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Mummius o'erheard him ; Mummius, fool-re- | I bought them, shrouded in that living shrine, nown'd,
And, at their second birth, they issue mine." Who like his Cheops stinks above the ground, “Witness great Ammon! by whose horns I swore," Fierce as a startled adder, swell'd, and said, (Reply'd soft Annius) “ this our paunch before Rattling an ancient sistrum at his head;
Still bears them, faithful; and that thus I eat, “ Speak'st thou of Syrian princes ? Traitor Is to refund the medals with the meat. 390 base!
To prove me, goddess ! clear of all design, Mine, goddess ! mine is all the horned race. Bid me with Pollio sup, as well as dine : 'True, he had wit, to make their value rise ;
There all the learn'd shall at the labour stand, From foolish Greeks to steal them, was as wise : And Douglas lend his soft, obstetric hand.” More glorious yet, froin barbarous hands to keep, The goddess smiling seem'd to give consent; When Sallee rovers chas'd hiin on the deep. 380 So back to Pollio, hand in hand, they went. Then taught by Hermes, and divinely bold,
Then thick as locusts blackening all the ground, Down his own throat he riscu'd the Grecian gold. A tribe, with weeds and shells fantastic crown'd, Receiv'd each demi-god, with pious care,
Each with some wondrous gift approach'd the Deep in his entrails - rever'd them there,
power, A nest, a toad, a fungus, or a flower. 400
But far the foremost, two, with earnest zeal, REMARKS.
And aspect ardent, to the throne appeal. Ver. 371. Mummius) This name is not merely an allusion to the Muinmius he was so fond of, Great queen, and common mother of us all!
The first thus opeu'); “ Hear thy suppliant's call, but probably referred to the Roinan general of Fair from its humble bed I rear'd this flower, that name, who burned Corinth, and commited Suckled, and cheer'd, with air, and sun, and the curious staties to the captain of a ship, assur
Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread, (shower: ing him, “ that if any were lost or broken, he Bright with the gilded button tipt its head. should procure others to be made in their
Then thron'd in glass and nam'd it Caroline : stead;" by which it should seem (whatever
Each maid cried, charming! and each youth, may be pretended) that Mummius was no vir
Did Nature's pencil ever blend such rays, Ibid. --Fool-renown'd] A componnd epithet in
Such varied light in one promiscuous blaze! the Greek inanner, renown'd by fouls, or renowned
Now prostrate! dead! behold that Caroline : for making fools.
No maid cries, charining! and no youth, divine ! Ver. 372. Cheops) A king of Egypt whose
And lo the wretch ! whose vile, whose insect lust body was certainly to be known, as being buried
Lay'd this gay daughter of the Spriag in dust. alone in his pyrainiil, and is therefore more ge
Oh punish him, or to th' Elysian shades nuine than any of the Cleopatras. This royal Distniss my soul, where no carnation fades." mummy, being stolen by a wild Arab, was pur.
He ceas’d, and wept. With innocence of mien, chased by the consul of Alexandria, and trans
Th’ accus'd stood forth, and thus address'd the mitted to the museum of Mummius ; for proof
420 of which he brings a passage in Sandys's Travels, “ Of all th' enamel'd race, whose silvery wing where that accurate and learned voyager assures
Waves to the tepid zephyrs of the spring, us that he saw the sepulchre empty, which agrees
Or swinis along ihe fluid atmosphere, exactly (saith he) with the tiine of the theft above Once brightest shin'd this child of beat and air. mentioned. But he ornits to observe that Hero
I saw, and started from its vernal,bower dotus tells the same thing of it in his time.
The rising game, and chas'd from flower to flower. Ver. 375. Speak'st thou of Syrian princes ?
It fled, I follow'd ; now in hope, now pain; &c.] The strange story following, which may be it stopt, I stopt; it mov’d, I mov'd again. taken for a fiction of the poet, is justified by a true relation in Spon's Voyages. Vaillant (who wrote the bistory of the Syrian kings as it is to be found on melals) coming from the Levant,
Ver. 387. Witness great Ammon!) Jupiter where he bad been collecting various coins, and Aminon is called to witness, as the father of Alex. being pursued by a corsair of Sallee, swallowed ander, to whom those kings sucreeded in the dividown twenty gold medals. A suddlen bourasqae sion of the Macedonian empire, and whose horns freed him froin the rover, and he got to land with them in his belly. On his road to Avignon he met they wore on their mi dai two physicians of whom he demanded assistance. ing and no less taste; above all, curijs in what
Ver. 394. Douglas, A physician of creat learnOne advised purgations, the nther vomits. In
related to Horace, of whom he colleted every this uncertainty he took neither, but pursued his edition, translation, and comment, to the nunway to Lyons, where he found his ancient friend
ber of several hundred volumes. the famous physirian and antiquary Dufour. to
Ver. 400. and namnd it Caroline:) It is a comwhom he related his alventure. Dufour, with
pliment yliich the florists usually pay to princes ont staying to inquire abou: the uneasy symptoms and great persons, to give their names to the most of the burihen he carried, first askeri him, whe- curions Powers of their raising: some have been th's the m 'als were of the bigher einpire? He
very jealous of vindicatiig this houour, but none assured wm tev were. Dufour was ravished with
more than that ambitious gardener, at Hammerthe hope of possessing so rare a treasnre ; he bar- smith, who caused his favourite to be painted on gained with him on the spot for the most curious his sign, with this inscription, This is my Queen of them, and was to recover them at his own ex
At last it fixt, 'twas on what plant it pleas'd, “ Let others creep by timid steps and slow,
By common sense to common knowledge bred, I meddle, goddess ! only in my sphere.
And last, to Nature's Cause through Nature led. I tell the naked fact without disguise,
All-seeing in thy mists, we want no guide, And, to excuse it, need but show the prize ; Mother of arrogance, and source of pride! 470 Whose spoils this paper offers to yonr eye,
We nobly take the high priori road, Fair ev'n in death! this peerless butterfly.” And reason downward, till we doubt of God : “My sons !”(she answerd);" both have done your Make Nature still encroach upon his plan, parts:
And shove him off as far as e'er we can: Live happy both, and long promote our arts. Thrust some mechanic cause into his place; But hear a mother, when she recommends Or bind in matter, or diffuse in space. To your fraternal care our sleeping friends. 440 | Or, at one bound o’erleaping all his laws, The common soul, of Heaven's more frugal make, Make God man's image, man the final cause, Serves but to keep fools pert and knaves awake; Find virtue local, all relation scorn, A drowsy watchman, that just gives a knock, See all in self, and but for self be born : 480 And breaks our rest, to tell us what's a clock. Of nought so certain as our reason still, Yet by some object every brain is stirrd ;
Of nought so doubtful as of soul and will. The dull may waken to a humming-bird ;
Oh hide the God still more! and make us see The most recluse, discreetly open'd, find
Such as Lucretius drew, a god like thee : Congenial matter in the cockle kind;
Wrapt up in self, a God without a thought,
Regardless of our merit or default.
Which Theocles in raptur'd vision saw,
“O! would the sons of men once think their eyes Or wanders wild in Academic groves; And reason giv'n them but to study flies !
That Nature our society adores, See nature in some partial narrow shape,
Where Tindal diciates, and Silenus snores." And let the author of the whole escape;
Rous'd at his name, up rose the bowzy sire, Learn but to trifle; or, who most observe,
And shook from out bis pipe the seeds of fire; To wonder at their Maker, not to serve."
Then snap'd his box, and strok'd his belly down, “ Be that my task” (replies a gloomy clerk, Rosy and reverend, though without a gown. Sworn foe to mystery, yet divinely dark ; 460 Bland and familiar to the throne he came, Whose pious hope aspires to see the day
Led up the youth, and call'd the goddess dame. When moral evidence shall quite decay,
Then ihus. “From priestcraft happily set free, And damns iinplicit faith, and holy lies,
Lo! every finish'd son returns to thee :
Ver. 492. Where Tindal dictates, and Silenus Ver, 441. The common soul, &c.] in the first snores.] It cannot be denied but that this fine edit. thus :
stroke of satire against atheism was well intended.
But how must the reader smile at our anthor's Of souls the greater part, Heaven's common
officious zeal, when he is told, that at the time make, Serve but to keep fools pert, and knaves awake; wolf in England as an atheist? The truth is,
this was written, you might as soon bave found a And most but find that centinel of God,
the whole specjes was exteriinated. There. is A drowsy watchman in the land of Nod.
a trilling difference indeed concerning the author
of the achievement. Some as Dr. Ashenburst, Ver. 452. Wilkins' wings] One of the first pro
gave it to Bentley's Boylean Lectures. And he jectors of the Royal Society, who, among many
50 well convinced that great man of the truth, enlarged and useful notions, entertained the extrava- that wherever afterwards he found atheist, he gant hope of a possibility to fly to the Moon; always read it A Theist. But, in spite of a claim which has put some volatile geniuses upon making so well made out, others gave the honour of this wings for that purpose.
exploit to a latter Boylean lecturer. A judicious Ver. 462. When moral evidence shall quite apologist for Dr. Clarke, against Mr. Whiston, decay,) Alluding to a ridiendous and absurd way says, with no less ek cance than positirencss of of some mathematicians, in calculating the gra- expression, “ It is a most certain truth, that the dual decay of moral evidence by mathematical lemonstration of the being and attributes of God, proportions : according to which calculation, in has extirpated and banislıcd atheism out of the about fifty years it will be no longer probable that Christian world,” p. 18. It is much to be lamenJulius Cæsar was in Gaul, or died in the senate ted, that the clearest truths have still their dark house. See Craig's Theologiae Christiana Princi. side. Here we see it becomes a doubt which of pia Mathematica. But as it seeins evident, that
the two Herculeses was the monsterqueller. But facts of a thousand years old, for instance, are
what of that? Since the thing is done, and the now as probable as they were five hundred years proof of it so certain, there is no occanion foro aco; ii is plain, that if in fifty more they quite free a canvassing of circunstances.-Seribl. disappear, it must be owing, not to their argu
Ibid. Silenus) Silenus was an lipicurtan pilosonients, but to the extraordinary power of our
pher, as appears from Virgil, Eclog. vj. wheretic goddess, for whose help therefore they have reason
sings the principles of that philosophy in his drink.
First slave to words, then vassal to a name, Bnt, sad cxample! never to escape
But she, good goddess, sent to every child A trising head, and a contracted heart.
Firm Impudence, or Stupefaction mild ; 530
But, as the fatterer or dependant paint,
On others Interest her gay livery flings,
With that, a wizard old his cup extends; No more, alas! the voice of Fame they hear, Which whoso tastes, forgets bis former friends, The balm of Dulness trickling in their ear. Sire, ancestors, binself. One casts his eyes Great C**, H**, P**, R**, K*, l'p to a star, and like Endymion dies: 520 Why all your toils ? your sons have learn'd to sing. A feather, shooting from another's head,
How quick Ambition hastes to ridicule ! Extracts his brain ; and principle is fled;
The sire is made a peer, the son a fool. Lost is his God, his country, every thing;
On some, a priest succinct in amice white And nothing left but homage to a king !
Attends; all flesh is nothing in his sight! 550
And the huge boar is shrunk into an urn:
'Turns hares to larks, and pigeons into toads. Ver. 501. First slave to words, &c.] A recapitulation of the whole course of modern education described in this book, which confines youth motif des prémiers heros, n'est plus regardé que to the study of words only in schools; subjects comme une chimêre; l'idée du service du roi,
them to the authority of systems in the univer- etendue jusqu'a l'oubli de tout autre principe, sities; and deludes them with the names of tient lieu de ce qu'on appelloit autrefois grandeur party distinctions in the world. All equally con- d'ame et fidelite.”-Boulainvilliers Hist. des Ancurring to narrow the understanding, and esta ciens Parlements de France, &c. blish slavery and errour in literature, philosophy, Ver. 528. still keep the human shape.) The and politics. The whole finished in modern free. effects of the Magus's cup, by which is allegorized Thinking: the completion of whatever is vain, a total corruption of heart, are just contrary to wrong, and destructive to the happiness of man- that of Circe, which only represents the sudden kind; as it establishes self-love for the sole princi- plunging into pleasures. Her's, therefore, took plo of action.
away the shape, and left the human mind; his Ver. 506. Smild on by a queen!) i. e. This takes away the mind, and leaves the human queen or goddess of Dulness
shape. Ver. 517. With that a wizard old, &c.] Here Ver. 529. But she, good goddess, &c.] The beginneth the celebration of the greater mysteries only comfort people can receive, must be owing of the goddess, which the poct, in bis invocation, in some shape or other to Dulness; which makes ver. 5. proinised to sing.
some stupid, others impudent, gives self-conceit Ver. 518. -forgets his former friends,] Surely to some, upon the Aatteries of their dependants, there little needed the force of charms or magic presents the false colours of interest to others, to set aside an useless friendship. Por of all the and busies or amuses the rest with idle pleasures accomqnodations of fashionable life, as there are or sensuality, till they becoine easy under any none more reputable, so there are none of so little infamy. Each of which species is here shadowed charge as friendship. It fills up the void of lite under allegorical persons. with a name of dignity and respect ; and at the Ver. 532. Cibberian forehead, or Cimmerian same time is ready to give place to every passion :loom.] i. e. She coinmunicates to them of her that offers to dispute possession with it. -Scribl. own virtue, or of her royal colleagues. The Cih
Ver. 523, 52+. Lost is his God, his country- berian forehead being to fit them for self-conceito Aud nothing left but homage to a king!] So self-interest, &c. and the Ciminerian gloom, for strange as this must seem to a mere English the pleasures of opera, and the table.-- pribl. reder, the famous M015, de la Bruyere declares Ver. 553. The boyrid with specious miracies he it to be the chara tor of every good subject in a loads, &c.Seriblerus se mi at a loss in this monarchy: “Where,” says he, “ there is no place. Speciosa miracula (says he) according to such thing as love of our country, the interest, Borace, were the monstrous fables of the Cy. the glory, and service of the prince, supply its clops, Læstrygons, Scylla, &i. What relation place."-De la Republique, chap. x.
have these to the transformation of hures into of this duty another celebrated French author lurks, or of pigeons into tonds? I shall tell thee speaks indeed a little more disrespectfully ; which The Lestrygous spitted mennprin spears, as we for that reason, we shall not translate, but give in do larks iipon skeums; and the fair pigron his own words, “ L'Amour de la Patrie, le grand | turned to a ivad, is similar to the fair virgin Seylla
Another (for in all what one can shine ?)
Impale a glow-worm, or vertù profess, Explains the seve and verdeur of the viné.
Shine in the dignity of F. R. S.
570 What cannot copious sacrifice atone >
Some, deep free-masons, join the silent race Thy treufles, Perigord ! thy hams, Bayonne ? Worthy to fill Pythagoras's place : With French libation, and Italian strain,
Some botanists, or floris:s at the least, Wash Bladen white, and expiate Hays's stain. 560
Or issue members of an annual feast. Knight lifts the head: for what are crowds undone, Nor past the meanest unregarded, one To three essential partridges in one ?
Rose a Gregorian, one a Gormogon, Gone every blush, and silent all reproach, The last, not least in honour or applause, Contending princes mount them in their coach. Isis and Cam made doctors of her laws.
Next, bidding all draw near on bended knees, Then blessing all,“ Go, children of my care! The queen confers her titles and degrees.
To practice now from theory repair.
580 Her children first of more distinguish'd sort, Who study Shakespeare at the inns of court,
reality, a gevtleman only of the Dunciad; or, to
speak him better, in the plain language of our ending in a filthy beast. But here is the difficulty, honest ancestors to such mushrooms, a gentleman why pigeons in so shocking a shape should be of the last edition : who, nobly eluding the solicibrought to a table. llares indeed might be cut tude of his careful father, very early retained into larks at a second dressing, out of frugality: himself in the cause of Dulness against Shakeyet that seems no probable motive, when we con- speare, and with the wit and learning of his ansider the extravagance before-mentioned, of dis- cestor Tom Thimble in the Rehearsal, and with solving whole oxen and boars into a small vial of the air of good nature and politeness of Caliban in jelly; nay it is expressly said, that all flesh is the Tempest, hath now happily finished the nothing in his sight. I have searched in Apicius, Dunce's progress, in personal abuse. For a libelPliny, and the feast of Trimalcbio, in vain ; iler is nothing but a Grub-street critic run can only resolve it into some 'mysterious super
seed. stitious rite, as it is said so be done by a priest,
Lamentable is the dulness of these gentlemen and soon after called a sacrifice, attended (as all an- of the Dunciad. This Fungoso and his friends, cient sacrifices were)with libation and song -Scribl. who are all gentlemen, have exclaimed much
This good scholiast, not being acquainted with against us for reflecting his birth, in the words, morlern luxury, was ignorant that these were only a gentleman of the last edition," which we the miracles of French cowkery, and that par
hereby declare concern not his birth, but bis ticularly Pigeons en crapeau were a common adoption only : and mean no more than that he dish.
is become a gentleman of the last edition of the Ver. 556. Seve and verdeur] French terms re
the Dunciad. Since gentlemen, then, are so caplating to wines, which signify their flavour and tious, we think it proper to declare that Mr. poignancy.
Thomas Thimble, who is here said to be Mr. Et je gagerois que chez le commandeur,
Thomas Edwards's ancestor, is only related to Villandri priseroit sa seve et sa verdeur.
him by the Muse's side.--Scribl. Despreaux.
This tribe of men, which Scriblerus has here
so well exemplified, our poet hath elsewhere adSt. Evremont has a very pathetic letter to a noble- mirably characterized in that happy line, man in disgrace, advising him to seek comfort in a good table, and particularly to be attentive to
A brain of feathers, and a heart of lead. these qualities in his champaigne.
For the satire extends much farther than to the Ver. 560. Bladen-Hays) Names of gamesters. person who occasioned it, and takes in the whole Bladen is a black man. Robert Knight, cashier species of those on whom a good education (to fit of the South-Sea company, who fled from Eny- them for some useful and learneri profession) has land in 1720 (afterwards pardoned in 1742).- been bestowed in vain. That worthless band These lived with the utmost magnificence at Paris, Of ever-listless loiterers, that attend and kept open tables frequented by persons of the No cause, no trust, no duty, and no friend ; first quality in England, and even by princes of Who, with an understanding too dissipated and the blood of France.
futile for the offices of civil life ; and a heart too Ibid. Bladen, &c.] The former note of “Bladen is a black man,” is very absurd. The manuscript cial, berome fit for nothing: and so turn wits and
and contracted for those of sohere is partly obliterated, and doubtless could critics, where sense and civility are neither reonly have been, wash blackmoors white, alluding quired nor expected. to a known proverb. ---Scribl.
Ver. 571. Soine, deep frec-masons, join the Ver. 567. Her children first of more distinguish'd sort,
sileni race] The poet all along expresses a firy Who study Shakespare at the inns of court.)
particular concern for this silent race. He has
bere provided, that in case they will not waken Ili would that scholiast discharge his duty, who or open (as was before proposed) to a humıningshould neglect to bonour those whom Duluess has bird or a cockle, yet at worst they may be male distinguished: or sutlir them to lie forgotten, free-masons; were taciturnity is the only essenwhen their rare modesty would have left them ial qualification, as it was the chief of the disnameless. Let its fint, thrrefore, overlook the ciples of Pithagoras. service - which has been done her cause, by ont Vir. 576. A Gregorian, one a Gormogon,] A Mr. Thomas Flvards, a gentleman, as he is
sort of lay-brothers, slips from the root of the pleased w call hiinself, of Lincoln's-inn; but, in | free-masons.
All my commands are easy, short, and full: Tyrant supreme ! shall three estates command, My sons ! be proud, be selfish, and be dall. And make one mighty Dunciad of the land !" Guard my prerogative, assert my throne :
More she had spoke, but yawn'd--All nature This nod confirms each privilege your own.
What mortal can resist the yawn of gods ? [nods : The cap and switch be sacred to his grace : Churches and chapels instantly it reach'd : With staff and pumps the marquis leads the race; (St. James's first, for leaden G- preach'd) From stage to stage the licens'd earl may run, Then catch'd the schools; the hall scarce kept Paird with his fellow charioteer the Sun;
awake; The learned baron butterflies design,
The convocation gap'd, but could not speak: 610 Or draw to silk Arachne's subtile line; 590 Lost was the nation's sense, nor could be found,
The judge to dance his brother sergeant call; While the long solemn unison went round :
Wide, and more wide, it spread o'er all the realm; The bishop stow (pontific luxury !)
Ev'n Palinurus nodded at the helm : An hundred souls of turkeys in a pye ;
The vapour mild o'er each committee crept; The sturdy squire to Gallic masters stoop,
Unfinish'd treaties in each office slept ;
Ver. 606. What mortal can resist the yawn Perhaps more high some daring son may soar,
of gods ? ] This verse is truly Homerical ; as is the Prond to my list to add one monarch more ; 600
conclusion of the action, where the great mother And, nobly conscious, princes are but things
composes all, in the same manner as Minerva at Born for first ministers, as slaves for kings,
the period of the Odyssey.—It may indeed seem a very singular epitasis of a poem, to end as
this doos, with a great yawn; but we must conVer. 584. each privilege your own, &c.] This sider it as the yawn of a god, and of powerful speech of Dulness to her sons at parting may pose effects. It is not out of nature, most long and sibly fall short of the reader's expectation; who grave counsels concluding in this very manner: may imagine the goddess might give them a nor without authority, the incomparable Spenser charge of more consequence, and, from such a having ended one of the most considerable of his theory as is before delivered, incite them to the works with a roar; but then it is the roar of a practice of something more extraordinary, than lion, the effects whereof are described as the catato personate running footmen, jockeys, stage-strophe of the poem. coachmen, &c.
Ver. 607. Churches and chapels, &c.] The But if it be well considered, that whatever in- progress of this yawn is judicious, natural, and clination they might have to do mischief, her sons worthy to be noted. First it seizeth the churches are generally rendered harmless by their inability; and chapels; then catcheth the schools, where, and that it is the common effect of Dulness (even though the boys be unwilling to sleep, the masters in her greatest efforts) to defeat her own design; the are not : Next Westminster-hall, much more hard poet, I am persuaded, will be justitied, and it will be indeed to subdue, and not totally put to silence allowed that these worthy persons, in their several even by the goddess : Then the convocation, ranks, do as much as can be expected from them. which though extremely desirous to speak, yet
Ver. 585. The cap and switch, &c.] The god- cannot: Eren the house of commons, justly called dess's political balance of favour, in the distribu- the sense of the nation, is lost (that is to say sustion of her rewards, deserves our notice. It con- pended) during the yawn; (far be it from our sists of joining with those honours claimed by birth anthor to suggest it could be lost any longer!) and high place, others more adapted to the ge- but it sprea leth at large over all the rest of the nins and talents of the candidates. And thus her kingdom, to such a degree, that Palinurus hiin. great forerunner, John of Leyden, king of Mun- self (though as incapable of sleeping as Jupiter) ster, entered on his government, by making his yet noddeth for a inoinent; the effect of which, ancient friend and companion, Knipper.lolling, though ever so momentary, could not but cause general of his horse and hanginan. And had but some relaxation for the time, in all public fortune seconded his great scheines of Reforma- affairs.--Seribl. tion, it is said, he would have established his Ver. 610. The convocation gap'd, but could whole household on the same reasonable footing. not speak ;] Implying a great desire so to do, as -Scribl.
the learned scholiast on the place rightly observes Ver. 590. Arachne's subtile line ;] This is one
Therefore beware, reader, lest thou take this gape of the most ingenious employments assigned, and
for a yawn, which is attended with no desire but therefore recommended only to peers of learning. to go to rest, by no means the disposition of the Of weaving stockings of the webs of spiders, see
convocation ; whose melancholy case in short is the Phil. Trans.
this: she was, as iş reported, infected with the Ver. 591. The judge to dance his brother ser
general influence of the goldess; and while she geant call;] Alluling perhaps to that ancient and was yawning carelessly at her case, a wanton solemn dance, entitlel, A call of sergeants.
courtier took her at advantage, and in the very Ver. 598. Teach kings to dilule,] An ancient nick clap'l a gag into her chops. Well therefore amusement of sovereign princes, (viz.) Achilles,
may we know her meaning by her gaping ; and Alexander, Nero; though despised by Themi. this distressful posture our poet bere describes, stocles, who was a republi.an- Make senates | just as she stands at this day, a sad example of dance, either after their prince, or to Pontoise, the effects of Duluess and Malice unchecked, and or Siberia.
despised. - Benti.