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had drawn each other's characters on certain oc- notes on the 'works of this poet. Before I had casions; but the few here inserted are all that the happiness of his acquaintance, I had written could be saved from the general destruction of a commentary on his Essay on Man, and have such works.

since finished another on the Essay of Criticism. of the part of Scriblerus I need say nothing ; There was one already on the Dunciad, which had his manner is well enough known, and approved met with general approbation : but I still thought by all but those who are too much concerned to some additions were wanting (of a more serious be judges.

kind), to the humorous notes of Scriblerus, and even to those written by Mr. Cleland, Dr. Ir.

buthnot, and others. I had lately the pleasure ADVERTISEMENT

to pass somne months with the anthor in the cowTO THE FIRST EDITION OF THE FOURTU BOOK OF THE

try, where I prevailed upon him to do what I had

long desired, and favour ine with his explanation DUNCIAD, WHEN PRINTED SEPARATELY IN THE YEAR 1742.

of several passages in his works. It happened, We apprehend it can be deemed no injury to

that just at that juncture was published a ridiculthe author of the three first books of the Dunciad, which furnished him with a lucky opportunity of

ous book against him, full of personal reflections, that we publish this fourth. It was found merely by accident, in taking a survey of the library of improving this poem, by giving it the only thing a late eminent nobleman ; but in so blotted a con

it wanted, a more considerable hero. He was aldition, and in so many detached pieces, as plainly ways sensible of its defect in that particular, and showed it to be not only incorrect, but unfinished.

owned he had let it pass with the hero it had, That the author of the three first books had a

purely for want of a better, not entertaining the design to extend and complete his poem in this least expectation that such an one was reserved manner, appears from the dissertation prefixed to

for this post, as has since obtained the laurel : it, where it is said, that the design is more exten

but since that had happened, he could no longer sive, and that we may expect other episodes to deny this justice either to him or the Dunciad. complete it: And from the declaration in the

And yet I will venture to say, there was anoarguinent to the third book, that the accomplish

ther motive which had still more weight with our ment of the prophecies therein would be the

author : This person was one, who from every theme hereafter of a greater Dunciad. But folly (not to say vice) of which another would be whether or not he be the author of this, we de

ashamed, has constantly derived a vanity! and clare ourselves ignorant. If he be, we are no

therefore was the man in the world who would more to be blamed for the publication of it, than least be hurt by

W. W. Tucca and Varius for that of the last six books of the Æneid, though perhaps inferior to the former.

If any person be possessed of a more perfect copy of this work, or of any other fragments of it,

ADVERTISEMENT. and will communicate them to the publisher, we shall make the next edition more complete: in

PRINTED IN THE JOURNALS, 1730. which we also promise to insert any criticisins WHEREAS, upon occasion of certain pieces rethat shall be published (if at all to the purpose) | lating to the gentlemen of the Dunciad, some with the names of the authors; or any letters sent have been willing to suggest, as if they looked us (though not to the purpose) shall yet be upon them as an abuse: we can do no less than printed under the title of Epistolæ Obscurorumown, it is our opinion, that to call these gentlemen Virorum ; which, together with some others of the bad authors is no sort of abuse, but a great truth. same kind formerly laid by for that end, may We cannot alter this opinion without some reason; make no unpleasant addition to the future im- bnt we promise to do it in respect to every person pressions of this poem.

who thinks it an injury to be represented as no wit, or poet, provided he procures a certificate of his

being really such, froin any three of his comADVERTISEMENT.

panions, in the Dunciad, or from Mr. Dennis

singly, who is esteemed equal to any three of the TO THE COMPLETE EDITION OF 1743.

number. I have long had a design of giving some sort of







Mr. Pope is an open and mortal enemy to his Mr. Dryden is a mere renegado from monarchy, country and the conmonwealth of learning'. poetry, and good sense', A true republican Some call him a popish whig, which is directly son of monarchical church?. A republican atheist? inconsistent?. Pope, as a papist, must be a tory Dryden was from the beginning an áddo góran and high Ayer? He is both whig and tory“. aos, and I doubt not will continue so to the last".

' Dennis, Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, Pref. Milbourn on Dryden's Virgil, 8vo, 1698, p. 6. Dunciad dissected.

* Pref. to Gulliveriang. ? Pag. 38. Pag. 199.

Pag. 8. * Dennis, Character of Mr. P.




P. xii.


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Io the poem called Absalom and Achitophel are

He hath made it his custom to cackle to more notoriously traduced, the king, the queen, the than one party in their own sentiments! lords and gentlemen, not only their honourable In his Miscellapies, the persons abused are, the persons exposed, but the whole nation and its re- king, the queen, his late najesty, both houses presentatives notoriously libelled. It is scandalum of parliament, the privy-council, the bench of magpatum yea of majesty itself'.

bishops, the established church, the present mje He looks upon God's gospel as a foolish fable, pistry, &c. To make sense of some passages, Like the Pope, to whom he is a pitiful purveyor? they must be construed into royal scandal. His very christianity may be questioned !. He ought He is a popish rhymester, bred up with a conto expect more severity than other men, as he is tempt of the sacred writings! His religion allows most unmerciful in his own reflections on others: him to destroy heretics, not only with his pen, With as good a right as his holiness, be sets up for but with fire and sword; and such were all those poetical infallibility'.

unhappy wits whom he sacrificed to his accursed popish principles o. It deserved vengeance to

suggest, that Mr. Pope had less infallibility, than His whole libel is all bad matter, beautified bis yamesake at Rome. (which is all that can be said of it) with good metre'.

MR. POPE ONLY A VERSIFIER. Mr. Dryden's genius did not appear in any thing

The smooth numbers of the Dunciad are all that more than his versification, and whether he is recommend it, nor has it any other merit'. It to be ennobled for that only is a question '.

must be owned that he hath got a notable nack of

shyming and writing smooth verse'. MR. DRYDEY'S VIRGIL.

MR. POPE'S HOMER. Tonson calls it Dryden's Virgil, to show that this is not that Virgil so admired in the Augustan like Homer, but like Pope ; and he who translated

The Homer which Lintot prints, does not talk age; but a Virgil of another stamp, a silly, im- him, one would swear, had a hill in Tipperary pertinent, nonsensical writer. None but a Bavius, for 'bis Parnassus, and a puddle in soine bog

Mævius, or a Bathyllus, carped at Virgil'; for his Hippocrene . He has no admirers, and none but such unthinking vermin admire his translator : , It is true, soft and easy lines might among those that can distinguish, discern, and

judge. become Ovid's Epistles or Art of Lovc-- But Virgil,

He hath a knack at smooth verse, but without who is all great and majestic, &c. requires strength either genius or good sense, or any tolerable knowof lines, weight of words, and closeness of ex: ledge of English. The qualities which distinguish pression ; not an ambling Muse running on carpet Homer are the beauties of his diction, and the ground, and shod as lightly as a Newmarket harmony of his versification-but this little author, racer. --He has numberless faults in his author's

who is so much in vogue, has neither sense in his meaning, and in propriety of expression ".

thoughts, nor English in his expressions 'o. MR. DRYDEN UNDERSTOOD NO GREEK NOR LATIN.

MR. POPE UNDERSTOOD NO GREEK. Mr. Dryden was once, I have heard, at West. He hath undertaken to translate Homer from minster school: Dr. Busby would have whipt him the Greek, of which he knows not one word, into for 50 childish a paraphrase ". The meanest English, of which he understands as little'); I pedant in England would whip a lubber of twelve wonder how this gentleman would look, should it for construing so absurdlyThe translator is be discovered, that he has not translated ten verses mad: every line betrays his stupidity!! The together in any book of Homer with justice to the faults are innumerable, and convince me that poet, and yet he dares reproach his fellow-writers Mr Dryden did not, or would not understand his with not understanding Greek "2. He has stuck sa author". This shows how fit Mr. D. may be to little to his original as to have his knowledge in translate Homer! A mistake in a single letter Greek called in question. I should be glad to might fall on the printer well enough, but sizwe know which it is of all Homer's excellencies which for ixwe must be the errour of the anthor : Nor had has so delighted the ladies, and the gentlemen who he art enough to correct it at the press'. Mr. judge like ladies“. Dryden writes for the court ladiese He writes for But he has a notable talent at burlesque ; his the ladies, and not for use's.

genius slides so naturally into it, that he hath

burlesqued Homer without designing it's. MR. DRYDEN TRICKED HIS SUBSCRIBERS. I wonder that any man, who could not but be

* Theobald, Letter in Mist's Journal, June 92, conscious of his own uufitness for it, should go to

1728. amuse the learned world with such an undertaking !

? List, at the end of a Collection of Verses, Letters, A man ought to value his reputation more than Advertisements

, 8vo. printed for A. Moore, 1728, money; and not to hope that those who can read and the Preface to it, p. 6. 'Dennis's Remarks oa for themselves, will be imposed upon, merely by

Homer, p. 27. * Preface to Gulliveriana, p. ll. The translator puts in a little burlesque now and

• Dedication to the Collection of Verses, Letter,

&c. p. 9. Whip and Key, 4to, printed for R. Janeway, racter of Mr. P. and Dennis on Hom.

• Mist's Journal of June 8, 1728. 1682. Pref. 2 Ibid. 3 Milbourne, p. 9.

Dennis's Pag. 39. • Whip and Key, Pref. Old- Remarks on Pope's Homer, p. 12.

• Ib. p. 14. mixon, Essay on Criticism, p. 84. 'Milbourne p. 2.

10Character of Mr.P. p. 17. and Remarkson Home 10 Milb. p. 22, and 192. "

11 Dennis's Remarks on Homer, p. 12, Pag. 203, 13 Pag. 78. 14 Pag. 206.

12 Daily Jour. April 23, 1728. Suppl. to the " Pag. 19. 16 Pag. 144. 190.

Profound, Pref. 1* Oldmixon, Essay on Criticism,



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p. 175.


Pag. 35.

Page 72. p. 91.



16 Dennis's Remarks, p. 28.

p. 66.




then into Virgil, for a ragout to his cheated sub-

It is indeed somewhat bold, and almost pm-
a partiality and unseasonably celebrated name. digious, for a single man to undertake such a work:
Pociis quidlibet audendi shall be Mr. Dryden's but it is too late to dissuade by demonstrating the
motto, though it should extend to picking of madn ss of the project. The subscr bers expec:

tations have been raised in proportion to what
their pockets have been drained of'. Pope has

been concerned in jobs, and hired out bis name to
An Ape.) A crafty ape drest up in a gawdy gown booksellers?.
-Whips put into an ape's paw, to play pranks with
--None but apish and papish brats will heed
An Ass) A came will take upon him no more

An Ape.) Let us take the initial letter of his
burden than is sufficient for his strength, but there

christian name, and initial and final letters of his
is another beast that cronches under all'.

surname, viz. APE, and they give you the same
A Frog.) Poet Squab endued with Poet Maro's

idea of an ape as his face', &c.
spirit! an ugly, croaking ki gofvermin, which would from this little ass *

An Ass.] It is my duty to pull off the lion's skin
swell to the bulk of an ox".
A Coward.) A Clinjas or a Damætas, or a man

A Frog.] A squab short gentleman a little
of Mr. Dryden's own courage'.

creature that, like the frog in the fable, swells,
A Knave.) Mr. Dryden bas heard of Paul the

and is angry that it is not allowed to be as big as ao
knave of Jesus Christ and if I mistake not, I've
read somewhere of John Dryden, servant to his

A Coward.) A lurking, way-laying coward'.

A Knave.) He is one whom God and Nature bare
A Pool.) Had he not been such a self-conceited marked for want of common honesty'.
fool'.--Some great poets are positive block-

A Fool.] Great fools will be christened by the
heads .

names of great poets, and Pope will be called

A thing. ) So little a thing as Mr. Dryden".

A Thing.) A little abject thing".
Page 67. Milb. p. 192. 'Pag. 125.

Homerides, p. 1, &c. 2 British Journal, Nov.
Whip and Key, Pref.

25, 1727. 'Dennis, Daily Journal, May 11, 1728.
Milb. p. 105.

Pag. 11.

• Dennis's Remn. on Hom. Pref. Denois's
Pag. 176. •Pag. 57. Whip and Key, Pr.
* Milb. p. 34.

Rem. on the Rape of the lock, Pref. p. 9.
!! Ibid. p. 35.

• Char. of Mr. P. p. 3.

* Ibid.

• Dennis's
Rem. on Homer, p. 37. Ibid. p. 8 +!


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Benson, William, Esq. iii. 325. iv. 110.

Burgersdick, iv. 198.
The first number shows the book, the second the Baotians, iii. 50.

Bruin and bears, i. 101. -

Bear and fiddle, i. 224.
AMBROSE Philips, i. 103. iii. 326.

Attila, iji. 92.
Alaric, iï. 91.

Cibber, Colley, hero of the poem, passim
Alma Mater, iii. 339.

Cibber, jun. ii. 139. 326,
" Annius, an antiquary, iv. 347.

Caxton, William, i. 145.
Arnal, William, ii. 315.

Curll, Edm. i. 40. ii. 3. 58. 167, &c.

Cooke, Thomas, ii. 138.

Concanen, Matthew, ii. 299.
Blackmore, sir Richard. į. 104. ii. 268.

Centlivre, Susannah, ii. 411.
Besaleel Morris, ii. 126. ii. 168.

Cæsar in Ægypt, i. 251.
Banks, i. 146.

Chi Ho-am-ti, emperor of China, iii. 75,
Broome, Ibid.

Crouzaz, iv. 198.
Bond, ii. 126.

Codrus, ii. 144.
Brown, iii. 28.
Bladen, ir. 560.
Budgel, esq. ji: 397.

De Foe, Daniel, i. 103. ii. 147.
Bentley, Richard, iv. 201.

De Foe, Norton, ii. 415.
Bentley, Thomas, ii. 205.

De Lyra, or Harpsfield, i. 153.
Boyer, Abel, ii. 413.

Dennis, John, i. 106. ii. 239. iii. 173.
Bland, a Gazetteer, i. 231.

Dunton, John, ii. 144.
Breval, J. Durant, ii. 126. 238.

D'Urfey, üi. 146.
Benlowes, iii. 21.

Dutchmen, ii. 405. jij. 51.
Bavius, Ibid.

Doctors, at White's, i. 203.
Burmannus, iv. 237.

Douglas, iv. 394.

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Eusden, Laurence, poet laureat, i. 104.'

Quarles, Francis, i. 140.
Eliza Haywood,ij. 157. &c.

Querno, Camillo, ii. 15.

Fleckno, Richard, ii. 2.

Ralph, James, i. 216. ii. 165.
Faustus, Dr. iii. 233.

Roome, Edward, üi. 152.,
Fleetwood, iv. 326.

Ripley, Tho. iii. 327.
Free Masons, iv. 576.

Ridpath, George, i. 208. ii. 149.
French Cooks, iv. 553.

Roper, Abel, ii. 149.

Rich, iji. 261.
Gildon, Charles, i. 296.

Goode, Barn. iii. 153.

Settle, Elkanah, i. 90. 146. ii. 37.
Goths, üi, 90.

Smedley, Jonathan, ii. 291. &c.
Gazetteers, i. 215. ii. 314.

Shadwell, Thomas, i. 240. iij. 22.
Gregorians and Gormogons, iv. 575.

Scholiasts, iv. 231.

Silenus, iv. 492.

Sooterkins, i. 126.
Holland, Philemon, i, 154.

Hearne, Thomas, ji. 185.

Tate, i. 105. 238.
Horneck, Philip, iii. 152.

Theobald, or Tibbald, i. 133. 286.
Heywood, Eliza, ii. 157, &c.

Tutchin, John, ii. 148.
Howard, Edward, i. 297.

Toland, John, ii. 399. ji. 212.
Henley, John, the Orator, ii. 2. 425. jïi. 199. &c. Tindal, Dr. ii. 399. iii. 212. iv. 492.
Huns, iii. 90.

Taylor, John, the water-poet, iji. 19.
Heywood, John, i. 98.
Harpsfield, i. 153.

Hays, iv. 560.

Vandals, iii. 86.

Visigoths, iii. 94.
John, King, i. 352. .

James I. iv. 176.

Walpole, sir Robert, praised by our author,
Jacob, Giles, iii. 149.

ii. 314.
'Janssen, a gamester, iv. 326.

Withers, George, i. 296.

Wynkin de Werde, i. 149.

Ward, Edw. i. 233. iii. 34.
Knight, Robert, iv. 561.

Webster, ii. 258.
Kuster, iv, 237.

Whitefield, ibid.

Warner, Thomas, ii. 125.
Lintot, Bernard, i. 40. ï. 53.

Wilkins, ibid.
Laws, William, ji. 413.

W'elsted, Leonard, ii. 207. iii. 170.
Log, King, i. lin. ult.

Woolston, Thomas, üï. 212.

Wormius, iii. 188.
More, James, ij. 50. &c.

Wasse, iv. 237.
Morris, Besaleel, ii. 126. jii. 168.

Walker, hat-bearer to Bentley, iv. 206. 273.
Mist, Nathanael, i. 208.
Milbour, Luke, ii. $49.
Mahomet, jii. 97.

Meers, William, ji. 125. ji. 28.

Motteux, Peter, ii. 412.
Monks, iii. 52.

[The first number denotes the book, the second
Mandevil, ii. 414.

the verse and note on it. Test. Testimonies. Ap.
Morgan, ibid.

Montalto, iv. 105.

Mummius, an antiquary, iv. 371.

ADDISON (Mr.) railed at by A. Philips, iji. 326.

abused by J. Oldmixon, in his Prose

Essay on Criticism, &c. ii. 283.
Newcastle, dutchess of, i. 141.

--by J. Ralph, in a London Journal, ji. 165.
Nonjuror, i. 253.

-Celebrated by our author, --Upon his Discourse

of Medals—In his Prologue to Cato-In his Imi-
Ogilvy, John, i. 141. 328.

tation of Horace's Epistles to Augustus--and in'
Oldinixon, John, ii. 283.

bis Poem, ii. 140.
Ozell, John, i. 295.

False facts concerning him and our author related
Ostrogoths, iii. 93.

by anonymous persons in Mist's Journal, &c. Test.
Omar, the Caliph, iji. 81.

- Disproved by the testimonies of
Owls, i. 271. 290. iji. 54.

- The Farl of Burlington,
Owls, Athenian, iv. 362.

-Mr. Tickell,
Osborne, bookseller, ii. 167.

-Mr. Addison himself. ib.
Osboruc, Mother, ii. 312.

Anger, one of the characteristics of Mr. Dennis's

critical writings, i. 106.
Prynn, William, i. 103.

-Affirmation, another : Test.
Philips, Ambrose, i. 105. jii. 326.

['To which are added by Mr. Theobald, illna-
Paridel, iv. 341.

ture, spite, revenge, i. 106.)

Altar of Cibber's Works, how built, and how found- the minister of state, 213. but determines to
ed, i. 157, &c.

stick to his other talents; what those are, 217.
Æschylus, iii. 313.

&c His apostrophe to his works before he
Asses, at a citizen's gate in a morning, ü. 247. burns them, 225, &c. His repentance and
Appearances, that we are never to judge by them, tears, 243. Dulness puts out the fire, 257.
especially of poets and divines, ii. 426.

Inaugurates and anoints him, 287. His crown,
Alehouse, the birth-place of Mr. Cook, ii. 138. by whom woven, 223. of what composed, i.
-one kept by Edw. Ward, i. 233.

303. who let him into court, 300. who his
-and by Taylor the water-poet, iii. 19. supporters, 307. His entry, attendants, and
Arnal, William, what he received out of the trea- proelamation, usque ad fin. His enthroniza-
sury for writing pamphlets, ü. 315.

tion, ii. 1. passes bis whole reign in seeing
Aristotle, his friends, and confessors, who, iv. shows, through book ii. and dreaming dreams,

through book ij. Settle appears to him, iii.
-How his Ethics came into disuse, ibid. 35. Resemblance between him and Settle, iij.

37. and i. ,146. Goodman's prophecy of him,

üi. 232. How he translated an opeia, without
Bedlam, i. 29.

knowing the story, 305. and encouraged farces
Banks, his resemblance to Mr. Cibber in tragedy, because it was against his conscience, 266.
i. 146.

Declares be never mounted a dragon, 268.
Bates (Julius) see Hutchinson (John).
Broom, Ben Jonson's inan, ibid.

Apprehensions of acting in a serpent, 287.

What were the passions of his old age, 303,
Bavius, iii. 24. Mr. Dennis his great opinion of

304. Finally subsides in the lap of Dulness,
him, ib.

where he rests to all eternity, iv. 20. and note.
Bawdry, in plays, not disapproved of by Mr. Cibber, his father, i. 31. His two brothers, 92.
Dennis, iii. 179.

His son, iii. 142. His better progeny, i. 228.
Blackmore, (sir Rich.) his impiety, and irreli- Cibberian forehead, what is meant by it, i. 218.
gion, proved by Mr. Dennis, ii. 268.

-read by some Cerberian, ibid. n te.
-His quantity of works, and various Couke (Tho.) abused by Mr. Pope, ii. 138.
opinions of them--His abuse of Mr. Dryden and Concanen, (Mat.) one of the authors of the
Mr. Pope, ibid.

Weekly Journals, ii. 299.
Bray, a word much beloved by sir Richard, ii.

declared that when his poem had blanks

they ineant treason, iji. 297.
Braying, described, ii. 247.

-of opinion that Juvenal never satirized the
Birch, by no means proper to be applied to young

poverty of Codrus, ii. 144.
noblemen, iii. 334.

Corncutter's Journal, what it cost, ii. 314.
Bl—d, what became of his works, i. 231.

Critics, verbal ones, must have two postulata
Broome, (rev. Mr. Will.) His sentiments of our

allowed them, ii. 1.
author's virtue, Test.

Catcalls, ii. 231.
-Our author of his, iii. 332.

Curll, Edm. his panegyric, ij. 58.
Brooms (a seller of) taught Mr. John Jackson his

-His Corinna, and what she did, 70.
trade, ii. 137.

-bis prayer, 80.--Like Eridanus, 182.
Billingsgate language, how to be used by learned

much favoured by Cloacina, 97, &c.
authors, ii. 142.

tost in a blanket, and whipped, 151.
Bond, Besaleel, Breval, not living writers, but

-pillory'd, ij. 3.
phantoms, ii. 126.

Carolina, a curious flower, its fate, iv. 409, &c.
Booksellers, how they run for a poet, ii. 31. &c.
Bailiffs, how poets run from them, ii. 61.

Dulness, the goddess ; her original and parents,
Bridewell, ji. 269.

i. 12. Her ancient empire, 17. Her public role
Bow-bell, iii. 278

lege, i. 29. Academy for poetical education,
Balm of Dulness, the true and the spurious, its effi- 33. Her cardinal virtues, 45, &c. Her ideas,
cacy, and by whom prepared, iv. 514.

productions, and creation, 55, &c. Her survey

and contemplation of her works, 79, &c. And
Cibber, hero of the poem, his character, i 107.

of her children, 93. Their uninterupted succes-
not absolutely stupid, 109. Not unfortunate as

sion, 98, &c. to 108. Her appearance to Ciba
a coxcoinb, ibid. Not a slow writer, but pre-

ber, 261. She manifests to him her works, 273,
cipitate, though heavy 123. His productions

&c. Avoints him, 287, &c. Institutes games at
the effects of heat, though an imperfect one,

his coronation, ii. 18, &c. The manner how she
126. His folly heightened with frensy. 125.

makes a mit, ii. 47. A great lover of a joke,
He borrowed from Fletcher and Moliere, 1:31:

34. —And loves to repeat the same over again,
mangl:d Shakespeare, 133. His head distin-

129 Her ways and means to procure the
guished for wearing an extraordinary perriuig,

pathetic and terrible in tragedy, 225, &c.
167. more than for its reasoning faculty, yet

Encourages chattering and bawling, 237, &c.
not without furniture, 177. His elasticity,

And is patroness of party-writing and railing,
and fire, and how he came by them, 186. He

276, &c. . Makes use of the beads of critics
was once thought to have wrote a reasonable

as scales to weigh the hcaviness of authors,
play, 188. The general character of his verse

367. Promotes slumber with the works of the
and prose, 190. His conversation, in what man-

said authors, ibid. The wonderful virtue of
ner extensive and useful, 192, &c. Once de-

sleeping in her lap, iii. 5, &c. Her clysium,
signed for the church, where he should have

15, &c. The souls of her sons dipt in Letbe,
been a bishop, 200. Since inclined to write for

23. How brought into the world, 29. Their

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