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(17.) For Burns and Scalds. Mix in a bottle three ounces of olive oil, and four ounces of linie water. Apply the mixture to the part burned, five or six times a day with a feather. Linsded oil is equally as good as olive oil.
Another. Spread clarified honey upon a linen rag, and apply it to the burn immediately, and it will relieve the pain instantly, and heal the eore in a very short time.
(18.) To stop Diarrhæa. Take half a pint of brandy and stir it with an iron red hot, previ. ously adding loaf sugar sufficient to make it agreeably sweet. A Bpoonful or two, or even more, to be taken as required. I have known this repeatedly to cure this disease in its very worst stages.
(19.) To apply an Eye Stone. Eye-stones are frequently used to extract matter, railroad sparks, and other extraneous substances from the eye. They are to be procured from the apothecary's. They cost but two or three cents a piece, and it is well to get several, that if one does not succeed, you may try another. To give an eye-stone activity, lay it for about five minutes in a saucer of vinegar and water, and if it be a good one, it will 800n begin to move or swiin round in the liquid. Then wipe it dry, and let it be inserted under the eyelid, binding the eye closely with a handkerchief. The eye-stone will make the circutit of the eye, and take out the mote, which, when the eye-stone finally drops out, it will bring with it.
The first thing to be done, when a mute or spark gets into your eye, is to pull down the lower part of the eyelid, and with a handkerchief in your hand blow your nose violently at the same moment. This will frequently expel the mote without further trouble. A inote will, in many cases, come out of itself, by immediately holding your eye wide open in a cup or glass filled to the brim with clear cold water. Or take a small pin, and wrapping the head in the corner of a soft cambric handkerchief, sweep carefully round the eye with it, under the lid, above and below. This should be done with a firm and steady hand. Another way is to take a bristle from a brush, and first tying the ends together with a bit of thread, so as to form a loop, sweep round the eye with it, so that the loop may catch the mote and bring it out. A particle of iron or steel has, we know, been extracted from the eye by holding near it a powerful magnet.
(20.) Ointment for Sore Eyelids. Sedigated red precipitate one part, spermaceti ointment twenty-five parts. Mix and apply with the tip of the finger on going to bed; or,
Another.-Apply balsam of sugar; or apply butter of, wax which opeedily heals them.
(21.) Cure for the Tetter. Obtain at a druggist's an ounce of sulphuret of potash. Be care. ful to ask for this article precisely Put the sulphuret into a large
glass jar, and pour on it a quart of cold soft water. Stop it tightly and leave it to dissolve. It may be more convenient afterwards, to transfer it to smaller bottles. Care must be taken to seep it closely corked. To use it, pour a little into a cup, and dipping in it a soft sponge, bathe the eruption with it five or six times a day. Persist, and, in most cases, it will effect a cure. There is indeed no better remedy. Should the letter re-appear in cold weather, immediately ap. ply this solution, and it will again be found more efficacious. A bath of sulphuret of potash, made as above, and frequently repeated, has cured the tetter in a child after it had spread all over the body.
(22.) A cure for the Rheumatism. I have known the following prescription to cure the rheumatism 20 its worst stages, and in a very short time. Take one pint of the very best brandy, and add to it one ounce of the gum of guiacum powdered fine, take as much of it at a time as you can bear, and take clear. Repeat the dose till a cure is effected.
(23.) Relief for a sprained Ankle. Wash the ankle frequently with cold salt and water, which is far better than warm vinegar or decoctions of herbs. Keep your foot as cold as possible to prevent inflammation, and sit with it elevated on a cushion. Live on very low diet, and take every day some cooling medicine. By obeying these directions only, a sprained ankle has seen cured in a few days.
(24.) Balhing the Feet. In bathing the feet of a sick person, use at the beginning tepid or .ake-warm water. Have ready in a tea-kettle or a covered pitcher some hot water, of which pour in a little at intervals, so as gradually to increase the temperature of the foot-bath, till it becomes as warm as it can be borne with comfort; after which the feet should be taken out before the water cools. This is a much better way than to put them at first into very warm water, letting it grow cool before ihey are taken out. Clean stockings, well warmed, should be ready to put on the feet as soon as they are out of the water, and have been rubbed dry with a flannel.
(25.) A mild Puke. For a grown person, dissolve 20 grains of ipecachuanha in sixe spoonfuls of warm water ; give a spoonful every ten minutes until it operates.
(26.) To prevent swelling from a Bruise. Apply, at once, a cloth five or six-fold in thickness dipped in cold water, and when it grows warm, renew the wetting.
(27.) To cure the Cramp. This involuntary contraction of the muscles, attended with a cory vulsive effort of the neck, arms, and legs, as well as a violent, though transitory pain, is often the portion of the sedentary, the aged and
Infirm. A variety of remedies have been tried with occasional sua
Sometimes a garter, applied tightly round the part affected, removes the complaint; but when it is more obstinate, a heated brick, wrapped in a flannel bag, may be placed at the foot of the bed, against which the person afflicted may place his feet, and as the brick will remain warm the whole night, a return will thus be prevented. No remedy, however, is equal to that of diligent and persevering friction; which, while it restores the free circulation of the blood in the contracted part, is more simple, expeditious, and safe in its effects. It cramp attacks the interior organs, as the stomach or bowels, it is always attended with danger, as frequent returns of it may occasion death. Medicine may relieve, but cannot cure; we therefore advise all who are liable to be aflicted in this way, to adopt a strictly temperate and regular mode of living-to abstain rigoronsly from all spirituous and fermented liquors——to shun inundating their stomachs twice or thrice a day with hot tea-and to avoid smoked, salted, and pickled provisions, as well as fat, rancid, and flatulent dishes, which require a vigorous digestion; in short, thus avoiding both the predisposing and exciting causes- 8—the latter of which is generally found in an irritable temper, indulgence in fits of anger, and other depressing passions--which generally relaxing the animal fibre, it again becomes contracted, and a paroxysm of the cramp is the inevitable consequence. Remedies for co.vulsions and spasm are generally good for the cramp.
(28.) To purify the atmosphere of a Sick Room. Keep always on the shelf of the washing-stand, or on the mantlepiece or table, or in a corner of the floor, a saucer or small bread-pan, or a shallow mug. filled with a solution of chloride of lime in cold water, stirring it up frequently. The proportion may be about a tablespoonful of the powder to half a pint of water. Renew it or three days. If the room be large, place in it more than one vessel of the chloride of lime. In stirring it, any unpleasant odor will be immediately dispelled.
On going to sea, it is well to take with you one or more quart bot. tles of this solution, to sprinkle occasionally about your state-room.
(29.) For Constipation of the Bowels. This is one of the most troublesome of all complaints, and if allowed to become confirmed, often leads to most serious consequences. It can never be cured by pills or other medicines taken into the stomach. On the contrary, the tendency of these things is inevitably to make it
The only perinanent cure is a proper system of diet and reg. i.nen, of which I shall speak hereafter. But if not cured, all danger. 018 consequences may be avoided, and immediate relief may be obtained, by using injections. The best instrument for this purpose is the common syringe, which costs but a few shillings. There is a nachine sold by the druggists, which is complicated, soon gets out of order, and is troublesome to keep it clean, and besides, is quite expensive. For injections, pure water in many cases will answer. Throw up as much as to make the stomach feel a little uncomfurtable, and if
one injection does not answer, try another, and even a third. But there are many cases in which there is something required to stimu: ate and relax the system, and for this purpose, nothing is superior en the prescription below. I should not recommend its constant use if it can be avoided. Still, no bad effects need be apprehended from it, for, upon the whole, it has a very soothing and strengthening tendency; it is a very excellent remedy to be used in case of sudden attacks of sickness. The bowels are, in this way, thoroughly emptied in a few minutes. It will tend at first to weaken the system slightly, but this BUON passes off; however, to avoid this altogether, the quantity of lobelia and Cayenne may be reduced, as, to make it more powerful, they should be increased.
Recipe. --Take one ounce fine payoerry, one ana a half ounce of Cayenne pepper, one third of an ounce of pulverized lobelia, and one quarter of an ounce of gum myrrh pulverized; mix them well together. For a common dose, take about two teaspoonfuls or more as it is needed, in half a pint or so of warm water.
(30.) To prevent Nightmare. A void heavy suppers, and on going to bed take the following mix ture Sal-volatile twenty drops, tincture of ginger two drachms.
(31.) Cure for Excoriated Nostrils. If, after a severe cold in the head, the inside of the nostrils continue very sore and inflamed, (as is frequently the case,) rub them lightly with a little kreosote ointment, applied to the interior of the nose with your finger. Do this at night, and several times during the day. It will very soon effect a cure, often in twenty-four hours.
(32.) To cure the Flux. Take a quantity of water-cresses, and boil them in clear water for fifteen minutes; strain them off, arid drink half a pint of the decoctior. now and then, about milk-warm.
(33.) To cure the Hiccough. A single drop of chemical oil of cinnamon dropped on a piece of lump sugar, let it dissolve in the mouth leisurely.
(34.) To cure the Whitlovo. Steep in distilled vinegar, hot as you can bear it, four or five times a Jay for two days successively; then moisten a leaf of tobacco in the vinegar, bind it round the part grieved, and a cure follows.
(35.) To cure Bleeding at the Nose. Rub your nostrils with the juice of nettles, or round nettles bruised.
MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS. There are many useful preparations and simple remedies easily made when one knows how, that every one should keep iu the house
To say nothing of the convenience and safety in case of emergency of so doing, the economy is very great. For, in case of an accident you are obliged to run to the apothecary and pay more for enough for a single application, than for what, with a little trouble, would have lasted a whol: family for a twelvemonth. The few recipes I now present, are excædingly valuable. I heartily commend them to the atten tion of every housekeeper.
(1.) Camphor Spirits. There is both convenience and economy in preparing liquid cainphor yourself; and no house should be without it. Buy two ounces of gum camphor, and a pint and a half of spirits of wine (alcohol.) Break up the camphor, pick it cleant, and put it into a large glass bot:le or jar-one with a giass stopper will be the best-pour on the alcohol, and cork it closely, tying a piece of kid leather over the top. Next day you will find the camphor entirely dissolved. For present convenience, transfer a portion of it to small bottles or phials. In buying phials, it is best always to get the short, wide ones, that will stand steadily by themselves. To take camphor as a remedy for faintness, pour a few drops into half a wineglass of water; stir it a little, and drink it. Camphor is excellent to sprinkle about a sick room. It is well to keep in a second large bottle a somewhat different preparation, to be used in bathing the forehead for nervous headache, or as an embrocation of rheumatic pains. For these purposes, instead of dissolving the camphor in alcohol only, pour on it spirits of wine and whiskey mixed in equal proportions. Thus diluted, it will cause less irritation to the skin. This will be found to be quite as good as the camphor spirits obtained at the drug stores, and infinitely cheaper. One should always keep a bottle of it in the house. When taken to remove faintness, nervous pains, &c., pour a few drops of the liquid camphor into a half wineglass of water, and swallow it.
(2.) Fine Hoarhound Candy. 'Take a large bunch of the herb hoarhound, as green and fresh as you can get it. Cut it up (leaves and stalks) with scissors. Scald iwiee a China teapot or covered pitcher, and then put into it the hoarhound, pressing it down hard with your hands. The pot should be about two-thirds full of the herb. Then fill it up with boiling water. Cover it closely, and put a small roll of soft paper into the mouth of the spout, to prevent any of the strength escaping with the steam. Set the pot close to the fire to infuse, and keep it there till it comes to a hard boil. Then immediately.ake it away, and strain it into another vessel. Mix with the liquid sufficient powdered loaf sugar to make it very thick soft paste. Then put over the fire and give it a boil, stirring and skimming it well
. Take a shallow, square tin pan, grease it slightly with sweet oil, and put into it the candy as soon as it is wel: boiled, smoothing it over the surface with a wet knife blade. They sift on some powdered sugar. Set it away to cool. When nearly congealed, score it into squares. It is good for colds, and coughs, and boargerens