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THE QUEEN'S DRESSING Room. Anne, queen to James I.; in a closet, is the banner of France, annually delivered on the second of August by the duke of Marlborough; the tenure by which he holds Blenheim House.
QUEEN ELIZABETH's, or THE PICTURE GALLERY, is. adorned with the paintings of James I. VANSOMER; the Holy Family, after RAPHAEL; Charles V. after TITIAN; the Offering of the Wise Men, Paul VERONESE ; the Misers, QUINTIN MATsys, the blacksmith of Antwerp; Perseus and Andromeda, SCHIAVONE; Titian and a Senator of Venice, by TITIAN; Henry VIII. HOLBEIN; two Italian Markets, BAMBOCCIO; a Conversation, TENIERS; Sir John Lawson, Sir Christopher Minnes, earl of Sande wich, Sir Thomas Allen, Sir William, Penn, Sir George Ayscough, Sir Thomas Tiddyman, Anne duchess of York, prince Rupert, Sir Jeremiah Smith, Sir Joseph Jordan, Şir William Berkeley, duke of Albemarle, and Sir John Harman, Lely; a Boy with Puppies, MURILLO*; Our Saviour and St. John, VANDYCK; St. Joseph, FETTI; a Man's Head, CARLO CIGNANI; a Boy paring Fruit; Mi. CHAEL Angelo; Men playing at Bowls, TENIERS; As. cension of the Virgin, BASSAN; Boors drinking, Teniers; St. Charles de Borromeo, Fetti; Angel and Shepherds, N. Poussin; Our Saviour in the Garden, N. Poussins Emmanuel Phillibert duke of Savoy, MORE; Angel and Peter, STEENWYCK; Indian Market, Post; Marquis del Guasto and Family, after TITIAN; and Rinaldo and Armida, ROMANELLI.
Queen CAROLINE's China Closet, filled with a great variety of curious china, elegantly disposed; and the whole room finely gilt and ornamented: the pictures are, the Children of Henry VII. MABUSE; a Woman with a Kitten; and a Woman squeezing Blood out of a Sponge. In this closet is also a fine ember cabinet, presented to queen Anne by Dr. Robinson, bishop of London. · THE King's Closet. The cieling painted with the story
* This is ascertained by Mr. West' to be a genuine work of LUCA GIORDANO.
of Jupiter and Leda. The pictures, Anne duchess of York, the princess Mary, and Mary duchess of York, LELY; a Man's Head, RAPHAEL; St. Catharine, GUIDO; a Woman's Head, PARMEGIANO ; two Landscapes, BreugHEL; a Landscape, 'TENIERS ; Thomas third duke of Nor. folk, Holbein; Holy Family, VANUDEN; Luther, Hol. BEIN; Erasmus, Pens; queen Henrietta, VANDYCK; "the Creation, BRUEGHEL.
The King's DRESSING Room. On the cieling the story of Jupiter and Danae. The pictures, prince George of Denmark, Kneller; a Magdalen, Dolcı; two Views of Windsor Castle, VORSTERMAN; a Man's Head, DA VINCI; a Landscape, WoUvERMANS; Nero depositing the ashes of Britannicus, LE SUER; countess of Desmond, who lived one hundred and fifty years, wanting a few days, REMBRANT; a Farrier's Shop, WOUVERMANS; a Youth's Head, Holbein; Charles II. Russel; Herodias's Daughter, Dolci; an old Man's Head, HOLBEIN; James duke of York, RusSEL; queen of Charles II. LELY.
The King's BEDCHAMBER is hung with tapestry, representing the story of Hero and Leander : the state bed rich Aowered velvet, made in Spitalfields, by order of queen, Anne; on the cieling Charles II. represented in the robes of the Garter, under a canopy supported by Tiine, Jupiter, and Neptune, with a wreath of laurel over his head; and attended by Europe, Asia, Africa, and America ; Charles II. when a boy, in armour, VANDYCK; Henry duke of Gloucester. .
The King's Drawing Room. The cieling represents Charles II. riding in a triumphal car, drawn by the horses of the Sun, attended by Fame, Peace, and the Polite Arts; Hercules driving away Rebellion, Sedition, and Ignorance; Britannia and Neptune paying obedience to the monarch as, he passes. In the other parts are painted the Labours of Hercules. The pictures, a converted Chinese, KNELLER; a Magdalen, Young PALMA; the Roman Charity ; St. John; St. Stephen stoned ; St. Peter, St. James, and St. John, MICHAEL ANGELO CARAVACIO ; Cupid and Psyche,
DAHL; Endymion and Diana, GENARJO;' Harvest, BasSAN; Our Saviour before Pilate, SCHIAVONE; Martha and Mary, from Bassan; a Shepherd and Shepherdess, GENARIO; Danae, ditto; and Venus turned painter.
The King's AUDIENCE Room. On the cieling the Banquet of the Gods. The pictures, Hercules and Omphale, Cephalus and Procris, the Birth of Venus, Venus and Adonis, Genario; a Naval Triumph of Charles II. H. VERRIO; the Marriage of St. Catharine, DANCKERS; Mer. cury represented with an original portrait of Charles JI. which he shews to the four quarters of the world, introduced by Neptune; Fame declaring the glory of that prince, and Time driving away Rebellion, Sedition, &c. Over the canopy is Justice, shewing the arms of Britain to Thames and the river nymphs. At the lower end is Venus in a marine car, drawn by tritons and sea nymphs. The paintings, Duns Scotus, SPAGNOLET; Peter I. of Russia, Kneller; Prometheus, Young Palma; and the other four Cartoons of Raphael : The Death of Ananias ;a St. Paul preaching to the Athenians; Christ delivering the Keys to Peter; Elymas the Sorcerer struck with Blindness.
These inestimable cartoons had remained in Flanders, from the time that Pope Leo X. sent them thither to be copied in tapestry. The money for the tapestry having never been paid, they were purchased by Charles I. at the recommendation of Rubens. At the sale of the royal pictures, in 1653, they were purchased for 300l. by Crom. well, against whom no one would bid. He pawned them to the Dutch court for upward of 50,0001.; and, after the • Revolution, king William brought them again to England, and built a gallery for their reception in Hampton Court, to which place these have been also lately removed.
. The King's GUARD CHAMBER, is a noble room, in which are pikes, pistols, guns, bayonets, &c. disposed in co. lonnades, pillars, and other devices, by Mr. Harris, formerly master gunner of Windsor Castle; who invented the beautiful arrangement of arms here, and in the armory of the Tower of London. The cieling is finely painted in
water colours: in one circle, Mars and Minerva ; in the other, Peace and Plenty. In the dome is a representation of Mars. The pictures, Charles XI. of Sweden, on horseback, Wyck; Nymphs and Satyrs, by Rubens and SNYDERS; Hunting the Wild Boar, SNYDERS; Still Life, KALF; the Taking of Bears, Bassan; a Bohemian Family, by PURDIONI; Divine Love, BAGLIONI; Lacy, the Comedian, in three characters, WRIGHT; a Sea Piece; Diana ; a Family singing by candle-light, HONTHORST ; a Japan Peacock; the Cocoa Tree; architecture and figures, The beautiful carving of this chamber is by GRINLIN GIBBONS.
The King's AUDIENCE CHAMBER. On the cieling is represented the re-establishment of the Church of England at the Restoration, in the characters of England, Scotland, and Ireland, attended by Faith, Hope, Charity, and the Cardinal Virtues; Religion triumphing over Superstition and Hypocrisy, who are driven by angels from before the church. This room is decorated by the masterly hand of Mr. West. Over the door, is The Surrender of Calais. The companion to this is The Entertainment given by Edward to his Prisoners, in which the brave Eustace de Ribaumont, who engaged the king, unknown, in single combat, during the siege of Calais, is introduced. The King is in the act of nobly rewarding the valour of his enemy with a crown of pearls, and, at the same instant, granting him his liberty.
Under this picture is the representation of The Passage of the Somme, near Abbeville, in which Edward is opposed by Godemar de Faye, king Philip's general.
The Interview between the King and his victorious Son, the Black Prince, after the Battle of Cressy.
The Victory of Poitiers, in which the Black Prince is represented receiving as captives the French king John, and his youngest son Philip.
The First Installation of the Garter in St. George's Chapel. The bishops of Winchester and Salisbury per. forming the service, and the king, queen, and knights, Vol. V. No, 119.
kneeling round the altar. In the gallery appear the king's children, the captive king, of Scotland, the bishop of St. Andrew's, French prisoners, and spectators. In the fore ground two of the poor knights of Windsor, kneeling; behind them two foreign ambassadors; and, behind these, is the portrait of the painter, &c.
The Battle of Nevill's Cross, near Durhan, where queen Philippa, in the absence of the king, takes the command of the army, and defeats, and makes prisoner, David king of Scotland *.
Over the chimney, the History of St. George.
The King's PRESENCE CHAMBER is hung with tapestry, containing the History of queen Athaliah.
ST. GEORGE's HALL is set apart to the honour of the order of the Gartert, and is one of the noblest rooms in Eu
rope. * The celebrated historical pictures of The Embarkation af Henry VIII. at Dorer; his Interriew with Francis I.; and The Battle of the Spurs; together with a picture of Henry VIII. and his family, have been re moved from Windsor, and deposited, by order of king George FII. in the meeting room of the Society of Antiquaries. The following capital paintings have been removed from the queen's palace, St. James's Park; Venus attended by thc Graces, Gvido; Holy Family, RUBENS; Charles I. with the duke D'Epernon; the same monarch with his family; and another of him and his queen; all by VANDYCK.-Lysons. 't Windsor Castle being the seat of honour of the most illustrious order of the Garter, the ceremonies of the installation of each knight is performed in St. George's chapel with great state and solemnity; and it is the peculiar privilege of this chapel, that the installation, by the heroic and warlike founder, is expressly appointed to be solemnized and held therein, either by the knights themselves in person, or, on allowance from the sovereign, by their proxy. In former times the new or knights élect went in a solenn and stately procession to Windsor, attended by their friends anů servants in the richest liveries with exceeding great pomp and cavalcade; also the procession of the knights from their lodgings in the castle to the chapel of St. George, has sometimes been op horseback, but most frequently on foot, as is the present custom. The installation or inauguration of a knight of this most noble order, consists in a conjunction of many ceremonies, established by the royal founder, and succeeding sovereigns of the order, for the greater dignity and re gularity of this illustrious society; and the sole ordering of these cere
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