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1. ARTICULATION. Articulation is the utterance of the elementary sounds that e found in spoken words. An elementary sound is a simple spoken sound. Speech consists of sounds combined into words.
These sounds are produced by emissions of the breath modified by the rgans of Speech. The Organs of Speech chiefly modifying the sounds are the ongue, teeth, lips, and palate. The nasal passages, lungs, larynx (in which are he vocal cords), pharynx, and windpipe (trachea) complete the list.
Elementary sounds are divided into vowels and consonants, which terms apply both to the sounds and to the letters representing them.
A vowel sound is a sound produced by an unobstructed utterance of the breath (as in whispering) or of the voice (as in speaking aloud).
Vowel sounds are Simple (having only one sound) or Compound (having two simple sounds united in utterance into a single sound).
A consonant sound is a sound produced by the partial or complete obstruction of the breath or voice by the vocal organs.
All sounds are formed or modified by the position of the tongue, the palate, the lips, or by the motions of the lower jaw; but the breath is not hindered from coming out freely in vowel sounds, while consonant sounds are produced by a partial or complete obstruction of the breath or of the voice by the tongue, teeth, lips, or palate, and are sometimes named from the organ by which they are formed, as LABIALS, DENTALS, PALATALS.
The following pages contain a complete vocal
doring the entire school course, and should be taught,
cefully, and thoroughly, and, as fast as
o the Reading Lessons.