoubtedly, before they leave summary infliction of punishment by private and untheir task, penetrate every accessible hole in the authorized individuals ever since.

The Edi or says west Cumberland mountains—for they are deter- he is informed by a member of the associatiòn, that mined to spend the whole season among them. its efforts were completely successful in arresting

The wonderful discovery which will now shortly the ravages of the lawless miscreants against whom he presented to the publick, is three petrified bodies they were directed. entire, one of a dog, and two human bodies, one of them holding a spear. It is believed by these gen

THE FATHER OF NANTUCKET, tlemen, that all three of the bodies may be removed from their position in a perfect state-though the

We have been favoured with a copy of manudog, being in a lying posture upon a flat rock, it script history, of no doubtful authority, which fitates will undoubtedly be a difficult task to remove it un- that Thomas Macy was the first white person that injured. The human bodies appear to be those of settled on the island of Nantucket, and which conmen-probably hunters. Their clothing can hardly tains some amusing incidents in relation to his lisbe distinguished—but still it is evident that that 100 tory. It the year 1665, King Philip, the sachem was in a measure turned into stone. They are de- Mount Hope, went to Nantucket with his retinue 1 scribed thus : One sitting, with the head leaned as pursuit of one of his tribe who was guilty of th it were against a projecting rock, and the other enormous crime of sacrilege, inasmuch as he ha standing, with a spear balanced in his hand, as taken the name of a deceased sachem in vain. Th though he was surprised, and had just started on a name of the criminal was Asassam, (John Gibbs, quick walk. The dog lies as if crouched in terrour, and the impious act which he had committed hau or about to make a spring—but the features, or body, aroused the indignation of his whole tribe. Philip is not distinct enough to determine which position. and his suite landed from their canoes, on the west

This wonderful formation cannot be accounted for end of the island, and travelled to the settlement on in any other way, than that these persons were bu- the east end, where the criminal had taken refuge. ried by some terrible convulsion of nature. The cave On his arrival there, the criminal fled to good old in which they were found, is full one hundred and Thomas, (whom both whites and Indians loved and twenty-eight feet into the mountain, and is situated respected.) implored his protection, and was concealabout a mile and a half beyond what is called Mam- ed. Philip demanded him, and became so warlike moti. Grotto, in a direct line. The entrance to the that an assembly of the white inhabitants took place, place is difficult, and it is thought that it was never when a treaty was entered into by the parties, one before attempted at all. At the foot of the entrance condition of which was, that Philip should have all of the cave is a considerable brook of water, which the money on the island, if he would reprieve the appears to gather from all parts of it. There is also criminal. A collection took place, nineteen shillings i valley thence to the river. The gentlemen who were raised for Philip, and he returned to Mount have made this interesting discovery, are making Hope satisfied. Mr. Macy was equally happy in active preparations to bring away the bodies, which his whole system of government, and was highly they intend to have forwarded to New York. esteemed from the fact that he was the first white

Since the above was written, we have had an in- inhabitant of the island. New Bedford Gazette.

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