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baich sooner than in duil and cold weather; however, two days before the hatehes, I generally clean the perches, fill the box with seed, and the fountain with water, so that they may not be disturbed for two or three days after they hatch. The soft meat must be given them three times a day; you may likewise give them a little seed, chick-weed as free as possible from the large, rank leaves, which are very injurious. In July and August, they should have ripe plantain, or a lettuce leaf, feeding them at six o'cl the morning, at noon, and again at five in the afternoon. In the hot monohs, they must be very particu.arly attended to; and this food put in the cage in the morning, if any remains, should be taken away when next fed, as the soft meat in a few hours turns sour, the chick-weed also withers, so that the old ones, feel ing their young on these nauseous, half-rotten substances, retard theis growth, and make them weak and large bellied, instead of being strong, straight, and taper. I also give them lettuce seed and plantain seed mixed in a small pot. Observe what the old ones prefer, giving them as much of that particular seed as they will eat: for the less they feed the young ones on green meat the better, as it causes the surfeit or swelling before observed. I put sometimes a piece of stick liquor. ice into their water glass, which gives a flavor to the water, and acts as an alterative.

In hot weather they should have clean water once a day in pans, to bathe and wash in, which greatly refreshes them; as well as in their glasses, as they drink much oftener than in cold weather.

(7.) Directions to make Paste, to bring them up by hand. When you wish to bring up a Canary by hand, for the purpose of rendering him remarkably tame, you must first see if he is strong enough to be taken away from the old ones; as should he be taker. away too soon, he is apt to pine ; neither must he be left too long, as in that case he is obstinate, sullen, and difficult to breed.

The bird thus intended to be brought up, should be well fledged or feathered; if a mealy bird, eleven days is the proper age; if a jonque, thirteen. When taken from the hen, he should be placed in a warm box, and kept in rather a dark situation, to make him forget the old

This rule is not without exception; as sometimes the hen is taken ill in breeding, and cannot feed her young, so that it becomes necessary they should be taken from her sooner, and bred up by hand, if pou have not another hen under which you can put them. And occasionally a hen feeds so ill, that the young ones fall away, and will die for want of food. When this is the case, they must be taken from her, or they would soon be past recovery, from the effect of her neglect. Frequently the hen leaves them at eight days old to the care of the cock; and although you give her proper things for her nest, she unmercifully plucks the feathers from her young ones; in which case they must be taken from her, or she will kill them in two or three days. But when there is no pressing occasion to take them from she old ones, they should be suffered to remain as before stated.

When they are taken away, the following paste is given them, wbico


will keep good tifteen days. In a large mortar, or on an eveu tabla you must bruise with a rolling-pin a pint or quart of rape, in such manner that you may blow the chaff away; to this bruised seed add a piece of bread, reducing them to powder; mix these together, and put them in an oak box, which should be kept from the sun. You may give them a teaspoonful of this powder, with the addition of a ittle hard yolk of egg and a few drops of water. By these means you will have prepared in a minute food for your young birds with out trouble. This powder must not be kept longer than twelve days, as it then becomes unfit for use, the rape seed turning sour, so that when the water is put in, it smells like mustard. After twenty daye, if any of the powder remains, it may be given dry to the old ones, and it will do them no harm. I rather prefer giving them their paste fresh every day, as I observe they thrive better. The first three days I take them from the old ones, I give them part of a sponge biscuit, reduced to powder ; add a hard boiled yolk of egg, (or the white, which is better, if fresh, as it does not heat them as much as the yolk,) with a drop or two of water : make this up into a thick paste, as, if it be too liquid, it digests so quickly as to be of little or no service to them.

After your birds are three or four days oid, and begin to be strong, add to the mixture a small quantity of scalded rape seed, without bruising it, as they are strong enough to digest it. I sometimes give them, too, (chopped very fine,) a sweet alniond peeled, and a small quantity of chick-weed seed. This latter ought to be given them twice a day in very hot weather. If you attend strictly to this mode of feeding, you may depend on your Canaries thriving well, and, on an average, you will scarcely lose one in fifty.

(8.) How to treat those that are sick. If any of the young ones are ill, you must treat them as follows • Take a handful of hemp seed, which first wash in cold water, ther bruise it in a mortar, and put in water again, from which again take it and put it in a clean piece of linen, which you must squeeze very strongly in the last used water, and this is termed milk of hemp seed it will strengthen and nourish your young birds very much. Remember to take the water glass away when you give your sick birda this medicine.

Birds brought up by hand require frequent feeding; let them be at: tended to every two hours at farthest. This regularity and frequency is absolutely requisite to procure complete success. To feed them, sharpen a small piece of wood, and at each time of feeding give them four or five mouthfuls, or till they refuse to open their mouths voluntarily; as, if too much gorged, they are apt, from a want of sufficient digestive powers, to become ill, and to fall into what may be termed a surfeit. At a month old you may cease feeding them with a stick, na they will then begin to feed alone. You must put them in a cage without perches, at first, and feed them as before directed, for about a month. There must be a little rape and Canary in the seed box, or glass. When you see them strong enough, which will generally bu about seven weeks old, take the soft food by degrees away from them, sind leave them only the rape, yel.ow, and Canary. It will be wel to give them, now and then, a little bruised hemp seed, especially in the winter. Many fanciers boast that the Canaries brought up by the old ones are the strongest and best, while some maintain that the birds brought up by hand by .ar exceed the others in strength and force; (and the additional trouble considered, so they ought). It often hap pens that those brought up by the old ones fall into a consumption, owing to the parent birds being ill, and not giving them half enougb food; having five or six in a nest to bring up at a time, they must necessarily neglect soine, which become feeble and die. The cock and hen are likewise much relieved when the young ones are taken away at ten or twelve days old; and they live longer than when they are left entirely to rear them themselves. The young brought up br hand are more familiar than the others, and fewer die in the moult At least. a nest from each pair of birds is gained by thus rearing inem; and they may have four nests without too much fatiguing them during the breeding season, and they will the next season be in as good a state to breed as they were the first year.

A bird that breeds, seldom lives longer than ten years: others, that are not bred from, but kept merely for song, have been known to attain the age of twenty years.


MARRIAGE. No subject in this work is more important, and certainly noje wil be studied with as much attention, as that of the present section. Love is the universal passion, courtship is the most interesting avocation of human life, and marriage one of the great ends of existence. As our wives are not purchased as in China, nor stolen as in some parts of Africa, nor general negotiated for by parents, as in som 3 countries in Europe, but wooed and won by polite attentions, the man ner in which a gentleman should behave towards ladies is a matter of the greatest importance. Charms, filters, and talismans are used no longer—the only proper talişmans are worth and accomplishments.

How to win the favor of Ladies. To win the favor of the ladies, dress and manner must never be neglected. Women look more to sense than 'to beauty, and a man shows his sense, or his want of it, in every action of his life. When a young man first finds himself in the company of the other sex, he is seldom free from a degree of bashfulness, which makes him more awkward than he would otherwise appear, and he very often errs from real ignorance of what he should say or do. Though a feeling of re. opect and kindness, and a desire to be obliging and agreeable, will always be recognized and appreciated, there are certair forwn vary convenient to be understood.

How to address a Lady. We address a inarried lady, or widow, as Madam, or by name, Missis or Mistress Jones. In answering a question, we contract the Madam to ma'am-as “yes, ma'am, no ma'am, very fine day, ma'am.”

A single lady, of a certain age, may also be addressed as Madam.

A young lady, if the eldest of the family, unmarried, is entitled to the sirname, as Miss Smith, while her younger sisters are called Miss Mary, Miss Julia, &c. The term “ Miss,” used by itself, is very inelegant.

It is expected, that gentlemen will, upon every proper occasion, offer civilities to ladies of their acquaintance, and especially to those for whom they have a particular attachment.

A gentleman meeting a lady at an evening party, is struck with her appearance. Ascertaining that she is not engaged, which be


do from some acquaintance, he takes some opportunity of saying,

“ Miss Ellen, will you honor me, by accepting my escort home, tonight ?" or • Miss Ellen, shall I have the pleasure of seeing you home ?" or, “ Miss Ellen, make me happy by selecting me for your cavalier ;" “ Miss Ellen, shall I have the pleasure of protecting you ?”.

The last, of course, as the others, may be half in fun, for these little matters do not require much seriousness. The lady replies, if engaged,

* Excuse me. Sir. I am already provided for;" or, pleasantly,

“ How unfortunate! If you had been five minutes earlier, I might have availed myself of your services;' or, if disengaged,

“ Thank you, Sir; I shall be obliged for your attention;" or, “ With pleasure, Sir, if my company


pay you for your trouble ;" or, any other pleasant way of saying that she accepts, and is grateful for the attention proffered to her.

The preliminaries settled, which should be as early as possible, his uttention should be public. He should assist her in putting on her cloak and shawl, and offer her his arm before leaving the room..

Preliminaries of Courtship. There is no reason why the passion of love should be wrapped up in mystery. It would prevent much and complicated misery in the world, if all young persons understood it truly.

According to the usages of society, it is the custom for the man to propose marriage, and for the female to refuse or accept the offer, as she may think fit. There ought to be a perfect freedom of the will in both parties.

When a young man admires a lady, and thinks her society neces. sary to his happiness, it is proper, before committing himself, or indu. cing the object of his admiration to do so, to apply to her parents or guardians for permission to address her; this is a becoming mark of reopect, and the circumstances must be very peculiar, which would jus. tify a deviation from this course.

Everything secret and unacknowledged is to be avoided, as the rep

itation of a clandestine intercourse is always more or less injurious Jirough life. The romance evaporates, but the memory of indiscrelion survives.

Young men frequently amuse themselves by playing with the feelings of young women. They visit them often, they walk with them, they pay tbem divers attentions, and after giving them an idea that they are attached to them, they either leave them, or, what is worse, never conse to an explanation of their sentiments. This is to act the character of a dangler, a character truly dastardly and infamous.

How to Commence a Courtship. A gentleman having met a lady at social parties, danced with her al balls, accoinpanied her to and from church, may desire to become more intimately acquainted. In short, you wish to commence a formal courtship. This is a case for palpitations, but forget not that “ faint heart never won fair lady." What will you do? Why, taking some good opportunity, you will say,

“ Miss Wilson, since I became acquainted with you, I have been every day more pleased with your society, and I hope you will allow me to enjoy more of it-if you are not otherwise engaged, will you permit ine to visit you on Sunday evening?"

The lady will blush, no doubt-she may tremble a little, but if your proposition is acceptable to her, she may say,

"I am grateful for your good opinion, and shall be happy to see you."

Or if her friends have not been consulted, as they usually are beo fore matters proceed so far, she may say:

“I am sensible of your kindness, Sir; but I cannot consent to a private interview, without consulting my family.”

Or she may refuse altogether, and in such a case, should do so with every regard to the feelings of the gentleman, and, if engaged, should say frankly :

“ I shall be happy to see you at all times as a friend, but I am not at liberty to grant a private interview."

As, in all these affairs, the lady is the respondent, there is little necessity for any directions in regard to her conduct, as a “ Yes” ever 80 softly whispered, is a sufficient affirmative, and as her kindness of beart will induce her to soften as much as possible her “ No.”

To tell a lady who has granted the preliminary favors, that you inge her better than life, and to ask her to name the hapry day, are matters of nerve, rather than form, and require no teaching.

Love Letters. A gantleman is struck with the appearance of a lady, and is desirous of her acquaintance, bư: there are no means within his reach of oblaining an introduction, and he has no friends who are acquainted with herself or her family. In this dilemma there is no alternative but a letter.

There is, besides, a delicacy, a timidity, and nervousness in Jove, which makes many men desire some mode of communication rather than the speech, which, in such cases. too often fails them. In short

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