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erery side for assistance. The dogs be 12. Turk finding himself at liberty, faced came faint, and panting with their tongues the lion, flew at his pose, and there fastout, stood beside him for a few seconds, ened himself like a leech, while poor until cheered and excited by their keepers' Nero roared again with anguish. The voices they again commenced the attack, lion contrived, by a violent exertion, to and roused Nero to exertion. The poor shake him off. Thus terminated the first beast's heart seemed to fail him altoge- round in eleven minutes. ther at this fresh assault, and he lay

Second Combat. against the side of the stage totally de 1. The three dogs were brought to their fenceless, while his foes endeavoured to station, and pointed and excited at the make an impression on his carcase. lion; but the inoffensive, innocent crea

6. Turk turned to the head once more, ture walked about the stage, evidently and goaded the lion, almost to madness, unprepared for a second attack, by the severity of his punishment on the 2. Word being given, the three dogs jaws and nose.

were slipped at once, and all darted at 7. The attack had continued about six the flank of the lion, amid the horrid din minutes, and both lion and dogs were of the cries of their handlers, and the brought to a stand still ; but Turk got his clapping and applause of the mob. The wind in a moment, and flew at his old lion finding himself again assailed, did mark of the jaw, which he laid hold of, not turn against his foes, but broke away and hung from it, while Nero roared with with a roar, and went several times round anguish.

the cage seeking to escape from their 8. The lion attempted to break away, fury. and flung himself with desperation against 3. The dogs pursued him, and all the bars of the stage—the dogs giving heading him as if by the same impulse, chase, darting at his fank, and worrying few at his nose together, brought him his head, until all three being almost down, and pinned him to the floor. Their spent, another pause took place, and the united strength being now evidently sudogs spared their victim for an instant. perior to his, he was held fast for several

9. Turk got under his chest, and en- seconds, while the mob shouted with redeavoured to fix himself on his throat, newed delight. while Tiger imitating his fierceness, few 4. Nero, by a desperate exertion, cleared at the head. This joint attack worked himself at length from their fury, and the spirit of the poor lion a little, he broke away; but the dogs again gave struck Tiger from him with a severe blow chase and headed him once more, sprung of his paw, and fell upon Turk with all at his nose, and pinned him all three tothe weight of the fore part of his body, gether. The poor beast, lacerated and and then grasping his paws upon him, torn, groaned with pain and heart-rending held him as in a vice.

anguish, and a few people, with some10. Here the innocent nature of poor thing of a human feeling about them, Nero was conspicuous, and the brutality called out to Wombwell to give in for the of the person who fought him made more lion; but he was callous to their entreaevident, for the fine animal having its ties, and Nero was left to his fate. totally defenceless enemy within the power 5. Poor Nero lay panting on the stage, of his paw, did not put it upon him and his mouth, nose, and chaps full of blood, crush his head to mince meat, but lay while a contest took place between with his mouth open, panting for breath, Wombwell and the keepers of the dogs, nor could all the exertions of Wombweli the one refusing, and the other claiming from outside the bars direct his fury at the the victory. At length brutality predog who was between his feet.

vailed, and the dogs were slipped again 11. It now became a question what for the purpose of finishing. was to be done, as Tiger crawled away 6. Nero was unable to rise and meet and was taken to his kennel, and there them, and suffered himself to be torn and appeared no chance of the lion moving pulled about as they pleased; while the from his position and relieving the other dogs, exulting over their prey, mumbled dog. However, after about a minute's his carcase, as he lay quite powerless and pause, the lion opened his hold, released exhausted.' Wombwell then seeing that the dog and got upon his legs, as if he all chance of the lion coming round was became at ease when freed from the pu- hopeless, and dreading that the death of nishment of his assailants.

the poor animal must be the consequence

of further' punishment, gave in at last, dominance. The gladiatorial shows of and the handlers of the dogs laid hold of Rome, the quail-fights of India, the bullthem by the legs, and pulled them by fights of Spain, may, in some measure, main force away, on which another shout keep our barbarous ancestors iņ counof brutal exultation was set up, and the tenance; but the fact is, that bear-baiting, savage sport of the day concluded. badger-baiting, bull-baiting, cock-fighting,

and such elegant modes of setting on Nero's Tameness.

poor animals to worry and torment each

other, were, little more than a century Had be exerted a tithe of his strength, ago, the fashionable amusement of perstruck with his paws, or used his fangs, sons in all ranks of life. They have grahe must have killed all the dogs, but the dually descended to the lowest of the poor beast never bit his foes, or attempted vulgar; and though there always will be any thing further than defending himself found persons who adopt the follies and from an annoyance. On the whole, the vices of their inferiors, yet these form a exhibition was the most brutal we have very small and inconsiderable minority erer witnessed, and appears to be inde- of the respectable classes; and in another fensible in every point of view.

generation it will probably be deemed

disgraceful in a gentleman to associate, In reprobating the baiting of this tamé on any occasion, with prize-fighters and lion by trained and savage dogs, the pe- pickpockets.” By right education, and riodical press has been unanimous. The the diffusion of humane principles, we New Times says, “ We rejoice to observe may teach youth to shun the inhuman exthe strong feeling of aversion with which ample of their forefathers. the public in general have heard of this cruel exhibition. As a question of natural history, it may be dcemed curious to ascertain the comparative ferocity of the lion

WOMBWELL'S SECOND LION BAIT. and the bull-dog ; but even in this respect Determined not to forego a shilling the Warwick fight cannot be deemed which could be obtained by the exposure satisfactory; for though the lion was a large of an animal to torture, Wombwell in the and majestic animal, yet, as he had been same week submitted another of his lions born and brought up in a domestic state, to be baited. he had evidentlylittle or nothing of the fury The Times, in giving an account of this which a wild animal of the same species renewed brutality, after a forcible expres evinces in combat. Buffon observes, that sion of its “disgust and indignation at

the lion is very susceptible of the im- the cruelty of the spectacle, and the supressions given to him, and has always pineness of the magistracy," proceeds docility enough to be rendered tame to a thus: “ Wombwell has, notwithstanding certain degree.' He adds, that the lion, the public indignation which accompanied if taken young, and brought up among the exposure of the lion Nero to the six domestic animals, easily accustoms him- dogs, kept his word with the lovers of self to live with them, and even to play cruel sports by a second exhibition. He without doing them injury; that he is matched his . Wallace,' a fine lion, cubbed mild to his keeper, and even caressing, in Scotland, against six of the best dogs especially in the early part of his life; that could be found. Wallace's temper and that if his natural fierceness now and is the very opposite of that of the gentle then breaks out, it is seldom turned Nero. It is but seldom that he lets even against those who have treated him with his feeders approach him, and he soon kindness.' These remarks of the great shows that he cannot reconcile himself to naturalist are very fully confirmed by the familiarity from any creature not of his conduct of poor Nero; for both be own species. Towards eight o'clock the fore and after the combat, he suffered his factory-yard was well attended, at 58. keeper, Wombwell, with impunity to each person, and soon after the battle enter his den, give him water to drink, commenced. The lion was turned from and throw the remainder over his head. his den to the same stage on which Nero We begin now to feel that a man has no fought. The match was—1st. Three couright to torment inferior animals for his ples of dogs to be slipped at him, two at amusement; but it must be confessed a time-2d. Twenty minutes or more, as that this sentiment is rather of recent pre- the umpires should think fi:, to be allowed


between each attack-3d. The dogs to be country to fight a lion against dogs. In handed to the cage once only. Tinker, the time of James I., the exhibition took Ball, Billy, Sweep, Turpin, Tiger." place for the amusement of the court.

Those who are curious on the subject, THE FIGHT. “In the first round, Tinker and Ball will find in “Seymour's Survey,” a descrip were let loose, and both made a gallant tion of an experiment of that nature, in attack; the lion having waited for them 1610. Two lions and a bear were first as if aware of the approach of his foes. put into a pit together, but they agreed He showed himself a forest lion, and perfectly well

, and disappointed the royal fought like one. He clapped his paw spectators in not assaulting each other. A upon poor Ball

, took Tinker in his teeth, high-spirited horse was then put in with and deliberately walked round the stage attacked him. Six mastiffs were next let

them, but neither the bear nor the lions with him as a cat would with a mouse. Ball

, released from the paw, worked all loose, but they directed all their fory he could, but Wallace treated his slight against the horse, flew upon it, and would punishment by a kick now and then. He have torn it in pieces, but for the interat length dropped Tinker, and that

ference of the bear-wards, who went into

poor animal crawled off the stage as well as he the pit, and drew the dogs away, the lions could. The lion then seized Ball by the and bear remaining unconcerned. Your mouth, and played precisely the same profound antiquarian will vouch for the game with him as if he had actually been truth of this narration, but it goes a very trained to it, Ball would have been little way to establish the fact of an ac almost devoured, but his second got hold tual fight between a lion and dogs. Perof him through the bars, and hauled him haps an extract from Stow's Annals may away. Turpin, a London, and Sweep, a

be more satisfactory. It is an account of Liverpool dog, made an excellent attack,

a contest stated to have taken place in the but it was three or four minutes before the presence of James I., and his son, prince ingenuity of their seconds could get them Henry. “One of the dogs being put into

Wallace squatted on his haunches, the den, was soon disabled by the lion, and placed himself erect at the slope who took him by the head and neck, and where the dogs mounted the stage, as if dragged him about. Another dog was thought they dared not approach.

then let loose, and served in the same The dogs, when on, fought gallantly; but manner; but the third being put in, imboth were vanquished in less than a mediately seized the lion by the lip, and minute after their attack. The London held him for a considerable time; till be dog bolted as soon as he could extricate ing severely torn by bis claws, the dog himself from the lion's grasp, but Sweep was obliged to quit his hold; and the would have been killed on the spot, but lion, greatly exhausted by the conflict

; he was released. Wedgbury untied Billy

refused to renew the engagement; but, and Tiger, casting a most piteous look taking a sudden leap over the dogs, fled upon the wounded dogs around him. into the interior of his den. Two of the Both went to work. Wallace seized Billy dogs soon died of their wounds; the third by the loins, and when shaking him, Tiger survived, and was taken great care of by having run away, Wedgbury cried out, the prince, who said, “he that had fought : There, you see how you've gainmoned with the king of beasts should never after me to have the best dog in England killed.' fight with an inferior creature.'"** Billy, however, escaped with his life; he was dragged through the railing, after

Lion Fight at Vienna. having received a mark in the loins,

There was a lion fight at the amphiwhich (if he recovers at all) will probably theatre of Vienna, in the summer of 1790, render him unfit for any future contest

which was almost the last permitted in The victory of course was declared in fa- that capital. your of the lion.-Several well-dressed The amphitheatre at Vienna embraced women viewed the contest from the upper

an area of from

eighty to a hundred feet apartment of the factory."-Women!

in diameter. The lower part of the struc

ture comprised the dens of the different Lion Fights in England.

animals. Above those dens, and about It is more than two hundred years ten feet from the ground, were the first and since an attempt has been made in this

* Morning Herald.

principal seats, over which were galleries. sently the dog, to his amazement, and that in the course of the entertainment, a den of the whole amphitheatre, found himself was opened, out of which stalked, in free alive, and rose with his nose pointed to and ample range, a most majestic lion; the ground, his tail between his hind legs and, soon after, a fallow deer was let pressing his belly, and, as soon as he was into the circus from another den.. The certified of his existence, he made off for deer instantly fled, and bounded round the door in a long trot, through which he the circular space, pursued by the lion ; escaped with his more fortunate compar but the quick and sudden turnings of the nions.* former continually baulked the effort of its pursuer. After this ineffectual chase Another Lion Fight at Vienna.} had continued for several minutes, a door Of late years the truth of the aceounts was opened, through which the deer es which have been so long current, respectcaped; and presently five or six of the ing the generous disposition of the lion, large and fierce Hungarian mastiffs were have been called in question. Several sent in. The lion, at the moment of their travellers, in their accounts of Asia and entrance, wàs leisurely returning to his Africa, describe him as of a more rapađen, the door of which stood open. The cious and sanguinary disposition than had dogs, which entered behind him, flew to- formerly been supposed, although few of wards him in a body, with the utmost them have had the opportunity to make fury, making the amphitheatre ring with him a particular object of their attention: their barkings. When they reached the . A circumstance that occurredi not long lion, the noble animal stopped, and deli- since in Vienna seems, however, to conberately turned towards them. The dogs firm the more ancient acconnts. In the instantly retreated a few steps, increasing year 1791, at which period the custom of their vociferations, and the lion slowly baiting wild beasts still existed in that resumed his progress towards his den. city, a combat was to be exhibited beThe dogs again approached; the lion tween a lion and a number of large dogs. turned his head ; his adversaries halted; As soon as the noble animal inade his and this continued until, on his nearing appearance, four large bull-dogs were his den, the dogs separated, and ap- turned loose upon him, three of which, proached him on different sides. The lion however, as soon as they came near him, then turned quickly round, like one took fright, and ran away.

One only whose dignified patience could brook the had courage to remain, and make the axharrassment of insolence no longer. The tack. The lion, however, without rising dogs fled far, as if instinctively sensible from the ground upon which he was of ihe power of wrath they had at length lying, showed him, by a single stroke provoked. One unfortunate dog, how- with his paw, how greatly his superior ever, which had approached too near to he was in strength; for the dog was effect his escape, was suddenly seized by instantly stretched motionless on the the paw of the lion; and the piercing ground. The lion drew him towards yells which he sent forth quickly caused him, and laid his fore-paws upon him in his comrades to recede to the door of en such a manner that only a small part of trance at the opposite site of the area, his body could be seen. Every one imawhere they stood in a row, barking and gined that the dog was dead, and that yelling in concert with their miserable the lion would soon rise and devour him. associate.

But they were mistaken. The dog began After arresting the struggling and yell- to move, and struggled to get loose, which ing prisoner for a short time, the lion the lion permitted him to do. He seenicouched upon him with his forepaws and ed merely to have warned him not to mouth. The struggles of the sufferer grew meddle with him any more; but when feebler and feebler, until at length he be- the dog attempted to run away, and had came perfectly motionless. We all con- already got half over the enclosure, the cluded him to be dead. In this com lion's indignation seemed to be excited. posed posture of executive justice, the He sprang from the ground, and in two lion remained for at least ten minutes, leaps reached the fugitive, who had just when he majestically rose, and with a

got as far as the paling, and was whining slow step entered his den, and disap- to have it opened for him to escape. peared. The apparent corpse continued io lie motionless for a few minutes; pie

+ The Timees.

The Aying animal had called the instinc extricating the man from him; but the tive propensity of the monarch of the keeper, who was attached to the lion, forest into action : the defenceless enemy begged them not to do it, as he hoped he vow excited his pity; for the generous should be able to extricate himself at a lion stepped a few paces backward, and less expense. For nearly a quarter of an looked quietly on, while a small door hour, he capitulated with his enraged was opened to let the dog out of the friend, who still would not let go his enclosure.

hold, but shook his mane, lashed bis sides This unequivocal trait of generosity with his tail, and rolled his fiery eyes. moved every spectator. A shout of ap- At length the man felt himself unable to plause resounded throughout the assem- sustain the weight of the lion, and yet bly, who had enjoyed a satisfaction of a any serious effort to extricate himself description far superior to what they had would have been at the immediate hazard expected.

of his life. He therefore desired the greIt is possible that the African lion, nadiers to fire, which they did through when, under the impulse of hunger, hé the grate, and killed the lion on the spot; goes out to seek his prey, inay not so but in the same moment, perhaps only often exhibit this magnanimous disposi- by a convulsive dying grasp, he squeezed tion; for in that case he is compelled by the keeper between his powerful claws imperious necessity to satisfy the cravings with such force, that he broke his arms, of nature; but when his appetite is sa- ribs, and spine; and they both fell down tiated, he never seeks for prey, nor does dead together. * he ever destroy to gratify a blood-thirsty disposition.*

A Woman killed by a Lion.

In the beginning of the last century, A Man killed by a Lion.

there was in the menagerie at Cassel, a Under the reign of Augustus, king of lion that showed an astonishing degree of Poland and elector of Saxony, a lion tameness towards the woman that had was kept in the menagerie at Dresden, the care of him. This went so far, that between whom and his attendant such the woman, in order to amuse the coma good understanding subsisted, that the pany that came to see the animal, would latter used not to lay the food which he often rashly place not only her hand, but brought to him before the grate, but car even her head, between his tremendous ried it into his cage. Generally the man jaws. She had frequently performed this wore a green jacket; and a considerable experiment without suffering any injury; time had elapsed, during which the lion but having once introduced her head into had always appeared very friendly and the lion's mouth, the animal made a sudgrateful whenever he received a visit from den snap, and killed her on the spot. him.

Undoubtedly, this catastrophe was uninOnce the keeper, having been to church tentional on the part of the lion; for proto receive the sacrament, had put on a bably at the fatal moment the hair of the black coat, as is usual in that country woman's head irritated the lion's throat, upon such occasions, and he still wore it and compelled him to sneeze or cough; when he gave the lion his dinner. The at least, this supposition seems to be conunusual appearance of the black coatfirmed by what followed : for as soon as excited the lion's rage; he leapt at his the lion perceived that he had killed his keeper, and struck his claws into his attendant, the good-tempered, grateful shoulder. The man spoke to him gently, animal exhibited signs of the deepest mewhen the well-known tone of his voice lancholy, laid himself down by the side brought the lion in some degree to recol- of the dead body, which he would not lection. Doubt appeared expressed in suffer to be taken from him, refused to his terrific features ; however, he did not take any food, and in a few days pined quit his hold. An alarm was raised : the himself to death.t wife and children ran to the place with shrieks of terror. Soon some grenadiers

The Lions in the Tower. of the guard arrived, and offered to shoot the animal, as there seemed, in this cri- curious animals presented to the king of

Lions, with other beasts of prey and tical moment, to be no other means of

* Zoological Anecdotes.
# Ibid.

Zoological Anecdotes.

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