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Sykes, and Degard, who reported the performance to be equal to any of the like kind in England, and superior in number of figures and ornaments *. is.'

At the upper end of the Council Room is a whole length portrait of king George the Second in his robes, by Schakleton, the bequest of admiral Townsend. Two halflengths of king William and queen Mary, by Kneller. Also a whole-length, by Gainsborough, of the late earl of Sandwich, the gift of Sir Hugh Palliser, bart. · A halflength portrait, by Lely, of Edward the first earl of Sandwich, who was killed in the engagement in Solbay in 1672, the gift of the late earl. A half-length of lord viscount Torrington, by Davison. A whole-length portrait of Ro. bert Osbolston, Esq. (whose munificent benefaction has al.

ready

* When Sir James had finisbed the ceiling and sides of the great saloon in 1717, he delivered in a memorial to the directors, stating the prices which were given for paintings of the like kind at the Banqueting House, Whitehall, the duke of Montague's, the palaces of Windsor and Hampton Court, Bulstrode chapel, and other works at the duke of Portland's, and at the earl of Burlington's, which is too curious to be omitted, and the following copy of it is therefore inserted: To the Right Honourable the Commissioners for building the Royal

Hospital at Greenwich. The Memorial of James Thornhill, History-painter, Sheweth, That, in pursuance of an order of the 10th inst. signified to me by Mr. Corbet that I should make a demand and valuation of the painting done by me at the said hospital, I have made diligent enquiry into the prices of history painting in this kingdom, and find, that when moncy was at much greater value, greater prices were given, and beg leave to instance in one, not presuming to a parallel, Sir Peter Paul Rubens had 4000). for the ceiling of the Banqueting House, at Whitehall, which is little more than four hundred vards of work, so was near 101. a yard.

The late duke of Montague paid monsicur Rosso for his salloon 20001. and kept an extraordinary table for hini, his friends and servants, for two years, whilst the work was doing, at an expence computed at 500l. per ann.; which is near four hundred and fifty yards, amounting to about: 7 per yard, ceiling and sides.

Signior Varrio was paid for the whole palaces of Windsor and Hampton Court, ceilings, sides, stairs, and back stairs, 8s. per foot, which is 37. 128:

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ready been noticed) copied from an original in the posses sion of lørd Ayłnier, a former governor, at the expence of the hospital, by Degard. A whole-length portrait of loro Torrington, by. Davison; and of admiral Sir John Jenpings, a former governor. Near the window at the upper end of the room is a three quarters oval of captain Cle. ments, 'by Greenhill, pupil of Lely. At the lower end the head of a venerable old man, said to have been the first pen. sioner who was admitted into the hospital.

In the pannel opposite the chimney is a spring clock, by Holmes, ornamented with the signs of the Zodiac, beauti,

per yard, exclusive of gilling, kad wine daily allowed him, lodgings in the palaces; and, when his eye-sight failed him, a pension of 2001. per ann. and allowance of wine for his life.

600

Signior Rizzi had of the present duke of Portland for three rooms 1000
For the little chapel at Bulstrode
Of the lord Burlington for his staircase

700 Signior Pellegrini of the duke of Portland for work at his houx 800 And for a small picture over a chimney - - - 50 Of the earl of Burlington for the sides of his halt - - 200

All which prices are by measure, more than signior Varrio's; and I was lately paid for a ceiling at Hampton Court, upon a refererice from the right honourable the lords commissioners of his majesty's treasury to the honourable board of works, 31. 15s. per yard, including gilding. And, although these painters were foreigners, yet since the several ingenious gentlemen painters and artists, to whom your honours have been pleased to refer this for a parallel to be drawn, have not thought this inferior in performance, and inore full of work, I have no reason to apprehend any discourageinent from your honours, but that you will be pleased to allow me as good a price as any of these modern painters, especially since I have spent six years of the prime of my life therein; and, though I have in that time done several small works, yet they have chiefly served to enable me by experience and money to carry on this great one, which must otherwise necessarily have required a considerable imprest for which a large interest would have been paid.

And also hope that this being an hospital will make no difference, since royal hospitals are as well embellished as palaces, and with as much expence. Therefore bumbly, submit ynyself to your honours justice herein, and am, your honours most faithful, . . I

:: And obedient humble şervant, 34th August, 1917. o . JAMES THORNHILL

fully fully carved and gilt, from a design of the late Mr. Stuart. when surveyor of the hospital.

Under several of the above pietures are some of Sir James Thornhill's original sketches, for the paintings in the Great Hall, presented by the said Mr. Stuart, and Mr. Cox of Badbey, Northamptonshire. "

Near the door of the ANTİCHAMBER is a month equation clock with a double pendulum, by Quire; and, in different parts of the room, the following paintings, víz. Two large sea pieces, given by Philip Harman, Esq, representing the naval exploits of his ancestor, captain Thomas Harman. in the reign of king Charles II. ; one, at the upper end of the room, being an engagement between the Tyger frigate, eommanded by captain Harman, and eight Dutch privaa trers, in opposition to which he conducted a large fleet of colliers into the river Thanies, without the loss of one, when there was the greatest want of coals in London. The other, over the door at the lower end, being att engagement bea tween the same captain, in the same frigate, and a Dutch man of man, in the bay of Bulls; in which the latter was taken and towed into the harbour of Cadiz, in sight of a squadrony of Dutch ships riding there. In other parts of the room are six small pictures, representing the loss of the Luxemburgh galley, commanded: by William Kellaway, (which was burnt in the rear 1727, on her passage from Jao maica to London) and the subsequent distresses of part of her crew; thie gift of Mr. Parker, executor to captain Maplesden, late lieutenant-governor of the hospital. The circumstances of this disaster are interesting áird extraor: dinary, às related by captain Boys himself, late licutenanti governor of the hospital, who was second mate of the ship at that time. They are inserted in the account of the Hospital by the rev. Messrs. Cooke and Maule.

In 1763 it was submitted to the general court by the dia tectors, whether it would not be adviseable to build an

* Licutenant-governor Boys was accustomed to pass annually in prayer and fasting the number of days the ship's crew were in distress, in comme mmoration of his wonderful deliverance.

IRMARY

INFIRMARY without the walls of the Hospital, in order that more pensioners might be added to the establishment, and the sick taken care of with grcạter convenience and more comfort to themselves. . · A work so necessary was immediately concluded upon, and a building ordered to be erected for that purpose; which was designed by Mr. Stuart, the late surveyor, and completed under the direction of Mr. Robinson, then clerk of the works.

As nothing has been omitted which was judged necessary to render this building convenient and confortable to the patients, so all possible care is taken that the diet is adapted to their particular cases; the drugs and medicines are bought of the Apothecaries Company, in order that they may be the best of their kinds; and, when it is necessary for any of the patients to go to Bath, or the salt-water, or, in cases of insanity, to Bethlem or other places of confinefinement, they are immediately sent thither; the hospital paying all necessary expences.

The SCHOOL. Agreeable to the tenor of king William's commission, and the Register Act, which direct some provision to be made for the maintenance and education of the sons of seamen, is solely under the management of the directors, who in rotation nominate the boys for admission; prior to which it must be made appear, by proper certificates, that they are sons of seamen, between eleven and thirteen years of age, objects of charity, of sound body and mind, and able to read; and their parents or friends must give security that they shall be at the directors disposal, and to indemnify the hospital for the value of their clothes, &c. if they should run away with them.

The boys are lodged, clothed, and maintained, at the expence of the hospital, for three years. Five nurses are appointed to keep them clean, to take care of their clothes, to make their beds, attend at their meals, &c. And a guardian and four assistants, are appointed to superintend them when out of school. They are instructed in the principles of religion by the chaplains, and in writing, arithmetic, and navigation, by a schoolmaster appointed for that purpose; who also instructs those in drawing who shew a gevius for it. Each boy, on his admission, is supplied with a Bible and Common Prayer book ; and with all necessary books and instruments for his instruction, which he is allowed to take with him when he is bound out.

All the boys attend the directors, once a year to be viewed, when they bring specimens of their several performances; and three of them who produce the best drawings after nature, done by themselves, are allowed the following premiums, according to their respective degrees of merit, viz. A Hadley's quadrant,

1st prize. A case of mathematical instruments, 2d ditto. Robertson's Treatise on Navigation, 3d ditto. They are bound out for seven years, to the sea-service only, for the better improvement of their talents, and that they may become able seamen and good artists.

In 1783, it was recommended by the directors to the general court, to build a school and dormitory for the boys, without the walls of the hospital, which was built from the designs of Mr. Stuart. This building is one hundred and forty-six feet in length, and forty-two in breadth, exclusive of its Tuscan colonade, intended for a play place and shelter for the boys in bad weather, which is one hun. dred and cigbty feet long, and twenty feet broad. This excellent charity is calculated for the double purpose of providing for the sons of poor searnen, and making them useful to their country, by training them up to a seafaring life, is solely supported by money arising from the following incidental funds, yiz. 'Shewing the Painted Hall, chapel, and other parts of the hospital. Mulcts, absences, cheques, &c. of pensioners, and nurses. Profits. on provisions purchased of the pensioners *. . Sale of old hous

* By this excellent plan, those who find it more convenient for their families to have money in lieu of their provisions,' are prevented from exposing them to sale elsewhere; and though the hospital derives a profit, are allowed full as much if not more than they can otherwise make of them. * Vol. V. No. 106.

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