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He ascends the steps, and comes to the Holy of Holies. Ask, both for him and yourself, deliverance from sin:


Aufer a nobis, qusesumus, Take from our hearts, O

Domine, iniquitates nostras; Lord, all those sins, which

ut ad Sancta Sanctorum pu- make us unworthy to appear

ris mereamur mentibus in- in thy presence. We ask this

tro'ire. Per Christum Domi- of thee, by thy divine Son, our

num nostrum. Amen. Lord.

When the Priest kisses the altar, out of reverence for the relics of the Martyrs which are there, say:

Oramus te, Domine, per Generous soldiers of Jesus

merita sanctorum tuorum Christ, who have mingled your

quorum reliquiae hie sunt own blood with his, intercede

et omnium sanctorum, ut for us, that our sins may be

indulgere digneris omnia forgiven: that so we may, like

peccata mea. Amen. you, approach unto God.

If it be a High Mass at which you are assisting, the Priest censes the Altar in a most solemn manner; and this white cloud, which you see ascending from every part of the Altar, signifies the prayer of the Church, who addresses herself to Jesus Christ; and which this Divine Mediator then causes to ascend, united with his own, to the throne of the majesty of his Father.

The Priest then says the Introit. It is a solemn opening-anthem, in which the Church, at the very commencement of the Holy Sacrifice, gives expression to the sentiments which fill her heart.

It is followed by nine exclamations, which are even more earnest still,—for they ask for mercy. In addressing them to God, the Church unites herself with the nine choirs of Angels, who are standing around the altar of Heaven,—one and the same with this, before which you are kneeling.

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Then, mingling his voice with that of the heavenly host, the Priest intones the sublime Canticle of Bethlehem, which announces glory to God, and peace to men. Instructed by the revelations of God, the Church continues, in her own words, the Hymn of the Angels.


Glory Be To God On High; And, On Earth, Peace To Men Of Good Will.

We praise thee: we bless thee: we adore thee: we glorify thee: we give thee thanks for thy great glory.

OLord God, Heavenly King, God the Father Almighty.

O Lord Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son.

O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father.

Who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.

Gloria In Excelsis Deo, Et In Terra Pax Hominibus Bon^e Voluntatis.

Laudamus te: benedicimus te: adoremus te: glorificamus te: gratias agimus tibi propter magnam gloriam tuam.

Domine Deus, Rex eoelestis, Deus Pator omnipotens.

Domine, Fili unigenite, Jesu Christe.

Domine Deus, Agnus Dei, Filius Patris.

Qui tollis peccata mundi, miserere nobis.

Qui tollis peccata mundi, Who takest away the sins of suscipe deprecationeai nos- the world, receive our humble tram. prayer.

Qui sedes ad dexteram Who sittest at the right Patris, miserere nobis. hand of the Father, have

mercy on us.

Quoniam tu solus Sanctus, For thou alone art holy, tu solus Dominus, tu solus thou alone art Lord, thou Altissimus, Jesu Christe, ' alone, O Jesus Christ, together cum Sancto Spiritu, in glo- with the Holy Ghost, art most ria Dei Patris. Amen. high, in the glory of God the

Father. Amen.

The Priest then turns towards the people, and again salutes them, as it were to make sure of their pious attention to the sublime act, for which all this is but the preparation.

Then follows the Collect, or Prayer, in which the Church formally expresses to the divine Majesty the especial intentions she has in the Mass which is being celebrated. You may unite in this Prayer, by reciting, with the Priest, the Collects which you will find in their proper places; but, on no account, omit to join, with the Server of the Mass, in answering Amen.

After this, comes the Epistle, which is, generally, a portion of one or other of the Epistles of the Apostles, or a passage from some Book of the Old Testament. Whilst it is being read, give thanks to that God, who not satisfied with having spoken to us, at sundry times, by his Messengers, deigned, at last, to speak unto us by his well-beloved Son.1

The Gradual is a formula of prayer, intermediate between the Epistle and the Gospel. Most frequently, it again brings before us the sentiments already expressed in the Introit. Read it devoutly, that so you may the more and more enter into the spirit of the mystery proposed to you this day, by the Church.

1 Heb. i. 2.

The song of praise, the Alleluia, is next heard. Let us, whilst it is being said, unite with the holy Angels, who are, for all eternity, making heaven resound with that song, which we on earth are permitted to attempt.

The time is now come for the Gospel to be read. The Gospel is the written word; our hearing it will prepare us for the "Word, who is our Victim and our Food.

If it be a High Mass, the Deacon prepares, meanwhile, to fulfil his noble office,—that of announcing the Good Tidings of salvation. He prays God to cleanse his heart and lips. Then, kneeling before the Priest, he asks a blessing; and, having received it, at once goes to the place where he is to sing the Gospel.

As a preparation for worthily hearing it, you may thus pray, together with both Priest and Deacon:

Alas! these ears of mine are Munda cor meum, ac la

but too often defiled with the bia mea, omnipotens Deus,

world's vain words: cleanse qui labia Isaiae Prophet®

them, O Lord, that so I may calculo mundasti ignito:

hear the words of eternal life, ita me tua grata misera

and treasure them in my heart, tione dignare mundare, ut

Through our Lord Jesus Christ, sanctum Evangelium tuum

Amen. digne valeam nuntiare.

Per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.

Grant to thy ministers thy Dominus sit in corde meo,

grace, that they may faith- et in labiis meis: ut digne

fully explain thy law; that so et competenter annuntiem

all, both pastors and flock, Evangelium suum.
may be united to thee for
ever. Amen.

You will stand during the Gospel, out of respect for the divine "Word, and as though you were awaiting the orders of your divine Master. At the commencement, make the sign of the Cross on your forehead, lips, and breast; and then listen to every word of the Priest or Deacon. Let your heart be ready and obedient. Whilst my beloved teas speaking, says the Bride in the Canticle, my soul melted within me.1 If you have not such love as this, have, at least, the humble submission of Samuel, and say: Speak, Lord! thy servant heareth.2

After the Gospel, if the Priest says the Symbol of Faith, the Credo, you will say it with him. Faith is that grand gift of God, without which we cannot please him. It is Faith that makes us see the Light which shineth in darkness, and which the darkness of unbelief did not comprehend. Let us, then, say with the Catholic Church, our Mother:


Credo in unum Deum Patrem omnipotentem, factorem coeli et terrse, visibilium omnium et invisibilium.

Et in unum Dominum Jesum Christum, Filium Dei unigenitum. Et ex Patre natum ante omnia ssecula. Deum de Deo, lumen de lumine, Deum verum de Deo vero. Genitum, non factum, consubstantialem Patri: per quern omnia facta sunt. Qui propter nos homines et propter nostram salutem, descendit de coslis. Et incarnatus est de Spiritu Sancto ex Maria "Virgine: Et Homo Factus Est. Cruciflxus etiam pro nobis subPontio Pilato,passus et sepultus est. Et resurroxit tortia die, secundum Scripturas, et ascendit in caelum: sedet ad dexte

I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God. And born of the Father, before all ages; God of God, light of light; true God of true God. Begotten, not made; consubstantial to the Father, by whom all things were made. Who, for us men and for our salvation, came down from heaven. And became incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary;


crucified also for us, under Pontius Pilate, suffered, and was buried. And the third day he rose again, according to the Scriptures. And ascended into heaven; sitteth at the right hand of the

1 Cant. v. 6.

s 1 Kings, iii, 10.

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